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Take strain’d Galbanum Zss. Aja-Fætida zii.
Make them into a Plaister for the
Dissolve them in Spring-Water Zxii. for an I:-
SUPPOSITORIES are generally made
FRONTALS are Forms of Medicine fo
EPITHEMS are any outward Applica-
mentations, as may be seen by the following
Take Hungary Water zvi. Compound Spirit of
Lavender, and Spirit of Saffron, ā zii. Apo-
Take Sal Volatile Oleof. zii. Spirit of Lavender
SACCULUS, or Bag, is a Form sometimes Sacculus.
, Powder, put it into
which is prescrib'd against the Falling down of the
CUCU PHA is an ancient Form of quilting Spices into a Cap to be wore upon the Head in Disorders of the Nerves and Head, but are now very rarely prescribed or used ; though they may be useful on many Accounts.
A PESSARY is an oblong Form of Medicine to thrust up into the Uterus upon some Exigencies; and one for promoting the Manjes may be made as here prescrib’d. Take Powder of Myrrh zii. Savin Tops, Oil of Aniseed, ā öss. with the Yolk of an Egg bring them into the Consistence of an Unguent, sobib rub over Pieces of Gentian Root, form'd S. A.
TURUNDÆ, or Pellets for the Tooth-ach, are thus to be made :
Take Mastich ei. Campbire and Opium ā gr. ii.
These are the most usual and considerable Forins of Medicine of the Officinal or Extemporaneous Kind now in Use. As for Brotbs, Pafts, Pease, Tents, Necklaces, Ptisans, Possets, &c. they are some of them well known, others frivolous and chimerical, and all of two little Moment to be mention'd here.
CHEMISTRY, or, as it should be wrote, Of Chemistry. Chemistry, is an Art whereby sensible Bodies contain’d in Vessels are so changed by means of certain Instruments, and especially fire, that their several Parts of different Natures become difunited or separated, their several Powers and Virtues are thereby discover'd, with a view to the Uses of Medicine, Natural Philosophy, and other Arts and Occasions of Life.
Chemistry boasts an Antiquity superior to all Its Antiquity, other Arts, and equal to that of Fire itself, or, at least, the Knowledge of its Use ; Egypt being the Country which first produced it, and TubalCain the Heathen Vulcan) its Inventor,
This Art in various Places and by divers and various Persons has receiv'd many and different Deno- Denomination. minations. As (1.) Poietice, the Art of making or producing Things, (viz. by Fire.) (2.) Chrysopoiesis, the Art of making Gold; and therefore, by way of Pre-eminence, the Arabians call'd it (3.) Alchemy, which has been since applied to the Art of making Gold and finding the Philosopher's Stone ; and they who profess this are calld the Adepti or Adepts. (4.) The Hy[opic Art, by Pa- Adefts. racelfus, from Psal. li. 7. (5.) The Hermetic Art from Hermes Trismegistus, its supposed Inventor. (6.) The Spagyric Art, or the Art of Extracting,
and ColleEling, viz. the Virtues of Things. (7.) Pyrotechny. Pyrotechny, or the Art of Fire, as being the prin
cipal Agent made use of; and Chemists are therefore cali'd Pyrotechnists.
In this Art we shall just consider (1.) The Subject, which are all natural compounded Bodies, whether of the Fossil, Vegetable, or Arimal Kind. (2.) The Operations, as Calcination, Sublimation, &c. (3.) The Instruments ; as Fire, IVater,
Menstruums, various Vessels, &c. Three King
The CHEMISTS distribute the Subjects doms of Ches of their Art into three Kinds, which they call the mistry,
three Kingdoms, viz. The Fosil Kingdom, the Vegetable Kingdom, and the Animal Kingdom: And these three grand Genera, or Kinds of Bodies, comprehend all the lesser and subordinate Species and Classes of Bodies of what Nature fo
ever. The Fosil
THE FOSSIL KINGDOM contains Kingdom. whatever is dug up out of the Bowels of the
Earth ; and all Bodies thus dug up are callid
Fofils or Minerals. There are of two Sorts, Simple Folils. Simple and Compound, Simple Ffils are such
whole Parts are all of the fame Nature ; and are of four Species. (1.) Metals, which are in number Six, viz. Gold, Silver, Lead, Copper, Iron, Tin; to which some add Mercury or Quick-filer. (2.) Salts, of which are the following Kinds : Sea-Salt; Sal-Gem, or Rock-Salt; Nitre, or Siis Petre; Sal-Ammoniac ; Borax; Alum; a vague Salt, or faline Acid. (3.) Stones, Vulgar and Precious. Precious Stones, call'd also Geins and Jewels, are either entirely Transparent, as the Diamond, Emerald, &c. Or elle Brilliant or Shining, as the Bobemian Granate ; or Lastly, Semi-Trarsparent, as Oculus Casi, Opal, &c. (4.) 'Earibs, of which there are various Sorts ; as Chalk, Ciay, Maris, Sand, &c.