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72 12 21

6 39



820 647 684


Yeas Nays

States. l'eas Nays three speeches should be made, these by Alahama...

5 Mississippi 18 Arkansas..

14 Missouri .........


Butler, Converse and Watterson. Col. California


5 6 Morrison, of Illinois, made the majority Colorado 4 2 Nevada

6 Connecticut.... 2 10 New Hamp-hire

report, which was adopted with but 97} Delaware,.... 6

New Jersey.....

14 4 negative votes out of a total of 820. Florida.

2 6! New York Georgia.. 12 12 North Carolina 10

The Ballots.

22 Ohio......

25 Indiana


Oregon Iowa.... 6 20 Pennsylvania ... 21

Before balloting an effort was made to Kansas 3 15 Rhode Island

8 abolish the two-third rule, but this met Kentucky 20 6 South Carolina 3

14 with such decided disfavor that it was Louisiana..

16 Tennessee........ 17 Maine 2 10 i Texas.,

12 10 withdrawn before the roll of States was Maryland

16! Vermont.......... 8 completed. Massachusetts.. 21 7 Virginia

6 Michigan.......... 12 12 West Virginia.. 9

There were two ballots taken on the Minnesota...

14/ Wisconsin ........ 5 17 Presidential candidates, and they were The Secretary announced the result of as follows:

First. Second. the vote as follows: Total number of Total numher of voter.... votes cast, 795; yeas, 332; nay3, 463. Necessary to a choire...


Grover Cleveland, of New York..
The report of the Committee on Perma- Allen G. Thurman, or Ohio.......... 88

Thomas F. Bayard, of Delaware...... 168 81% nent Organization was then made; the Samuel J. Randall, of Penn name of W. H. Vilas, of Wisconsin, be- Joseph E. McDonald

of Indiana

John G. Carlisle, of Kentucky......... 27 ing presented as President, with a list of Roswell P. Flywer, of New York ....... vice-presidents) one from each state) and George Hoa lly, of onio....... several secretaries and assistants, and that Samuel J. Tilden, of New York........ 1

Thomas A. Hendricks, of Indiana... 1 15% the secretaries and clerks of the temporary organization be continued under the Mr. Hendricks, of Indiana, who was depermanent organization.

feated eight years ago on the Tilden ticket,

was nominated for Vice President by acThe Contest over the Platform.

clamation. There was a two-days contest in the Com The Kelly and Butler elements of the mittee on Resolutions over the adoption of Convention, at all of the important stages, the revenue features of the Platform. It manifested their hostility to Cleveland, advocated the collection of revenue for but there was no open bolt, and the Conpublic uses exclusively, the italicized word vention completed its work after sitting being the subject of the controversy. It four days. was retained by a vote of 20 to 18. To [In the Book of Platform is given the avoid extended debate in the Convention Democratic Platform in full

, and its tariff an agreement was made that Gen. Butler plank will be found in comparison with should make a minority report, and that the Republican in the same book.]

78 56


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In what were regarded as the pivotal American League,” the " Land League," States the campaign of 1884, was attended the “ Clan na Gael," etc., there supporters with the utmost interest and excitement. of Blaine were found, and these were by Blaine, the most brilliant political leader of a singular coincidence most numerous in modern times, was acceptable to all of the the doubtful States of New York, New more active and earnest elements of the Jersey, Connecticut, Ohio and Indiana. Republican party, and the ability with Cleveland's nomination by the Democrats which he had championed the protective had angered the Tammany wing of the system and a

more aggressive foreign party in New York, and not until very policy, attracted very many Irishmen close to the election was a reconciliation who had formerly been Democrats. The effected. Tilden had from the first young and more intelligent leaders of favored Cleveland, and with Daniel Manthis element promptly espoused the ning as his manager in New York, no cause of the Republicans, and their action effort was spared to heal Democratic caused a serious division in the Demo- divisions and to promote them in the cratic ranks. Wherever Irish-Americans Republican ranks. Thus the Indepenwere sufficiently numerous to form so- dent or Civil Service wing of the Repubcieties of their own, such as the “Irish- lican party, which in Boston and New

