Графични страници
PDF файл
ePub
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

*

perative public duty not to give them sup- | House at Washington are giving active port at this election under any circum- work to the passage of a tariff bill, the restances.

peal of the revenue taxes, and the passage In closing this note, this committee of a two-cent letter postage bill--measures must express its regret, that, having con- anxiously hastened by the Republicans in sidered it desirable to make overtures to order to anticipate friendly and defeat unthe Independent Republicans, you should friendly attempts on the part of the have so far misapprehended the facts of Democratic House, which comes in with the situation. It is our desire to unite the the first session of the 48th Congress. Republican party on the sure ground of In Pennsylvania, as we close this review principle, in the confidence that we are of the struggle of 1882, the Regular and thus serving it with the highest fidelity, and Independent Republican State Committees preserving for the future service of the -at least the heads thereof-are devising Commonwealth that vitality of Repub- a plan to jointly call a Republican State licanism which has made the party useful Convention to nominate the State ticket in the past, and which alone confers upon to be voted for in November, 1883. The it now the right of continued existence. groundswell was so great that it had no The only method which promises this re- sooner passed, than Republicans of all sult in the approaching election is that shades of opinion, felt the need of harproposed by the Independent Republican monious action, and the leaders everycandidates in their letter of July 13th, where set themselves to the work of repair. 1882, which was positively rejected by The Republicans in the South differed your committee.

from those of the North in the fact that On behalf of the Independent Repub- their complaints were all directed against lican State Committee of Pennsylvania, a natural political enemy-the BourbonsI. D. MCKEE, Chairman. and wherever there was opportunity they

favored and entered into movements with With this communication ended all Independent and Readjuster Democrats, efforts at conciliation,

with the sole object of revolutionizing

political affairs in the South. Their sucThe election followed, and the Demo- cess in these combinations was only great cratic ticket, headed by Robert E. Pattison in Virginia, but it proved to be promising of Philadelphia, received average in North Carolina, Mississippi, and Louisia plurality of 40,000, and the Independent ana, and may take more definite and Republican ticket' received an average generalshape in the great campaign of 1884. vote of about 43,000-showing that while

The Democratic party was evidently Independence organized did not do as well surprised at its great victory in 1882, and in a gubernatorial as it had in a previous has not yet formally resolved what it will off-year, it yet had force enough to defeat do with it. The Congress beginning with the Republican State ticket headed by December, 1883, will doubtless give some Gen. James A. Beaver. All of the three indication of the drift of Democratic sereral State tickets were composed of events. blo men, and the force of both of the The most notable law passed in the Bepublican tickets on the hustings excited closing session of the 47th Congress, was great interest and excitement; yet the the Civil Service Reform Bill, introduced Republican vote, owing to the division, by Senator Geo. H. Pendleton of Ohio, was not out by nearly one hundred thou- but prepared under the direction of the sand, and fifty thousand more Republicans Senate "Judiciary Committee. The Rethan Democrats remained at home, many publicans, feeling that there was of them purposely. In New York, where public demand for the passage of a dissatisfaction had no rallying point, about measure of the kind, eagerly rushed to its two hundred thousand Republicans re- support, at a time when it was apparent mained at home, some because of anger at that the epoils of office might slip from the defeat of Gov. Cornell in the State their hands. From opposite motives the nominating convention-some in protest Democrats, who had previously encouragainst the National Administrations, aged, now ran away from it, but it passed which was accused of the desire for direct both' Houses with almost a solid Repubendorsement where it presented the name lican vote, a few Democrats in each House of Hon Chas. J. Folger, its Secretary of voting with them. President Arthur the Treasury, as the home gubernatorial signed the bill, but at this writing the candidate, mothers because of some of the Commission which it creates has not been many reasons set forth in th. bill of appointed, and of course none of the rules complaints which enumerates the causes and constructions under the act have been of the dissatisfaction within the party,

formulated. Its basic principles are fixed At this writing the work of Republican tenure in minor places, competitive exrepair is going on. Both the Senate and aminations, and non-partisan selections.

an

some

POLITICAT CHANGES-1883.

In the fall of 1883 nearly all of the States / where the Republican State ticket recèived swept by the tidal wave of 1882 showed about 20,000 majority, after the reunion of that it had either partially or completely the Regular and Independent factions. receded, and for the first time since the In Pennsylvania the efforts at reconciliaclose of the Hayes administration (always tion made in the Continental Conference, excepting the remarkable Garfield-Han- and in subsequent conventions, gave fruit cock campaign), the Republican party ex. in 1883, and at this writing in July, 1884 hibited plain signs of returning unity and there is no mark of division throughout the strength. Henry Ward Beecher has wittily entire State, if we except such as must in. said that “ following the war the nation evitably follow the plain acceptance of needed a poultice, and got it in the Hayes Free Trade and Protective issues. Very administration.” The poultice for a time few of the Republicans of Pennsylvania only drew the sores into plainer view, and favor Free Trade, and only in the ranks of healing potions were required for the con- this few could any division be traced after tests immediately following. The divisions the close of the elections of 1883. of 1882 were as much the result of the non Ohio was an exception to the Republican action of the Hayes administration, as of work of reconciliation. Division still conthe misunderstandings and feuds which tinued, and Judge Hoadly, a leading later on found bitter manifestation between and very talented Democrat, was elected the Stalwarts and Half Breeds of New Governor by about 15,000 majority, after a York.

