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. The perfect vindication of our men when they were endeavoring to escape from is furnished by this report; one only is the city on the night of the assault. The found to have been guilty of criminal fault, market boats of the Baltimore were threatand that for an act clearly justifiable. ened, and even quite recently the gig of
As to the part taken by the police in the Commander Evans, of the Yorktown, was affair, the case made by Chile is also far stoned while waiting for him at the Mole, froin satisfactory. The point where Riggin The evidence of our sailors clearly shows was killed is only three minutes walk from that the attack was expected by the Chilean the police station and not more than twice people; that threats have been made against that distance from the Intendencia; and our men, and that in one case, somewhat yet, according to their official report, a full early in the afternoon, the keeper of one half hour elapsed after the assault began house into which some of our men had before the police were upon the ground. It gone, closed his establishment in anticipahas been stated that all but two of our mention of the attack, which he advised them have said that the police did their duty. would be made upon them as darkness The evidence taken at Mare Island shows came on. that if such a statement was procured from In a report of Captain Schley to the qur men it was accomplished by requiring Navy Department he says: "In the only them to sign a writing in a language they interview that I had with Judge Foster, did not understand and by the representa- who is investigating the case relative to the tion that it was a mere declaration that disturbance before he was aware of the they had taken no part in the disturbance. entire gravity of the matter, lie informed Lieutenant McCrea, who acted as interpre- me that the entire assault upon my men ter, says in his evidence that when our sail- was the outcome of hatred for our people ors were examined before the Court the among the lower classes because they subject of the conduct of the police was so thought we had sympathized with the Bal. carefully avoided that he reported the fact maceda Government on account of the Itata to Captain Schley on his return to the matter, whether with reason or without he vessel.
could, of course, not admit; but such he The evidences of the existence of animos- thought was the explanation of the assault ity toward our sailors in the minds of the at that time.'' Chilean navy and of the populace of Val Several of our men sought security from paraiso are so abundant and various as to the mob by such complete or partial changes leave no doubt in the mind of any one who in their dress as would conceal the fact of will examine the papers submitted. It their being seamen of the Baltimore, and manifested itself in threatening and insult- found it then possible to walk the streets ing gestures toward our men as they passed without molestation. These incidents conthe Chilean men-of-war in their boats, and clusively establish that the attack was upon in the derisive and abusive epithets with the uniform--the nationality—and not which they greeted every appearance of an upon the men. American sailor on the evening of the riot.
The origin of this feeling is probably Captain Schley reports that boats from found in the refusal of this government to the Chilean warships several times went give recognition to the Congressional party out of their course to cross the bows of his before it had established itself, in the boats, compelling them to back water. He seizure of the Itata for an alleged violation complained of the discourtesy, and it was of the Neutrality law in the cable incident, corrected. That this feeling was shared by and in the charge that Admiral Brown conmen of higher rank is shown by an incident veyed information to Valparaiso of the related by Surgeon Stitt, of the Baltimore, landing at Quinteros. It is not my purpose After the battle of Placilla he, with other to enter here any defense of the action of medical officers of the war vessels in the this government in these matters. It is harbor
, was giving voluntary assistance to enough for the present purpose to say that the wounded in the hospitals. The son of if there was any breach of international a Chilean
officer of high rank was comity or duty on our part it should have under his care, and when the father discov- been made the subject of official complaint ered it he flew into a passion and said he through diplomatic channels, or of rewould rather have his son die than have prisals for which a full responsibility was Americans touch him, and at once had him assumed. removed from the ward.
We cannot consent that these incidents This feeling is not well concealed in the and these perversions of the truth shall be dispatches of the Foreign Office, and had used to exite a murderous attack upon our quite open expression in the disrespectful unoffending sailors and the Government of treatment of the American Legation. The Chile go acquit of responsibility. In fact Chilean boatmen in the bay refused, even the conduct of this government during the for large offers of money, to return our war in Chile pursued those lines of intersailors who crowded the Mole, to their ship national duty which we had so strongly in
sisted upon on the part of other nations son, in whose arms he was at the time, and when this country was in the throes of civil by the evidence of Charles Langen, an conflict. We continued the established American sailor, not then a member of the diplomatic relations with the government Baltimore's crew, who stood close and saw in power until it was overthrown, and the transaction. The Chilean authorities promptly and cordially recognized the new do not pretend to fix the responsibility of government when it was established. this shot upon any particular person, but
The good offices of this government were avow their inability to ascertain who fired offered to bring about a peaceful adjust. it, further than that it was fired from a ment, and the interposition of Mr. Egan to crowd. mitigate severities and to shelter adherents The character of the wound, as described of the Congressional party were effective by one of the surgeons of the Baltimore, and frequent. The charge against Admiral clearly supports his opinion that it was Brown is too base to gain credence with any made by a rifle ball, ihe orifice of exit one who knows his high personal and pro- being as much as an inch or an inch and fessional character.
