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OF

EZECHIEL.

Nyears in the fourth month, on the fifth

Ezechiel, whose name signifies the strength their wings on their four sides : and they

of God, was of the priestly race: and of the had faces and wings on the four sides. number of the captives that were carried 9 And the wings of one were joined to away to Babylon with king Joachin. He the wings of another. They turned not was cotemporary with Jeremias, and pro- when they went: but every one went straight phesied to the same effect in Babylon, as Je-forward. remias did in Jerusalem; and is said to have 10 And as for the likeness of their faces : ended his days in like manner, by martyr- there was the face of a man, and the face of a dom.

lion on the right side of all the four; and the CHAP. I.

face of an ox, on the left side of all the four;

and the face of an eagle over all the four. The time of Ezechiels prophecy : he sees a 11 and their faces, and their wings were glorious vision,

stretched upward: two wings of every one Cow it came to pass in the thirtieth/were joined, and two covered their bodies:

12 And every one of them went straight day of the month, when I was in the midst||forward: whither the impulse of the spirit of the captives by the river Chobar, the hea- was to go, thither they went: and they turnvens were opened, and I saw the visions of|ed not when they went. God.

13 And as for the likeness of the living 2 On the fifth day of the month, the same creatures, their appearance was like that of was the fifth year of the captivity of king burning coals of fire, and like the appearance Joachin,

of lamps. This was the vision running to 3 The word of the Lord came to Eze-land fro in the midst of the living creatures, chiel the priest the son of Buzi in the land a bright fire, and lightning going forth from of the Chaldeans, by the river Chobar: and the fire. the hand of the Lord was there upon him. 14 And the living creatures ran and re

4 And I saw, and behold, a whirlwind turned like flashes of lightning. came out of the north: and a great cloud, 15 Now as I beheld the living creatures and a fire infolding it, and brightness was there appeared upon the earth by the living about it: and out of the midst thereof, that creatures one wheel with four faces. is, out of the midst of the fire, as it were the 16 And the appearance of the wheels resemblance of amber :

and the work of them, was like the appear5 And in the midst thereof the likenessance of the sea : and the four had all one of four living creatures:t and this was their likeness : and their appearance and their appearance : there was the likeness of a work was as it were a wheel in the midst man in them.

of a wheel. 6 Every one had four faces, and every 17 When they went, they went by their one four wings.

four parts :# and they turned not when they 7 Their feet were straight feet; and the went. sole of their foot was like the sole of a calf's 18 The wheels had also a size, and a foot: and they sparkled like the appearance height, and a dreadful appearance : and the of glowing brass.

whole body was full of eyes round about all 8 And they had the hands of a man under the four.

19 And when the living creatures went, • The thirtieth year. Either of the age the wheels also went together by them: of Ezechiel ; or, as others will have it, from and when the living creatures were lifted up the solemn covenant made in the eighteenthllfrom the earth, the wheels also were lifted year of the reign of Josias. 4 Kings xxiii. up with them.

Living creatures. Cherubims (as ap- * 20 Whithersoever the spirit went, thither pears from Ecclesiasticus xlix. 10.) repre-las the spirit went the wheels also were lifted sented to the prophet under these myste- withal, and followed it: for the spirit of life rious shapes, as supporting the throne of was in the wheels. God, and as it were drawing his chariot. 21. When those went, these went; and All this chapter appeared so obscure, and full of mysteries, to the ancient Hebrews, # When they went, they went by their four that, as we learn from St. Jerom, (Ep. ad parts. That is, indifferently to any of their Paulin.) they suffered none to read it, besides either forward or backward : to the fore they were thirty years old,

Wright or to the left.

ner.

when those stood, these stood; and when their words; neither be thou dismayed at those were lifted up from the earth, the their looks : for they are a provoking wheels also were lifted up together, and house. followed them : for the spirit of life was in 7 And thou shalt speak my words to the wheels.

them, if perhaps they will hear, and for22 And over the heads of the living crea-bear; for they provoke me to anger. tures was the likeness of the firmament, as 8 But thou, o son of man, hear all that I the appearance of crystal terrible to behold, say to thee : and do not thou provoke me, and stretched out over their heads above. as that house provoketh me: open thy

