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3 I also have a heart as well as you : for Sophar reproveth Job for justifying himself, who is ignorant of these things, which you
and intiteth him to repentance. know? T NHEN Sophar the Naamathite answered, 4 He that is mocked by his friend as I, and said :
sball call upon God and he will hear him: 2 Shall not he that speaketh much, hear for the simplicity of the just man is laughalso? or shall a man full of talk be justified ?led to scorn.
3 Shall men hold their peace to theel 5 The lamp despised in the thoughts of only? and when thou hast mocked others, the rich, is ready for the time appointed. shall no man confute thee?
6 The tabernacles of robbers abound, and 4 For thou bast said : My word is pure, they provoke God boldly, whereas it is he and I am clean in thy sight.
that hath given all into their hands : 5 And I wish that God would speak with 7 But ask now the beasts, and they shall thee, and would open his lips to thee, I teach thee : and the birds of the air and
6 That he might shew thee the secrets they shall tell thee. of wisdom and that his law is manifold, and 8 Speak to the earth and it shall answer thou mightest understand that he exacteththee : and the fishes of the sea shall tell. much less of thee, than thy iniquity de- 9 Who is ignorant that the hand of the serveth.
Lord hath made all these things? 7 Peradventure thou wilt comprehend). 10 In whose hand is the soul of every the steps of God, and wilt find out the All living thing, and the spirit of all flesh of man. mighty perfectly?
11 Doth not the ear discern words, and 8 He is higher than heaven, and what||the palate of him that eateth, the taste ? wilt thou do? He is deeper than hell, and 12 In the ancient is wisdom, and in length how wilt thou know?
of days prudence. 9 The measure of him is longer than the 13 'with him is wisdom and strength, he earth and broader than the sea.
hath counsel and understanding. 10 If he shall overturn all things, or shall|| 14 If he pull down, there is no man that press them together, who shall contradict|can build up: if he shut up a man, there is bim ?
none that can open. 11 For he knoweth the vanity of men, 15 If he withhold the waters, all things and when he seeth iniquity, doth he not shall be dried up: and if he send them out consider it?
they shall overturn the earth. 12 A vain man is lifted up into pride, and 16. With him is strength and wisdom: he thinketh himself born free like a wild ass's knoweth both the deceiver, and him that is colt.
deceived. 13 But thou hast hardened thy heart, and 17 He bringeth counsellors to a foolish hast spread thy hands to him.
end, and judges to insensibility. 14 If thou wilt put away from thee the 18 He looseth the belt of kings, and iniquity that is in thy hand, and let notinjus-girdeth their loins with a cord. tice remain in thy tabernacle :
19 He leadeth away priests without glo15 Then mayst thou lift up thy face with-ry, and overthroweth nobles. out spot, and thou shalt be stedfast, and 20 He changeth the speech of the true shalt not fear.
speakers, and taketh away the doctrine of 16 Thou shalt also forget misery, and re- the aged. member it only as waters that are passed 21 He poureth contempt upon princes, away.
and relieveth them that were oppressed. 17 And brightness like that of the noon 22 He discovereth deep things out of day, shall arise to thee at evening; and darkness, and bringeth up to light the when thou shalt think thyself consumed, shadow of death. thou shalt rise as the day-star.
23 He multiplieth nations, and destroy18 And thou shalt have confidence, hope eth them, and restoreth them again after being set before thee; and being buried they were overthrown. thou shalt sleep secure.
24 He changeth the heart of the princes 19 Thou shalt rest, and there shall be of the people of the earth, and deceiveth none to make thee afraid : and many shall them that they walk in vain where there is intreat thy face.
no way. 20 But the eyes of the wicked shall de-! 25 They shall grope as in the dark, and cay, and the way to escape shall fail them, not in the light: and he shall make them and their hope the abomination of the soul. stagger like men that are drunk. CHAP. XII.
