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not as the Egyptian women: for they themselves to kill Moses: but he fled from his sight, and are skilful in the office of a midwife; and they are abode in the land of Madian, § and he sat down delivered before we come to them.

by a well. 20 Therefore God dealt well with the mid- 16 And the priest of Madian had seven daughwives: and the people multiplied and grew ex-sters, who came to draw water: and when the ceedingly strong.

troughs were filled, desired to water their father's 21 And because the midwives feared God, he docks. built them houses.

17 And the shepherds came and drove them 22 Pharao therefore charged all his people, say- away: and Moses arose, and defending the maids, ing: Whatsoever shall be born of the male sex, watered their sheep. ye shall cast into the river: whatsoever of the 18 And when they retured to Raguelll their female, ye shall save alive.

father, he said to them: Why are ye come sooner CHAP. II.

than usual?

19 They answered: A man of Egypt delivered Moses is born and exposed on the bank of the us from the hands of the shepherds: and he drew river; where he is taken up by the daughter of water also with us, and gave the sheep to drink. Pharao, and adopted for her son. He killeth an

20 But he said: Where is he? why have you Egyptian, and fleeth into Madian; where he let the man go? call him that he may eat bread. marrieth a wife.

21 And Moses swore that he would dwell with AFTER anis there were a man of the kindred of hima And she tooke Sephora sois

, lanemendo caifed 2 And she conceived, and bore a son; and see-Gersam, T saying: I have been a stranger in a ing him a goodly child, hid him three months. foreign country. And she bore another, whom he

3 And when she could bide him no longer, she called Eliezer, saying: For the God of my father took a basket made of bulrushes, and daubed it iny helper hath delivered me out of the hand of with slime and pitch; and put the little babe there-Pharao. in, and laid him in the sedges by the river's brink, 23 Now after a long time the king of Egypt

4 His sister standing afar off, and taking notice died: and the children of Israel groaning, cried what would be done.

out because of the works: and their cry went up 5 And behold, the daughter of Pharao came unto God from the works. down to wash herself in the river: and her maids 24 And he heard their groaning, and rememwalked by the river's brink. And when she saw bered the covenant which he made with Abrathe basket in the sedges, she sent one of her maids ham, Isaac, and Jacob. for it: and when it was brought,

25 And the Lord looked upon the children of 6 She opened it, and seeing within it an infant Israel, and he knew them. ** crying, having compassion on it, she said: This is one of the babes of the Hebrews.

CHAP. III. 7. And the child's sister said to her: Shall I go, God appeareth to Moses in a bush. And sendeth and call to thee a Hebrew woman, to nurse the

him to deliver Israel. babe? . She answered: Go. The maid went, and NW, Moses fed the sheep of Jethro his fa

ther-in-law, the priest of Madian: and he called her mother.

drove the flock to the inner parts of the desert, 9 And Pharao's daughter said to her: Take this and came to the mountain of God, Horeb. child, and nurse him for me: I will give thee thy 2 And the Lord appearedtt to him in a flame of wages. The woman took, and nursed the child: fire out of the midst of a bush: and he saw that and when he was grown up, she delivered him to the bush was on fire, and was not burnt. Pharao's daughter.

3 And Moses said: I will go, and see this great 10 And she adopted him for a son, and called sight, why the bush is not burnt. him Moses,t saying: Because I took him out of 4 And when the Lord saw that he went forthe water.

ward to see, he called to him out of the midst of 11 In those days, after Moses was grown up, he the bush, and said: Moses, Moses. And he anwent out to his brethren; and saw their affliction, swered: Here I am. anil an Egyptian striking one of the Hebrews his 5 And he said: Come not nigh hither, put off brethren.

the shoes from thy feet: for the place, whereon 12 And when he had looked about this way and thou standest, is holy ground. Dat way, and saw no one there, he slew the 6 And he said: I am the God of thy father, the Exyptian,t and bid him in the sand.

