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The fairest flocks rejoice! they, nor of halt,
Flowrets and herbage of minuteft size,
Innoxious luxury. Wide airy downs
Are Health's gay walks to shepherd and to theep. IN F OUR BOOK S.
All arid foils, with sand, or chalky Aint,
Or shelves deluvian ningled; and the turf, “ Post majores quadrupedes ovilli pecoris secunda
That mantles over rocks of brittle stone, “ ratio eft, quæ prima fit, fi ad utilitatis mag- Be thy regard : and where low-tutted broom, " nitudinem referas : nam id præcipue nos contra
Or box, or berry'd juniper arise ; “ frigoris violentiam protegit, corporibusque Or the tall growth of glotly-rinded beech ; “ noftris liberaliora præbtt velamina.”
And where the burrowing rabbit turns the dust ;
And where the dappled deer delights to bound.
And towery villas ; such Dorcestrian fields,
Such those low-cliinbing wilds, that lead the step
I:sensibly to Dover's windy cliff,
Tremendous height ! and such the clover'd lawns THE subject proposed. Dedicatory address. Of pal. And funny mounts of beauteous Normanton*, tures in general, fit for theep: for fine-wool'd
sheep: Health's chearful haunt, and the selected walk for long-wool'd sheep. Defects of pastures, and their Of Heathcote's leifure: such the spacious plain remedies. Of climates. The moisture of the Engligh of Sarum, spread like Ocean’s boundless round, elimate vindicated. Particular beauties of Englund. Where folitary Stonehenge, grey with moss, Different kinds of English sheep: the two common
Ruin of ages, nods : such too the leas forts of rams described. Different kinds of foreign And ruddy tilth, which spiry Ross beholds, Theep. The several sorts of food. The diffempers From a green hilloc, o'er her lofty elms; arising from thence, with their remedies. Sheep led
And Lenster's brooky tract, and airy Croft to by inftinet to their proper food and physic. Of the
And such Harleian Eywood's I swelling turf, Shepherd's fcrip, and its furniture. Care of sheep in Wav'd as the billows of a rolling fea: tupping time.of the castration of lambs, and the And Shobden §, for its lofty terrace fam’d, folding of sheep. Various precepts relative to changes which from a mountain's ridge, elate o’er woods of weather and seasons. Particular care of new.
And girt with all Siluriall, fees around fallen lambs. The advantages and security of the Regions on regions blended in the clouds.
English Shepherd above those in hotter or colder climates; Pleasant Siluria, land of various views, exemplified with respect to Lapland, Italy, Greece, Hills, rivers, woods, and lawns, and purple and Arabia. Of jheep-fhearing. Song on that occa
groves fion. Custom in Wales of sprinkling the rivers with Pomaceous, mingled with the curling growth flowers. Sheep-frearing feast and merriments on the Of tendril hops, that Aaunt upon their poles, banks of the Severn.
More airy will than vines along the sides
Of treacherous Falernum ; or that hill
Vesuvius, where the bowers of Bacchus rose,
Leicestrian Aecces, what the finewy arm
Rich faponaceous loam, that Nowly drinks Degrees, all fects, be present to my song.
The blackening shower, and fattens with the draught, So may distress, and wretchedness, and want, Ormarle with clay deep-mix’d, be then thy The wide felicities of labour learn :
choice, So may the proud attempts of restless Gaul
* A seat of Sir John Heathcote in Rutlandshire. From our strong borders, like a broken wave,
+ A feat of Sir Archer Crott. In empty foam retire. But chiefly Thou,
I Of the Earl of Oxford. The people's thepherd, eminently plac'd
A seat of Lord Bateman. Over the numerous swains of every vale,
Siluria, the part of England which lies west of With well-permitted power, and watchful eye,
the Severns, viz. Herefordshire, Monmouthshire, On each gay field to thed beneficence, Celestial office! Thou protect the song.
Treacherous Falernum, because part of the On spacious airy downs, and gentle hills,
bills of Faiernum was many years ago overturned by With grass and thyme o'erspread, and clover wild,
an eruption of fire, and is now an high and barren Where firiling Phoebus tempers every breeze,
mount of cinders, called Monte Novo.