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York cities, and in the cities of Connecti- the Democratic majority in West Vir-
cut, confessed attachment to free trade, ginia.
was easily rallied under the Democratic From this time forward the battle on
banner. ' In convention in New York the part of the Republicans was hopeful;
city this element denounced Blaine on on the part of the Democrats desperate
what it pronounced a paramount moral but not despairing. Senator Barnum, the
issue, and for a time such brilliant orators Chairman of the Democratic National
as Rev. Henry Ward Beecher, George W. Committee, was a skilled and trained pol-
Curtis and Carl Schurz, rang the itician, and he sedulously cultivated In-
changes" upon the moral questions pre- dependent and Prohibition defection in
sented by the canvass. They were halted New York, Connecticut, New Jersey, W’is-
by scandals about Cleveland, and the consin and Indiana. Whether the scan-
Maria Halpin story, almost too indecent dals growing out of the result be true or
for historical reference, became a promi- false, every political observer could see
nent feature of the campaign with the that the elements named were under at
acquiescence, if not under the direction least the partial direction of the Demo-
of the Republican managers. Many of cratic National Committee, for their sup-
our best thinkers deplored the shape ihus port was inconsiderable in States where
given to the canvass, but the responsi- they were not needed in crippling the
lility for it is clearly traceable to the chances of the Republicans. The Republic
plan of campaign instituted by the Inde- can National Committee, headed by lír. B.
pendents, or “Mugwumps," as they were F. Jones, of Pennsylvania, an earnest and
called" Mugwump” implying a small able, but an untrained leader, did not

seek to check these plain efforts at defecOnly Ohio, West Virginia and Iowa tion. This Committee thought, and at remained as October States, and in the the time seemed to be justified in the beheight of the canvass all eyes were turned lief that the defection of Irish-Americans upon Ohio. In all of the Western States in the same States would more than both of the great parties had been dis- counterbalance all of the Indepenlent tracted by prohibitory and high license and Prohibitory defection. The Republiissues

, and Ohio,-because of temperance cans were likewise aided by General Butagitations, which still remained as dis- ler, who ran as the Greenback or “Peoturbing elements-had drifted into the ple's” candidate, as he called himself. It Democratic column. If it were again would have done it easily, but for an accilost to the Republicans, their national dent, possibly a trick, on the Thursday campaign would practically have ended preceding the November election. Mr. then and there, so far as reasonable hopes Blaine was at the Fifth Avenue Hotel in could be entertained for the election of New York, and among the many delegaBaine. This fact led to an extraordinary tions which visited him was one of three effort to influence favorable action there, hundred ministers who wished to show and both Blaine and Logan made tours their confidence in his moral and intelof the State, and speeches at the more lectual fitness for the Chief Magistracy. important points. Mr. Blaine first went The oldest of the ministers present was to New York city, thence through New Mr. Burchard, and he was assigned to Jersey, speaking at night at all import- deliver the address. In closing it he reant points on the Pennsylvania Railroad, ferred to what he thouzht ought to be a and was the following day received by common opposition to “Rum, Romanism the Union League of Philadelphia. In and Rebellion,"-an alliteration which the evening he reviewed a procession of not only awakened the wrath of the 200m uniformed men. He then returned Democracy, but which quickly estranged to New York, not yet having uttered a many of the Irish-American supporters partisan sentence, but in passing west- of Blaine and Logan. Mr. Blaine on the ward through its towns, he occasionally two following days tried to counteract the referred to their progress under the sys- effects of an imprudence for which he tem of protection. Reaching Ohio, he was in no way responsible, but the allitspoke more and more plainly of the eration was instantly and everywhere emissues of the canvass as his journey pro- ployed to revive religious issues and ceeded, and wherever he went his hatreds, and to such an extent that circuspeeches commanded national comment lars were distributed at the doors of and attention. His plain object was, for Catholic churches, implying that Blaine the time at least, to smother local issues himself had used the offensive words. A by the graver national ones, and he did more unexpected blow was never known this with an ability which has never been in our political history; it was quite as matched in the history of American sudden and more damaging than the oratory: The result was a victory for the Morey forgery at the close of the Garfield Republicans in October; they carried campaign. It determined the result, and Ohio by about 15,000, and greatly reduced was the most prominent of half a dozen

mishaps, which if they had not happened, for the highest on each ticket is given in must have inevitably led to the election all cases where the complete statement of Blaine

of the vote of the State has been received. As it was, the result was so close in New The results show a total vote of 10,046,073, York, Connecticut, New Jersey, Indiana of which the Cleveland ticket received and West Virginia, that it required 4,913,901, the Blaine ticket 4,847,659, the several days to determine it, and it was Butler ticket 133,880, and the St. John not known as to New York until the 19th ticket 150,633, showing a plurality of of November.

66,242 for Cleveland. The total vote in The popular vote for Presidential elec- 1880 was 9,218,251, and Garfield's plurality tors was cast on the 4th of November 9464. It should be noted, in considering last, and the results are tabulated below. the tabulated statement of this year's Where differences were found to exist in vote, that the Blaine Electoral tickets the vote for Electors in any State the vote were supported by the Republicans and

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New Hampshire.
New Jersey.
New York
North Carolina...
Rhode Island.......
South Carolina...
West Virginia....