God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God 13' And going out the next day, he saw two of Jacob. Moses hid his face: for he durst not Hebrews quarrelling: and he said to him that did look at God. the wrong: Why strikest thou thy neighbour? 7 And the Lord said to him: I have seen the

14 But he answered: Who hath appointed thee affliction of my people in Egypt; and I have heard prince and judge over us? wilt thou kill me, as their cry, because of the rigour of them that are thou didst yesterday kill the Egyptian? Moses over the works: feared, and said: How is this come to be known? 8 And knowing their sorrow, I am come down 15 And Pharao heard of this word, and sought to deliver them out of the hands of the Egyptians,

and to bring them out of that land into a good and Because the millwives feared God, &c. The midwives were rewarded, not for their lie, which § Mudian. A city and country of Arabia, was a venial sin; but for their fear of God, and which took its name from Madian the son of their humanity: But this reward was only tem-|| Abraham, by Cetura, and was peopled by his poral, in building them houses, that is, in estab-| posterity. fishing and enriching their families.

Il Raguel. He had two names, being also call+ Moses, or Moyses, in the Egyptian tongue,led Jethro, as appears from the first verse of the significs one taken or saved out of the water. following chapter.

# He slew the Egyptian. This he did by a par- 1 Gersam, or Gershom. This name signifies, ticular inspiration of God; as a prelude to his de- a stranger there: as Eliezer signifies the help of livering the people from their oppression and bon-God. (lag

He thought, says St. Stephen, Acts vii. 25. ** Knew them; that is, he had respect to them, that! is brethren understood that God by his hand he cast a merciful eye upon them. urov! 1 save them. But such particular and extra- + The Lord appeared. That is, an Angel reordinary examples are not to be imitated.

presenting God, and speaking in his name.

spacions land, into a land that floweth with milk will say: The Lord hath not appeared to thee. and honey, to the places of the Chanaanite, and! 2 Then he said to him: What is that thou holdHethite, and Amorrhite, and Pherezile, and He- est in thy hand? He answered: A rod. vite, and Jebusite.

3 And the Lord said: Cast it down upon the 9 For the cry of the chillren of Israel is come ground. He cast it down, and it was turned into unto me: and I have seen their aflliction, where a serpent, so that Moses fled from it. with they are oppressed by the Egyptians. 4 And the Lord said: Put out thy hand, and

10 Bui come, and I will send thee to Pharao, take it by the tail. He put forth his hand, and took that thou mayest bring forth my people, the chil. hold of it, and it was turned into a rod. dren of Israel, out of Egypt.,

5. That they may believe, saith he, that the 11 And Moses said to God: Who am I that I Lord God of their fathers, the God of Abraham, should go to Pharao, and should bring forth the the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob, hath apchildren of Israel out of Egypt?

peared to thee. 12 And he said to him: I will be with thee: and, 6 And the Lord said again: Put thy hand into this thou shalt hare for a sign, that I have sent thy bosom. And when he had put it into his thee: When thou shalt have brought my people bosom, he brought it forth leprous as snow. out of Egypt, thou shalt offer sacrifice to God 7 And he said: Put back thy hand into thy up on this mountain.

bosom. He put it back, and brought it out again, 13 Mosis said to God: Lo, I shall go to the and it was like the other flesh. chudren of Israel, and say to them: The God of 8 If they will not believe thee, saith he, nor hear your fathers hath sent me to you. If they shall say the voice of the former sign, they will believe the to me: What is his name? What shall I say to word of the latter sign. them.

9 But if they will not even believe these two 14 God said to Moses; I AM WHO AM.* He"signs, nor hear thy voice; take of the river water, said: Thus shalt thou say to the children of Israel: and pour it out upon the dry land, and whatsoever HE WHO IS, hath sent me to you.

thou drawest out of the river, shall be turned into 15 And God said again to Moses: Thus shalt blood. thou say to the children of Israel: The Lord God 10 Moses said: I beseech thee, Lord, I am not of your fathers, the God of Abraham, the God of eloquent from yesterday and the day before: and Isaac, and the God of Jacob hath sent me to you; since thou hast spoken to thy servant, I have more this is my name for ever, and this is my memorial impediment and slowness of tongue. onto all generations.