a quarter in width. When shot, the poor Recurring to the evidence of our sailors, fellow was unconscions, and in the arms of I think it is shown that there were several a comrade, who was endeavoring to carry distinct assaults, and so nearly simultaneous him to a neighboring drug-store for treatas to show that they did not spread from ment. The story of the police, that in one point. A press summary of the re- coming up the street they passed these port of the Fiscal shows that the evidence men and left them behind them is inconof the Chilean officials and others was in sistent with their own statement as to the conflict as to the place of origin, several direction of their approach and with their places being named by different witnesses duty to protect them, and is clearly disas to the locality where the first outbreak proved. In fact, Riggin was not behind, occured. This, if correctly reported, shows but in front of the advancing force, and that there were several distinct outbreaks, was not standing in the crowd, but was and so nearly at the same time as to cause unconscious and supported in the arms of this confusion.
Johnson when he was shot. La Putria, in the same issue from which The communications of the Chilean govI have already quoted, after describing the ernment in relation to this cruel and disaskilling of Riggin and the flight which from trous attack upon our men, as will appear that point extended to the Mole, says: “At from the correspondence, have not in any the same time in other streets of the port degree taken the form of a manly and satisthe Yankee sailors fought fiercely with the factory expression of regret, much less of people of the town, who believed to see in apology. The event was of so serious a them incarnate enemies of the Chilean character that if the injuries suffered by
our men had been wholly the result of an The testimony of Captain Jenkins, of the accident in a Chilean port, the incident was American merchant ship Keweenaw, which grave enough to have called for some public had gone to Valparaiso for repairs, and expression of sympathy and regret from the who was a witness of some part of the local authorities. It is not enough to say assault upon the crew of the Baltimore, is that the affair was lamentable, for humanity strongly corroborative of the testimony of would require that expression even if the our own sailors when he says that he saw beating and killing of our men had been Chilean sentries drive back a seaman, seek justifiable. ing shelter, upon a mob that was pursuing. It is not enough to say that the incident him. The officers and men of Captain is regretted, coupled with the statement Jenkins' ship furnish the most conclusive that the affair was not of an unusual chartestimony as to the indignities which were acter in ports where foreign sailors are practiced toward Americans in Valparaiso. accustomed to meet. It is not for a generWhen American sailors eren of merchant ous and sincere government to seek for ships, can only secure their safety by de- words of small or equivocal meaning in nying their nationality, it must be time to which to convey to a friendly power an readjust our relations with a government apology for an offence so atrocious as this. that permits such demonstrations. In the case of the assault by a mob in New
As to the participation of the police, the Orleans upon the Spanish consulate in 1851, evidence of our sailors shows that our men Mr. Webster wrote to the Spanish minister, were struck and beaten by police officers Mr. Calderon, that the acts complained of before and after arrest, and that one, at were a disgraceful and flagrant breach of least, was dragged with a lasso about his duty and propriety," and that his governneck by a mounted policeman. That the ment regrets them as deeply as Minister death of Riggin was the result of a rifle Calderon or his government could possibly shot fired by a policeman or soldier on duty do;" that "these acts have caused the is shown directly by the testimony of John- President great pain, and he thinks a
proper acknowledgment is due to her. In the same note the attention of the Majesty's government. He invited the Chilean government was called to the offenSpanish consul to return to his post, guar- sive character of a note addressed by Mr. anteeing protection, and offering to salute Matta, its Minister of Foreign Affairs, to the Spanish flag if the consul should come Mr. Montt, its minister at this capital, on in a Spanish vessel. Such a treatment by the 11th ult. This dispatch was not officithe government of Chile of this assault ally communicated to this government, but would have been more creditable to the as Mr. Montt was directed to translate it, Chilean authorities; and much less can and to give it to the press of this country, hardly be satisfactory to a government that it seemed to me that it could not pass withvalues its dignity and honor.
