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used for cutting away the fractur'd Parts of a Bone, particularly of the Scull. (28.) Vestis, used as a Supporter or Prop in reducing diflocated, or setting fractur'd Bones,

There are divers other Chirurgical Instruments, of which I know not the Names, besides the divers Sorts of Knives, Saws, Scissars, &c, in common Use, which are too well known, to need Description.


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I shall just name as follows. (1.) Acantabolus, to draw out splinter'd Bones, Hairs, &c. from Wounds. (2.) Amma, a Kind of Girdle or Truss. (3.) Bathrum, contrived for the Ease and Security of the Luxated Joints after Reduction. (4.) Catheter, an hollow Instrument to put up the Penis into the Bladder, to assist in making Urine, in case of the Stone and Gravel. (5.) Axtual Cautery, a red hot Iron for Searing any Part. (6.) Potential Cautery, any caustic Medicine. (7.) Glyster-Pife, well known. (8.) Cucurbitula, a Cupping-Glass. (9.) Cycliscus, in the Form of an Half-Moon, to scrape away Rottenness withal. (10.) Dentagra, to draw Teeth withal. (11.) Dentiscalpe, to cleanse the Teeth with. (12.) Forceps, like a Pair of Tongs, to extract any thing out of Wounds, &c. (13.) Forfex, to extract or draw Teeth with. (14.) Lancet, an Instrument well known. (15.) Modiolus, that Part of the Trepan which cuts the Bone circularly. (16.) Perizoma, Trusses to keep up Ruptures. (17.) Probe, a small long Instrument to search the Wounds with. (18.) Retinaculum, us'd in Castration, cutting Hernid's, &c. (19.) Rostrum, crooked Scissars, like a Bird's Bill

. (20.) Sanguisuge, a Leach. (21.) Scala or Ladder, an Instrument for resting and defending dislocated and broken Limbs. (22.) Scarificatory, used to make Scarification, being a Number of sharp Points, set on a Plane, which are all struck into the Part at once. (23.) Speculum, an Instrument to open and dilate any Passage or Orifice, in order to inspect the same. (24.) Spatula, a little Instrument for spreading Plaisters, &c. well known. (25.) Syringe, used for injecting medicated Liquors up into any Part. (26.) Tenaculum, somewhat like the Forceps. (27.) Terebra, Terebellum, or Trepan, an Initrument



used for cutting away the fractur'd Parts of a Bone, particularly of the Scull. (28.) Vestis, used as a Supporter or Prop in reducing diflocated, or setting fractur'd Bones.

There are divers other Chirurgical 1); ?ruments, of which I know not the Names, bofices the divers Sorts of Knives, Saws, Scisszrs, &c. in common Use, which are too well known, to need Description.



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AN only, of all other Creatures, Man a Soci-
is endow'd with Faculties that ren- able Creaturt.
der him a Social Being, or capa-
ble of Converse, Commerce, Go-
vernment, Law, the Rules and

Notions of Right and Wrong, and
the Sanctions of Rewards and Punishments. Ac-
cordingly Mankind have universally, from the
first Ages of the World, used to affociate chem-
selves together, to form Companies, and to unite
in Societies.

SOCIETY therefore is a Property of Human Society, what.
Nature, as consisting of a certain Number of
Persons who all agree and combine mutually to
conserve, defend, promote, and enjoy one com.
mon Interest, according to certain Terms, Or-
ders and Regulations first stipulated and agreed
upon mutually by the whole Society.
ACCORDING to this. Definition of a Society, The several

'ris plain they may be infinitely various, as they
consist of various Numbers of Members, pursue
different Interests and Views, and are founded
on and regulated by divers Institutions and Rules.
I shall here only take notice of those Societies
which pass under the three following remarkable
Denominations, viz. (1.) A Family. (2.) A
City: and (3.) A Republic, Commonwealth, or

A FAMILY is an Houfhold of Persons, or A Family.
those who live together in one House ; and are ge-
nerally of three Sorts of Personages ; as (1.)
Parents, or those who beget and bear Children,
Oo 2


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mics; but in regard of the Person in whom the
Power of Rule and governing the Family was
lodg’d, they call'd it Patriarchy, and the manner
of it Patriarchal; because the Father of the Fa-
mily being the principal Person therein admini-
ster'd and govern'd the Affairs of the House; as
the Law and Dictates of Nature and Reason di-

rected. Oeconomics,

ECONOMICS therefore is that Part of Moral what. Prudence which gives Rules and Directions for

the due and well ordering and governing a Fa-
mily or Houshold of People, in the Administra-
tion of all the Affairs and Business pertaining
thereto. And as in a Family it considers a three-
fold State of Relation, viz. that of Husband
and Wife, Parents and Children, Master and Ser-
vants, so it lays down and supplies such Laws
and Rules as direct the Conduct and shew the Du-
ties incumbent on each Person reciprocally in his
respective State and Relation.

The first of these three relative States is call'd
Conjugal the Conjugal or Matrimonial State ; because the

Relation of a Husband and Wife commences from
their mutual Contract, Covenant, and Agreement
to associate, unite, cohabit, and hold a common
Participation of the Fortune of Life so long as
they both shall live; which public and folemn

Action is callid Matrimony.
The Duties of

The Laws which respect the Husband, and an Husband.

the Duties and Ofices enjoin'd to be perform'd in
regard of the Wife, are as follow : (1.) That he
love her, and delight in her Company and Society
more than in any other Woman's. (2.) That
he nourish and sustain her with the best their For-
tune affords for the Sustenance of Life and
Health. (3.) That he duly perform the Duties
of the Marriage Bed, or render to the Wife due
Benevolence; and that ever according to the



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