Of one consistence, one complexion, spread In vain the bleaters court. Alike they shun Through all thy glebe ; where no deceitful veins Libya's hot plains: what taste have they for groves Of envious gravel lurk beneath the turf,
Of palm, or yellow dust of gold ? no more To loose the creeping waters from their springs, Food to the flock, than to the miser wealth, Tainting the pasturage : and let thy fields
Who kneels upon the glittering heap, and starves. In nopes descend and mount, that chilling rains Ev'n Gallic Abheville the shining fleece, May trickle off, and hasten to the brooks.
That richly decorates her loom, acquires Yet some defect in all on earth appears ;
Basely from Albion, by th’ enfnaring bribe, All seek for help, all press for social aid,
The bait of avarice, which with felon fraud, Too cold the grasfy mantle of the marl,
For its own wanton mouth, from thousands steals, In stormy winter's long and dreary nights,
How erring oft the judgment in its bate, For cumbent Meep; from broken Number oft Or fond desire! Those now-descending showers, They rise benumb’d, and vainly thift the couch ; Those hovering fogs, that bathe vur growing vales Their wafted fides their evil plight declare,
In deep November (loath'd by trifling Gaul, Hence, tender in his care, the shepherd swain Effeminate), are gifts the Plejads shed, Seeks each contrivance. Here it would avail, Britannia's handmaids. As the beverage falls, At a meet distance from the upland ridge,
Her hills rejoice, her vallies laugh and fing, To fink a trench, and on the hedge-long bank
Hail, noble Albion ; where no golden mines, Sow frequent sand, with lime, and dark manurę ; No soft perfumes, nor oils, nor myrtle bowers, Which to the liquid element will yield
The vigorous frame and heart of man A porous way, a passage to the foe.
Enervate: round whose stern cerulean brows Plow not such pastures : deep in spungy grass White-winged snow, and cloud, and pearly rain, The oldest carpet is the warmest lair,
Frequent attend, with solemn majesty : And soundeft; in new herbage coughs are heard. Rich Queen of Mists and Vapours! These thy fons
Nor love too frequent shelter : such as decks With their cool arms compress; and twist their The vale of Severn, Nature's garden wide, By the blue steeps of distant Malvern * wall'd For deeds of excellence and high renown. Solemnly vast. The trees of various shade, Thus form’d, our Edwards, Henrys, Churchills, Scene behind scene, with fair delufive pomp
Blakes, Enrich the prospect, but they rob the lawns. Our Lockes, our Newtons, and our Miltons, rose. Nor prickly bramble, white with woolly theft, See the sun gleams ; the living pastures rise, Should tuft thy fields. Applaud not the remiss After the nurture of the fallen Thower, Dimetians t, who, along their mofly dales,
How beautiful! how blue th' ethereal vault, Consume, like grasshoppers, the summer hour ; How verdurous the lawns, how clear the brooks ! While round them Ptubborn thorns and furze Such noble warlike steeds, such herds of kine, increase,
So Neek, so vast; such spacious flocks of sheep, And creeping briars. I knew a careful swail), Like fakes of gold illumining the green, Who gave them to the crackling fames, and spread What other paradise adorn but thine, Their duft saline upon the deepening grass : Britannia ? happy, if thy fons would know And oft with labor-strengthen d arm he delv'd Their happiness. To these thy naval streams, The draining trench across his verdant Popes, Thy frequent towns fuperb of busy trade, To intercept the small meandring rills
And ports magnific add, and stately ships,
Innumerous. But whither strays my Muse ?
From deck to deck, through groves immense of And mingled beech and elm, securely tall,
marts ; The little smiling cotrage, warm embower'd; 'Mong crouds, bales, cars, the wealth of either The little smiling cottage, where at eve He meets his rosy children at the door,
Through wharfs, and squares, and palaces, and Prattling their welcomes, and his honest wife,
domes, With good brown cake and bacon Nice, intent In sweet surprize ; unable yet to fix To cheer his hunger after labour hard.
His raptur'd mind, or scan in order'd course Nor only roil, there also must be found
Each object fingly; with discoveries new Felicity of clime, and aspect bland,
His native country studious to enrich. Where gentle sheep may nourish locks of price. Ye thepherds, if your labours hope success, In vain the filken fleece on windy brows,
Be first your purpose to procure a breed, And northern Nopes of cloud-dividing hills
To foil and cline adapted. Every soil
And clime, evin every tree and herb, receives
The Great Invisible, and each to all,
Through earth, and sea, and air, harmonious suits. Dingles, and delis, by lofty fir embower'd, 'Tempestuous regions, Darwent's * naked peaks,
Malvern, a high ridge of hills near Worcester. * Darwent's naked peaks, the peaks of Derby thire, # Dimetia, Caermarthentire in South Wales.