11 The Lord said to him: Who made man's 16 Go, and gather together the ancients of Is- mouth? or who made the dumb and the deaf, the rael, and thou shalt say to them: The Lord God seeing and the blind? did not I? of your fathers, the God of Abraham, the God of 12 Go therefore, and I will be in thy mouth: Isaac, and the God of Jacob, hath appeared to me, and I will teach thee what thou shalt speak. saying: Visiting I have visited you: and I have 13 But he said: I beseech thee, Lord, send seen all that hath befallen you in Egypt. whom thou wilt send.

17 And I have said the word to bring you forth|| 14 The Lord being angry at Moses, said: out of the affliction of Egypt, into the land of the Aaron the Levite is thy brother: I know that he Chanaanite, and Hethite, and Amorrhite, and is eloquent: behold, he cometh forth to meet thee, Pherezite, and Hevite, and Jebusite, to a land and seeing thee shall be glad at heart. that soweth with milk and honey.

15 Speak to him, and put my words in his And they shall hear thy voice: and thou mouth; and I will be in thy mouth, and in his shelt go in, thou and the ancients of Israel to the mouth, and will show you what you must do. krs of Egypt: and thou shalt say to him: The 16 He shall speak in thy stead to the people, Lord God of the Hebrews hath called us: we and shall be thy mouth: but thou shalt be to him will go three days journey into the wilderness, to in those things that pertain to God. sacrifice unto the Lord our God.

17 And take this rod in thy hand, wherewith 19 Bat I know that the king of Egypt will not thou shalt do the signs. let you go, but by a mighty hand.

18 Moses went his way, and returned to Jethro * For I will stretch förth my hand, and will his father-in-law, and said to him: I will go and strike Egypt with all my wonders which I will do return to my brethren into Egypt, that I may see in the nidst of them: after these he will let you go. if they be yet alive. And Jethro said to him: Go

21 And I will give favour to this people, in the in peace. sight of the Egyptians: and when you go forth, 19 And the Lord said to Moses, in Madian: Go you shall not depart empty:

and return into Egypt: for they are all dead that 22 But every woman shall ask of her neighbour sought thy life. and of her that is in her house, vessels of silver 20 Moses therefore took his wife, and his sons, and of gold, and raiment: and you shall put them and set them upon an ass: and returned into Egypt, on your sons and daughters, and shall spoilt carrying the rod of God in his hand. Egypt

21° And the Lord said to him as he was returnCHAP. IV.

ing into Egypt: See that thou do all the wonders

before Pharao, which I have put in thy hand: I Moses is empowered to confirm his mission with shall harden # his heart, and he will not let the

miracles: his brother Aaron is appointed to as people go. sist him.

22 And thou shalt say to him: Thus saith the VTOSES answered, and said: They will not Lord: Israel is my son, my first-born.

23 I have said io thee: Let my son go, that he

may serve me, and thou wouldst not let him go: I am who am. That is, I am being itself, eter- behold, I will kill thy son thy, first-born: nal, self-existent, independent, infinite; without 24 And when he was in his journey, in the inn, beginning, end or change; and the source of all the Lord met him, and would have killed him. other beings.

Shall spoil, &c. That is, you shall strip, and | I shall harden, &c. Not by being the efficient take away the goods of the Egyptians. This was cause of his sin: but by withdrawing from him, ont authorizing theft or injustice; but was a just for his just punishment, the dew of grace, that disposal made by him, who is the great Lord and might have softened his heart; and so suffering master of all things; in order to pay the children him to grow harder and harder, of Israel some part of what was due to them from $ The Lord met him, and would have killed him. the Egyptians for their labours.

li This was an Angel representing the Lord, who

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23 Immediately Sephora took a very sharp|| 15 And the officers of the children of Israe? stone, and circumcised the foreskin of her son, came, and cried out to Pharao, saying: Why and touched his feet, and said: A bloody spouse dealest thou so with thy servants? art thou to me.

16 Straw is not given us, and bricks are required 26 And he let him go after she had said: A of us as before: behold, we thy servants are bloody spouse art thou to me, because of the cir- beaten with whips, and thy people is unjustly cumcision.

dealt withal. 27 And the Lord said to Aaron: Go into the 17 And he said: You are idle, and therefore desert to meet Moses. And he went forth to you say: Let us go and sacrifice to the Lord. meet him in the mountain of God, and kissed 18 Go therefore, and work: straw shall not be him.

given you, and you shall deliver the accustomed 28 And Moses told Aaron all the words of the number of bricks. Lord, by which he had sent him, and the signs 19 And the officers of the children of Israel saw that he had commanded.

that they were in evil case, because it was said to 29 And they came together, and they assem-them: There shall not a whit be diminished of the bled all the ancients of the children of Israel. bricks for every day.

