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which are given to thee under the sun, all9 He that removeth stones, shall be hurt the time of thy vanity : for this is thy por-by them: and he that cutteth trees, shall tion in life, and in thy labour wherewith be wounded by them. thou labourest under the sun.
10 If the iron be blunt, and be not as be. 10 Whatsoever thy hand is able to do, fore, but be made blunt, with much labour do it earnestly: for neither work, nor rea- it shall be sharpened: and after industry son, nor wisdom, nor knowledge, shall be shall follow wisdom. in hell, whither thou art hastening.
11 If a serpent bite in silence, he is no11 I turned me to another thing; and 1 thing better that backbiteth secretly. saw that under the sun, the race is not to 12 The words of the mouth of a wise man the swift, nor the battle to the strong, nor are grace : but the lips of a fool shall throw bread to the wise, por riches to the learn him down headlong. ed, nor favour to the skilful : but time and 13 The beginning of his words is folly: chance in all.
and the end of his talk is a mischievous 12 Man knoweth not his own end: but error. as fishes are taken with the hook, and as 14 A fool multiplieth words. A man canbirds are caught with the snare, so men are not tell what hath been before him: and taken in the evil time, when it shall sudden-what shall be after him, who can tell him ? ly come upon them.
15 The labour of fools shall afflict them 13 This wisdom also I have seen under that know not how to go to the city. the sun, and it seemed to me to be very 16 Wo to thee, O land, when thy king is great :
a child, and when thy princes eat in the 14 A little city, and few men in it: there morning. came against it a great king, and invested 17 Blessed is the land, whose king is no. it, and built bulwarks round about it; and ble, and whose princes eat in due season the siege was perfect.
for refreshment, and not for riotousness. 15 Now there was found in it a man poor 18 By slothfulness a building shall be and wise, and he delivered the city by his brought down : and through the weakness visdom: and no man afterwards remem- of bands, the house shall drop through. bered that poor man.
19 For laughter they make bread, and 16 And I said that wisdom is better than wine that the living may feast : and all strength : how then is the wisdom of the things obey money. poor man slighted, and his words not heard? 20 Detract not the king, no not in thy
17 The words of the wise are heard in thought; and speak not evil of the rich man silence, more than the cry of a prince among in thy private chamber: because even the fools.
birds of the air will carry thy voice, and he 18 Better is wisdom, than weapons of that hath wings will tell what thou hast war: and he that shall offend in one, shall said. lose many good things.
Exhortation to works of mercy, while we Observations on wisdom and folly, ambition have time, to diligence in good, and to the and detraction.
remembrance of death and judgment :
VAST thy bread ointment. Wisdom and glory is more precious than a small and short-lived folly. again.
2 The heart of a wise man is in his right 2 Give a portion to seven, and also to hand : and the heart of a fool is in his left eight: for thou knowest not what evil shall hand.
be upon the earth. 3 Yea and the fool when he walketh in 3 if the clouds be full, they will pour out the way, whereas he himself is a fool, es-rain upon the earth. If the tree fall* to the teemeth all men fools.
south or to the north, in what place soever 4 If the spirit of him that hath power, it shall fall, there shall it be. ascend upon thee, leave not thy place : because care will make the greatest sins to * If the tree fall, &c. The state of the cease.
soul is unchangeable when once she comes 5 There is an evil that I have seen under to heaven or hell: and a soul that departs the sun, as it were by an error proceeding this life in a state of grace, shall never fall from the face of the prince :
from grace; as on the other side, a soul that 6 A fool set in high dignity, and the rich dies out of the state of grace, shall never sitting beneath.
come to it. But this does not exclude a 7 I have seen servants upon horses; and place of temporal punishments for such souls princes walking on the ground as servants. as die in the state of grace ; yet not so as to
8 He that diggeth a pit, shall fall into it :oè entirely pure: and therefore they shall and he that breaketh a hedge, à serpent||be suved, indeed, yet so as by fire. i Cor. shall bite him.
Viii. 13, 14, 15.