23 And under the firmament were their||mouth, and eat what I give thee. wings straight the one toward the other : 9 And I looked, and behold, a hand was every one with two wings covered his bo- sent to me, wherein was a book rolled up : dy; and the other was covered in like man- and he spread it before me, and it was writ.

llten within and without: and there were 24 And I heard the noise of their wings, written in it lamentations, and canticles, and like the noise of many waters, as it werewo. the voice of the most high God : when they walked, it was like the voice of a multitude,

CHAP. III. like the noise of an army: and when they| The prophet eats the book, and receives fur. stood, their wings were let down.

ther instructions ; the office of a watchman. 25 For when a voice came from above the firmament, that was over their heads, A they stood, and let down their wings.

that thou shalt find : eat this book, and 26 And above the firmament, that was go speak to the children of Israel.* over their heads, was the likeness of a

2 And I opened my mouth; and he throne, as the appearance of the sapphire

caused me to eat that book : stone : and upon the likeness of the throne,

3 And he said to me: Son of man, thy was a likeness as of the appearance of a man belly shall eat, and thy bowels shall be filled above upon it.

with this book, which I give thee. And I 27 And I saw as it were the resemblance did eat it: and it was sweet as honey in my of amber, as the appearance of fire within it

mouth, round about: from his loins and upward,

4. And he said to me : Son of man, go to and from his loins downward, I saw as it the house of Israel, and thou shalt speak were the resemblance of fire shining round my words to them. about.

5 For thou art not sent to a people of a 28 As the appearance of the rainbow when profound speech, and of an unknown tongue, it is in a cloud on a rainy day; this was the but to the house of Israel : appearance of the brightness round about. 6 Nor to many nations of a strange speech, CHAP. II.

and of an unknown tongue, whose words The prophet receives his commission.

thou canst not understand : and if thou wert This was the vision of the likeness of the sent to them, they would hearken to thee. fell upon my face; and I heard the voice of to thee : because they will not hearken to one that spoké. And he said to me: Son me; for all the house of Israel are of a of man, stand upon thy feet, and I will speak

hard forehead and an obstinate heart. to thee :

8 Behold, I have made thy face stronger 2 And the spirit entered into me after than their faces, and thy forehead harder that he spoke to me, and he set me upon

than their foreheads. my feet : and I heard him speaking to me, and like Aint: fear them not, neither be

9 I have made thy face like an adamant, 3 And saying : Son of man, I send thee to the children of Israel, to a rebellious peo

thou dismayed at their presence: for they ple that hath revolted from me: they and are a provoking house. their fathers have transgressed my covenant ceive in thy heart, and hear with thy ears,

10 And he said to me: Son of man, reeven unto this day.

4 And they to whom I send thee are chil- all the words that I speak to thee : dren of a hard face, and of an obstinate

11 And go get thee into them of the capheart; and thou shalt say to them: Thus tivity, to the children of thy people : saith the Lord God :

and thou shalt speak to them, and shall 5 If so be they at least will hear, and if so be they will forbear, for they are a provok- * Eat this book, and go speak to the chiling house : and they shall know that there dren of Israel. By this eating of the book hath been a propbet in the midst of them. was signified the diligent attention and af

6 And thou, o son of man, fear not, nei- fection, with which we are to receive, and ther be thou afraid of their words : for thou lembrace the word of God; and to let it, art among unbelievers and destroyers, and as it were, sink into our interior by devout thou dwellest with scorpions. Fear not meditation.

A

say to them: Thus saith the Lord: If so be shall put bands upon thee; and they shall they will hear, and will forbear.

bind thee with them: and thou shalt not go 12 And the spirit took me up; and 1 forth from the midst of them. heard behind me the voice of a great com 26 And I will make thy tongue stick fast motion, saying : Blessed be the glory of the to the roof of thy mouth; and thou shalt be Lord, from his place.

dumb, and not as a man that reproveth: 13 And the noise of the wings of the because they are a provoking house. living creatures striking one against ano. 27 But when I shall speak to thee, I will ther, and the noise of the wheels following lopen thy mouth, and thou shalt say to them. the living creatures, and the noise of a Thus saith the Lord God: He thai heareth, great commotion.

let him hear: and he that forbeareth, let 14 The spirit also lifted me, and took me him forbear: for they are a provoking up: and I went away in bitterness in the house. indignation of my spirit: for the land of the Lord was with me, strengthening me.