30 And Aaron spoke all the words which the 20 And they met Moses and Aaron, who stood Lord had said to Moses: and he wrought the signs over-against them as they came out from Pharao: before the people,

21 And they said to them: The Lord see and 31 And the people believed. And they beard judge, because you have made our savour to stink that the Lord had visited the children of Israel, before Pharao and his servants, and you have and that he had looked upon their affliction: and given him a sword to kill us. falling down they adored.

22 And Moses returned to the Lord, and said: CHAP. V.

Lord, why hast thou afflicted this people? where

fore hast ihou sent me? Pharao refuseth to let the people go. They are 23 For since the time that I went in to Pharao more oppressed.

to speak in thy name, he hath afflicted thy people: A TER these things do Seminar da farbe Went and thou hast not delivered them. God of Israel: Let my people go, that they may God reneweth his promise. The genealogies of

CHAP. VI. sacrifice to me in the desert.

2 But he answered: Who is the Lord, that I Ruben, Simeon, and Levi, down to Moses and should hear his voice, and let Israel go? I know

Aaron. not the Lord, neither will I let Israel go. 3. And they said: The God of the Hebrews AND the Lord said to Moses: Now thou

shalt see what I will do to Pharao: for by a hath called us, to go three days journey into the mighty hand shall he let them go, and with a wilderness and to sacrifice to the Lord our God: strong hand shall he cast them out of his land. lest a pestilence or the sword fall upon us. 2 And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying: I am

4 The king of Egypt said to them: Why do the Lord you Moses and Aaron draw off the people from 3 That appeared to Abraham, to Isaac, and to their works? Get you gone to your burdens. Jacob, by the name of God Almighty: and my

5 And Pharao said: The people of the land is name ADONAI* I did not show them. numerous: you see that the multitude is increas- 4 And I made a covenant with them, to give ed: how much more if you give them rest from them the land of Chanaan, the land of their pilgrimtheir works?

age wherein they were strangers. 6 Therefore he commanded the same day the 5 I have heard the groaning of the children of overseers of the works and the task-masters of Israel, wherewith the Egyptians have oppressed the people, saying:

them: and I have remembered my covenant. 7 You shall give straw no more to the people to 6 Therefore say to the children of Israel: I am make brick, as before: but let them go and gather the Lord who will bring you out from the workstraw.

prison of the Egyptians, and will deliver you from 8 And you shall lay upon them the task of | bondage; and redeem you with a high arm, and bricks, which they did before, neither shall you great judgments. diminish any thing thereof: for they are idle, and 7 And I will take you to myself for my people: therefore they cry, saying: Let us go and sacri- I will be your God: and you shall know that I fice to our God.

am the Lord your God, who brought you out 9 Let them be oppressed with works, and let from the work-prison of the Egyptians: them fulfil them; that they may not regard lying 8 And brought you into the land, concerning words.

which I listed up my hand to give it to Abraham, 10 And the overseers of the works and the Isaac, and Jacob: and I will give it you to postask-masters went out and said to the people: sess: I am the Lord. Thus saith Pharao: I allow you no straw:

9 And Moses told all this to the children of 11 Go, and gather it where you can find it: Israel: but they did not hearken to him, for anneither shall any thing of your work be dimi- guish of spirit, and most painful work. nished.

10 And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying: 12 And the people was scattered through all 11 Go in, and speak to Pharao king of Egypt, the land of Egypt to gather straw.

13 And the overseers of the works pressed * My name Adonai. The name which is in the them, saying: Fulfil your work every day as be-Hebrew text, is that most proper name of God, fore you were wont to do, when straw was given which signifieth his eternal self-eristent being, you.