4 He that observeth the wind, shall nots tremble, and the strong men shall stagger, sow: and he that considereth the clouds, and the grinders shall be idle in a small shall never reap.
number, and they that look through the 5 As thou knowest not what is the way holes shall be darkened : of the spirit, nor how the bones are joined 4 And they shall shut the doors in the together in the womb of her that is with street, when the grinder's voice shall be child : so thou knowest not the works of low, and they shall rise up at the voice of God, who is the maker of all.
the bird, and all the daughters of music 6 In the morning sow thy seed, and in shall grow deaf. the evening let not thy hand cease : for 5 And they shall fear high things, and thou knowest not which may rather spring they shall be afraid in the way; the almond up, this or that: and if both together, it tree shall flourish ; the locust shall be made shall be the better.
fat; and the caper-tree shall be destroyed : 7. The light is sweet, and it is delightful because man shall go into the house of his for the eyes to see the sun.
eternity, and the mourners shall go round 8 If a man live many years, and have re- about in the street. joiced in them all, he must remember the 6 Before the silver cord be broken, and darksome time, and the many days : which the golden fillet shrink back, and the pitchwhen they shall come, the things passed er be crushed at the fountain, and the wheel shall be accused of vanity.
be broken upon the cistern, 9 Rejoice therefore, O young man, in thy 7 And the dust return into its earth, from youth : and let thy heart be in that which whence it was, and the spirit return to God, is good in the days of thy youth, and walk who gave it. in the ways of thy heart, and in the sight of 8 Vanity of vanities, said Ecclesiastes, thy eyes : and know that for all these God and all things are vanity. will bring thee into judgment.
9 And whereas Ecclesiastes was very 10 Remove anger from thy heart, and put wise, he taught the people, and declared away evil from thy flesh. For youth and the things that he had done: and seeking pleasure are vain.
out, he set forth many parables. CHAP. XII.
10 He sought profitable words, and wrote
words most right, and full of truth. The Creator is to be remembered in the days 11 The words of the wise are as goads,
of our youth : all worldly things are vain.jand as nails deeply fastened in, which by we should fear God, and keep his com- the counsel of masters are given from one mandments.
shepherd. EMEMBER thy Creator in the days of 12 More than these, my son, require not. come, and the years draw nigh of which and much study is an affliction of the flesh. thou shalt say: They please me not : 13 Let us all hear together the conclu
2 Before the sun, and the light, and thesion of the discourse. Fear God, and keep moon, and the stars be darkened, and the his commandments: for this is all man.t clouds return after the rain :
14 And all things that are done, God 3 When the keepers of the house shall will bring into judgment for every error,
whether it be good or evil. * Before the sun, &c. That is, before old age: the effects of wbich upon all the t All man. The whole business and duty senses and faculties are described in the fol-llof man. lowing verses, under a variety of figures. Error. Or hidden and secret thing.
CANTICLE OF CANTICLES.
This book is called the CANTICLE OF Cano pecially as to the happiest part of it, viz.
TICLES, that is to say, the most excellent of perfect souls, every one of which is his be. all Canticles : because it is full of high loved; but, above all others, the immacumysteries, relating to the happy union of late and ever-blessed virgin mother. Christ and his spouse : which is here begun
CHAP. I. by love, and is to be eternal in heaven. TheThe spouse aspires to an union with Christ SPOUSE of Christ is the church : more es. their mutual love for one another.
of thee chains of gold, ini
mouth : for thy breasts are better than laid with silver. wine,
11 While the king was at his repose, my 2 Smelling sweet of the best ointments. spikenard sent forth the odour thereof. Thy name is as oil poured out; therefore 12 A bundle of myrrh is my beloved to young maidens have loved thee.
me: he shall abide between my breasts. 3 Draw me:f we will run after thee to 13 A cluster of cypress my love is to me, the odour of thy ointments. The king hath in the vineyards of Engaddi. brought me into his store-rooms : we will 14 Behold, thou art fair, O my love: be. be glad and rejoice in thee, remembering hold, thou art fair ; thy eyes are as those of thy breasts more than wine : the righteous doves. love thee.
