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anew our devotion to liberty of thought mate efforts to lesson and prevent the evils and conscience, of speech and press, and of intemperance and promote morality. approve all agencies and instrumentalities Ever mindful of the services and sacriwhich contribute to the education of the fices of the men who saved the life of the children of the land; but, while insisting nation, we pledge anew to the veteran upon the fullest measure of religious soldiers of the republic a watchful care and liberty, we are opposed to any union of recognition of their just claims upon a church and State.
grateful people. We reaffirm our opposition, declared in We commend the able, patriotic and the Republican platform of 1888, to all thoroughly American administration of combinations of capital organized in trusts President Harrison. Under it the country or otherwise to control arbitrarily the con- has enjoyed remarkable prosperity, and dition of trade among our citizens. We the dignity and honor of the nation at heartily endorse the action already taken home and abroad have been faithfully upon this subject, and ask for such further managed, and we offer the record of legislation as may be required to remedy pledges kept as a guarantee of perforany defects in existing laws and to render mance in the future. their enforcement more complete and effective.
1892.-Democratic National Platform. We approve the policy of extending to towns, villages and rural communities the
Adopted at Chicago, June 22d. advantages of the free delivery service, SECTION 1. -The representatives of the now enjoyed by the larger cities of the Democratic party of the United States, in country, and reaffirm the declaration con- National Convention assembled, do reaftained in the Republican platform of 1888, firm their allegiance to the principles of the pledging the reduction of letter postage to party as form ulated by Jefferson, and ex. one cent at the earliest possible moment emplified by the long and illustrious line of consistent with the maintenance of the his successors in Democratic leadership Post-office Department and the highest from Madison to Cleveland. We believe class of postal service.
the public welfare demands that these prinWe commend the spirit and evidence of ciples be applied in the conduct of the fedreform in the Civil Service and the wise eral government through the accession to and consistent enforcement by the Re- power of the party that advocates them, publican party of the laws regulating the and we solemnly declare that the need of a
return to these fundamental principles of a The construction of the Nicaragua free popular government, based on home Canal is of the highest importance to the rule and individual liberty, was never more American people as a measure of a national urgent than now, when the tendency to defence and to build up and maintain centralize all power at the federal capital American commerce, and it should be con- has become a menace to the reserved rights trolled by the United States Government. of the States, that strikes at the very roots
We favor the admission of the remain- of our government under the constitution ing Territories at the earliest practical as framed by the fathers of the Republic. date, having due regard to the interests SEC. 2.-We warn the people of our of the people of the Territories and of the common country, jealous for the preservaUnited States. All the Federal officers tion of their free institutions, that the policy appointed for the Territories should be of federal control of elections, to which the selected from bona fide residents thereof, Republican party has committed itself, is and the right of self-government should be fraught with the gravest dangers, scarcely accorded as far as practicable.
less momentous than would result from a We favor cession, subject to the home revolution practically establishing, monstead laws, of the arid public lands to the archy on the ruins of the Republic. It States and Territories in which they lie, strikes at the North as well as the South, under such Congressioual restrictions as to and injures the colored citizen even more disposition, reclamation and occupancy by than the white; it means a horde of depsettlers as will secure the maximum bene-uty marshals at every polling place, armed fit to the people.
with federal power; returning boards apThe World's Columbian Exposition is pointed and controlled by federal authora great national undertaking, and Con-ity; the oạtrage of the electoral rights of gress should promptly enact such reasonable the people in the several States; the sublegislation in aid thereof as will insure a jugation of the colored people to the condischarging of the expense and obliga-trol of the party in power and the reviving tions incident thereto and the attainment of race antagonisms now happily abated, of results commensurate with the dignity of the utmost peril to the safety and hap. and process of the nation.
piness of all; a measure deliberately and We sympathize with all wise and legiti-l justly described by a leading Republican
Senator as "the most infamous bill that necessaries and comforts of life among our ever crossed the threshold of the Senate." own people.
