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Will stand* upon my watch, and fix myll 11 For the stone shall cry out of the

foot upon the tower: and I will watch, wall: and the timber that is between the to see what will be said to me, and what I joints of the building shall answer. may answer to him that reproveth me. 12 Wo to him that buildeth a town with

2 And the Lord answered me, and said :| blood, and prepareth a city by iniquity. Write the vision, and make it plain upon 13 Are not these things from the Lord tables: that he that readeth it may run of hosts? for the people shall labour in a over it.

great fire ; and the nations in vain: and 3 For as yet the vision is far off; and it they shall faint. sha

appear at the end, and shall not lie: 14 For the earth shall be filled, that men if it make any delay, wait for it: for it may know the glory of the Lord, as waters shall surely come, and it shall not be slack.covering the sea.

4 Behold, he that is unbelieving, his soul 15 Wo to him that giveth drink to his shall not be right in himself: but the just friend, and presenteth his gall, and maketh shall live in his faith.

him drunk, that he may behold his naked. 5 And as wine deceivetht him that drink-ness. eth it; so shall the proud man be, and he 16 Thou art filled with shame instead of shall not be honoured; who hath enlarged his glory : drink thou also, and fall fast asleep: desire like hell, and is himself like death the cup of the right hand of the Lord shall and he is never satisfied; but will gather compass thee; and shameful vomiting shall together unto him all nations, and heap to be on thy glory: gether unto him all people.

17 For the iniquity of Libanus) shall 6. Shall not all these take up a parable cover thee, and the ravaging of beasts shall against him, and a dark speech concerning terrify them, because of the blood of men, him: and it shall be said : Wo to him that and the iniquity of the land, and of the heapeth together that which is not his own city, and of all that dwell therein. how long also doth he load himself with|| 18 What doth the graven thing avail, be.

cause the maker thereof hath graven it, a 7 Shall they not rise up suddenly that molten and a false image ? because the forshall bite thee; and they be stirred up that|ger thereof hath trusted in a thing of his shall tear thee; and thou shalt be a spoil to own forging to make dumb idols.

19 Wo to him that saith to wood: Awake; 8 Because thou hast spoiled many na-to the dumb stone : Arise : can it teach? tions, all that shall be left of the people Behold, it is laid over with gold and sil. shall spoil thee; because of men's blood, sver: and there is no spirit in the bowels and for the iniquity of the land, of the city|thereof. and of all that dwell therein.

20 But the Lord is in his holy temple: 9 Wo to him that gathereth together anlet all the earth keep silence before him. evil covetousness to his house, that his

CHAP. III. nest may be on high, and thinketh he may|1 A PRAYER OF HABACUC THE PRObe delivered out of the hand of evil.

PHET FOR IGNORANCES, 10 Thou hast devised confusion to thy||2 house ; thou hast cut off many people; ana O LORD, I have heard thy hearing, **

and was afraid. thy soul hath sinned.

§ Are not these things, &c. That is, shall * Will stand, &c. Waiting to see what not these punishments that are here recordthe Lord will answer to my complaint, viz. Jed, come from the Lord upon him that is that the Chaldeans, who are worse than the guilty of such crimes. The people shall laJews, and who attribute all their success to bour, &c. viz. the enemies of God's people. their own strength, or to their idols, should | The iniquity of Libanus. That is, the nevertheless prevail over the people of the iniquity committed by the Chaldeans against Lord. The Lord's answer is that the pro- the temple of God, signified here by the phet must wait with patience and faith : name of Libanus. that all should be set right in due time : q For ignorances. That is, for the sins of and the enemies of God and his people his people. In the Hebrew it is Sigionoth; punished according to their deserts. which some take to signify a musical instru

As wine deceiveth, &c. viz. by affording ment, or tune; with which this sublime only a short passing pleasure : followed by prayer and canticle was to be sung. the evils and disgrace that are the usual ** Thy hearing, &c. That is, thy oracles, consequences of drunkenness : so shall it the great and wonderful things thou hast be with the proud enemies of the people revealed to me: and I was struck with a of God: whose success. ffordeth them only reverential fear and awe. Thy work. The a momentary pleasure, followed by innu- great work of the redemption of man, merable and everlasting evils.