Exod. jii. 14: which the Jews out of reverence 14. And they that were over the works of the never pronounce; but instead of it, wherever it children of Israel were scourged by Pharao's task- occurs in the Bible, they read Adonai, which sig. masters, saying: Why have you not made up the nifies the Lord: and therefore they put the points task of bricks both yesterday and to-day, as be- or vowels, which belong to the name Adonai, to fore?

the four letters of that other ineffable name Jod,

He, Vau, He. Hence some moderns have framed treated Moses in this manner, for having neglect-the name Jehovah, unknown to all the ancients, ed the circumcision of his younger son: which whether Jews or Christians: for the true pronun. his wife understanding, circumcised her child upon ciation of the name, which is in the llebrew text, the spot, upon which the Angel let Moses go. liby long disuse, is now quite lost.

Obst he let the children of Israel go out of his 3 But I shall hardent his heart, and shall multiland.

ply my signs and wonders in the land of Egypt, 12 Moses answered before the Lord: Behold, 4 And he will not hear you: and I will lay my the children of Israel do not hearken to me: and hand upon Egypt, and will bring forth my army bon will Pharao hear me, especially as I am of and my people, the children of Israel, out of the uncircumcised lips?*

land of Egypt, by very great judgments. 13 And the Lord spoke to Moses and Aaron, 5 And the Egyptians shall know that I am the and be gave them a charge unto the children of Lord, who have stretched forth my hand upon Israel, and unto Pharao the king of Egypt, that Egypt, and have brought forth the children of they should bring forth the children of Israel out Israel out of the midst of them. of the land of Egypt.

6 And Moses and Aaron did as the Lord had 14 These are the heads of their houses by their commanded: so did they. families. The sons of Ruben the first-born of 7 And Moses was eighty years old, and Aaron Israel: Henoch and Phallu, Hesron and Charmi. eighty-three, when they spoke to Pharao.

15 These are the kindreds of Ruben. The 8 And the Lord said to Moses and Aaron: sons of Simeon, Jamuel, and Jamin, and Ahod, 9 When Pharao shall say to you, Show signs: and Jachin, and Soar, and Saul the son of a Cha- thou shalt say to Aaron: Take thy rod, and cast naanitess: These are the families of Simeon. it down before Pharao, and it shall be turned into

16 And these are the names of the sons of Levi a serpent. by their kindreds: Gerson and Caath and Merari. 10 So Moses and Aaron went in unto Pharao, And the years of the life of Levi were a hundred and did as the Lord had commanded. And Aaron and thirty-seven.

took the rod before Pharao and his servants; and 17 The sons of Gerson: Lobni and Semei, by it was turned into a serpent. their kindreds.

11 And Pharao called the wise men and the 18 The Sons of Caath: Amrarn, and Isaar, and magicians: and they also by Egyptian enchantHebron, and Oziel. And the years of Caath’sments and certain secrets did in like manner. afe were a hundred and thirty-three.

12 And they every one cast down their rods, 19 The sons of Merari: Moholi and Musi. and they were turned into serpents: but Aaron's These are the kindreds of Levi by their families. rod devoured their rods.

20 And Amram took to wife Jochabed his aunt 13 And Pharao's heart was hardened; and he by the father's side: and she bore him Aaron and did not hearken to them, as the Lord had comMoses. And the years of Amram's life were a manded. hundred and thirty-seven.

14 And the Lord said to Moses: Pharao's heart 21 The sons also of Isaar: Core, and Nepheg, is hardened: he will not let the people go. and Zechri.

15 Go to him in the morning; behold, he will 22 The sons also of Oziel: Mizael, and Eliza-lgo out to the waters: and thou shalt stand to meet phan, and Setbri.

hirn on the bank of the river: and thou shalt take 2 And Aaron took to wife Elizabeth the in thy hand the rod that was turned into a serdaughter of Aminadab, sister of Nahason, who pent. bore him Nadab, and Abiu, and Eleazar, and 16 And thou shalt say to him: The Lord God Ithamar.

of the Hebrews sent me to thee, saying: Let my 24 The sons also of Core: Aser, and Elcana. people go to sacrifice to me in the desert: and and Abiasaph. These are the kindreds of the hitherto thou wouldst not hear. Corites.

17 Thus therefore saith the Lord: In this thou 25 But Eleazar the son of Aaron took a wife of shalt know that I am the Lord: behold, I will the daughters of Phutiel: and she bore him Phi- strike with the rod that is in my hand, the water Dees. These are the heads of the Levitical fami- of the river, and it shall be turned into blood. lies by their kindreds.