Such a policy, if sanctioned by law, SEC. 5.-We recognize in the trusts and would mean the dominance of a self-per- combinations which are designed to enable petuating oligarchy of office-holders, and capital to secure more than its just share the party first intrusted with its machinery of the joint product of capital and labor, a could be dislodged from power only by an natural consequence of the prohibitive appeal to the reserved right of the people taxes which prevent the free competition to resist oppression which is inherent in all which is the life of honest trade, but we self-governing communities.
believe their worst evils can be abated by Two years ago this revolutionary policy law, and we demand the rigid enforcement was emphatically condemned by the people of the laws made to prevent and control at the polls ; but in contempt of that ver-them, together with such further legisladict the Republican party has defiantly de- tion in restraint of their abuses as experclared in its latest authoritative utterance ience may show to be necessary. that its success in the coming elections will SEC. 6.—The Republican party, while mean the enactment of the Force bill and professing a policy of reserving the public the usurpation of despotic control over land for small holdings by actual settlers, elections in all the States.
has given away the people's heritage till Believing that the preservation of re- now a few railroad and non-resident aliens, publican government in the United States individual and corporate, possess a larger is dependent upon the defeat of this policy area than that of all our farms between the of legalized force and fraud, we invite the two seas. The last Democratic adminissupport of all citizens who desire to see the tration reversed the improvident and unconstitution maintained in its integrity, wise policy of the Republican party touchwith the laws pursuant thereto, which have ing the public domain, and reclaimed given our country a hundred years of un- from corporations and syndicates, alien and exampled prosperity, and we pledge the domestic, and restored to the people Democratic party, if it be entrusted with nearly one hundred million acres of valupower, not only to the defeat of the Force able land to be sacredly held as homesteads bill
, but also to relentless opposition to the for our citizens, and we pledge ourselves Republican policy of profligate expenditure to continue this policy until every acre of which in the short space of two years has land so unlawfully held shall be reclaimed squandered an enormous surplus and emp- and restored to the people. tied an overflowing treasury after piling Sec. 7.-We denounce the Republican new burdens of taxation upon the already legislation known as the Sherman act of overtaxed labor of the country.
1890 as a cowardly makeshift fraught with Sec. 3. ---We denounce the Republican possibilities of danger in the future which policy of protection as a fraud on the labor should make all of its supporters, as well of the great majority of the American peo- as its anthor, anxious for its speedy repeal. ple for the benefit of the few.
We hold to the use of both gold and silver We declare it to be a fundamental prin- as the standard money of the country, and ciple of the Democratic party that the fed- to the coinage of both gold and silver eral government has no constitutional without discriminating against either metal power to impose and collect tariff duties or charge of mintage, but the dollar unit except for the purposes of revenue only, of coinage for both metals must be of equal and we demand that the collection of such intrinsic and exchangeable value, or be taxes shall be limited to the necessities of adjusted through international agreement the
government when honestly and eco- or by such safeguards of legislation as nomically administered.
shall insure the maintenance of the parity Sec. 4. -Trade interchange on the basis of the two metals, and the equal power of of reciprocal advantages to the countries every dollar at all times in the markets participating is a time-honored doctrine and in the payment of debts, and we deof the Democratic faith, but we denounce mand that all paper currency shall be kept the sham reciprocity which juggles with at par with and redeemable in such coin. the people's desire for enlarged foreign We insist upon this policy as especially markets and freer exchanges by pretend- necessary for the protection of the farmers ing to establish closer trade relations for a and laboring, classes, the first and most country whose articles of export are almost defenceless victims of unstable money and exclusively agricultural products with a fluctuating currency. other countries that are also agricultural, SEC. 8.- We recommend that the prowhile erecting a Custom House barrier of hibitory ten per cent. tax on State bank prohibitive tariff taxes against the rich issues be repealed. countries of the world that stand ready to SEC. 9.-Public office is a public trust. take our entire surplus of products and to We reaffirın the declaration of the Demoexchange therefor commodities which are cratic National Convention of 1876 for the
reform of the civil service and we call for news the expression of appreciation of the the honest enforcement of all laws regula- patriotism of the soldiers and sailors of the ting the same. The nomination of a Pres- Union in the war for its preservation, and ident, as in the recent Republican conven- we favor just and liberal pensions for all tion, by delegations composed largely of disabled Union soldiers, their widows and his appointees, holding office at his pleas- dependents, but we demand that the work ure, is a scandalous satire upon free popu- of the Pension Office shall be done induslar institutions and a startling illustration triously, impartially and honestly. We of the methods by which a President may denounce the present administration of that gratify his ambition. We denounce a office as incoinpetent, corrupt, disgraceful policy under which federal office-holders and dishonest. usurp control of party conventions in the Sec 14.-The federal government should States, and we pledge the Democratic care for and improve the Mississippi River party to the reform of these and all other and other great waterways of the Republic abuses which threaten individual liberty so as to secure for the interior States easy and local self-government.
and cheap transportation to the tidewater. SEC. 10.—The Democratic party is the When any waterway of the Republic is only party that has ever given the country of sufficient importance to demand the aid a foreign policy consistent and vigorous, of the government, that such aid should be compelling respect abroad and inspiring extended, a definite plan of continuous confidence at home. While avoiding work until permanent improvement is seentangling alliances it has aimed to culti- cured. vate friendly relations with other nations SEC. 15.-For purposes of national deand especially with our neighbors on the fence and the promotion of commerce American continent whose destiny is between the States we recognize the early closely linked with our own, and we view construction of the Nicaragua Canal and its with alarm the tendency to a policy of protection against foreign control as of irritation and bluster, which is liable at great importance to the United States. any time to confront us with the alternative SEC. 16.-Recognizing the World's of humiliation or war.