15 Behold, thou art fair, my beloved, and $ I am black but beautiful, 0 ye daugh-comely. Our bed is flourishing. ters of Jerusalem, as the tents of Cedar, as 16 The beams of our houses are of cethe curtains of Solomon.
dar, our rafters of cypress trees. 5 Do not consider me that I am brown,
CHAP. II. because the sun hath altered my colour : | Christ caresses his spouse : he invites her to the sons of my mother have fought against
him. vineyards : my vineyard I have not képt.he I AM the flower of the field, and the
. 6 Shew me, O thou whom my soul loveth, 2 As the lily among thorns, so is my love where thou feedest, where thou liest in the among the daughters. mid-day, lest I begin to wander after the 3 As the apple-tree among the trees of flocks of thy companions.
the woods, so is my beloved among the 7 If thou know not thyself, $ O fairest||sons. I sat down under his shadow, whom among women, go forth, and follow after I desired : and his fruit was sweet to my the steps of the flocks, and feed thy kids|palate. beside the tents of the shepherds.
4 He brought me into the cellar of wine : 8 To my company of horsemen, in Pha- he set in order charity in me. rao'schariots, have Ilikened thee, O my love. 5 Stay me up with flowers ; compass me
9 Thy cheeks are beautiful as the turtle about with apples : because I languisha dove's; thy neck as jewels.
6 His left hand is under my head ; and • Let him kiss me. The Church the|bis right hand shall embrace me. spouse of Christ prays, that he may love 7 I adjure you, Oye daughters of Jeruand have peace with her, which the spouse salem, by the roes, and the harts of the prefers to every thing howsoever delicious : fields, that you stir not up, nor make the beand therefore expresses (ver. 2) that young loved to awake, till she please. maidens, that is, the souls of the faithful, 8 The voice of my beloved ; behold, he have loved thee.
cometh leaping upon the mountains, skip+ Draw me. That is, with thy grace ;//ping over the hills. otherwise I should not be able to come to 9 My beloved is like a roe, or a young thee. This metaphor shews that we can-hart. Behold, he standeth behind our wall, not of ourselves come to Christ our Lord, looking through the windows, looking unless he draws us by his grace, which is through the lattices. laid up in his store-rooms : that is, in the 10 Behold, my beloved speaketh to me: mysteries of Faith, which God in his good. Arise, make haste, my love, my dove, my ness and love for mankind hath revealed, beautiful one, and come. first by his servant Moses in the Old Law 11 For winter is now past : the rain is in figure only, and afterwards in reality by over and gone. his only begotten Son Jesus Christ.
12 The flowers have appeared in our I am black but beautiful. That is, the land ; the time of pruning is come: the Church of Christ, founded in humility, ap-voice of the turtle is heard in our land: pearing outwardly afflicted and as it were 13 The fig tree hath put forth her green black and contemptible ; but inwardly, that figs : the vines in flower yield their sweet is, in its doctrine and morality, fair and beautiful.
|| I am the flower of the field. Christ pro§ If thou know not thyself, &c. Christ en- fesses himself the Aower of mankind, yea, courages his spouse to follow and watch her the Lord of all creatures : and ver. 2. deflock; and though she know not entirely clares the excellence of his spouse, the true the power at hand to assist her, he tells her, Church, above all other societies, which are ver. 8. my comphny of horsemen, that is, his to be considered as thorns. Angels, are always watching and protecting q The voice of my beloved : that is, the her. And in the following verses be re- preaching of the Gospel surmounting diffiminds her of the virtues and gifts with culties, figuratively here expressed by mounwhich he has endowed her.
tains and little hills.
smell. Arise, my love, my beautiful one,l. 10 The pillars thereof he made of silver, and come :
the seat of gold, the going up of purple : 14 My dove in the clifts of the rock, in the midst he covered with charity for the the hollow places of the wall, shew me thy daughters of Jerusalem. face; let thy voice sound in my ears : for 11 Go forth, ye daughters of Sion; and thy voice is sweet and thy face comely. see king Solomon in the diadem, wherewith
15 Catch us the little foxes that destroy bis mother crowned him in the day of his the vines : for our vineyard hath flourished. Jespousals, and in the day of the joy of his
16 My beloved to me, and I to him, who heart. feedeth among the lilies,
CHAP. IV. 17 Till the day break, and the shadows Christ sets forth the graces of his spouse : retire. Return: be like, my beloved, to a and declares his love for her. roe, or to a young hart upon the mountains H beautiful art thou ! thy eyes are doves
thou, my love, how of Bether. CHAP. III.