18 And the fishes that are in the river, shall die, 26 These are Aaron and Moses, whom the and the waters shall be corrupted: and the EgypLord commanded to bring forth the children oftians shall be afllicted when they drink the water Israel out of the land of Egypt by their compa-l of the river. mes.

19 The Lord also said to Moses: Say to Aaron, 27 These are they that speak to Pharao king of Take thy rod, and stretch forth thy hand upon the Egpt, in order to bring out the children of Israel waters of Egypt, and upon their rivers, and from Egypt: these are that Moses and Aaron, streams and pools, and all the ponds of waters,

In the day when the Lord spoke to Moses that they may be turned into blood: and let blood in the land of Egypt.

be in all the land of Egypt, both in vessels of 29 And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying: I am wood and of stone. the Lord: speak thou to Pharao king of Egypt, 20 And Moses and Aaron did as the Lord had all that I say to thee.

commanded; and lifting up the rod, he struck the 30 And Moses said before the Lord: Lo, I am water of the river before Pharao and his servants: of uncircumcised lips: how will Pharao hear me? and it was turned into blood. CHAP. VII.

21 And the fishes that were in the river, died; Moses and Aaron go in to Pharao: they turn the not drink the water of the river; and there was

and the river corrupted; and the Egyptians could rod into a serpent; and the waters of Egypt blood in all

the land of Egypt, into blood, which was the first plague. The 22 And the magicians of the Egyptians with magicians do the like; and Pharao's heart is their enchantments did in like manner: and Phahardened.

rao's heart was hardened; neither did he hear ND the Lord said to Moses: Behold, I have them, as the Lord had commanded.

23 And he turned himself away, and went into Aaron thy brother shall be thy prophet. his house; neither did he set his heart to it this

2 Thou shalt speak to him all that I command time also. thee: and he shall speak to Pharao, that he let the children of Israel go out of his land.

# I shall harden, &c. Not by being the effi

cient cause of his hardness of heart, but by perUncircumcised lips. So he calls the defect he mitting it, and by withdrawing grace from him, in had in his words, or utterance.

punishment of his malice; which alone was the † The God of Pharao: viz. to be his Judge; proper cause of his being hardened. and to exercise a divine power, as God's instru- ş Magicians. Jannes and Mambres or Jamment, over him and his people.

bres, 2 Tim. iii. 8.

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24 And all the Egyptians dug round about the earth; and may there be sciniphst in all the land river for water to drink: for they could not drink of Egypt. of the water of the river.

17 And they did so. And Aaron stretched forth 25 And seven days were fully ended, after that his hand, holding the rod: and he struck the dust the Lord struck the river.

of the earth, and there came sciniphs on men and

on beasts: all the dust of the earth was turned CHAP. VIII.

into sciniphs through all the land of Egypt. The second plague is of frogs: Pharao promiseth 18 And the magicians with their enchantments to let the Israelites go, but breaks his promise. practised in like manner, to bring forth sciniphs: The third plague is of sciniphs. The fourth is and they could not: and there were sciniptis as of flies. Pharao again promiseth to dismiss well on men as on beasts. the people, but doth it not.

19. And the magicians said to Pharao: This is ND the Lord said to Moses: Go in to Pharao, the finger of God. And Pharao's heart was hard

and thou shalt say to him: Thus saith the ened; and he hearkened not unto them, as the Lord: Let my people go to sacrifice to me.

Lord had commanded. 2 But if thou wilt not let them go, behold, I 20 The Lord also said to Moses: Arise early will strike all thy coasts with frogs.

and stand before Pharao: for he will go forth to 3 And the river shall bring forth an abundance the waters: and thou shalt say to him: Thus saith of frogs; which shall come up, and enter into thy the Lord: Let my people go to sacrifice to me. house, and thy bed-chamber, and upon thy bed, 21 But if thou wilt not let them go, behold I and into the houses of thy servants, and to thy will send in upon thee, and upon thy servants, and people, and into thy ovens, and into the remains upon thy houses all kind of flies: and the houses of thy meats:

of the Egyptians shall be filled with flies of di4 And the frogs shall come in to thee, and to vers kinds, and the whole land wherein they shall thy people, and to all thy servants.