which thou wilt bring to life and light in Thick clay. Ill-gotten goods, that, like the midst of the years, when our calamities mire, both burden and defile the soul. land miseries shall be at their height. 3 в


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O Lord, thy work, in the midst of the Who wilt ride upon thy horses: and thy years bring it to life :

chariots are salvation. In the midst of the years thou shalt make 9 Thou wilt surely take up thy bow, aeit known: when thou art angry, thou wilt|cording to the oaths which thou hast spoken remember mercy.

to the tribes. 3 God will come from the South, and Thou wilt divide the rivers of the earth. the holy one from mount Pharan :

10 The mountains saw thee, and were His glory covered the heavens, and the grieved: the great body of waters passed earth is full of his praise.

away. 4 His brightness shall be as the light The deep put forth its voice: the deep hornst ure in his hands.

lified up its hands. There is his strength hid: 5 Death shall 11 The sun and the moon stood still in go before his face.

their habitation, in the light of thy arrows And the devil shall go forth before his they shall go in the brightness of thy glitfeet,

tering spear. 6 He stood and measured the earth. 12 In thy anger thou wilt tread the earth He beheli, 9 and melted the nations : under foot: in thy wrath thou wilt astonish and the ancient mountains were crushed to the nations. pieces.

13 Thou wentest forth for the salvation The hills of the world were bowed down of thy people, for salvation with thy Christ. by the journies of his eternity.

Tbou struckest the head of the house of 7 I saw the tents of Ethiopia for their the wicked :** thou hast laid bare his foun. iniquity : the curtains of the land of Ma-dation even to the neck. dian shall be troubled.

14 Thou hast cursed bis sceptres, the 8 Wast thou angry, O Lord, with the head of his warriors, them that came out as rivers ?! or was thy wrath upon the rivers a whirlwind to scatter me. or thy indignation in the sea ?

Their joy was like that of him that de

voureth the poor man in secret. God will come from the South, &c. God 15 Thou madest a way in the seatt for himself will to give us his law, thy horses, in the mud of many waters. and to conduct us into the true land of pro

16 I have heard, ## and my bowels were mise : as heretofore he came from the troubled: my lips trembled at the voice. South (in the Hebrew, Theman) and from Let rottenness enter into my bones, and mount Pharan to give his law to his people swarm under me: in the desert. See Deuteronomy xxxii. 2. That I may rest in the day of tribulation ;

Horns, &c. That is, strength and power, which by a Hebrew phrase are called horns. when he came as it were, with his korze? Or, beams of light, which come forth from and chariots to save them: when he took his hands. Or it may allude to the cross, up his bow for their defence, in consequence in the horns of which the hands of Christ of the oath he had made to their tribes; were fastened, where his strength was hid- when the mountains trembled, and the deep den, by which he overcame the world,|| stood with its waves raised up in a heap, and drove out death and the devil.

as with hands lifted up to heaven: wben the # Death shall go before his face, &c. Both

sun and moon siood still at his command, &c. death and the devil shall be the execution. ers of his justice against his enemies: as rivers and sea, but against the enemies of

to comply with his anger, not against the they were heretofore against the Egyptians his people. How much more will be do in and Ch nanites.

favour of his Son : and against the enemies § He beheld, &c. One look of his eye is

of his church. enough to melt all the nations, and to reduce

The head of the house of the wicked. them to nothing. For all heaven and earth disappear, when they come before his light. Such was Pharao heretofore : such shall Apocalypse xx, 11. The ancient mountains, Antichrist be hereafter. &c. By the mountains and hills are signified # Thou madest a way in the sea, &c. To the great ones of the world, that persecute deliver thy people from the Egyptian bon. the church, whose power was quickly| dage : and thou shalt work the like yoncrushed by the Almighty.

ders, in the spiritual way, to rescue the | Ethiopia, the land of the Blacks and children of thy church from their enemies. Madian, are here taken for the enemies of I have heard, &c. viz. the evils that of God and his people : who shall perish|lare now coming upon the Israelites for their for their iniquity.

sins; and that shall come hereafter upon 1 With the rivers, &c. He alludes to the all impenitent sinners: and the foresight that wonders wrought heretofore by the Lord in have of these miseries makes me willing favour of his people Israel, when the waters to die, that I may be at rest, before this of the rivers, viz. of Arpon and Jordan, and general tribulation comes, in which all good of the Red sea, retired before their face : things shall be withdrawn from the wicked.

that I may go up to our people that are|| 17 For the fig-tree shall not blossom : girded.

and there shall be no spring in the vines.