out official notice. It was not only undipIn our note of October 23d last, which ap- lomatic, but grossly insulting to our naval pears in the correspondence, after receiving officers and to the Executive Department, the report of the board of officers appointed as it directly imputed untruth and insinby Captain Schley to investigate the affair, cerity to the reports of the naval officers the Chilean government was advised of the and to the official communications made by aspect which it then assumed, and called the Executive Department to Congress. It upon for any facts in its possession that will be observed that I have notified the might tend to modify the unfavorable im- Chilean government that unless this note pression which our report had created. It is at once withdrawn and an apology as is very clear from the correspondence that public as the offence made, I will terminate before the receipt of this note the examina- diplomatic relations, tion was regarded by the police authorities The request for the recall of Mr. Egan as practically closed. It was, however, re- upon the ground that he was not persona opened and protracted through a period of grata, was unaccompanied by any suggespearly three months. We might justly tion that could properly be used in support have complained of this unreasonable de- of it, and I infer that the request is based lay, but in view of the fact that the gov- upon official acts of Mr. Egan, which have erninent of Chile was still provisional, and received the approval of this government, with a disposition to be forbearing and But however that may be, I could not conhopeful of a friendly termination, I have sent to consider such a question until it had awaited the report which has but recently first been settled whether our correspondbeen made.
ence with Chile could be conducted upon a On the 21st instant I caused to be com- basis of mutual respect, municated to the government of Chile, by
In submitting these papers to Congress the American minister at Santiago, the con- for that grave and patriotic consideration clusions of this government after a full which the questions involved demand, I consideration of all the evidence andof every desire to say that I am of the opinion that suggestion affecting this matter, and to the demands made of Chile by this governthese conclusions I adhere. They were ment should be adhered to and enforced. stated as follows:
If the dignity as well as the prestige and "First-That the assault is not relieved influence of the United States are not to be of the aspect which the early information of wholly sacrificed we must protect those the event gave to it, viz: That an attack was who, in foreign ports, display the fay or made upon the uniform of the United States wear the colors of this government against Navy, having its origin and motive in a insult, brutality, and death, inflicted in feeling of hostility to this government, and resentment of the acts of their government, not on any account of the sailors or any of and not for any faults of their own. It has them.
desire in every way to cultivate Second-That the public authorities of friendly and intimate relations with all the Valparaiso flagrantly failed in their duty to governments of this hemisphere. protect our men, and that some of the police We do not covet their territory; we deand of the Chilean soldiers and sailors were sire their peace and prosperity. We look themselves guilty of unprovoked assaults for no advantage in our relations with upon our sailors before and after arrest, them except the increased exchanges of He (the President) thinks the preponder-commerce upon a basis of mutual benefit. ance of the evidence and of the inherent We regret every civil contest that disturbs probabilities lead to the conclusion that their peace and paralyzes their developRizgin was killed by the police or soldiers. ment, and are always ready to give our
“Third–That he (the President) is there. good offices for the restoration of peace. It fore compelled to bring the case back to the must, however, be understood that this position taken by this government in the government, while exercising the utmost note of Mr. Wharton on October 23d last, forbearance towards weaker powers, will **** and to ask for a suitable apology extend its strong and adeqnate protection and for some adequate reparation for the to its citizens, to its officers, and to its injury done to this country.”
humblest sailor, when made the victims of
wantonness and cruelty in resentment, not stupid, and is still in a kind of paralyzed of their personal misconduct, but of the condition, and has never been able to do official acts of their government.
duty since, Upon information received that Patrick A claim for reparation has been made in Shields, an Irishman and probably a British behalf of this man, for, while he was not a subject, but at the time a fireman of the citizen of the United States, the doctrine American steamer Keweenaw, in the harbor long held by us, as expressed in the Consuof Valparaiso for repairs, had been subjected lar Regulations, is : to personal injuries in that city,largely by "The principles which are maintained the police—I directed the Attorney General by this government in regard to the protecto cause the evidence of the officers and tion as distinguished from the relief of seacrew of that vessel to be taken upon its ar- men are well settled. It is held that the rival in San Francisco, and that testimony circumstance that the vessel is American is also herewith transmitted.
