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Captain Brown has in the Press, Biographical Sketches and Authentic Anecdotes of Horses; with a Historical Introduction, and an Appendix on the Diseases and Medical Treatment of the Horse. It is to be illustrated by figures of the different breeds, and Portraits of celebrated or remarkable Horses; these are to be engraved on Steel by Mr. Lizars, in his best Style. This work is intended as a companion to the work on Dogs, by the same Author, recently published, which has met with so favourable a reception.

In the Press, an Introduction to Medical Botany, illustrative of the Elements and Terminology of Botany, and of the Linnæan Artificial and Natural Systems, as connected with the study of Medical Plants. By Thomas Castle, F.L.S. &c.

Dr. Olinthus Gregory has been occupied in preparing for the Press, an Improved Edition of his Letters to a friend on the Evidences, Doctrines, and Duties of the Christian Religion.

Dr. Shirley Palmer will very shortly Publish, “ Popular Illustrations of Medicine and Diet", pointing out the principal exciting causes of Disease and Death.

In the Press, The Arguments for Predestination and Necessity contrasted with the Established Principles of Philosophical Inquiry. In Two Act Sermons, in Trinity College, Dublin, 1828. With Notes and Appendix. By Richard Hastings Graves, D.D.

Mr. W. M. Higgins has in the Press, and very nearly ready for Publication, an Introductory Treatise on the Nature and Properties of Light, and on Optical Instruments; Dedicated, by Permission, to His Royal Highness the Duke of Clarence.

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POETRY.

Accounts of Savings Banks, and for faci Natural Theology; or Essays on the litating their Formation : together with Existence of Deity and of Providence, on Explanatory Observations upon the Act of the Immateriality of the Soul, and a future Parliament, 9th Geo. IV. Cap. 92. By State. By the Rev. Alex. Crombie, LLD, Charles Compton. 12mo. 5s.

F.R.S., and M.R.S.L. 2 vol. 8vo. Elementary Thoughts on the Right Pro The Christian Minister ; or Practical cess of Education; with Suggestions for Hints for the conduct of a Young Clergythe Formation of a Public School; ad

By EΛΑΚΙΣΤΟΤΕΡΟΣ. . 12mo. dressed to Men of Influence and Wealth. 2s. 6d. By Geddes Mackenzie Scott, M. A. ls. 6d. Practical Suggestions and Discourses;

Foscarini, or the Patrician of Venice. intended to aid a Reformation of the Chris2 vols. 8vo.

tian Churches, and the Revival of Religion The Female Servant's Adviser, or the in Individuals, Families, and Communities. Service Instructor. With Plates exhibit By Charles Moase. 12mo. 2s. 60. ing the methods of selling out Dinner Noon-Day Sun-Set; a Sermon addressTables, &c. 12mo. 3s.

ed chiefly to Young People, at New Broad Miscellanies, in Two Parts. I. Prose; Street Meeting House, London, on the II. Verse, &c. By William Mavor, LL.D. Decease of Mrs. T. C. Everett of Read8vo. 158. in cloth.

ing. By J. P. Dobson. Second Edition.

Is. 6d.
NATURAL PHILOSOPHY.
A Concise System of Mechanics, in

Writings of the Rev. John Knox, Mi

nister of God's Word in Scotland. Printed Theory and Practice; with original and practical Remarks, Rules, Experiments,

for the Religious Tract Society. 12mo.

Portrait. Tables, and Calculations, for the Use of

58. in cloth. practical Men. By James Hay, Land

The Catechist's Manual, and Family Surveyor. 12mo. Plates. 58. 6d. Lecturer; being an Abridgement and Ex

planation of St. Mark's Gospel, for pur

poses of Missionary and Domestic InGideon, and other Poems. By the Au struction. By the Rev. Samuel Hinds, thor of " My Early Years," &c. 12mo.

M.A. Vice-Principal of St. Alban's Hall, 3s. 6d.

Oxford. 8vo. 10s. 6d. Cama, the Warrior Bard of Erin, and

Popular Lectures on Biblical Criticism other Poems. By John Richard Best, Esq., and Interpretation. By William Carpenter, Author of “ Transalpine Memoirs,' &c.