be. And the Lord said to Moses: Say to Aaron: 22 And I will make the land of Gessen wonStretch forth thy hand upon the streams and upon derful in that day, so that flies shall not be there: the rivers and the pools, and bring forth frogs and thou shalt know that I am the Lord in the upon the land of Egypt.

midst of the earth. 6 And Aaron stretched forth his hand upon the 23 And I will put a division between my people waters of Egypt: and the frogs came up, and co- and thy people: to-morrow shall this sign be. vered the land of Egypt.

24 And the Lord did so. And there came a 7 And the magicians also by their enchantments very grievous swarın of flies into the houses of did in like manner: and they brought forth frogs Pharao and of his servants, and into all the land upon the land of Egypt.

of Egypt: and the land was corrupted by this 8 But Pharao called Moses and Aaron, and said kind of flies. to them: Pray ye to the Lord* to take away the 25 And Pharao called Moses and Aaron, and frogs from me and from my people: and I will let said to them: Go, and sacrifice to your God in the people go to sacrifice to the Lord.

this land. 9 And Moses said to Pharao: Set me a time 26 And Moses said: It cannot be so: for we when I shall pray for thee, and for thy servants, shall sacrifice the abominations of the Egyptians and for thy people, that the frogs may be driven to the Lord our God: now if we kill those things away from thee and from thy house, and from thy which the Egyptians worship, in their presence, servants, and from thy people; and may remain they will stone us. only in the river.

27 We will go three days' journey into the wil10 And he answered: To-morrow. But he derness: and we will sacrifice to the Lord our said: I will do according to thy word: that thou God, as he hath commanded us. mayst know that there is none like to the Lord 28 And Pharao said: I will let you go to sacriour God.

fice to the Lord your God in the wilderness; but il And the frogs shall depart from thee, and go no farther: pray for me. from thy house, and from thy servants, and from 29 And Moses said: I will go out from thee, thy people; and shall remain only in the river. and will pray to the Lord: and the flies shall de12 And Moses

and Aaron went forth from Pha- part from Pharao, and from his servants, and from rao: and Moses cried to the Lord for the promise, his people to-morrow: but do not deceive any which he had made to Pharao concerning the more, in not letting the people go to sacritice to frogs.

the Lord. 13 And the Lord did according to the word of

30 So Moses went out from Pharao, and prayed Moses: and the frogs died out of the houses, and to the Lord. out of the villages, and out of the fields:

31 And he did according to his word: and he 14 And they gathered them together into im- took away the flies from Pharao, and from his mense heaps: and the land was corrupted. servants, and from his people: there was not leit

15 And Pharao seeing that rest was given, hard- so much as one. ened his own heart, and did not hear them, as 32 And Pharao's heart was hardened, so that the Lord had commanded.

neither this time would he let the people go. 16 And the Lord said to Moses: Say to Aaron: Stretch forth thy rod, and strike the dust of the The fifth plague is a murrain among the cattle.

CHAP. IX. * Pray ye to the Lord, &c. By this it appears, The sirth, of boils in men and beasts. The that though the magicians, by the help of the devil

, seventh, of hail. Pharao promiseth again to could bring frogs, yet they could not take them let the people go, and breaketh his word. away: God being pleased to abridge in this the ND the Lord said to Moses: Goin to Pharao, power of Satan. So we see they could not after- and speak to him: Thus saith the Lord God wards produce the lesser insects; and in this restraint of the power of the devil, were forced to † Sciniphs, or Cinifs, Hebrew Chinnim, small acknowledge the finger of God.

flying insects, very troublesome both to men and † Pharao hardened his own heart. By this we beasts. see that Pharao was himself the efficient cause of $ The abominations, &c. That is, the things his heart being hardened, and not God. See the they worship for gods: oxen, rams, &c. It is the same repeated in ver. 32. Pharao hardened his usual style of the scriptures to call all idols and heart at this time also: likewise chap. ix. 7, 35, false gods abominations, to signify how much the and chap. xiii. 15.

people of God ought to detest and abhor them.

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