is evidence that the seamen on board are The brutality and even savagery of the such ; and in every regularly documented treatment of this poor man by the Chilean merchant vessel the crew will find their police would be incredible if the evidence protection in the flag that covers them.” of Shields was not supported by other di I have as yet received no reply to our rect testimony, and by the distressing con- note of the 21st inst., but, in my opinion, dition of the man himself when he was I ought not to delay longer to bring these finally able to reach his vessel. The captain matters to the attention of Congress for of the vessel says :
such action as may be deemed appropriate. “He came back a wreck : black from his
BENJAMIN HARRISON. neck to his hips, from beating; weak and! EXECUTIVE MANSION, Jan. 25, 1892.
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The National Conventions of 1892. onded by ex-Senator Warner Miller, of
Ex-Secretary of the Navy Richard T. The National Republican Convention for Thompson, of Indiana (on that day eighty1892 was called to meet at Minneapolis three years of age, and a delegate to every June 7th. The Convention was close at previous Republican National Convenhand before any, candidates were named, tion), presented the name of President other than President Harrison. In Feb- Harrison. It was seconded by Chauncey ruary Mr. Blaine had written to Mr. M. Depew, of New York, in a speech reClarkson, Chairman of the National Con-markable for its force and eloquence. vention, saying that his name would not The first and only ballot was taken on be presented as a candidate, and declining the morning of June 10th, with the folin such positive terms that it was accepted lowing result : as meaning what it said at the time. Later on the opposition to the President's THE BALLOT IN DETAIL. nomination, led by a syndicate of very strong names-Platt, of New York ; Quay, of Pennsylvania ; Clarkson, of Iowa; Conger, of Ohio; Kellogg, of Louisiana; Wolcott, of Colorado ; Bourne, of Oregon; Filley, of Missouri-agreed to pre
Alabama sent Mr. Blaine, upon the statement that he would accept if his nomination was California plainly for the good of the party. Three Colorado. days preceding the Convention Mr. Blaine Delaware... suddenly resigned as Secretary of State, Florida and thus created the impression that he Georgia. would accept and that he was a candidate. Illinois.. The first effect of the resignation was to enthuse his friends, many of them already Kansas assembled at Minneapolis, but when the Kentucky
.. correspondence was published, and its terseness was traceable entirely to Mr. Maryland..... Blaine's haste, a great reaction followed Massachusetts.. in all parts of the country, and groups of Minnesota business men from all prominent towns and Mississippi
474 cities wired their delegates of the change Montana. in sentiment, and as a rule they were Nebraska asked to re-nominate President Harrison.
New Hampshire.. A feeling affected the Blaine delegates, New Jersey. and many of the leaders began to look New York.. for a third man, in the person of Major North Dakota....
17% McKinley, the father of the tariff bill of Ohio..... 1890, since chosen Governor of Ohio. Oregon...
Pennsylvania.... Major McKinley himself voted for Harri. Rhode Island. son and resisted a proposed stampede in South Carolina... his own behalf, which had been planned to plump Ohio, Oregon and Pennsylvania Texas... solidly for McKinley. The plan failed, Vermont. partly because Harrison had gained largely Washington... over estimates after New York had voted, West Virginia..... and Pennsylvania cast 19 votes for him at Wyoming.... the only moment which could have been at
TERRITORIES. all critical.
The Convention organized at noon on Arizona.. the 7th, with Major McKinley as its Presi- Dist. of Columbia dent. The first contest was upon the New Mexico..... question of the majority and minority re- Oklahoma.... ports of the Committee on Contests, the Utah..... majority being adopted and generally regarded as a victory for the friends of Har Total
182% rison. The contests were important only in the case of Alabama, where two full
Absent and not voting, 1%. sets of delegates disputed for the seats.
Senator Wolcott, of Colorado, presented Reed, of Maine, received 3 votes, and the name of Mr. Blaine, and it was sec- Lincoln, of Illinois, 1.
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