Columbian Exposition as a national underWe favor the maintenance of a navy taking of vast importance, in which the strong enough for all purposes of national general government has invited the codefence and to properly maintain the operation of all the Powers of the world, honor and dignity of the country abroad. and appreciating the acceptance by many
Sec. 11.–The country has always been of such Powers of the invitation for exthe refuge of the oppressed from every tended and the broadest liberal efforts land-exiles for conscience sake-and in being made by them to contribute to the the spirit of the founders of our governgrandeur of the undertaking, we are of the ment we condemn the oppression practised opinion that Congress should make such by the Russian government upon its Lu- necessary financial provision as shall be theran and Jewish subjects, and we call requisite to the maintenance of the national upon our national government, in the in-honor and public faith. terest of justice and humanity, by all just Sec. 17. -Popular education being the and proper means, to use its prompt and only safe basis of popular suffrage, we best efforts to bring about a cessation of recommend to the several States most these cruel persecutions in the dominions liberal appropriations for the public of the Czar and to secure to the oppressed schools. Free common schools are the equal rights.
nursery of good government and they have We tender our profound and earnest always received the fostering care of the sympathy to those lovers of freedom who Democratic party, which favors every are struggling for home rule and the great means of increasing intelligence. Freedom cause of local self government in Ireland. of education being an essential of civil and
SEC. 12.-We heartily approve all legi- religious liberty as well as a necessity for timate efforts to prevent the United States the development of intelligence, must not from being used as the dumping ground be interfered with under any pretext whatfor the known criminals and professional ever. We are opposed to State interfer paupers of Europe, and we demand the ence with parental rights and rights of rigid enforcement of the laws against conscience in the education of children as Chinese immigration or the importation of an infringement of the fundamental demforeign workmen under contract to degrade ocratic doctrine that the largest individual American labor and lessen its wages, but liberty consistent with the rights of others we condemn and denounce any and all insures the highest type of American citiattempts to restrict the immigration of zenship and the best government. the industrious and worthy of foreign Sec. 18.-We approve the action of the lands.
present House of Representatives in pasEC. 13.—This Convention hereby re- sing bills for the admission into the Union
as States of the Territories of New Mexico REPUBLICAN.
DEMOCRATIC. and Arizona, and we favor the early ad- coming into compe- the government mission of all the Territories having nec- tition with the pro- when only honestly essary population and resources to admit ducts of American and economically them to Statehood, and while they remain labor there should administered. Territories we hold that the officials ap- be levied duties [The above para: pointed to administer the government of equal to the differ- graph was adopted any Territory, together with the Districts ence between wages by a vote of 501 to of Columbia and Alaska, should be bona abroad and at home. 312 as a substitute fide residents of the Territory or District We assert that the for the following, in which their duties are to be performed. prices of manu- reported from the The Democratic party believes in home rule factured articles of majority of the comand the control of their own affairs by the general consump- mittee : "We repeople of the vicinage.
tion have been re- iterate the oft-reSec. 19. -We favor legislation by Con- duced under the peated doctrines of gress and State Legislatures to protect the operation of the the Democratic lives and limbs of railway employés and tariff act of 1890. party that the necesthose of other hazardous transportation We denounce the sity of the governcompanies and denounce the inactivity of efforts of the Demo- ment is the only the Republican party and particularly the cratic majority of justification for taxaRepublican Senate for causing the defeat of the House of Re- tions, and whenever measures beneficial and protective to this presentatives to de a tax is unnecessary class of wageworkers.
stroy our tariff laws, it is unjustifiable; SEC. 20.-We are in favor of the enact- as is manifested by that when Custom ment by the States of laws for abolishing their attacks upon House taxation is the notorious sweating system, for abolish- wool, lead and lead levied upon articles ing contract convict labor and for prohib- ores, the chief pro- of any kind proiting the employment in factories of chil- duct of a number of duced in this coundren under tifteen years of age.
