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Iliac Passion, a kind of nervous Cholic, wherein the Colon is twisted, or one Part enters the Cavity of the other.
Inappetency, a Loss or Want of Appetite.
Impotency, the Inability of Males to impreg. nate the Females, from a Weakness of the Genital Parts.
Incubus, the Night-Mare or Asthma, proceeding from some Obstruction of the Blood-Veffels in the Thorax, or of Respiration.
Inflammation, a Swelling with great Heat and Pain.
Intermittent Fevers. See Ague.
Ischury, a Stoppage of Urine, by Stone, Gravel, &c.
Itcb, a Cutaneous Distemper, proceeding from sharp Humours which corrode the Miliary Glands.
Lentigo, a freckly or scurfy Eruption upon the Skin.
Leprosy, a dry, white, scabby Eruption in the Manner of Scales on the Skin.
Lethargy, a Distemper attended with the Loss of the rational, at least the recentive Faculties of the Mind, and an Inaptitude to Motion.
Leucorrhæa, the Fluor albus, or Whites in Women.
Lientery, a Looseness wherein the Aliments are voided with little or no Alteration.
Lipothymy, a Fainting, or Swooning away. Lithiasis, the Stone or Gravel. Lues Venerea, the Pox, or Foul Disease. Lumbago, troublesome Pains about the Loins. Lunacy, a kind of Frenzy, or Disorder of Mind.
Madness is a Delirium without a Fever, or State of Mind wherein the Ideas are receiv'd
without any natural Order or Coherence, and
Malacia, a deprav'd Appetite.
Melancholy, a dull and gloomy Disposition arising from too heavy and viscid a Blood, and Paucity of Animal Spirits.
Measles. See Small-Pox.
Obftru£tions, Stoppages in the Vessels of any sort.
Opbtbalmy, an Inflammation of the Tunica Adnata of the Eye, attended with Redness, Heat, Pain, Swelling, arising from a Stagnation of the Blood in the capillary Arteries.
Orthopnea, a great Difficulty of Breathing.
Pain is an uneasy Sensation arising from a Solution of the Continuity of the Parts of Nerves and Fibres, which is proper to their natural and found State.
Palpitation, a Beating, a Panting of the Heart,
Palsy is a Privation of Motion, or Sense of Feeling, or both, proceeding from some Cause below the Cerebellum, join'd with a Coldness, Softness, Flaccidity, and at last a Wasting of the Parts.
Peripneumony, an Inflammation of some Parts of the Thorax, which occasions great Pain, and Shortness of Breath, and generally goes off by Expectoration, &c.
Pernio, a Kibe or Chilblane.
Pbrenitis, the Phrensy, which is a Species of
Phthisis, the Phthisic, a Waste or Consumptiog of the Body, very various both as to its Causes and Kinds.
Piles. See Hemorrhoids.
Plague is the most malignant, acute, and mortal of all the Nervous Fevers ; and is communicated by Contagion.
Plethora is when the Humours are secreted in too great an Abundance, or beyond what a healthy State requires.
Pleurisy, an Inflammation of the Pleura, proceeding from a Stagnation of Blood, and producing very intense Pain.
Poison, a most virulent, corrosive, and destructive Quality in several Things, causing great Swelling, Pain, and Death.
Pox, a Disease, deservedly, though too well, known.
Quartan, a third Day's Ague.
Quinsey, an Inflammation of the Jaws and Throat.
Rbeumatism, a Distemper of the common Membrane of the Muscles, which makes it rigid; and unfit for Motion, without great Pain.
Rickets, a Difemper in Children proceeding from an unequal Distribution of Nourishmeri; which makes the Joints grow knotty, and te Limbs uneven.
Scab. See Itch.
Scrophula, the King's-Evil; and proceeds from an Obstruction and Erosion of the Glands.
Suurvy, a Discale proceeding from a Blond unequally fluid, and somewhat corrolive.
Shingles, a kind of corrosive, cutaneous Inflam-
Urine in the Bladder.
Strangury, a Difficulty of Urine attended with
Struma, an Induration of the Glands; the
Stool, but ineffectual.
Tentigo,a continued painful Erection of the Yard,
Tympany, the Dropsy wbich swells the Abdo-
Vapours, the Disorders of the Viscera of the
Vertigo, Giddiness; a Disorder of the Brain,
Ulcer, any running Sore.
Vomiting, a casting up the Contents of the Sto-
W bites. See Gonorrhea.
Xeropbtbalmia, a Diftemper otherwise call'd the
SU R G E Rr.
SURGERY CHIRURGERY, or (as it is commonly defined.
call’d) Surgery, is the Art of the Chirurgeon or Surgeon; and is that Branch of the Art of Healing, which is perform’d by Manual Operation,
and with proper Instruments. A Surgeon,
A SURGEON therefore is one who has a bis Qualifica- tolerable Skill in Anatomy, Medicine, and other tions.
Parts of Learning; a Man of good Experience, great Dexterity, an unshaken Courage, and steady Hand; a clear Sight, quick Thought, and of an ingenuous and honest Mind,
In Surgery we consider (1.) The Subje& of the Art, Diseases. (2.) The Manner of Cure. (3.) The Medicines appropriated thereto. (4.) The Manual Operations. (5.) The Instruments
used therein. Divers Kinds Those Diseases which afflict the human Body, of Disorders. and demand the Care and Aflistance of the Sur.
geon, are of the following Kinds. (1.) Tumours, or Swellings. (2.) Ulcers, or running Soros. (3.) Fifuld's. (4.) Inflammations, or Strumas Disorders. (5.) Wounds. (6.) Gangrend's, or Mortification. (7.) Dislocations. (8.) Fratiures,
or broken Bones. Tumours.
TUMOURS are generally occasion'd by a General Caules.
preternatural Quantity of Humours on the Pirt,
either by a sudden and violent Course, calid Afluxion.
Afluxion ; or else by little and little, callid ConCongestion. gestion. But those Tumours which consist of a
Collection of Pus or Matter, are callid Apgrieras or Impostbumes; and any Tumour is call'u an
Abfcefs. Particular The Causes of Tumours are various ; as a conCanfes. tagious Air, hard Bandage, Blistering, Wounds