CHAP. XIII. Job's reply to Sophar. He extols God's power| Job persists in maintaining his innocence ; and wisdom.
and reproves his friends. Job answered, and said : T2 Are you then men alone, and shan! BEHOLD, my eye hath seen all these
ear hath , wisdor die with you ?
lland I have understood them all..
2 According to your knowledge I also
CHAP. XIV. know : neither am I inferior to you. 3 But yet I will speak to the Almighty,
Job declares the shortness of man's days ; and and I desire to reason with God.
professes his belief of a resurrection. As Having first shemwita i that you are for Mambo in pofle woman living for a short gers , and maintainers of opinions.
2 Who cometh forth like a flower, and is 5 And I wish you would hold your peace, destroyed, and fleeth as a shadow, and nethat you might be thought to be wise men. ver continueth in the same state.
6 Hear ye therefore my reproof, and at- 3 And dost thou think it meet to open tend to the judgment of my lips. thy eyes upon such a one, and to bring him
7 Hath God any need of your lie, that into judgment with thee? you should speak deceitfully for him ? 4 Who can make him clean that is con.
8 Do you accept his person, and do you ceived of unclean seed? is it not thou who endeavour to judge for God?
only art ? 9 Or shall it please him, from whom no- 5 The days of man are short, and the thing can be concealed ? or shall he be de- number of his months is with thee: thou ceived as a man, with your deceitful deal.bas appointed his bounds which cannot be ings?
passed. 10 He shall reprove you, because in se- 6 Depart a little from him, that he may cret you accept his person.
rest, until his wished for day come, as that 11 As soon as he shall move himself, helof the hireling. shall trouble you : and his dread shall fall 7 A trec hath hope: if it be cut, it growupon you.
eth green again, and the boughs thereof 12 Your remembrance shall be compared sprout. to ashes, and your necks shall be brought 8 If its root be old in the earth, and its to clay.
stock be dead in the dust, 13 Hold your peace a little while, that I 9 At the scent of water it shall spring, may speak whatsoever my mind shall sug- and bring forth leaves, as when it was first gest to me.
planted. 14 Why do I tear my flesh with my teeth, 10 But man when he shall be dead, and and carry my soul in my hands ? stripped and consumed, I pray you where
15 Although he should kill me, I will is he? trust in him: but yet I will reprove my 11 As if the waters should depart out of ways in his sight.
the sea, and an emptied river should be 16 And he shall be my saviour: for no dried up: hypocrite shall come before his presence. 12 So man when he is fallen asleep shall
i7 Hear ye my speech, and receive with not rise again till the heavens be broken: your ears hidden truths.
I he shall not awake, nor rise up out of his 18 If I shall be judged, I know that 1 sleep. shall be found just.
13 Who will grant me this, that thou 19 Who is he that will plead against me ? mayst protect me in hell,* and hide me till let him come: why am I consumed holding thy wrath pass, and appoint me a time when ay peace ?
thou wilt remember me? 20 Two things only do not to me, and 14 Shall man that is dead, thinkest thou, then from thy face I shall not be hid: live again ? all the days, in which I am now
21 Withdraw thy hand far from me, and in warfare, I expect until my change come. let not thy dread terrify me.
15 Thou shalt call me, and I will answer 22 Call me, and I will answer thee : or thee: to the work of thy hands thou shalt else I will speak, and do thou answer me. ||reach out thy right hand.
23 How many are my iniquities and sins? | 16 Thou indeed hast numbered my steps, make me know my crimes and offences. but spare my sins.
24 Why hidest thou thy face, and think- 17'Thou hast sealed up my offences as it est me thy enemy?
were in a bag, but hast cured my iniquity. 25 Against a leaf, that is carried away 18 A mountain falling cometh to nought, with the wind, thou shewest thy power; and a rock is removed out of its place. and thou pursuest a dry straw.
19 Waters wear away the stones, and 26 For thou writest bitter things against with inundation the ground by little and lit. me, and wilt consume me for the sins of tle is washed away: so in like manner thoa my youth.
shalt destroy man. 27 Thou hast put my feet in the stocks, and hast observed all my paths, and hast * That thou mayst protect me in hell. That considered the steps of my feet:
is, in the state of the dead, and in the place 28 Who am to be consumed as rotten- where the souls are kept waiting for their ness, and as a garment that is moth-eaten. Redeemer.