States, and we ask try, the difference Sec. 21. -We are opposed to all sump- the people for their between the cost of tuary laws as an interference with the judgment thereon. labor here and labor individual rights of the citizen.
abroad, when such SEC. 22:Upon this statement of prin
a difference exists, ciples and policies the Democratic party
fully measures any asks the intelligent judgment of the Amer
possible benefits to ican people. It asks a change of adminis
labo-, and the enortration and a change of party in order that
mous additional im. there may be a change of system and a
positions of the exchange of methods, thus assuring the
isting tariff fall with maintenance, unimpaired, of institutions
crushing force upon under which the Republic has grown great
farmers and and powerful.
workingmen, and, for the mere advan
tage of the few The Tariff Issue, 1892.
whom it enriches, REPUBLICAN. DEMOCRATIC.
exact from labor a We reaffirm the We denounce Re
grossly unjust share American doctrine publican Protection
of the expenses of of Protection. We as a fraud-ag a rob
government, and call attention to its bery of the great
we demand such a growth abroad. We majority of the
revision of the tariff maintain that the American people for
laws as will remove prosperous condi. the benefit of a few.
their iniquitous intion of our country We declare it to be
equalities, lighten is largely due to the a fundamental prin
their oppressions wise revenue legisla- ciple of the Demo
and put them on a tion of the Republi- cratic party that the
constitutional and can Congress. government has no
equitable basis. But We believe that constitutional power
in making reduction all articles which to impose and col
in taxes, it is not cannot be produced lect a dollar for tax
proposed to injure in the United States, except for purposes
any domestic indusexcept luxuries, of revenue only, and
tries, but rather to should be admitted demand that the
promote their free of duty, and collection of such
healthy growth that on all imports taxes be imposed by
From the founda
The Silver Issue, 1892.
DEMOCRATIC. ment, taxes collected The American We denounce the at the Custom people, from tradi- Republican legislaHouse have been tion and interest, tion known as the the chief source of favor bi-metallism, Sherman act of 1890 Federal revenue and the Republican as a cowardly makeSuch they must con- party demands the shift, fraught with tinue to be. More use of both gold and possibilities of dan over, many indus- silver as standard ger in the future. tries have come to money, with such which should make rely upon legislation restrictions and all its supporters, as fori successful con- under such provi- well as its author, tinuance, so that sions, to be deter anxious for its any change of law mined by legislation, speedy repeal. We must be at every as will secure the hold to the use of step regardful of the maintenance of the both gold and silver la bor and capital parity values of the as the standard thus involved. The two metals, so that money of the counprocess of reform the purchasing and try, and to the coinmust be subject in debt-paying power age of both gold and the execution of this of the dollar, silver, without displain dictate of jus- whether of silver, criminating against tice.”]
gold or paper, shall either metal or The Reciprocity Issue, 1892. be at all times charge for mint
equal. The interests age, the dollar unit REPUBLICAN.
of the producers of of coinage of both We point to the Trade interchange the country, it's metals must be of success of the Re on the basis of reci- farmers and its equal intrinsic and publican policy of procal advantages to working men, de exchangeable value, reciprocity, under the countries parti- mand that
or be adjusted which our export cipating is a time-dollar, paper
through internatrade has vastly in- honored doctrine of coin, issued by the tional agreement or creased and new and the Democratic government, shall be by such safeguards enlarged markets faith, but we de- as good as any
of legislation as have been opened the sham other. We
shall insure the for the products of reciprocity which mend the wise and maintenance of the our farms and work- juggles with the patriotic steps parity of the two shops,
people's desire for already taken by our metals, and the We remind the enlarged foreign government to equal power of every people of the bitter markets and frees secure an interna- dollar at all times in opposition of the exchanges by pre- tional conference, to the markets and in Democratic party to tending to establish adopt such meast the payment of this practical busi- closer trade relations ures as will insure a debts, and we de
measure, and for a country whose parity of value be- mand that all paper claim that, executed articles of export are tween gold and currency shall be by a Republican ad- almost exclusively silver for use
as kept at par with ministration, our agricultural
pro- money throughout and redeemable in present laws will ducts with other the world.
such coin. We ineventually give us countries that are
sist upon this policy control of the trade also agricultural,
as specially necesof the world. while erecting a
sary for the protecCustom House bar
tion of the farmers rier of prohibitive
and laboring classes tariff taxes against
the first and most dethe richest countries
fenceless victims of of the world that
unstable money and stand ready to take
a fluctuating curour entire surplus of
The Ballot Issae, 1892.
DEMOCRATIC are necessaries and We demand that
We warn the comforts of life every citizen of the people of our comamong our own United States shall mon country, jealpeople.
be allowed to cast ous for the preserva