A History of the United States

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Scott, Foresman, 1902 - 533 страници
 

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THE RACE FOR POSSESSION SPANISH 1i921582
22
Impelling Motives
23
Ponce de Leon Discovered Florida1513
24
Balboa and the Pacific Ocean1513
25
Cortez Conquers the Aztecs15191521
26
Philippine Is lands1521 His Ship Victoria Completes Circuit of Globe 1522 27 17 De Ayllon and San Miguel1526
27
Narvaez Meets with Disaster1528
28
Coronado and the Seven Fabled Cities of Cibola the Quivera 15401542
29
De Soto and the Mississippi River15391542
30
Cabrillo and California15421543
31
THE PORTUGUESE 23 Amerlcus Vespucius and Naming of America14971504
32
Cortereal Visits and Names Labrador1500
33
Verrazano and New France1524
34
The Huguenots Attempt to Found a Colony in Florida
35
Champlaln the Father of New France
37
The Pioneers of France in the New WorldSoldiers Fur Trad ers and the Jesuit Fathers
38
La Salle and the Extension of New France
39
THE DUTCH 34 Holland and the New Netherlands in America
40
The Cabots Establish the Claim of England14971498
41
Frobisher Enters Baffins Bay in Search of a Northwest Passage
42
Sir Humphrey Gilbert Makes an Attempt to Found an English Colony
43
Gosnold1602 Pring1603 Weymouth1605
44
London1606
45
Progress Made
46
Conflicting Claims
47
CHAPTER III
49
The Paciflo Slope
51
The Indian and His Treatment by His Conquerors
52
The Whole Continent Peopled by the Natives
54
The Mound Builders
56
The Red Man
57
Where is the Indian Now?
60
Allotment Act The Indians Future
62
CHAPTER IV
63
The First English Settlement in America
64
The First Charter
65
Captain John Smith
66
The Light Almost OutLord Delaware Rekindles It
67
Tobacco and Its Influence on the Life of the Colonists
68
Indentured Servants and the Development of the Toor Whites
69
Indian Massacres of 1622 and 1644
70
The Charter Revoked
71
Two TypesBerkeley and Bacon
72
Nathaniel Bacon
73
MASSACHUSETTS TUB PLYMOUTH COLONY Plymouth 1620
74
The Pilgrims
75
Hardships Endured
76
MASSACHUSETTS BAY COLONY Salem 1628
77
Church and State
78
Roger Williams Anne Hutchinson and the Quakers
79
Salem Witchcraft
80
NEW HAMPSHIRE AND MAINE 87 Gorges and Mason
81
CONNECTICUT Saybrooke 16S5 88 The New England Pilgrims and the Dutch Forts
82
The Written Constitution
83
The United Colonies of New England1643
84
King Philips War and the Checking of Missionary Work among the Indians
85
The Connecticut Charter
86
RHODE ISLAND Providence 16S6 94 Providence Founded1636
87
Liberal Ideas as to Religion
88
The Grant to the Duke of York
89
Indian Policy of the Dutch
90
The Patroon System
91
Education and Religion
92
New Jersey
93
William Penn and His Holy Experiment
94
Philadelphia Founded
95
Penns Indian Policy
96
Charter and Government
97
MARYLAND St Marys 16Si 115 Lord Baltimore and His Liberal Grant
98
Religious TroublesToleration Acts
99
Albemarle ColonyPoor Whites
100
Separation
101
Indian Troubles
102
Spaniards and Indians
103
CHAPTER V
104
Indian Policies Contrasted
105
KING WILLIAMS WAR 129 CauseParties Engaged
106
Results
107
The War in the South
108
War Declared
109
THE FRENCH AND INDIAN WAR 141 Parties and Causes
110
Washington in Virginias Service
111
The Albany Convention
112
The Acadlans
114
Contest for Supremacy in the Lake Country
115
The Passing of the French from America
117
England and the Result
118
The Colonies and the Result
119
George III and the War
120
Expansion Calls for New Government and Additional Expenses
121
CHAPTER VI
123
Distribution of Population
124
SSC PAGE 160 The Cities
125
People Not All English
126
SOCIAL LIFE 162 Class Distinction
130
Food
132
Laws and Penalties
133
Religion
134
Amusements
135
Mode of Travel
136
OCCUPATION AND MONEY 169 Occupation
137
Money
139