The labour of the olive-tree shall fail : and That I may go up to our people, &c. the fields shall yield no food: the flock That I may join the happy company in the shall be cut off from the fold; and there bosom of Abraham, that are girded, that shall be no herd in the stalls. is, prepared for their journey, by which 18 But I will rejoice in the Lord : and I they shall attend their Lord, when he shall will joy in God my Jesus. ascend into heaven. To which high and

19 The Lord God is my strength : and happy place, my Jesus, that is, my Saviour, he will make my feet like the feet of harts: the great conqueror of death and bell, shall and he the conqueror will lead me upon my one day conduct me rejoicing and singing high places singing psalıns. psalms of praise, ver. 18. and 19.




Sophonias, whose name, saith St Jerom, signies 5 And them that worship the host of fies the watchman of the Lord, or the hid.heaven upon the tops of houses, and them den of the Lord, prophesied in the begin-that adore, and swear by the Lord, and ning of the reign of Josius. He was a na-swear by Melchom :: tive of Sarabatha, and the tribe of Simeon, 6 And them that turn away from followaccording to the more general opinion. Helling after the Lord, and that have not sought prophesied the punishments of the Jews, the Lord, nor searched after him. for their idolatry and other crimes ; also 8 Be silent before the face of the Lord the punishments that were to come on divers God; for the day of the Lord is near; for slations ; the coming of Christ, the conver- the Lord hath prepared a victim : he hath sion of the Gentiles, the blindness of the sanctified his guests, Jezus, and their conversion towards the end 8 And it shall come to pass in the day of of the world.

the victim of the Lord, that I will visit upon CHAP. I,

the princes, and upon the king's sons, and For divers enormous sins, the kingdom of Ju- upon all such as are clothed with strange

da is threatened with severe judgment. apparel : THE word of the Lord that came to So

9 And I will visit in that day upon every phonias the son of Chusi, the son of one that entereth arrogantly over the Godolias, the son of Amarias, the son of threshold ; them that fill the house of the Ezecias, in the days of Josias the son of Lord their God with iniquity and deceit. Amon king of Juda.

10 And there shall be in that day, saith 2 Gathering, I will gather together all the Lord, the noise of a cry from the fishthings from off the face of the land, saith gate, and a howling from the Second, 5 and the Lord :

a great destruction from the hills. 3 I will gather man and beast : I will 11 Howl, ye inhabitants of the Morter. gather the birds of the air, and the fishes of All the people of Chanaan, is hush; all are the sea : and the ungodly shall meet with cut off that were wrapped up in silver. ruin : and I will destroy men from off the 12 And it shall come to pass at that time, face of the land, saith the Lord.

that I will search Jerusalem with lamps, and 4 And I will stretch out my hand upon will visit upon the men that are settled on Juda, and upon all the inhabitants of Jeru- their lees;** that say in their hearts: The salem: and I will destroy out of this place Lord will not do good, nor will he do evil. the remnant of Baal, and the names of the Wardenst of the temples with the priests : # Melchom. The idol of the Ammonites.

§ The Second. A part of the city so called. Gathering I will gather, &c. That is, I | The Morter. Maktesh. A valley in or will assuredly take away, and wholly con- near Jerusalem. sume, either by captivity, or death, both The people of Chanaan. So he calls the men and bcasts out of this land.

Jews, from tbeir following the wicked ways The wardens, &c. viz, of the temples of the Chananites. of the idols. Ædituous ; in Hebrew, the ** Settled on their lees. That is, the Chemarims ; that is, such as kindle the fires, wealthy, and such as live at their case, restor burn incense.

ing upon their riches, like wine upon the lees.