A and said
20 Thou hast strengthened him for a lit- 19 To whom alone the earth was given, tle while, that he may pass away for ever://and no stranger hath passed among them. thou shalt change his face, and shalt send|| 20 The wicked man is proud all his days: him away.
and the number of the years of his tyranny 21 whether his children come to honourllis uncertain. or dishonour, he shall not understand. 21 The sound of dread is always in his
22 But yet his flesh, while he shall live, lears: and when there is peace, he always shall have pain, and his soul shall mourn suspecteth treason. over him.
22 He believeth not that he may return CHAP XV.
from darkness to light, looking round about
for the sword on every side. Eliphaz returns to the charge against Job, 23 When he moveth himself to seek
and describes the wretched state of the bread, he knoweth that the day of darkness wicked.
is ready at his hand. ND Eliphaz the Themanite answered, 24 Tribulation shall terrify him; and dis
stress shall surround him, as a king that is 2 Will a wise man answer as if he were prepared for the battle. speaking in the wind, and fill his stomach 25 For he hath stretched out his hand with burning heat ?
against God, and hath strengthened himself 3 Thou reprovest him by words, who is against the Almighty. not equal to thee, and thou speakest that 26 He hath run against him with his neck which is not good for thee.
raised up, and is armed with a fat neck. 4 As much as is in thee, thou hast made 27 Fatness bath covered his face; and the void fear, and hast taken away prayers fat hangeth down on his sides. from before God.
28 He hath dwelt in desolate cities, and 5 For thy iniquity hath taught thy mouth,llin desert houses that are reduced into and thou imitatest the tongue of blasphemers. Heaps.
6 Thy own mouth shall condemn thee, and 29 He shall not be enriched; neither shall not 1: and thy own lips shall answer thee. his substance continue; neither shall he push
7 Art thou the first man that was born, [his root in the earth. or wast thou made before the hills ?
30 He shall not depart out of darkness : 8. Hast thou heard God's counsel, and the flame shall dry up his branches, and he shall his wisdom be inferior to thee? shall be taken away by the breath of his own
9 What knowest thou that we are igno-mouth. rant of? what dost thou understand that we 31 He shall not believe, being vainly de. know not?
ceived by error, that he may be redeemed 10 There are with us also aged and an-l/with any price. cient men, much elder than thy fathers. 32 Before his days be full, he shall pe
11 Is it a great matter that God should|rish : and his hands shall wither away. comfort thee? but thy wicked words hinder 33 He shall be blasted as a vine when its this.
grapes are in the first flower, and as an olive12 Why doth thy heart elevate thee, and tree that casteth its flower. why dost thou stare with thy eyes, as if thou 34 For the congregation of the hypocrite wert thinking great things?
Jis barren, and fire shall devour their taber13 Why doth thy spirit swell against God,||nacles, who love to take bribes. to utter such words out of thy mouth? 35 He hath conceived sorrow, and hath
14 What is man that he should be with-fbrought forth iniquity, and his womb pre: out spot, and he that is born of a woman pareth deceits. that he should appear just ? 15 Behold, among his saints, none is un
CHAP. XVI. changeable: and the heavens are not pure Job expostulates with his friends ; and apin his sight.
peals to the judgment of God.
answered: and unprofitable, who drinketh iniquity like water?
: you are all troublesome comforters. 17 I will shew thee, hear me: and I will 3 Shall windy words have no end? or is tell thee what I have seen.
it any trouble to thee to speak? 18 Wise men confess, and hide not their 4 1 also could speak like you : and would fathers:t
God your soul were for my soul.
5 I would comfort you also with words, Thou hast made void fear. That is, cast|and would wag my head over you. off the fear of offending God.