contest which involved the expenditure of The Independents took no organized form large sums of money. In the Convention except in New York and Pennsylvania, and which nominated Hoadly, Senator Penyet the underlying causes of division for the dleton was practically overthrown because time swept from their Republican moorings of his attachment to the Civil Service law not only the States named, but also Massa- which takes his name, and later on he was chusetts, Connecticut, Ohio, Indiana, defeated for U. S. Senator by Mr. Payne, Michigan, Kansas, Colorado and Califor the McLean and Bookwalter factions nia.

uniting for his overthrow, which was acThe year 1882 seemed the culmination complished despite the efforts of Thurman, of every form of Republican division, and Ward and other leaders of the older ele. then everything in the States named gave ments of the party. Both the Hoadly and place to faction. Very wisely the Repub- Payne battles were won under the banners lican leaders determined to repair the mis- of the “Young Democracy." chief, as far as possible, in the otherwise Any compilation of the returns of 1883 uneventful year of 1883. Their efforts must be measurably imperfect, for in only were in most instances successful, especially a few of the States were important and dein Massachusetts where Robinson over- cisive battles waged. Such as they were, threw Gen. Butler's State administration however, are given in the table on the next by 20,000 majority; in Pennsylvania, page:

State Elections of 1882 and 1883, compared with the Presidential Election of 1880.

[blocks in formation]

4,642
4,079
3,392
1,435
868
120

[blocks in formation]

combined. Regular and Independent Republican vote is combined. ** Vote of the two Democratic candid stes is wote was taken. "In Georgia, Congressmen-at-Large was taken. 1 The vote for Chief Judge. The others the principal State officer was taken, where State officers were not elected, the Congressional Lieutenant-Governor was taken, as being, from special causes, a fairer test of party strength, combined on Jadge.' t American, 707; scattering, 989, Scattering, 106. é In these states tho vote on State officers chosen, excluding Secretary of State. In Nebraska, Democratic and Anti-Monopoly vote * In Connecticut, the vote for Sheriff is taken. In New York, the average poto on four of the five

in the

Alabama.
Arkansas
California
Colorado,
*Connecticut
Delaware
Florida
Georgia.
Illinois
Indiana
lowa.
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine.
Maryland
Masrachusettts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi
Missouri.
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire
New Jersey
New York
North Carolina.
Ohio.
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island.
South Carolina.
Tennessee.
Texas.
Vermont
Virginia
West Virginia.
Wisconsin.

919
26,358
12,986
32.701
19,851
11,499

439
4,408

818
4,548
34,895
3,267
5,797
35,135
3,360

56,221
42, 436
80,318
27,450
67,071
14,133
23,954
54,1186
318,637
232,164
183,927
121,519
106,306
38,637
74,039
78,515
165,215
185,341
93,913
34,854
153,567
54,979

8.732
44,852
120,555
555,144
115,874
375,048

20,619
444,704

18,195
58,1771
107,677
67,893
45,567
81,120
46,243
144,400

91,185
60,775
80,426
24,617
64,45
15,275
27,964
1(12,470
277,321
225,522
105,845

69,801
149,068
65,067
65,171
93,7136
111,960
131,597
53,315
75,750
200.699
28,523

9,613
40,794
122,565
634,511
124,208
310,821

19.948
407,428

10,779
112,312
128,191
166,428

18,316
128,586

57,391
114,619

46,386 100,591 49,352 87,675 10,142 67,175 941,634

1,020

6,772
27,552 29,897
40 64,853 59,014 607 | 1,034
10,088

12,053
20,139 24,067 3,553

24,930 81,413 68
443 254,651 249,067 11,306 11,202

210,234 220,918 13,520 692 149,151 112,180 31,817

25 298,166 261,547 223,300 258 79,036 110,813 736

33,953 49.832
93 72,724 63,852

1,302 395
74,515 80,725 1,833
682 134,358 116,678 81,0:33 | 22,141
942 157,925 2149,143 81,572 $1,440
286
92,802 46,653 3,781

1,545
30,282 48,169
128,239 198,620 33,407
43,495 28,502 16,991

17,362 16.906
180 38,299 36,879 449 338
191
97,860

6,113 2,604
1,517 2409,422 1462,822 110,527 116,234

111,320 111.763
2,616 297,759 316,874 5,315 | 12,202

21,181 211,069
1,939 1359,232 [355,791 123,998 15,196
20 10,056

5,311 120

67,458 17,719
43 **91,693 **123,929 **9,538
41,761

142,087 41,425
35,839 14,466 1,635
100,690 94,184

43.140 46,661
09 94,606 10:3,630 2,496 13,800

[blocks in formation]

528
2,617
12,373
1,126
6,456

249
20,668

2:36

5.56
5,917
27,105
1,215

8,362
6,602

319,106
13,068

302,031
10,907

4,452

9,079
7,986

Total.

