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the desert, from the hill of Remmon to the nations that came against Jerusalem, shall south of Jerusalem : and she shall be exalt- go up from year to year, to adore the king, ed, and shall dwell in her own place, from the Lord of hosts, and to keep the feast of the gate of Benjamin even to the place of tabernacles. the former gate, and even to the gate of the 17 And it shall come to pass, that he that corners ; and from the tower of Hananee shall not go up of the families of the land to even to the king's wine presses,

Jerusalem, to adore the King, the Lord of 11 And people shall dwell in it; and hosts, there shall be no rain upon them. there shall be no more an anathema : but 18 And if the family of Egypt go not up, Jerusalem shall sit secure.

nor come, neither shall it be upon them; 12 And this shall be the plague, where but there shall be destruction, wherewith with the Lord shall strike all nations that the Lord will strike all nations that will not have fought against Jerusalem : the flesh of go up to keep the feast of tabernacles. every one shall consume* away while they 19 This shall be the sin of Egypt, and stand upon their feet; and their eyes shall this the sin of all nations, that will not go consume away in their holes; and their sup to keep the feast of tabernacles. tongue shall consume away in their mouth. 20 In that day that which is upon the

13 In that day there shall be a great tu- bridle of the horse shall be holy to the mult from the Lord among them: and a man Lord: and the cauldrons in the house of the shall take the hand of his neighbour ; and Lord shall be as the phials before the altar. his hand shall be clasped upon his neigh-|| 21 And every cauldron in Jerusalem and bour's hand.

Juda shall be sanctified to the Lord of 14 And even Judat shall fight against hosts : and all that sacrifice shall come, and Jerusalem : and the riches of all nations take of them, and shall seeth in them: and round about shall be gathered together, the merchant shall be no more in the gold, and silver, and garments in great abun- house of the Lord of hosts in that day. dance.

15 And the destruction of the horse, and of the mule, and of the camel, and of the their sojourning forty years in the desert, ass, and of all the beasts that shall be in in their way to the land of promise. And those tents, shall be like this destruction.t in the spiritual sense is duly kept by all 16 And all they that shall be lefts of all such christians as in their earthly pilgrimage

are continually advancing towards their true

home, the heavenly Jerusalem, by the help in a spiritual sense, as relating to the pro- of the sacraments and sacrifice of the church. pagation of the church and kingdom of And they that neglect this must not look Christ, the true Jerusalem, which alone for the kind showers of divine grace, to shall never fall under the anathema of des. give fruitfulness to their souls. truction, or God's curse.

| That which is upon the bridle, &c. The The flesh of every one shall consume, &c. golden ornaments of the bridles, &c. shall Such judgments as these have often fallen be turned into offerings in the house of upon the persecutors of God's church, as God. And there shall be an abundance of appears by many instances in history,

cauldrons and phials for the sacrifices of the | Even Juda, &c. The carnal Jews, and temple : by which is meant, under a figure, other false brothers, shall join in persecut-the great resort there shall be to the tem. ing the church.

ple, that is, to the church of Christ, and her # Shall be like this destruction. That is, sacrifice. the beasts shall be destroyed as well as the 9 The merchant shall be no more, &c. Or, men, the common soldiers as well as their as some render it, The Chananite shall be leaders.

no more, &c. That is, the profane and unThey that shall be left, &c. That is, believers shall have no title to be in the many of them that persecuted the church house of the Lord. Or there shall be no shall be converted to its faith and commu-occasion for buyers or sellers of oxen, or nion. To keep the feast of tabernacles. This sheep, or doves, in the house of God, such feast was kept by the Jews in memory of as Jesus Christ cast out of the temple.