Snowden * and blue Plynlymmon *, and the wide Of graffes are unnumber'd kinds, and all
(Save where foul waters linger on the turt) These are bestow'd on goat-horn's Meep, of Aleece Salubrious. Early mark, when tepid gleams Hairy and coarse, of long and nimble shank, Oft mingle with the pearls of summer showers, Who rove o'er bog or heath, and graze or brouze And swell too hastily the tender plains : Alternate, to collect, with due dispatch,
Then snatch away thy Theep; beware the rot; O'er the bleak wild, the thinly-scatter'd meal. And with detersive bay-falt rub their mouths; But hills of milder air, that gently rise
Or urge them on a barren bank to feed, O'er dewy dales, a fairer species boast,
In hunger's kind distress, on tedded hay; Of shorter limb, and frontlet more ornate ;
Or to the marish guide their easy steps, Such the Silurian. If thy farm extends
If near thy tufted crofts the broad fea (preads. Near Cotswold downs, or the delicious groves Sagacious care foreacts: when strong disease Of Symmonds, honour'd through che fandy soil Breaks in, and stains the purple streams of health, Of elmy Rors t, or Devon's myrtle vales,
Hard is the strife of art: the coughing pest That drink clear rivers near the glassy sea ;
From their green pasture (weeps whole Accks away Regard this fort, and hence thy sire of lambs
That dire distemper fometimes may the fwain, Select: his tawny fleece in ringlets curls ;
Though late, discern : when on the lifted lid, Long (wings his Nender tail ; his front is fenc'd Or visual orb, the turgid veins are pale ; With horns Ammonian, circulating twice
The swelling liver then her putrid store Around each open ear, like those fair scrolls
Begins to drink : ev'n yet thy skill exert,
Nor suffer weak despair to fold thy arms :
In cold stiff soils the bleaters oft complain
Those let the neighbouring fold or ready CFOOR
Dry alum, verdigrise, or vitriol keen.
But if the doubtful mischief scarce appears, Of full and ruddy eye, large cars, stretch'd head, 'Twill serve to sift them to a dryer turf, Nostrils dilated, breast and shoulders broad,
And falt again: th' utility of salt And spacious haunches, and a lofty dock.
Teach thy now swains: redundant humours cold
Th’infectious scab, arising from extremes
Of lime, or sodden stave-acre, or oil
Dispersive of Norwegian tar, renown'd Herrich materials. Hence Sabæa's rucks,
By virtuous Berkeley, whose benevolence Chaldza's marl, Ægyptus' water'd loam,
Explor'd its powers, and easy medicine thence And dry Cyrene's sand, in climes alike,
Sought for the poor: ye poor, with grateful voices With different stores supply the marts of trade. Invoke eternal blessings on his head. Hence Zembla's icy tracts no bleaters hear ;
Sheep also pleurisies and dropsies know, Small are the Russian herds, and harsh their fleece ; Driv'n oft from Nature's path by artful man, Of light esteem Germanic, far remote
Wlio blindly turns aside, with haughty hand, From soft sea-breezes, open winters mild,
Whom sacred Instinct would securely lead.
Frequent unbar, and let thy flocks abroad,
They best their food and physic can discern;
For He, Supreme Existence, ever near, Unapt to feed the fleece. The food of wool Informs them. O'er the vivid green observe Is grass or herbage soft, that ever blooms
With what a regular consent they crop, In temperate air, in the delicious downs
At every fourth colle&tion to the mouth, Of Albion, on the banks of all her streams.
Unfavoury ciow-flower; whether to awake
Langour of appetite with lively change, Snowden, Plynlymmon, and Cader-yddris, Or timely to repel approaching ills, high hills in North Wales.
Hard to determine. Thou, whom nature love, † A town in Herefordshire.
And with her salutary rules entrusts, 1 Tripontian fields, the country between Rugby, Benevolent Mackenzie *, lay the cause. in Warwickshire, and Lutterworth, in Leicester
* Dr. l.lackenzie, late of Worcester, now of Drumsugh, near Edinburgh.