4,454,416 4,444,952 308,578

76,303

54,316

Plurality.

9,464

10,306 3,620,844 | 4,051,035 277,691

130,195

8,025,975

[ocr errors]

1,998,587 2,040,890 40,629

42,303 4,134,458

Total vote.

9,219,947

POLITICAL CHANGES-1884.

The Republican National Convention its work harmoniously, and adopted a
met at Chicago, in the Exposition Build- platform without a negative vote. (We
ing, on Tuesday, June 3d, 1884. It was give it in full in our Book of Platforms,
called to order by Senator Sabin, the and compare its vital issues with that of
Chairman of the National Committee, the Democratic in our comparison of Plat-
who at the conclusion of his address, at form Planks.]
the request of his Committee, presented
the name of Hon. Powell Clayton, of The Democratic National Convention.
Arkansas, for temporary President. Gen.
Clayton, as a friend of Blaine, was an-

This body assembled at Chicago, in the
tagonized by the field, which named Hon. Exposition Building, on Tuesday, July
John R. Lynch for the place. An excit- 8th, 1884, and was called to order by Ex-
ing debate followed, at the close of which Senator Barnum, the Chairman of the
Mr. Lynch_received 431 votes to 387 for

National Committee. The Committee Clayton. Ex-Senator Henderson of Mis- presented Governor Richard B. Hubbard; souri was made permanent President with- of Texas, for temporary chairman. After out a contest. The contested seats were his address a notable contest followed on amicably settled, the most notable being the adoption of the unit rule, the debate that of the straightout Republicans of being participated in by many delegates. Virginia against Gen. Mahone's delega- Mr. Fellows, of New York, favored the tion. The latter was admitted, the only rule, as did all of the advocates of Govercontest being in the Committee. The nor Cleveland's nomination for President, Blaine leaders did not antagonize, but while John Kelly opposed it with a view rather favored Mahone's admission, as did to give freedom of choice to the twenty, the field generally, for the State Conven- five delegates from New York who were tion which elected this delegation had acting with him. The contest was inopenly abandoned the name of the Re- augurated by Mr. Smalley, of Vermont, adjuster Party and taken that of the who was instructed by the National ComRepublican. None of the Straightouts mittee to offer the following resolution: expressed dissatisfaction at what appeared

Resolved, that the rules of the last to be the almost universal sentiment.

Democratic Convention govern this body

until otherwise ordered, subject to the folCandidates for the Nomination. lowing modification : That in voting for On the third day the following candi- candidates for President and Vice-Presidates were formally placed in nomination,

dent no State shall be allowed to change after eloquent eulogies, the most notable its vote until the roll of the States has being those of Judge West of Ohio, in be- been called, and every State has cast its half of Blaine ; Gen. H. H. Bingham, of

vote.
Penna., for. President Arthur; and Geo.

Mr. Grady, of New York, offered the
W. Curtis for Senator Edmunds :

following amendment to the resolution:

When the vote of a State, as announced
JAMES G. BLAINE, of Maine.

by the chairman of the delegation from
CHESTER A. ARTHUR, of New York.

such State is challenged br any member JOHN SHERMAN, of Ohio.

of the delegation, then the Secretary shall GEORGE F. EDMUNDS, of Vermont.

call the names of the individual delegates JOHN A. LOGAN, of Illinois.

from the State, and their individual pre-
JOSEPH R. HAWLEY, of Connecticut. ferences as expressed shall be recorded as

the vote of such State.
On the adjoining page is given the After discussion the question was then
result of the ballots.

put, the chairman of each State delegation
The convention sat four days, completed announcing its vote as follows:

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small]

Alabama
Arkansas.
California
Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
Florida.
Georgia.
Minois.
Indiana.
lowa, .
Kansas.
Kentucky.
Louisiana
Maine
Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan.
Minnesota
Mississippi
Missouri.
Nebraska.
Nevada
New Hampshire
New Jersey
New York.
North Carolina
Ohio
Oregon.'.
Pennsylvania.
Rhode Island,
South Carolina
Tennessee
Texas
Vermont.
Virginia
West Virginia.
Wisconsin

Territories.
Arizona
Dakota.
Idaho
Montana.
New Mexico
Utah
Washington,
Wyoming
Dist. of Columbia

18
32
10
6
8
18
72
22

18
32
10
6
8
18
72
22

5

2

[ocr errors]

9
28

12

12

30

31
19

9

28

3
23

31 18

26
8

18

46

25

46

11
28

4
25

6
50

23

46

| 21

46

6

21

6
47

6

II

47

II

8

8

6
60

8
18
24
26

60

8
16

ic

8
18
24
26
8

I

17
16

17
16

8
18
24
26
8

7
13

7
13

7
14

[ocr errors]

26
8

8

21

21

20

24
12

12

ON.

2
12
II

616

12
22

12
II

6

12
22

22

12
22

22

10

[merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small]
« ПредишнаНапред »