Heyes, besides what is hid within. Thy hair The spouse seeks Christ. The glory of hisis as flocks of goats, which come up from humanity.
mount Galaad. 'N my bed by nightf I sought him whom 2 Thy teeth as Aocks of sheep, that are IN
my soul loveth : I sought him, and found shorn, which come up from the washing, all him not.
with twins; and there is none barren among 2 I will rise, and will go about the city : them. in the streets and the broad ways I will seek 3 Thy lips are as a scarlet lace; and thy him whom my soul loveth : I sought him speech sweet. Thy cheeks are as a piece and I found him not.
of a pomegranate, besides that which lieth 3 The watchmen who keep the city, hid within. found me: Have you seen him whom my 4 Thy neck is as the tower of David, soul loveth?
which is built with bulwarks: a thousand 4 When I had a little passed by them, I bucklers hang upon it, all the armour of va. found him whom my soul loveth ; I held liant men. him: and I will not let him go, till I bring 5 Thy two breastst like two young roes him into my mother's house, and into the that are twins, which feed among the lilies. chamber of her that bore me.
6 Till the day break, and the shadows re. 5 I adjure you, o daughters of Jerusalem, tire, I will go to the mountain of myrrh, by the roes and the harts of the fields, that|and to the bill of frankincense. you stir not up, nor awake my beloved, tillll 7 Thou art all fair, O my love ; and there she please.
is not a spot in thee. 6 Who is she that goeth up by the de 8 Come froin Libanus, my spouse ; come sert, as a pillar of smoke of aromatical from Libanus, come: thou shalt be crowned spices, of myrrh, and frankincense, and of from the top of Amana, from the top of Sa. all the powders of the perfumer? Unir, and Hermon, from the dens of the lions,
7 Behold, threescore valiant ones of the from the mountains of the leopards. most valiant of Israel, surround the bed of|| 9 Thou hast wounded my heart, my sis. Solomon.
ter, my spouse: thou hast wounded my 8 All holding swords, and most expert in heart with one of thy eyes, and with one war: every man's sword upon his thigh,hair of thy neck. because of fears in the night.
10 How beautiful are thy breasts, my sis9 King Solomon hath made him a litterter, my spouse! thy breasts are more beau. of the wood of Libanus :
tiful than wine, and the sweet smell of thy
ointments above all aromatical spices. Catch us the little fo.xes. Christ com- 11 Thy lips, my spouse, are as a dropping mands his pastors to catch false teachers, honey-comb : honey and milk are under thy by holding forth their fallacy and erroneous doctrine, which like foxes would bite and • How beautiful art thou. Christ again destroy the vines.
praises the beauties of his Church, which † In my bed by night, &c. The Gentiles through the whole of this chapter are ex. as in the dark, and seeking in heathen de.semplified by a variety of metaphors, setting lusion what they could not find, the true forth her purity, her simplicity, and her staGod, until Christ revealed his doctrine tobility. them by his watchmen (ver. 3.), that is, byl t Thy two breasts, &c. Mystically to be the Apostles, and teachers, by whom they understood: the love of God and the love were converted to the true faith; and (of our neighbour, which are so united as holding that faith firmly, the spouse the twins which feed among the lilies ; that is, Catholic Chuch declares, ver. 4. That she the love of God and of our neighbour, feeds will not let him go, till she bring him into her on the divine mysteries and the holy sacra. mother's house, &c. that is, till at last, the ments, left by Christ to his spouse, to feed Jews also shall find him.
and nourish her children,
tongue ; and the smell of thy garments, as|jhands dropped with myrrh, and my fingers the smell of frankincense.
were full of the choicest myrrh. 12 My sister, my spouse, is a garden in-| 6 I opened the bolt of my door to my beclosed, * a garden inclosed, a fountain sealed|lloved: but he had turned aside, and was up:
gone. My soul melted, when he spoke : 13 Thy plants are a paradise of pomegrali sought him, and found him not : I called, nates with the fruits of the orchard. Cyprus||and he did not answer me. with spikenard.