59,444 50,895 102,397 36,277 65,898 12,778 28,031 47,603 340,497 238,480 197,082 151, 406 118,674 46,347 72,209 85,699 146,724 192,669 111,685

42,774 202,029 76,877

7,193 43,249 123,436 562,005 125,068 400,082

26,852 474,288

19,030 21,733 124,078 88,353 38,411 139,358

63,913 161,157


92,973 72,927 89,264 27,627 67,182 17,054 31,769 94,567 312,314 244,992 177,286

90,132 152,757 62,546 52,140 96,932 122,481 189,361 70,065 78,547 235,988 54,354

5,577 39,192 127,798 563,154 142,905 368,280

24,593 393,747 12,394 69,890 133,258 223, 208

17,342 145,497

67,331 146,477



531 24,433

763 3,583





338 2,160 2,794 10,026 18,403 4,684 2,153 2,858 1,575 6,159 25,003

448 11,069

488 15,306


9 16

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723 16,992


957 3,321


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the People's Party in Missouri and West at the capitols of the various States. On Virginia, and that Cleveland Electoral the 9th of February, 1885, the two Houses tickets were supported by the Democrats of Congress assembled to witness the and the People's Party in Iowa, Michigan counting of the vote. Mr. Edmunds, and Nebraska. The People's Party claims President of the Senate, upon its completo have cast about 41,300 votes for the tion, announced that "it appears" from fusion ticket in Michigan and about 33,000 the count that Mr. Cleveland has been votes in Iowa. The vote of California is elected President, etc. This form was official from all but two counties; the used upon his judgment as the only one unofficial reports from these are included which he could lawfully use, the Electoral in the totals given in the table. South law not having as yet determined the Carolina returns 1237 “scattering” votes. power or prescribed the form for de

There was no hitch in the count of the claring the result of Presidential elecvote in any of the Electoral Colleges, held | tions.


Cleveland's Administration. this prophecy, though it is yet too soon to PRESIDENT CLEVELAND was inaugurated accurately judge the result with nearly on the 4th of March, 1885, amid much three years of administration yet to be demilitary and civic pomp and ceremony. voted to its pursuit. Jubilant Democrats from all parts of the

Ohio witnessed in her last October eleccountry visited the National Capital to tion the first great struggle under the celebrate their return to National power Democratic State and National Adminisafter a series of Republican successes ex- trations. Gov. Hoadley was renominated tending through twenty-four years. The by the Democrats, and Judge Foraker was inaugural address was chiefly noted for its renominated by the Republicans. The promises in behalf of civil service reform. latter were aided by the strong canvass of It showed a determination on the part of John Sherman for his return to the U. S. the President to adhere to the pledges Senate. The contest was throughout exgiven to what are still termed the Mugo citing, some of the best speakers of the wumps " prior to the election. The senti- country taking the stump. The result was ments expressed secured the warm approval as follows: of Geo. W. Curtis, Carl Schurz, Henry Foraker, R.

359,538 Ward Beecher and other civil service re

Hoadley, D.

341,380 formers, but were disappointing to the ·Leopard, Pro .

28,054 straight Democrats, who naturally wished Northrop, G

2,760 to enjoy all of the fruits of the power won after so great a struggle. . Vice President The Irish-Americans who had left the Hendricks voiced this radical Democratic Democratic party to vote for Blaine, adsentiment, and was rapidly creating a schism hered to the Republican standard, and in the ranks of the party, but his sudden really increased their numbers--more than death checked the movement and deprived a third more voting for Foraker than for it of organization, though there still re- Blaine, while the Mugwump element pracmains the seed of dissatisfaction, much of tically disappeared. The Prohibition vote which displayed itself in the contests of had almost doubled, but as all third or 1885.

fourth parties as a rule attract their vote President Cleveland appointed the fol- from the parties in which the most disconlowing Cabinet :

tent prevails, the excess came not from

the Republican but the Democratic ranks. Secretary of State : Thomas F. Bayard Pennsylvania's result, following in Noof Delaware.

vember, was similar in all material points

to that of Ohio. Col. M. S. Quay, an acSecretary of the Treasury: Daniel Man- knowledged political leader and a man of ning of New York.

national reputation, thought it wise that

his party should oppose in the most radical Secretary of War: W. C. Endicott of and direct way, the Democratic State and Massachusetts.