In the Middle Colonies
140
In the Southern Colonies
141
BOOKS AND LITERATURE 175 Books Newspapers and Pamphlets
143
Literature
145
Benjamin Franklin
146
Libraries
147
Sentiment against Slavery
148
Slave Laws
149
Indented Servants
150
The Trade in Indented Servants
151
Colonial Governors and Lords of Trade
152
Parliament and the Colonies
153
Political Parties in the Colonies
154
The Colonists and Their Leaders
155
CHAPTER VII
157
Growth of Democracy
158
The Principle of Taxation as Used by England
159
Writs of Assistance
160
Protests
161
Repeal of the Act Declaratory Act
162
PKCl PAGE 200 Sparks of Liberty
163
Letters of a Pennsylvania Farmer1768
164
Cheap Tea and the Boston Tea PartyDec 16 1773
166
The Boston Port Bill and the Intolerable ActsMarch and June 1774
168
Effect of the Bill and the Action of the Other Colonies
169
The Shot Heard Round the World
171
Gathering of the Hosts
173
Second Continental CongressMay 10
174
Bunker HillJune 17
175
Montgomery and Arnold at Quebec
176
events of 1776
177
Battle of Fort MoultrieJune 28
178
King George Hires Hessians
179
Declaration of Independence
181
Washington at New York
185
Loss of New York
187
General Charles Lee
188
The Darkest Period of the War
189
PrincetonJan 3 1777
190
EVENTS OF 1777
191
British Plan of Attack1777
192
Burgoyne Starts
193
St Leger Meets with Disaster
194
Burgoynes SurrenderOct 17
195
Philadelphia Taken
196
GermantownOct 4
197
EVENTS of 1778
198
The French Alliance
199
SEC PAGE 241 Wyoming MassacreJuly 3
200
Sullivan and the French Fall at Newport
201
Paul Jones and the Navy
202
Colonel Clark and His Work in the West
203
Mad Anthony Wayne at Stony PointJuly 15
204
Paulus HookAug 18
205
events of 1780
206
CharlestonMay 12
207
The Yeomanry at Kings MountainOct 7
208
Benedict Arnold
209
West Point and Treason
210
Arnolds Subsequent Career
211
Lafayette The Boy Outgenerals Cornwallls and Saves Vir ginia
212
Yorktown and Its Effect in America
213
Yorktown and Its Effect on the British
214
Parliament Overrules King George
215
the British Army Withdraws
216
FINANCES OF THE REVOLUTION 270 Cost of the War
217
Continental Currency and Its Collapse1780
218
Robert Morris Superintendent of Finance
219
CHAPTER VIII
221
Articles of Confederation1781
222
State Pride
224
Movement toward a Stronger Government
225
The Northwest Territory
226
The Constitutional Convention1787
227
The Constitution the Result of Compromise
228
The Constitution before the People for Adoption
229
The First Two Political PartiesFederalists and AntiFederal ists
230
CHAPTER IX
245
Washington Inaugurated April 30 1789
246
WASHINGTONS ADMINISTRATION Federalist 17891797
247
The Condition of the Government Finances in 1789
248
The Excise Tax1790 Bank of the United States1791 The United States Mint1792
249
The Term of a Congress
250
Federalist and DemocraticRepublican
251
Waynes Decisive Vic tory1794
253
Eli Whitneys Cotton Gin and Its Relation to Slavery1792
254
The Presidential Election of 1796
255
17971801
256
Millions for Defence Not One Cent for Tribute
257
EEC PAOT 316 The Alien and Sedition Laws1798
258
The Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions1798
259
18011809
260
Territorial Expansion
261
The Territory of Orleans and the District of Louisiana
262
The Lewis and Clark Expedition18031806
263
The Oregon Country and Astoria
264
Ohio Admitted to the Union1803
265
Burrs Conspiracy in the Southwest and His Trial for Treason 1807 266 329 The Cumberland National Road1806
266
Robert Pulton and the First Steamboat1807
267
Trouble with Great Britain and France
268
The Two Political Parties and the War
278
Events of 1813
279
Events of 1814
283
Treaty of Ghent1814
285
The Second Bank of the United States1816
286
Decatur and the Algerine War1815
287
18171825
288
Mississippi1817 Illinois1818 Ala bama1819 Maine1820 Missouri1821