13 And their strength shall become a ple, and have magnified themselves upon booty, and their houses as a desert : and their borders. they shall build houses, and shall not dwelli 9 Therefore as I live, saith the Lord of in them: and they shall plant vineyards, hosts the God of Israel, Moab shall be as and shall not drink the wine of them. Sodom, and the children of Ammon as Go

14 The great day of the Lord is near://morrha, the dryness of thorns, and beaps of it is near and exceeding swift: the voice of salt, and a desert even for ever: the remthe day of the Lord is bitter: the mighty|nant of my people shall make a spoil of man shall there meet with tribulation.

them; and the residue of my nation shall 15 That day is a day of wrath, a day of possess them. tribulation and distress, a day of calamity 10 This shall befal them for their pride; and misery, a day of darkness and obscurity, because they have blasphemed, and have a day of clouds and whirlwinds,

been magnified against the people of the 16 A day of the trumpet and alarm a- Lord of hosts. gainst the fenced cities, and against the high|| 11 The Lord shall be terrible upon them, bulwarks.

and shall consume all the gods of the earth: 17 And I will distress men ; and they and they shall adore him every man from shall walk like blind men, because they his own place, all the islands of the Genhave sinned against the Lord : and their tiles. blood shall be poured out as earth, and 12 You Ethiopians also shall be slain with their bodies as dung.

my sword. 18 Neither shall their silver, and their 13 And he will stretch out his hand upon gold be able to deliver them in the day of the north, and will destroy Assyria : and the wrath of the Lord: all the land shall be he will make the beautiful city* wilderdevoured by the fire of his jealousy; for ness, and as a place not passable, and as a he shall make even a speedy destruction of desert. all them that dwell in the land.

14 And focks shall lie down in the midst CHAP. II.

thereof, all the beasts of the nations: and

the bittern and the urchin shall lodge in the An exhortation to repentance. The judg|threshold thereof; the voice of the singing

ment of the Philistines, of the Moabites, bird in the window, the raven on the upper and the Ammonites ; of the Ethiopians, and post; for I will consume her strength. the Assyrians.

15 This is the glorious city that dwelt in SSEMBLE yourselves together : be ga-security; that said in her heart: I am, and be loved :

come a desert, a place for beasts to lie down 2 Before the decree bring forth the day in? every one that passeth by her, shall as dust passing away ; before the fierce an-hiss, and wag his hand. ger of the Lord come upon you ; before the

CHAP. III. day of the Lord's indignation come upon A wo to Jerusalem for her sins. A prophecy you.

of the conversion of the Gentiles, and of 3 Seek the Lord, allye meek of the earth, the poor of Israel: God shall be with them, you that have wrought his judgment: seek The Jews shall be converted at last. the just, seek the meek; if by any means


to the provoking and redeemed you may be hid in the day of the Lord's in- city, the dove. dignation.

2 She hath not hearkened to the voice ; 4 For Gaza shall be destroyed ; and As-neither hath she received discipline : she calon shall be a desert : they shall cast out hath not trusted in the Lord, she drew not Azotus at noon-day; and Accaron shall be near to her God. rooted up.

3 Her princes are in the midst of her as 5 Wo to you that inhabit the sea-coast, roaring lions: her judges are evening O nation of reprobates : The word of the wolves; they left nothing for the morning. Lord upon you, o Chanaan, the land of the 4 Her prophets are senseless, men with. Philistines; and I will destroy thee, so that out faith : her priests have polluted the there shall not be an inhabitant.

sanctuary : they have acted unjustly against 6 And the sea coast shall be the resting-Hthe law. place of shepherds, and folds for cattle: 5 The just Lord is in the midst thereof;

7 And it shall be the portion of him that he will not do iniquity : in the morning, in shall remain of the house of Juda; there the morning he will bring his judgment to they shall feed: in the houses of Ascalon| light; and it shall not be hid: but the wickthey shall rest in the evening; because the led man hath not known shame. Lord their God will visit them, and bring 6 I have destroyed the nations, and their back their captivity.