National Administration, and with this Postmaster. General: Wm. F. Vilas of purpose became a candidate for State

Treasurer. The Democrats nominated Wisconsin.

Conrad B. Day of Philadelphia. The Secretary of the Interior : L.Q.C. Lamar result was as follows: of Mississippi.

Quay, R.

324,694 Attorney General : Augustus H. Garland

Day, D.


15,047 of Arkansas.

Spangler, Pro.
Whitney, G..

2,783 Up to this writing, May, 1886, the Ad Col. Quay's majority greatly exceeded ministration of President Cleveland has not all expectation, and was universally acbeen marked by any great event or crisis-cepted as a condemnation of the two Demo-. its greatest political efforts being directed cratic administrations. toward appeasing the civil and holding in New York, of all the November States, close political alliance with the civil service very properly excited the most attention. reformers, without disrupting the Demo- The Democrats renominated Gov. Hill cratic party by totally refusing to distribute upon a platform tantamount to a condemnathe spoils of office. It had long been pre- tion of civil service reform--a platform dicted by practical politicians that a serious dictated by Tammany Hall, which was alattempt to defeat the doctrine “to the ready quarrelling with the National admin. victor belongs the spoils," would destroy istration. The Mugwump leaders and the administration attempting it. The journals immediately condemned both the elections of 1885 point to a realization of Democratic ticket and platform, and joined

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with the Republicans in support of Dav In New York the Irish-Americans, anenport. The result was :

gered by the return of the Mugwumps,

wbose aristocratic and free trade tendenGOVERNOR.

cies they were especially hostile to, under Hill, D.

501,418 the lead of the Irish World left the ReDavenport, R.

489,727 publicans and returned to the support of Bascom, Pro

30,866 the Democracy. They decided the contest Jones, Ġ.

2,127 and their attitude in the future will be or LIEUTENANT-GOVERNOR.

immediate concern in all political calcula

tions. The net results in three great States Jones, D.

495,450 gave satisfaction to both parties—probably Carr, R.

492,288 the most to the Republicans, but it is cerDemorest, Pro.

31,298 tain that they left politics in a very interGage, G.

2,087 esting and very uncertain shape.





THE campaign of 1886 showed that the New York city witnessed, not a revoluRepublican party was capable of making tion, but such a marked change in politics gains in the South, especially in Congres- that it excited comment throughout the sional districts and upon protective and entire country. The Labor party ran Henry educational issues. Indeed, so plain was George, the author of Progress and Povthis in the State of Virginia that Randolph erty, and other works somewhat socialistic Tucker, for whom the Legislature had ap- and certainly agrarian in their tendencies, portioned a district composed of eleven for Mayor of the city. Hewitt, the wellwhite counties, refused to run again, and known Congressman, was the candidate of Mr. Yost, editor of the Staunton Virgin- the Democracy, while the Republicans preian, who had canvassed the entire district sented Roosevelt, known chiefly for his on tariff issues and in favor of the Blair municipal-reform tendencies. Hewitt was educational bill, was returned over a popu-elected, but George received over 60,000 lar Democrat, by 1900 majority. Of the votes, and this unlooked for poll changed ten Congressmen from Virginia the Repub- the direction of political calculations for a licans elected six. Morrison, the tariff-re- year. George was aided by nearly all the form leader of Illinois, was defeated, as was Labor organizations, and he drew from the Burd of Ohio, while Speaker Carlisle's Democrats about two to the one drawn seat was contested by Mr. Thoche, a pro- from the Republicans--a fact which greatly tectionist candidate of the Knights of raised the hopes of the latter and at the Labor. These and other gains reduced the same time made the Democrats more cauDemocratic majority in the House to about tious. fifteen, and this could not be counted upon In 1886 the Republicans and Democrats, for any tariff reduction or financial meas- with the qualifications noted above, held

The Republicans lost one in the their party strength, with the future prosU.S. Senate.

pects so promising to both that at this early Local divisions in the Republican ranks date preparations began for the Presiden were seriously manifested in but one State, tial campaign, General Beaver, defeated that of California, which chose a Demo- for Governor of Peopsylvania in 1882 by a cratic Governor and a Republican Lieuten- plurality of 40,000, was now elected by a ant Governor, so close was the contest. plurality of 43,000, though the ProhibiThe Governor has since died, the Lieuten- tionists polled 32,000 votes, two-thirds of ant Governor has taken his place, but the which came from the Republican part". Legislature re-elected Senator Hearst, The general result of the campaign indiDemocrat, who had previously been ap- cated that the Republicans were gaining in pointed before the retirement of Governor unity and numbers. Stoneman.


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