Author of " A Popular Introduction to 8vo.

the Study of the Scriptures,” &c. 8vo. THEOLOGY.

12s. An Analysis of Bishop Burnet's Expo Morning and Evening Prayers adapted sition of the Thirty-nine Articles, with

for Family Worship. Small 8vo. Notes. By Thomas Newland, A.B. of The Commandment with Promise. By Trinity College, Dublin. 12mo. 9s. 60.

the Author of “ The Last Day of the Sermons on the First Lessons of the

Week," 18mo. 28. 6d. half-bound. Sunday Morning Service, taken from the

Calvinistic Predestination Repugnant to Mosaic Scriptures. Being the Sundays the General Tenor of Scripture; shewn in from Septuagesima to Trinity Sunday. By a Series of Discourses on the Moral Attrithe Very Rev. Robert Burrowes, D.D.

butes and Government of God; delivered M.R.J.A. Dean of Cork, &c. 8vo. 12s.

in the Chapel of Trinity College, Dublin. Two Discourses occasioned by the

By the late Very Rev. Richard Graves, Deaths of the Rev. E. C. Daniell, of

D.D. M.R.I.A.; King's Professor of DiFrome, and Rev. R. Burton of Digah.

vinity in Trinity College, Dublin; Dean By John Sheppard, Author of “ Thoughts of Ardagh, &c. 8vo. 12s. on Private Devotion." 12mo. The Profits to be applied to the

TRAVELS AND TOPOGRAPHY. benefit of Mr. Burton's orphans.

The Apocrypha of the Book of Daniel ; Protestant Vigils; or Evening Records containing the Story of Susannah; the of a Journey in Italy, in the Years 1826 Prayer of Azariah, with the Hymn of the and 1827. By Harriet Morton. 2 vols. Three Children, and the History of Bel 8vo. Plates. 11. 4s. and the Dragon. Translated from the The Modern Traveller. Vol. XXVIII. Vulgate Latin ; with Notes ; and a Short Containing a Description of Peru, &c. Treatise on the matter contained in these 6s, balf-bound. pieces. By Luke Howard, F.R.S. Author

This Volume comprises a coinplete of several Translations from the Vulgate. History of the South American Revolus Royal 8vo.

tion...

THE

ECLECTIC REVIEW,

FOR OCTOBER, 1829.

Art. I. Testimonies in Proof of the Separate Existence of the Soul in

a State of Self-consciousness between Death and the Resurrection. By the Rev. Thomas Huntingford, M.A. Vicar of Kempsford, Gloucestershire. Accedit Johannis Calvini yrxONANNYXIA. 8vo.

pp. 500. Price 10s. 6d. London. 1829. EUMENES, a distinguished Athenian, had been deputed to

rectify some abuses, and to compose certain differences that had arisen among the towns of an Attic colony on the Thracian Chersonese. While residing at one of these towns, and employed there on the business of his mission, he wrote a letter to the citizens of another, in which, among various matters, he incidentally alludes to his personal feelings in regard to his stay in the colony; and he expresses his earnest wish to return to Athens, especially that he might there enjoy personal intercourse with a beloved and revered friend, whose name he mentions. We venture to render the passage into English, paraphrastically, in the following manner." I must confess to you, that my mind is very much divided between opposite inclinations; for, on the one hand, I am moved by a strong desire to set sail, (avazūrai,) that I may have the company of my friend and master Aristobulus, which, to be frank with you, is vastly better (πολλώ γαρ μάλλον κρείσσον) than any I meet with in this remote region. I nevertheless feel, that my continuance in Thrace is to you so highly important, that it overbalances my personal wishes; or rather, though my return to Athens would highly conduce to my personal and immediate comfort, my stay abroad is necessary (åvayxaioteqov) for still stronger reasons. In this persuasion, I shall therefore remain, and spend many a day with you, promoting your advantage and comfort."

Our version of the passage before us might, we doubt not, be amended; nevertheless we are confident that, nice criticisms

VOL. II.N.S.

Ꮐ Ꮐ .

apart, it fairly contains the sense of the writer; and we are perfectly sure that his meaning is much too conspicuous to afford room for doubts or cavils. Eumenes means to say, that he prefers the society he should meet with at Athens, to that which surrounds him in the Chersonese; but that, for the sake of the benefit of the colony, he submits to a lengthened absence from his country and friends, to which he might presently be restored, were he to take ship (avanūsai) and bend his course towards the shores of Attica.