6 I would strengthen you with my mouth, † Wise men confess, and hide not their fa-and would move my lips as sparing you. thers. That is, the knowledge and docu- 7 But what shali i do? if I speak, my ments they have received from their fathers pain will not rest : and if I hold my peace, they are not ashamed to own.
Hit will not depart from me.
much more is man abominable. THEN have noften heard such things as
8 But now my sorrow hath oppressed me,|| 6 He hath made me as it were a by-word and all my limbs are brought to nothing. of the people; and I am an example before
9 My wrinkles bear witness against me, them. and a false speaker riseth up against my 7 My eye is dim through indignation; face, contradicting me.
and my limbs are brought as it were to no10 He hath gathered together his fury thing. against me, and threatening me he hath 8 The just shall be astonished at this : gnashed with his teeth upon me: my ene and the innocent shall be raised up against my hath beheld me with terrible eyes. the hypocrite.
11 They have opened their mouths upon 9 And the just man shall hold on his way: me, and reproaching me they have struck and he that hath clean hands shall be strongme on the cheek; they are filled with myser and stronger. pains.
10 Wherefore be you all converted, and 12 God hath shut me up with the unjust come, and I shall not find among you any man, and hath delivered me into hands of wise man. the wicked.
11 My days have passed away; my 13 I that was formerly so wealthy, am all thoughts are dissipated, tormenting my on a sudden broken to pieces: he hath ta-heart. ken me by my neck; he hath broken me, 12 They have turned night into day; and and hath set me up to be his mark. after darkness I hope for light again.
14 He hath compassed me round about 13 If I wait, hell® is my house; and I have with his lances; he hath wounded my loins; made my bed in darkness. he hath not spared, and hath poured out my 14 I have said to rottenness: Thou art bowels on the earth.
my father; to worms: my mother and my 15 He hath torn me with wound upon sister. wound: he hath rushed in upon me like a 15 Where is now then my expectation, giant.
land who considereth my patience ? 16 I have sowed sackcloth upon my skin, 16 All that I have shall go down into the and have covered my fesh with ashes. deepest pit:t thinkest that there at least I
17 My face is swoln with weeping, and shall have rest? my eyelids are dim.
CHAP. XVIII. 18 These things have I suffered without the iniquity of my hand, when I offered pure Baldad again reproves Job; and describes prayers to God.
the miseries of the wicked. either leta mtb.com en el hoidihou my blood. THEN Baldad the Suhite answered, and
20 For behold, my witness is in heaven, 2 How long will ye throw out words? and he that knoweth my conscience is on understand first, and so let us speak. high.
3 Why are we reputed as beasts, and 21 My friends are full of words: my eye counted vile before you? poureth out tears to God.
4 Thou that destroyest thy soul in thy 22 And O that a man might so be judged fury, shall the earth be forsaken for thee, with God, as the son of man is judged with and shall rocks be removed out of their his companion !
place? 23 For behold, short years pass away, and
5 Shall not the light of the wicked be erI am walking in a path by which I shall nottinguished, and the fame of his fire not return.
shine ? CHAP. XVII.
6 The light shall be dark in his taberna
cle: and the lamp that is over him, shall be Job's hope in God: he expects rest in death. put out.
be shortened; and only the grave re.lened: and his own counsel shall cast him maineth for me.
down headlong: 2. I have not sinned,* and my eye abideth 8 For he bath thrust his feet into a net, in bitterness.
and walketh in its meshes. 3 Deliver me, O Lord, and set me beside 9 The sole of his foot thall be held in a thee, and let any man's hand fight against snare ; and thirst shall burn against him.
10 A gin is hidden for him in the earth, 4 Thou hast get their heart far from un-and his trap upon the path. derstanding; therefore they shall not be ex- 11 Fears shall terrify him on every side, alted.
and shall entangle his feet. 5 He promiseth a prey to his companions ; 12 Let his strength be wasted with faand the eyes of his children shall fail. mine, and let hunger invade his ribs.
Not sinned. That is, I am not guilty of * Hell. Seal. The region of the dead. such sins as they charge me with.
† Deepest pit. Literally, Hell.