Malachias, whose name signifies the Angel of) sick, is it not evil? offer it to my prince,

the Lord, was cotemporary with Nehemi-fif he will be pleased with it, or if he will as; and by some is believed to have been regard thy face, saith the Lord of hosts. the same person with Esdras. He was the 9 And now beseech ye the face of God, last of the prophets, in he order of time, that he may have mercy on you (for by and flourished about four hundred years your hand hath this been done) if by any before Christ. He foretels the coming ofilmeans he will receive your faces, saith the Christ; the reprobation of the Jews and Lord of hosts. their sacrifices ; and the calling of the Gen- 10 Who is there among you, that will tiles, who shall offer up to God in every shut the doors, and will kindle the fire on place an acceptable sacrifice.

my altar gratis ? I have no pleasure in you, CHAP. I.

saith the Lord of hosts : and I will not reGod reproaches the Jews with their ingrati-ceive a gift of your hand.

tude; and the priests for not offering pure 11 For from the rising of the sun even sacrifices. He will accept of the sacrifice to the going down, my name is great athat shall be offered in every place among mong the Gentiles : and in every place the Gentiles.

there is sacrifice, and there is offered to my THE THE burden of the word of the Lord to name a clean oblation :t for my name is

Israel by the hand of Malachias. great among the Gentiles, saith the Lord of 2 I have loved you, saith the Lord: and hosts. you have said: Wherein hast thou loved 12 And you have profaned it in that you us? Was not Esau brother to Jacob, saith say: The table of the Lord is defiled: and the Lord, and I have loved Jacob,* that which is laid thereupon, is contempti.

3 But have hated Esau ? and I have made ble, with the fire that devoureth it. his mountains a wilderness, and given his 13 And you have said: Behold, of our inheritance to the dragons of the desert. labour, and you puffed it away, saith the

4 But if Edom shall say: We are destroy. Lord of hosts, and you brought in of rapine ed; but we will return and build up what the lame, and the sick, and brought in an hath been destroyed : thus saith the Lord offering : shall I accept it at your hands, of hosts : They shall build up, and I will saith the Lord ? throw down: and they shall be called the 14 Cursed is the deceitful man, that hath borders of wickedness, and the people with in his flock a male, and making a vow offerwhom the Lord is angry for ever.

eth in sacrifice that which is feeble to the 5 And your eyes shall see: and you shall Lord: for I am a great King, saith the Lord say: The Lord be magnified upon the bor- of hosts; and my name is dreadful among der of Israel.

the Gentiles. 6 The son honoureth the father, and the

CHAP. II. servant his master : if then I be a father, where is my honour? and if I be a master, The priests are sharply reproved for ne. where is my fear, saith the Lord of hosts ? glecting their covenant. The evil of mar

7 To you, o priests, that despise my rying with idolaters ; and too easily putname, and have said : Wherein have we ting away their wives. despised thy name? You offer polluted "ND now, O ye priests, this commandbread upon my altar : and you say : Where. ment is to you. in have we polluted thee? In that you say 2 If you will not hear, and if you will not The table of the Lord is contemptible. lay it to heart, to give glory to my name,

8 If you offer the blind for sacrifice, is it saith the Lord of hosts : I will send poverty not evil? and if you offer the lame and the upon you, and will curse your blessings;

yea I will curse them: because you have I have loveil Jacob, &c. I have pre. not laid it to heart. ferred his posterity, to make them my cho. sen people, and to load them with my bless. F A clean oblation, viz. The precious ings, without any merit on their part

, and body and blood of Christ in the eucharistic though they have been always ungrateful; sacrifice. whilst I have rejected Esau, and executed # Behold, of our labour, &c. You pre. severe judgments upon his posterity. Not tended labour and weariness, when you that God punished Esau, or his posterity, brought your offering: and so made it of beyond their deserts : but that by his free no value, by offering it with an evil mind. election and grace he loved Jacob, and fa. Moreover, what you offered was both de: voured his posterity, above their deserts. fective in itself, and gotten by rapine and See the annotations upon Rom. ix, lextortion,

his mouth because he is the Angelt of the BE Hall prepare the way before my face.