8 I have heard the reproach of Moab, * The beautiful city, viz. Ninive, which and the blasphemies of the children of Am- was destroyed soon after this, viz. in the mon, with which they reproached my peo-sixteenth year of the reign of Josias.

A is

towers are beaten down : I have made their ful tongue be found in their mouth : for ways desert, so that there is none that pass-they shall feed, and shall lie down; and eth by: their cities are desolate ; there is there shall be none to make them afraid. not a man remaining, nor any inhabitant. 14 Give praise, o daughter of Sion :

7 I said : Surely thou wilt fear me ; thou shout, O Israel: be glad, and rejoice with wilt receive correction : and her dwelling all thy heart, O daughter of Jerusalem. shall not perish, for all things wherein I have 15 The Lord hath taken away thy judgvisited her; but they rose early, and cor-ment; he hath turned away thy enemies : rupted all their thoughts.

the king of Israel the Lord is in the midst of 8 Wherefore expect me, saith the Lord, thee; thou shalt fear evil no more. in the day of my resurrection that is to 16 In that day it shall be said to Jerusacome ; for my judgment is to assemble thelem : Fear not: to Sion : Let not thy hands Gentiles, and to gather the kingdoms; and be weakened. to pour upon them my indignation, all my 17 The Lord thy God in the midst of fierce anger : for with the fire of my jea-thee is mighty; he will save : he will relousy shall all the earth be devoured. joice over thee with gladness; he will be

9 Because then I will restore to the peo- silent in his love; he will be joyful over ple a chosen lip, that all may call upon the thee in praise. name of the Lord, and may serve him with 18 The triflers that were departed from one shoulder.

the law, I will gather together, because 10 From beyond the rivers of Ethiopia, they were of thee: that thou mayest no shall my suppliants the children of my dis-more suffer reproach for them. persed people bring me an offering.

19 Behold, I will cut off all that have af11 In that day thou shalt not be ashamed|| Aicted thee at that time : and I will save her for all thy doings, wherein thou bast trans that halteth, and will gather her that was gressed against me: for then I will takellcast out: and I will get them praise, and a away out of the midst of thee thy proud||name, in all the land where they had been boasters : and thou shalt no more be lifted put to confusion : up because of my holy mountain.

20 At that time, when I will bring you, 12 And I will leave in the midst of thee and at the time that I will gather you : for a poor and needy people: and they shall I will give you a name and praise among all hope in the name of the Lord.

the people of the earth, when I shall have 13 The remnant of Israel shall not dobrought back your captivity before your iniquity, nor speak lies; nor shall a deceit-lleyes, saith the Lord.



Aggeus was one of those that returned from TN the second year of Darius the king, ir the captivity of Babylon, in the first year the sixth month, in the first day of the of the reign of king Cyrus. He was sent month, the word of the Lord came by the by the Lord, in the second year of the reign hand of Aggeus the prophet, to Zorobabel of king Darius, the son of Hystaspes, to the son of Salathiel, governor of Juda, and erhort Zorobabel the prince of Juda, and to Jesus the son of Josedec the high priest, Jesus the high-priest, to the building of the saying: temple ; which they had begun, bui left of 2 Thus saith the Lord of hosts, saying : again through the opposition of the Sama. This people saith : The time is not yet come ritans. In consequence of this exhortation,|for building the house of the Lord, they proceeded in the building, and finished 3 And the word of the Lord came by the the temple. And the prophet was commis- hand of Aggeus the prophet, saying : sioned by the Lord to assure them that this 4 Is it time for you to dwell in ceiled second temple should be more glorious than houses, and this house lie desolate ? the former; because the Messiah should 5 And now thus saith the Lord of hosts : honour it with his presence; signifying Set your hearts to consider your ways. rithal how much the church of the new tes- 6 You have sowed much and brought in tament should excel that of the old testament. little : you have eaten, but have not had CHAP. I.

enough : you have drunk, but have not been

filled with drink: you have clothed yourThe people are reproved for neglecting to selves, but have not been warmed; and he

build the temple. They are encouraged to that hath earned wages, put them into a bag set about the work.

llwith holes.

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