This truth howe'er Mines bright to human sense ; Each bird and beast, and these thy fleecy tribe :
Eager, and at unwonted hour, they feed :
See that thy ferip have fiore of healing tar, Of th’ hurrying o'ertaken (wains : forbear And marking pitch and raddle ; nor forget
Such nights to fold ; fuch nights be theirs to Thift Thy Theers true pointed, nor th' officious dog, On ridge or hillock; or in homesteads soft, Faithful to teach thy ftragglers to return :
Or softer cotes, detain them. Is thy lot So may'st thou aid who lag along, or steal
A chill penurious turf, to all thy toils Afide into the furrows or the Thadis,
Untractable ? Before harsh winter drowns Silent to droop; or who, at every gate
The noisy dykes, and starves the ruthy glebe, Or hillock, rub their fores and loofen'd wool. Shift the frail breed to sandy hamlets warm. : But rather these, the feeble of thy flock,
There let them sojourn, till gay Procne ikims Banish before th' autumnal months : ev'n age The thickening verdure, and the rising flowers. Forbear too much to favour ; oft renew,
And while departing autumn all embrowns And through thy fold let joyous youth appear. The frequent-bitten fields; while thy free hand Beware the reason of imperial love,
Divides the tedded hay; then be their feet Who through the world his ardent fpirit pours;
Accustom'd to the barriers of the rick, Ev'n Theep are then intrepid: the proud ram Or fome warm umbrage ; left, in erring fright, With jealous eye surveys the spacious field;
When the broad dazzling snows defcend, they run All rivals keep aloof, or desperate war
Dispers'd to ditches, where the swelling drift Suddenly rages ; with impetuous force,
Wide overwhelms : anxious the shepherd Swains And fury irresistable, they dah
Issue with axe and spadt, and, all abroad, Their hardy frontlets; the wide vale resounds; In coubtful aim explore the glaring waste ; The flock amaz'd stands fafe afar; and oft
And some, perchance, in the deep delve upraise, Each to the other's might a victim falls :
Drooping, ev'n at the twelfth cold dreary day, As fell of old, before that engine's fway,
With ftill continued feeble pulse of life ; Which hence ambition imitative wrought,
The glebe, their feece, their feth, by hunger The beauteous towers of Salem to the dust.
gnaw'd. Wise custom, at the fifth or fixth return,
Ah, gentle shepherd, thine the lot to tend, Or ere they ’ave past the twelfth of orient morn, Of all, that feel distress, the most affail'd, Caitrates the lambkins; necessary rite,
Feeble, defencelefs : lenient be thy care : Ere they be number'd of the peaceful herd.
But spread around thy tendereft diligence But kindly watch whom thy Marp hand has griev'd, In Aowery spring-time, when the new-dropt In those rough months, that lift the turning year :
lamb, Not tedious is the office; to thy aid
Tottering with weakness by his mother's side, Favonius hastens; soon their wounds he heals, Feels the fresh world atout him; and cach thorn, And leads them skipping to the flowers of May; Hillock, or furrow, trips his feeble feet: May, who allows to fold, if poor the tilth,
O, guard his meek sweet innocence from all Like that of dreary, houseless, common fields, Th’innumerous ills that rush around his life; Worn by the plough: but fold on fallows dry. Mark the quick kite, with beak and talons prone, Enfeeble not thy flock to feed thy land :
Circling the skies to snatch him from the plain ; Nor in too narrow bounds the prisoners croud : Observe the lurking crows; beware the brake, Nor ope the wattled fence, while balmy morn There the Ny fox the careless minute waits ; Lies on the reeking pasture ; wait till all
Nor trust thy neighbour's dog, nor earth, nor sky: The crystal dews, impearl'd upon the grass, Thy bofom to a thousand cares divide. Are touch'd by Phoebus' beams, and mount aloft, Eurus oft Nings his hail; the tardy fields With various clouds to paint the azure sky.
Pay not their promis'd food; and oft the dam In teizing fly-time, dank, or frosty days, C'er her weak twins with empty udder mourns, With unctuous liquids, or the lees of oil,
Or fails to guard, when the bold bird of prey
And tires her also turning: to her aid
Between the lark's note and the nightingale's, To mend thy mounds, to trench, to clear, to foil His hungry bleating still with tepid milk : Thy grateful fields, to medicate thy Meep,
In this soft office may thy children join, Hurdles to weave, and chearly shelters raise, And charitable habits learn in sport: Thy vacant hours require : and ever learn
Nor yield him to himself, ere vernal airs Quick æther's motion : oft the scene is curn'd; Sprinkle thy little croft with, daisy flowers. Now the blue vault, and now the murkey cloud, Nor yet forget him : life has rising ills : Hail, rain, or radiance; theft the moon will tell, Various as æther is the pastoral care ;
Through now experience, by a patient breaft, * The inhabitants of Yorkshire.