3 Behold, I will cast the shoulder tol 16 When thou shalt hate her, put her you, and I will scatter upon your face the away, saith the Lord the God of Israel: but dung of your solemnities; and it shall take iniquity shall cover his garment, s saith the you away with it.

Lord of hosts : keep your spirit, and des. 4 And you shall know that I sent you pise not. this commandment, that my covenant might 17 You have wearied the Lord with your be with Levi, saith the Lord of hosts. words: and you said : Wherein have we

5 My covenant was with him of life and wearied him ! In that you say : Every one peace: and I gave him fear: and he feared that doeth evil, is good in the sight of the me; and he was afraid before my name. Lord, and such please him: or surely

6. The law of truth was in his mouth, and where is the God of judgment? iniquity was not found in his lips : he walk

CHAP. III. ed with me in peace, and in equity, and Christ shall come to his temple, and purif turned many away from iniquity.

the priesthood. They that continue in the 7 For thie lips of the priest shall keep evil ways shall be punished; but true peni. knowledge; and they shall seek the law at tents shall receive a blessing.

EHOLDl Lord of hosts.

8 But you have departed out of the way,|And presently the Lord whom you seek, and and have caused many to stumble at the the Angel of the testament, whom you delaw: you have made void the covenant of|sire, shall come to his temple. Bebold, he Levi, saith the Lord of hosts.

cometh, saith the Lord of hosts : 9 Therefore have I also made you con- 2 And who shall be able to think of the temptible, and base before all people, as day of his coming ? and who shall stand to you have not kept my ways, and have ac- see him ? for he is like a refining fire, and cepted persons in the law.

like the fullers' herb: 10 Have we not all one father? hath not 3 And he shall sit refining and cleansing one God created us? why then doth every the silver: and he shall purify the sons of one of us despise his brother, violating the Levi, and shall refine them as gold, and as covenant of our fathers ?

silver: and they shall offer sacrifices to the 11 Juda hath transgressed; and abomi. Lord in justice. nation hath been committed in Israel, and 4 And the sacrifice of Juda and of Jeruin Jerusalem : for Juda hath profaned the salem shall please the Lord, as in the days holiness of the Lord, which he loved, and of old, and in the ancient years. hath married the daughter of a strange god. 5 And I will come to you in judgment,

12 The Lord will cut off the man that and will be a speedy witness against sor. hath done this, both the master and the cerers, and adulterers, and false swearers, scholar, out of the tabernacles of Jacob, and and them that oppress the hireling in bis him that offereth an offering to the Lord of wages, the widows, and the fatherless; and hosts.

oppress the stranger, and have not feared 13 And this again have you done ; you me, saith the Lord of hosts. have covered the altar of the Lord with 6 For I am the Lord, and I change not : tears, with weeping, and bellowing, so that and you the sons of Jacob are not conI have no more a regard to sacrifice, nei sumed. ther do I accept any atonement at your

7 For from the days of your fathers you hands,

have departed from my ordinances, and 14 And you have said : For what cause I have not kept them: Return to me, and I Because the Lord hath been witness be will return to you, saith the Lord of hosts. tween thee, and the wife of thy youth, And you have said: Wherein shall we rewhom thou hast despised : yet she was thyturn ? partner, and the wife of thy covenant. 8 Shall a man afflict God, for you afflict

15 Did not one make her, and she is theme? And you have said : Wherein do se residue of his spirit? And what doth one afflict thee? In tithes and in first-fruits. seek, but the seed of God? Keep then your 9 And you are cursed with want; and spirit, and despise not the wife of thy youth. you afflict me, even the whole nation of

you. I will cast the shoulder to you. I will 10 Bring all the tithes into the storecast away the shoulder, which in the law was appointed to be your portion, and Aling $ Iniquity shall cover his garment, viz. Of it at you in my anger; and will reject both every man that putieth away his wife withyou and your festivals like dung.

out just cause : notwithstanding that God + The Angel, viz. The minister and mes permitted it in the law, to prevent the evil senger.

of murder. # With tears, viz. By occasion of your | My Angel, viz. John the Baptist, the wives, whom you have put away; and who messenger of God, and fore runner of came to weep and lament before the altar. || Christ.

house, that there may be meat in my house, the just.