-But Paul, addressing his Christian friends at Philippi, says: _“I am at a loss to decide between opposing motives, which impel me on this side and on that; for I strongly desire to depart (åvaržoas, to be loosened from the body, and to soar away to other regions; comp. 2 Cor. v. 8.) and to be with Christ; which were incomparably better (than to remain in the body). And yet I cannot be ignorant, that for me to remain in the body, is highly important to your welfare. Well assured as I am of this,

I know that I shall continue among you for the promotion of your religious interests and comfort."

The first of these two quotations is intelligible at a glance, because we apply to it, without question, the common processes of translation, nor dream of attaching to the words any ideas but those which common sense suggests. And why should not the second quotation enjoy the benefit of the same simple method ? In truth, we know not why. If Eumenes was a man of plain common sense, so was Paul. If the Citizen of Athens used, in its known meaning, a language familiar to him, so did the Cilician Jew. If the one, in his intercourse with his friends, scorned mental reservations and guileful ambiguities, so did the other. If Eumenes is entitled to be treated as an honest and intelligent man, Paul much more.

But it seems that even if we are at length to acquiesce in the obvious and very conspicuous sense of the Apostle, we cannot safely do so until volumes of biblical criticism, of theological reasoning, and of metaphysical speculation, have been written and read in defence of every supposition which idle and perverse ingenuity may choose to attach to the words. Nor again, may we acknowledge the plain intention of plain words, until we have looked around to see how this simple meaning may be adjusted with the notions we have formed on a subject incidentally connected therewith. Wretched trifling !-a trifling that at once nullifies the benefits of Revelation, vilifies the inspired writers, and debilitates the understandings, as well as corrupts the moral perceptions of those who practise it! Whence then comes this depraved criticism; or why is it tolerated? Alas! this absurd and mischievous system of exposition has been held in credit from age to age, because all parties, without exception, have

been compelled, in turn, to have recourse to it on those pinching occasions, when called upon to defend the rotten parts of their several systems,-ecclesiastical or doctrinal.

Concerning the important subject to which the volume before us relates, although recently brought into question, we should deem it idle to move a new discussion on the old scholastic system of biblical exposition. Nothing could be done but to repeat arguments which have already been fruitlessly repeated often enough. So long as any place or indulgence is given to evasions which, if proffered in the department of classical criticism, would be met with contemptuous reprobation, no hope can be entertained of satisfactorily determining this, or indeed any other religious controversy. The doctrine of the survivance of consciousness after the dissolution of the body, stands forth upon the language of the New Testament-we might say, upon that of the Old-as perspicuously as does the geographical fact of the existence of a distant city, called Rome, alleged to be the seat of a mighty empire. And if the only proof of this latter fact were that which is contained in the writings of the Apostles, it might be called in question with quite as much show of reason as is the doctrine of a separate state. In this supposed case, the objector might make his choice between the two following methods :-he might either quibble upon the terms employed when Rome or the Romans are mentioned, and shew in what manner certain phrases may be interpreted so as not absolutely to imply the existence of any such city or empire;-or, he might fully grant that such was the belief and opinion of the Apostles, -it being a vulgar notion among the Jews of that age, that they were under the control of a foreign power, seated in the imaginary Rome,-but yet deny that we are therefore obliged to give our faith to the said Jewish prejudice.

Of the two methods, if compelled to make a choice between them, we should certainly prefer the latter ; and especially for this reason, that it does not, like the former, infringe upon the common principles of language; or break up and nullify the laws of evidence in matters of history; or deprave the moral sense, by accustoming it to acquiesce in modes of reasoning which shock the instincts of an honest mind.

Or,-to turn to the subject in band :-those who, to save a favourite theory, or to indulge the sceptical mood, or to put as far off as may be the unwelcome idea of a future life, resolve not to admit the belief of what is commonly termed the separate state of the soul, have, if they argue on the ground of Christianity, this same alternative before them. That is to say, they must either ply the craft of petty criticism, nibbling at particles, cracking etymons, hunting up various lections, and kick

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