CHAP. IV. 15 And I came to them of the captivity, to the heap of new corn, to them thail A prophetic description of the siege of Jerudwelt by the river Chobar, and I sat where) salem, and the fumine that shall reign there. they sat: and I remained there seven days ND thou, O son of man, take thee a tile, mourning in the midst of them.

and lay it before thee : and draw upon 16 And at the end of seven days the it the plan of the city of Jerusalenı. word of the Lord came to me, saying: 2 And lay siege against it, and build

17 Son of man, I bave made thee a watch- forts, and cast up a mount, and set a camp man to the house of Israel: and thou shalt against it, and place battering rams round hear the word out of my mouth, and shallabout it. tell it them from me.

3 And take unto thee an iron pan, and 18 If, when I say to the wicked, Thou set it for a wall of iron between thee and shalt surely die : thou declare it not to him, the city: and set thy face resolutely against nor speak to him, that he may be converted it, and it shall be besieged, and thou shalt from his wicked way, and live: the same lay siege against it: it is a sign to the house wicked man shall die in his iniquity; but 1 of Israel. will require his blood at thy hand.

4 And thou shalt sleep upon thy left side, 19 But if thou give warning to the wicks and shalt lay the iniquities of the house of ed, and he be not converted from his wick Israel upon it, according to the number of edness, and from bis evil way; he indeed the days that thou shalt sleep upon it; and shall die in his iniquity; but thou hast de-thou shalt take upon thee their iniquity. livered thy soul.

5 And I have laid upon thee the years of 20 Moreover if the just man shall turn their iniquity, according to the number of away from his justice, and sball commit the days three hundred and ninety days; iniquity; I will lay a stumbling-block be- and thou shalt bear the iniquity of the house

of Israel. fore him; he shall die, because thou bast not given him warning: he shall die in his

6 And when thou hast accomplished this, sin, and his justices which he hath done, thou shalt sleep again upon thy right side : shall not be remembered : but I will require

and thou shalt take upon thee the imquity his blood at thy hand.

lof the house of Juda forty days: a day for 21 But if thou warn the just man, that the a year, yea, a day for a year I have appoint. just may not sin, and he doth not sin: living

7 And thou shalt turn thy face to the he shall live, because thou hast warned

siege of Jerusalem, and thy arm shall be him, and thou hast delivered thy soul.

stretched out : and thou shalt prophesy 22 And the hand of the Lord was upon against it. me; and he said to me : Rise, and go forth

8 Behold, I have encompassed thee with into the plain, and there I will speak to thee.bands : and thou shalt not turn thyself from

23 And I rose up, and went forth into the one side to the other, till thou bast ended plain : and behold, the glory of the Lord the days of thy siege. stood there, like the glory which I saw by 9 And take to thee wheat and barley, and the river Chobar: and I fell upon my face. beans, and lentils, and millet, and fitches :

24 And the spirit entered into me, and and put them in one vessel, and make thee set me upon my feet: and he spoke to me, bread therof according to the number of the and said to me; Go in, and shut thyself up days that thou shalt lie upon thy side: three in the midst of thy house.

hundred and ninety days shalt thou eat 25 And thou, O son of man, behold; they

thereof.

10 And thy meat that thou shalt eat, shall

be in weight twenty staters a day : from . The heap of new corn. It was the name time to time thou shalt eat it. of a place; in Hebrew, Tebabib.

11 And thou shalt drink water by measure, the sixth part of a hin :* from time to that are round about you, and have not time thou shalt drink it,

walked in my commandments, and have not 12 And thou shalt eat it as barley-bread kept my judgments, and have not done acbaked under the ashes : and thou shalt cover|cording to the judgments of the nations that it, in their sight, with the dung that cometh|are round about you : out of a man.