An exhortation to observe the and try me in this, saith the Lord ; if I open law.

Elias shall come for the conversion not unto you the floodgates of heaven, and of the Jews. pour you out a blessing even to abundance. devourer; and he shall not spoil the fruit that do wickedly shall be stubble : and the

11 And I will rebuke for your sakes the FOR behold, the day shall come, kindled of your land : neither shall the vine in the day that cometh shall set them on fire, saith field be barren, saith the Lord of hosts.

Hthe Lord of hosts: it shall not leave them 12 And all nations shall call you blessed ://root, nor branch. for you shall be a delightful land, saith the Lord of hosts.

2 But unto you that fear my name, the 13 Your words have been unsufferable to

Sun of justice shall arise, and health in his me, saith the Lord.

wings: and you shall go forth, and shall 14 And you have said : What have we

leap like calves of the herd. spoken against thee? You have said : He 3 And you shall tread down the wicked, laboureth in vain that serveth God: and when they shall be ashes under the sole what profit is it that we have kept his of your feet, in the day that I do this, saith ordinances, and that we have walked sor- the Lord of hosts. rowful before the Lord of hosts?

4 Remember the law of Moses my ser15 Wherefore now we call the proud vant, which I commanded him in Horeb for people happy; for they that work wicked-all Israel, the precepts, and judgments. ness are built up; and they have tempted 5 Behold, I will send you Elias the proGod, and are preserved.

phet, before the coming of the great and 16 Then they that feared the Lord spoke dreadful day of the Lord. every one with his neighbour: and the

6 And he shall turn the heart* of the fa. Lord gave ear, and heard it: and a book of|thers to the children, and the heart of the remembrance was written before him for children to their fathers : lest I come, and them that fear the Lord, and think on bisllstrike the earth with anathema.t

17 And they shall be my special possession, saith the Lord of hosts, in the day that He shall turn the heart, &c. By bringI do judgment : and I will spare them, as a ing over the Jews to the faith of Christ, he man spareth his son that serveth him. shall reconcile them to their fathers, viz.

18 And you shall return, and shall see the patriarchs and prophets; whose hearts the difference between the just and the tor many ages have been turned away from wicked; and between him that serveth them, because of their refusing to believe God, and him that serveth him not.

in Christ. CHAP. IV.

+ With anathema. In the Hebrew, Che. The judgment of the wicked, and reward of Uram, that is, with utter destruction.




These books are so called, because they con-|| And as the church has declared these two

tain the history of the people of God under Books canonical, even in two General the command of Judas Machabeus and his Councils, viz. Florence and Trent, there brethren : and he, as some will have it, was can be no doubt of their authenticity. surnamed Machabeus, from carrying in

CHAP. I. his ensigns, or standards, those words of The reign of Alexander and his successors : Exodus xv, 11. Who is like to thee a- Antiochus rifles and profanes the temple of mong the strong, O Lord : in which the God; and persecutes unto death all that initial letters in the Hebrew are M. C. B. will not forsake the law of God, and the E. I. It is not known who was the author religion of their fathers.

of these books. But as to their authority: Nder the son of Philip

the Macedonian,

though they are not received by the Jews, saith St. Augustine, L. xviii. City of God, who first reigned in Greece, coming out of c. 36. they are received by the Church ;|| the land of Cethim, had overthrown Darius who, in settling her canon of the scriptures, king of the Persians and Medes : cho se rather to be directed by the tradition 2 He fought many battles, and took the she had reccived from the apostles of Christ, strong holds of all, and slew the kings of ilan by that of the scribes and Pharisees. the earth.

lifted up.