289
The Missouri Compromise1820
290
The Monroe Doctrine1823
291
The Fourth Census1820
292
18251829
293
Visit of Lafayette
294
Death of Adams and Jefferson July 4 1820
295
Steamboats
296
The Tariff of 1828 The Tariff of Abominations
297
CHAPTER X
299
Growth of Cities
301
Religion
302
Mode of Travel
303
Public Schools and Colleges
304
Literature
305
NATIONAL DEFENCE 390 Army and Navy
306
POLITICAL LIFE 391 Growth of Popular Government
307
CHAPTER XI
309
Jacksons Kitchen Cabinet
310
The Overthrow of the United States Bank
311
Effect of the Banks Overthrow
312
Distribution of the Surplus
313
The Webster and Hayne DebateFebruary 1830
314
National Nominating Conventions
315
The Black Hawk and Florida Wars
316
Arkansas1836 Michigan1837
317
The Financial Panic of 1837
318
The SubTreasury1840
319
The Presidential Election of 1840
320
m 118i5 413 William Henry Harrison
321
John Tyler
322
The Tariff of 1842
323
The Northeastern Boundary 1842 324 418 Dorrs Rebellion in Rhode Island1843
324
Antirent Difficulties1844
325
Bunker Hill Monument1842
326
The Gag Rule and the Right of Petition
327
Abolition
328
The Republic of Texas a Disturbing Element in National Poli tics
329
Annexation of Texas1845
330
Texas1845 Florida 1845
331
The Presidential Election In 1844
332
1815189
333
Dispute over the Boundary of Texas
334
Taylors Army of Occupation
335
Declaration of WarMay 11 1846
336
Plan of the War
338
Kearneys Campaign and the Conquest of New Mexico and Cali forniaJune 1846 to January 1847
340
General Scotts Campaign and the End of the WarMarch to September 1847
341
The Treaty of Guadalupe HidalgoFeb 2 1848
342
The Walker Tariff
343
The Fortyniners
344
Iowa1846 Wisconsin1848 Oregon Territory Organized1848
346
18+9185S 445 Zachary Taylor
347
Millard Fillmore
348
The Newly Acquired Territory and President Taylors Policy
349
The Compromise of 1850
350
The Debate in Congress Over the Compromise
351
The Fugitive Slave Law
352
Minor Events
353
Death of Webster Clay and Calhoun
354
The Seventh Census1850
355
The Presidential Election of 1852
356
The Gadsden Purchase1853
357
The Martin Koszta Affair1854
358
The Ostend Manifesto1854
359
The Walker Expeditions185354
360
Squatter Sovereignty1854
361
The Struggle for Kansas
362
The Assault Upon Sumner by Brooks
365
Republican and KnowNothing
366
The Presidential Election of 1856
368
The Dred Scott Decision and the Repeal of the Missouri Com promise
369
The Kansas Struggle Ends in Victory for Freedom
371
The LincolnDouglas Debates
373
John Browns Raid at Harpers Ferry1859
374
Mrs Stowes Uncle Toms Cabin and Helpers Impending Crisis
376
The Presidential Election of 1860
377
Secession
379
Buchanans Policy
380
Last Efforts at CompromiseThe Peace Convention
381
Star of the West Fired Upon
382
CHAPTER XII
385
Distribution
386
Cities
388
Schools and Colleges
389
The Era of Canals
390
The Increase of Railroads
391
NATIONAL UNION AND DISUNION 489 National Feeling
392
Inventive Genius
393
CHAPTER XIII
395
Lincolns Policy
397
THE YEAR 1861
398
The Effect on the North and South of Sumters Fall
399
Davis Reprisals and Lincolns Blockade
400
SEC PAGE 498 George B McClellan and the Campaign In West Virginia
401
Missouri Saved to the Union
402
Washington Threatened
403
Battle of Bull RunJuly 21
404
The Effect of the Battle of Bull Run
405
McClellan Succeeds Scott
406
Foreign Relations
407
Situation at the Close of the Year
408
Plan of Operations for 1862
409
Effect of These Victories
411
Opening of the Upper Mississippi
412
Capture of New Orleans April 18 to May 1
413
IN THE CENTER In Kentucky and Tennessee with Bucll and Rosccrans 518 Bragg Invades Kentucky
414
IN THE EAST The Alarm at Hampton RoadsThe Monitor and the Mcrrimac 520 The Confederate Ironclad Merrimac Threatens to Raise the Blockad...