The whole long letfon gradual is attain'd,
With deep attention: such as Nuceus * sings See the swift furies, famine, plague, and was,
Yet your mild homesteads, ever-blooming smile The Muse, howe'er, will deck thy simple cell Among embracing woods; and waft on high With purple violets and primrose flowers,
The breath of plenty, from the ruddy tops Well-pleas'd thy faithful lessons to repay.
Of chimnies, curling o'er the gloomy trees, Sheep no extremes can bear: both heat and cold In airy azure ringlets, to the sky. Spread fores cutaneous; but, more frequent, heat : Nor ye by need are urg'd, as Attic rwains, The fly-blown vermin, froin their wooily nest, And Tarentine, with skins to cloath your sheep; Press to the tortur'd skin, and feth, and bone, Expensive toil; howe'er expedient found In littleness and number dreadful foes.
In fervid climates, while from Phoebus' beams Long rains in miry winter cause the halt;
They fled to rugged woods and tangling brakes. Rainy luxuriant summers rot your flock;
But those expensive toils are now no more, And all excess, ev'n of salubrious food,
Proud tyranny devours their flocks and herds : As sure destroys, as famine or the wolf.
Nor bleat of sheep may now, nor sound of pipes Inferior theirs to man's world-roving frame,
Sooth the sad plains of once sweet Arcady, Which all extremes in every zone endures.
The Thepherds' kingdom: dieary solitude
Of Athens, which, in folemn filence, Meds.
The weary Arabs roam from plain to plain, Of winter irrefiftable o'erwhelms
Guiding the languid herd in quest of food : Th' Hyperborean tracts: his arrowy frosts,
And shift their little home's uncertain scene
May there be heard; nor sweeter liquid lapse
In murmurs: goaded by the rage of thirst,
Of craggy rocks, where gloomy palms o’erhang
Themselves and long posterity to serve.
They share the beverage, when to watering come,
The echoing caverns: then is absent none, Where, thick among the greens, with busy mouths Fair nymph or shepherd, each inspiring each They scoop white turnips : little care is yours ; To wit, and song, and dance, and active feats; Only, at morning hour, to interpose
In the same rustic scene, where Jacob won Dry food of oats, or hay, or brittle straw,
Fair Rachael's bosom, when a rock's vast weight The watery juices of the bossy root
From the deep dark mouth'd well his strength re. Absorbing : or from noxious air to screen
mov'd, Your heavy teeming ewes, with wattled fence And to her circling sheep refreshment gave. Of furze or cople-wood, in the lofty field
Such are the perils, such the toils of life, Which bleak ascends among the whistling winds. In foreign climes. But speed thy flight, my Muses Or, if your sheep are of Silurian breed,
Swift turns the year; and our unnumber'd flocks Nightly to house them dry on fern or straw,
On fleeces overgrown uneasy lic. Silkening their fleeces. Ye, nor rolling hut,
Now, jolly swains, the harvest of your cares Nor watchful dog, require ; where never roar Prepare to reap, and seek the founding caves Of savage tears the air, where carcless night Of high Brigantium *, where, hy ruddy fames, In balmy Neep lies lull'd, and only wakes
Vulcan's strong sons, with nervous arm, around To pienteous peace. Alas! o'er warmer zones The steady anvil and the glaring mass, Wild terror strides : their stubborn rocks are rent; Clatter their heavy hammers down by turns, Their mountains sink; their yawning caverns flame; Flattening the steel; from their rough hands receive And fiery torrents roll impetuous down,
The sharpen'd instrument, that from the flock Proud cities deluging ; Pompeian towers,
Severs the Aeece. If verdant elder spreads And Herculancan, and what riotous stood
Her silver flowers; if humble daisies yield In Syrian valley, where now the Dead Sea
To yellow crow-foot, and luxuriant grass, Mong folitary hills infectious lies.
Gay shearing-time approaches. Firit, howe'er,
Drive to the double fold, upon the brim * Mr. Joseph Nutt, an eminent apothecary at Hinckley ; of whom fee' the history of that time, * The caves of Brigantium-the forges of Shef. P. 187.
field, in Yorkshire, where the shepherds Acars and + Soare a river in Leicestershire.
all edge-tools are made.