3 And he went through even to the ends over the land of Egypt, that he might reign of the earth; and took the spoils of many lover two kingdoms. nations : and the earth was quiet before 18 And he entered into Egypt with a him.

great multitude, with chariots and ele4 And he gathered a power, and a very phants, and horsemen, and a great namber strong army: and his heart was exalted and of ships.

19 And he made war against Ptolemee 5 And he subdued countries of nations,||king of Egypt: but Ptolemee was afraid and princes: and they became tributaries at his presence, and Aed; and many were to him.

wounded unto death, 6 And after these things, he fell down 20 And he took the strong cities in the upon his bed, and knew that he should die. land of Egypt: and he took the spoils of

7 And he called his servants the nobles|the land of Egypt. that were brought up with him from his 21 And after Antiochus had ravaged youth: and he divided his kingdom* a. Egypt in the hundred and forty third year, mong them while he was yet alive. he returned, and went up against Israel.

8 And Alexander reigned twelve years, 22 And he went up to Jerusalem with a and he died.

great multitude. 9 And his servants made themselves 23 And he proudly entered into the kings, every one in his place :

sanctuary, and took away the golden altar, 10 And they all put crowns upon them- and the candlestick of light, and all the selves after his death, and their sons after vessels thereof, and the table of propothem many years; and evils were multi-sition, and the pouring vessels, and the plied in the earth.

vials, and the little morters of gold, and 11 And there came out of them a wicked the vail, and the crowns, and the golden orroot, Antiochus the illustrious,f the son of|nament that was before the temple: and he king Antiochus, who had been a hostage at|broke them all in pieces. Rome: and he reigned in the hundred and|| 24 And he took the silver and gold, and thirty-seventh year of the kingdom of the the precious vessels: and he took the hid. Greeks.

den treasures which he found : and when 12 In those days there went out of Israel|he had taken all away he departed into his wicked men : and they persuaded many,llown country. saying: Let us go, and make a covenant 25 And he made a great slaughter of with the heathens that are round about us : men, and spoke very proudly. for since we departed from them, many 26 And there was great mourning in evils have befallen us.

Israel, and in every place where they 13 And the word seemed good in their were : eyes.

27 And the princes, and the ancients 14 And some of the people determined to mourned; and the virgins and the young do this, and went to the king : and he gave men were made feeble: and the beauty of them licence to do after the ordinances of the women was changed. the heathens.

28 Every bridegroom took up lamenta15 And they built a place of exercise in tion : and the bride that sat in the mar. Jerusalem, according to the laws of the friage bed, mourned: nations :

29 And the land was moved for the in16 And they made themselves prepuces, habitants thereof: and all the house of Jaand departed from the holy covenant, and cob was covered with confusion. joined themselves to the heathens, and were 30 And after two full years the king sent sold to do evil.

the chief collectort of his tributes to the 17 And the kingdom was established be- cities of Juda : and he came to Jerusalem fore Antiochus : and he had a mind to reign with a great multitude.

31 And he spoke to them peaceable Divided his kingdom, &c. This is other words in deceit : and they believed him. wise by Q. Curtius ; though he acknow.

32 And he fell upon the city suddenly, ledges that divers were of that opinion, and and struck it with a great slaughter, and that it had been delivered by some authors, destroyed much people in Israel. L. X. But here we find from the sacred

33 And he took the spoils of the city, text, that he was in error.

and burnt it with fire, and threw down the † Antiochus the illustrious. Epiphanes, the younger son of Antiochus the great, who houses thereof, and the walls thereof round

about: usurped the kingdom, to the prejudice of

34 And they took the women captires; his nephew Demetrius, son of his elder brother Seleucus Philopater. Of the king

and the children and the cattle they pos

sessed, dom of the Greeks. Counting, not from the beginning of the reign of Alexander, but from the first year of Seleucus Nicanor. #. The chief collector, &c. Apollonius.


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