8 Therefore thus saith the Lord God: 13 And the Lord said : So shall the child. Behold, I come against thee; and I myself ren of Israel eat their bread all filthy among will execute judgments in the midst of thee the nations whither I will cast them out. in the sight of the Gentiles.

14 And I said : Ah, ah, ah, O Lord God, 9 And I will do in thee that which I have behold, my soul hath not been defiled, and not done ; and the like to which I will do from my infancy even till now, I have not no more, because of all thy abominations. eaten any thing that died of itself, or was 10 Therefore the fathers shall eat the torn by beasts, and no unclean fesh hath sons in the midst of thee; and the sons entered into my mouth.

shall eat their fathers; and I will execute 15 And he said to me: Behold, I have judgments in thee: and I will scatter thy given thee neat's dung for man's dung, and whole remnant into every wind. thou shalt make thy bread therewith. 11 Therefore as I live, saith the Lord

16 And he said to me: Son of man: Be- God: Because thou hast violated my sanchold, I will break in pieces the staff of breadtuary with all thy offences, and with all thy in Jerusalem : and they shall eat bread by abominations; I will also break thee in weight, and with care : and they shall drink pieces; and my eye shall not spare, and I water by measure, and in distress.

will not have any pity. 17 So that when bread and water fail, 12 A third part of thee shall die with the every man may fall against his brother, and pestilence, and shall be consumed with fathey may pine away in their iniquities. mine in the midst of thee: and a third part

of thee shall fall by the sword round about CHAP. V.

thee: and a third part of thee will I scatter The judgments of God upon the Jews are into every wind : and I will draw out a foreshewn under the type of the prophet's sword after them. hair.

13 And I will accomplish my fury, and A ND thou, son of man, take thee a sharp will cause my indignation to rest upon them,

knife that shaveth the hair: and cause and I will be comforted: and they shall it to pass over thy head, and over thy beard: know that I the Lord have spoken it in my and take thee a balance to weigh in, and zeal, when I shall have accomplished my divide the hair.

indignation in them. 2 A third part thou shalt burn with firel 14 And I will make thee desolate, and a in the midst of the city, according to the reproach among the nations that are round fulfilling of the days of the siege: and thou about thee, in the sight of every one that shalt take a third part, and cut it in pieces passeth by. with the knife all round about: and the 15 And thou shalt be a reproach, and a other third part thou shalt scatter in the scoff, an example, and an astonishment wind : and I will draw out the sword after amongst the nations that are round about them.

thee, when I shall bave executed judgments 3 And thou shalt take thereof a small in thee in anger, and in indignation, and in number; and shalt bind them in the skirt wrathful rebukes. of thy cloke.

16 I the Lord have spoken it: When I 4 And thou shalt take of them again, and shall send upon them the grievous arrows shalt cast them in the midst of the fire, and of famine, which shall bring death, and shalt burn them with fire: and out of it, which I will send to destroy you: and I will shall come forth a fire into all the house of gather together famine against you, and I Israel.

will break among you the staff of bread. 5 Thus saith the Lord God: This is Je- 17 And I will send in upon you famine, rusalem; I have set her in the midst of the and evil beasts unto utter destruction: and nations, and the countries round about her.pestilence and blood shall pass through

6 And she hath despised my judgments, thee, and I will bring in the sword upon so as to be more wicked than ihe Gentiles; thee. I the Lord have spoken it. and my commandments, more than the coun

CHAP. VI. tries that are round about her: for they have cast off my judgments, and have not The punishment of Israel for their idolatry: walked in my commandments.

a remnant shall be blessed.