13 Let it devour the beauty of his skin,|| 12 His troops have come together, and let the first-born death consume his arms. have made themselves a way by me, and
14 Let his confidence be rooted out of have besieged my tabernacle round about. his tabernacle, and let destruction tread 13 He hath put my brethren far from me: upon him like a king.
and my acquaintance like strangers have 15 Let the companions of him that is not, departed from me. dwell in his tabernacle: let brimstone be 14 My kinsmen have forsaken me; and sprinkled in his tent,
they that knew me have forgotten me. 16 Let his roots be dried up beneath, and 15 They that dwell in my house, and my his harvest destroyed above.
maid-servants have counted me as a stran. 17 Let the memory of him perish from ger; and I have been like an alien in their the earth : and let not his name be renown-lleyes. ed in the streets.
16 I called my servant, and he gave me 18 He shall drive him out of light into no answer: I entreated him with my own darkness, and shall remove him out of the mouth. world.
17 My wife hath abhorred my breath : 19 His seed shall not subsist, nor his off- and I entreated the children of my womb. spring among his people, nor any remnants 18 Even fools despised me : and when I in his country.
was gone from them, they spoke against me. 20 They that come after him shall be as. 19 They that were some time my coun. tonished at his day: and horror shall fall sellors, have abhorred me: and he whom I upon them that went before.
I loved most, is turned against me. 21 These then are the tabernacles of the 20 The flesh being consumed, my bonc wicked, and this the place of him that know-hath cleaved to my skin: and nothing but eth not God.
lips are left about my teeth. CHAP. XIX.
21 Have pity on me, have pity on me, at
least you my friends; because the hand of Job complains of the cruelty of his friends : the Lord hath touched me.
he describes his own sufferings, and his be- 22 Why do you persecute me as God, lief of a future resurrection.
and glut yourselves with my flesh? Job answered, and said:
23 will grant me that my words and break me in pieces with words? they may be marked down in a book,
3 Behold, these ten times you confound 24 With an iron pen, and in a plate of me, and are not ashamed to oppress me. lead, or else be graven with an instrument
4 For if I have been ignorant, my igno-lin Aint-stone? rance shall be with me.
25 *For I know that my Redeemer liveth; 5 But you set yourselves up against me, and in the last day I shall rise out of the and reprove me with my reproaches. earth:
6 At least now understand, that God hath 26 And I shall be clothed again with my not afflicted me with an equal judgment,* ||skin, and in my flesh I shall see my God; and compassed me with his
scourges. 27 Whom I myself shall see, and my eyes 7 Behold, I shall cry suffering violence, (shall behold, and not another: this my hope and no one will hear: I shall cry aloud, and is laid up in my bosom. there is none to judge.
28 Why then do you say now: Let us 8 He hath hedged in my path round persecute him; and let us find occasion of about, and I cannot pass : and in my way he word against him? hath set darkness.
29 Flee then from the face of the sword, 9 He hath stript me of my glory, and for the sword is the revenger of iniquities : hath taken the crown from my head. and know ye that there is a judgment.
10 He haih destroyed me on every side, and I am lost: and he hath taken away my
CHAP. XX. hope, as from a tree that is plucked up. Sophar declares the shortness of the prospe
11 His wrath is kindled against me: and rity of the wicked, and their sudden downhe hath counted me as his enemy.
THEN Sophar the Naamathite answered, • With an equal judgment. St. Gregory explains these words thus : Job being a just man, and truly considering his own life, * VER. 25, 26, and 27, shew Job's explicit thought that his affliction was greater than||belief in his Redeemer, and also of the rehis sins deserved; and in that respect, that||surrection of the flesh: not as one tree riseth the punishment was not equal: yet it was in place of another, but that the self-same just, as coming from God, who gives a crown Aesh shall rise at the last day, by the power of justice to those who suffer for righteous-of God, changed in quality but not in subness' sake, and proves the just with tribula-stance, every one to receive sentence aca tions, as gold is tried by fire.
cording to his works in this life.