415
On to Richmond 522 McClellans Peninsular Campaign
416
Battle of WilliamsburgMay 50
417
Washington Threatened
418
The Effect of McClellans Failure to Capture Richmond
419
Popes Army of Virginia Meets with Disaster 528 The Army of Virginia Created
420
sec Lee Crosses the PotomacAlarm at the North page
421
Effect of the Fall of Vicksburg
427
On to Washington
433
Hood Turns NorthwardBattle of NashvilleDecember 1516
439
Farragut Enters Mobile BayAugust 5
441
The Kearsarge and the Alabama
442
Battle of the WildernessMay 56
443
Cold HarborJune 3
444
The Race for Petersburg
445
The Battle of WinchesterOctober 19
446
THE CLOSE OF THE YEAR 570 The Situation
447
THE end of the war 571 Plan of Operations for 1865
448
Condition of the Union
449
SHERMANS LAST CAMPAIGN 575 Sherman Marches North
450
grants last campaign 577 Fort Steadman and Five Forks
451
Lee Surrenders at AppomattoxApril 9
452
Important Battles of 1865
453
Death of Lincoln
454
THE COST OF THE WAR 583 In Men and in Treasure 584 The Finances of the War
455
PROGRESS DURING THE WAR 585 Improvements In Arms
456
New States
457
THE UNION ARMY DISBANDS 588 The Grand Review at Washington
458
THE GRAND ARMY OF THE REPUBLIC 589 The Grand Army ASSOCIATED ORGANIZATIONS
459
CHAPTER XIV
461
The Problems 402
462
s 595 Johnsons Policy 40
463
Legislation Against the Freedmen 404
464
The Freedmens Bureau 405
465
The Congressional Election of 1800 400
466
The Completed Reconstruction Measures 407
467
Military Rule in the South
468
The Impeachment of President Johnson
469
The Purchase of Alaska
470
The Union Pacific Railroad
471
The KuKlux Klan
472
Military Authority Continued in the South
473
The Virginlus1873
474
The Campaign of 1872
475
Inflation Bill1874 Resump tion Act1875
476
Withdrawal of Troops from the South 1874 to 1877
477
The Whiskey Ring
478
The Ninth Census1870
479
CHAPTER XV
481
The Presidents Position
482
Civil Service Reform
483
The BlandAllison Bill1878
484
The Tenth Census1880 48o 638 The Presidential Election of 1880
485
18811885
486
Assassination of Garfield
487
The Australian Ballot
488
The Presidential Campaign of 1884
489
The Return of the Democrats to Power
490
Presidential Succession Bill1886
491
Fishery Questions
492
18891893
493
The McKinley Tariff 4
494
18931897
495
The Income Tax
496
New States 665 Oklahoma
497
The Presidential Campaign of 1896
498
The Maine DisasterFebruary 15 1898
499
The Naval Warfare
500
Peace
501
EVENTS SINCE THE WAR 677 The Hawaiian Islands Annexed1898
502
China and the Open Door
503
The Interoceanic Canal
504
Election of 1900
505
CHAPTER XVI
507
Growth of Cities
508
Growth of Territory
509
Public Lands
510
The Colleges
511
National Expositions
512
Decay of Canals
513
GROWTH OF INDUSTRIES 697 Invention
514
Manufactures
515
POLITICAL PARTIES SINCE THE CIVIL WAR 700 Political Parties from 1808 to 1880
516
Political Parties from 1880 to 1892
517
Contest of 1900
518
The New Unionism
519
The New American Era
520

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Страница 237 - No person, except a natural born citizen, or a citizen of the United States at the time of the adoption of this constitution, shall be eligible to the office of president: neither shall any person be eligible to that office who shall not have attained to the age of thirty five years, and been fourteen years a resident within the United States.
Страница 374 - I do not expect the house to fall, but I do expect it will cease to be divided. It will become all one thing, or all the other. Either the opponents of slavery will arrest the further spread of it, and place it where the public mind shall rest in the belief that it is in the course of ultimate extinction; or its advocates will push it forward till it shall become alike lawful in all the States, old as well as new, North as well as South.
Страница 184 - He is at this time transporting large armies of foreign mercenaries to complete the works of death, desolation, and tyranny already begun with circumstances of cruelty and perfidy scarcely paralleled in the most barbarous ages, and totally unworthy the head of a civilized nation. He has constrained our fellow-citizens, taken captive on the high seas, to bear arms against their country, to become the executioners of their friends and brethren, or to fall themselves by their hands.
Страница 185 - ... full Power to levy War, conclude Peace, contract Alliances, establish Commerce, and to do all other Acts and Things which Independent States may of right do. And for the support of this Declaration, with a firm reliance on the Protection of Divine Providence, we mutually pledge to each other our Lives, our Fortunes and our sacred Honor.
Страница 397 - I have no purpose, directly or indirectly, to interfere with the institution of slavery in the States where it exists. I believe I have no lawful right to do so, and I have no inclination to do so.
Страница 238 - He shall from time to time give to the Congress information of the state of the Union, and recommend to their consideration such measures as he shall judge necessary and expedient; he may, on extraordinary occasions, convene both houses, or either of them, and in...
Страница 397 - One section of our country believes slavery is right and ought to be extended, while the other believes it is wrong and ought not to be extended. This is the only substantial dispute.
Страница 236 - President, chosen for the same Term, be elected, as follows. Clause 2: Each State shall appoint, in such Manner as the Legislature thereof may direct, a Number of Electors, equal to the whole Number of Senators and Representatives to which the State may be entitled in the Congress: but no Senator or Representative, or Person holding an Office of Trust or Profit under the United States, shall be appointed an Elector. Clause 3...
Страница 244 - Vice-President, or hold any office, civil or military, under the United States, or under any State, who, having previously taken an oath, as a member of Congress, or as an officer of the United States, or as...
Страница 237 - Compensation, which shall neither be increased nor diminished during the Period for which he shall have been elected, and he shall not receive within that Period any other Emolument from the United States, or any of them. Clause 8: Before he enter on the Execution of his Office, he shall take the following Oath or Affirmation: — "I do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will faithfully execute the Office of President of the United States, and will to the best of my Ability, preserve, protect and...

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