ND Because you have surpassed Gentiles

:

2 Son of man, set thy face towards the Hin. That is, a measure of liquids con-Imountains of Israel, and prophesy against taining about ten pints.

them :

Callereforehaves suajthasebe the role mods A say the word of the Lord came to me,

3 And say : Ye mountains of Israel, hear! 2 And thou son of man, thus saith the the word of the Lord God: Thus saith the Lord God, to the land of Israel: The end Lord God to the mountains, and to the hills, is come, the end is come upon the four and to the rocks, and the valleys: Behold, quarters of the land. I will bring upon you the sword, and I will 3 Now is an end come upon thee, and I destroy your high places,

will send my wrath upon thee: and I will 4 And I will throw down your altars, and judge thee according to thy ways: and I your idols shall be broken in pieces: and I will set all thy abominations against thee. will cast down your slain before your idols. 4 And my eye shall not spare thee, and I

5 And I will lay the dead carcases of the will shew thee no pity: but I will lay thy children of Israel before your idols : and I ways upon thee : and thy abominations shall will scatter your bones round about yourbe in the midst of thee : and you shall know altars

that I am the Lord. 6 In all your dwelling-places. The cities 5 Thus saith the Lord God: One afflicshall be laid waste, and the high places tion, behold, an affliction is come. shall be thrown down, and destroyed: and 6 An end is come, the end is come, it your altars shall be abolished, and shall be hath awaked against thee: behold, it is broken in pieces; and your idols shall be come. no more; and your temples shall be destroy- 7 Destruction is come upon thee that ed; and your works shall be defaced. dwellest in the land : the time is come, the

7 And the slain shall fall in the midst of day of slaughter is near, and not of the joy you: and you shall know that I am the Lord. lof mountains.

8 And I will leave in you some that shall 8 Now very shortly I will pour out my escape the sword among the nations, when wrath upon thee; and I will accomplish my I shall have scattered you through the coun-anger in thee: and I will judge thee accordtries.

ing to thy ways; and I will lay upon thee 9 And they that are saved of you shall all thy crimes. remember me amongst the nations to which 9 And my eyes shall not spare, neither they are carried captives : because I have will I shew mercy: but I will lay thy ways broken their heart that was faithless, and upon thee, and thy abominations shall be in revolted from me: and their eyes that went the midst of thee: and you shall know that a fornicating after their idols : and they shall I am the Lord that strike. be displeased with themselves because of 10 Behold, the day, behold, it is come : the evils which they have committed in all destruction is gone forth; the rod hath their abominations.

blossomed; pride hath budded. 10 And they shall know that I the Lord|| 11 Iniquity is risen up into a rod of imhave not spoken in vain that I would dolpiety: nothing of them shall remain, nor of this evil to them.

their people, nor of the noise of them : and 11 Thus saith the Lord God: Strike with|there shall be no rest among them. thy hand, and stamp with thy foot, and say: 12 The time is come, the day is at hand; Alas, for all the abominations of the evils oflet not the buyer rejoice ; nor the seller the house of Israel: for they shall fall by the mourn: for wrath is upon all the people sword, by the famine, and by the pestilence. thereof.

12 He that is far off shall die of the pes. 13 For the seller shall not return to that tilence: and he that is near, shall fall by the which he hath sold, although their life be sword: and he that remaineth, and is be-lyet among the living. For the vision which sieged, shall die by the famine : and I will regardeth all the multitude thereof, shall accomplish my indignation upon them. not go back: neither shall man be strength.

13 And you shall know that I am theened in the iniquity of his life. Lord, when your slain shall be amongst 14 Blow the trumpet; let all be made your idols, round about your altars, in every ready; yet there is none to go to the bathigh hill, and on all the tops of mountains, tle ; for my wrath shall be upon all the peoand under every woody tree, and under ple thereof. every thick oak, the place where they burnt 15 The sword without, and the pestilence sweet-smelling frankincense to all their idols. and the famine within : he that is in the

14 And I will stretch forth my hand uponfield shall die by the sword : and they that them : and I will make the land desolate, are in the city, shall be devoured by the pesand abandoned from the desert of Deblathailence and the famine. in all their dwelling places : and they sball 16 And such of them as shall flee shall know that I am the Lord.

escape: and they shall be in the mountains CHAP. VII.

like doves of the valleys, all of them tremb

ling, every one for his iniquity. The final desolation of Israel : from which 17 All hands shall be made feeble ; and few shall escape.

all knees shall run with water.

18 And they shall gird themselves with :

hair-cloth ; and fear shall cover them, and

A saying word of the Lord came to me.

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