7 The keepers that go about the city 14 Spikenard and saffron, sweet cane and found me: they struck me, and wounded cinnamon, with all the trees of Libanus,me: the keepers of the walls took away my myrrh and aloes, with all the chief per- (veil from me. fumes.
8 I adjure you, o daughters of Jerusalem, 15 The fountain of gardens : the well of lif you find my beloved, that you tell him living waters, which run with a strong||that I languish with love. stream from Libanus.
9 What manner of one is thy beloved of 16 arise, o north wind, and come, the beloved, 0 thou most beautiful among south wind; blow through my garden ; and women ? what manner of one is thy belovlet the aromatical spices thereof Aow. fed of the beloved, that thou hast so adjurCHAP. V.
10 My belovedş is white and ruddy, cho.. Christ calls his spouse : she languishes with sen out of thousands.
love : and describes him by his graces. 11 His head is as the finest gold : his LEand more bele his top pie serem lacks as branches of palm-trees, black as a am come into my garden, O my sister, my 12 His eyes as doves upon brooks of spouse : I have gathered my myrrh, with waters, which are washed with milk, and my aromatical spices : i have eaten the ho-sit beside the plentiful streams. ney-comb with my honey : I have drunk my 13 His cheeks are as beds of aromatical wine with my ruiik: eat, o friends, and spices set by the perfumers. His lips are drink, and be inebriated, my dearly beloved. as lilies dropping choice myrrh.
2 I sleep, and my heart watcheth: the 14 His hands are turned and as of gold, voice of my beloved knocking : Open to me, full of hyacinths. His belly as of ivory, set my sister, my love, my dove, my undefiled: with sapphires. for my head is full of dew, and my locks of 15 His legs as pillars of marble, that are the drops of the nights.
set upon bases of gold. His form as of Li3 I have put off my garment: how shall banus, excellent as the cedars. I put it on ? I have washed my feet, howi 16 His throat most sweet, and he is all shall I defile them?
lovely: such is my beloved, and he is my 4 My beloved put his hand through the friend, 0 ye daughters of Jerusalem. key-hole,t and my bowels were moved at 17 Whither is thy beloved gone, O thou his touch.
most beautiful among women
? whither is 5 I arose up to open to my beloved: mys|thy beloved turned aside, and we will seek
him with thee? • My sister, &c. a garden inclosed. Figu.
CHAP. VI. ratively the Church is inclosed, containing the spouse of Christ is but one : she is fair only the faithful. A fountain sealed up.
and terrible. That none can drink of its waters, that is, Y beloved is gone down into his gar. the graces and spiritual benefits of the holy
of , sacraments, but those who are within its to feed in the gardens, and to gather lilies. walls.
2 I to my beloved, and my beloved to me, † Let my beloved come into his garden, &c. who feedeth among the lilies. Garden, mystically the Church of Christ, 3 Thou art beautiful, O my love, sweet abounding with fruit, that is, the good works of the elect.
$ My beloved, &c. In this and the follow# My beloved put his hand through thelling verses the Church mystically describes key-hole, &c. The spouse of Christ, his Christ to those who know him not, that is, Church, at times as it were penned up by to infidels, in order to convert them to the its persccutors, and in fears, expecting the true faith. divine assistance, here signified by his hund: | My beloved is gone down into his garden. and ver. 6. but he had turned aside and was|| Christ, pleased with the good works of his gone, that is, Christ permitting a further loly and devout servants labouring in his trial of suffering : And again, ver. 7. Thellgarden, is always present with them; but keepers, &c. signifying the violent and cruellihe words is gone down are to be un ierstood persecutors of the Church taking her veil, chat after trying his Church by permitting despoiling the Church of its places of wor-persecution, he comes to her assistance, and sbip and ornaments for the divine service, llshe rejoiceth at his coming,