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........547

States. Yeas Nays

States.

l'eas Nays three speeches should be made, these by Alahama...

15. 5 Mississippi ...... 18 Arkansas..

14 Missouri .........

18 24 Butler, Converse and Watterson. Col. California

16
Nebraska.........

5 6 Morrison, of Illinois, made the majority Colorado

2 Nevada.

6 Connecticut. 2 10 New Hampshire

report, which was adopted with but 97} Delaware.... 6

New Jersey..

14 4 negative votes out of a total of 820.
Florida.
2 61 New York

72
Georgia..
12 12 North Carolina 10 12

The Ballots.
Illinois
22 22 Ohio.

*25 21
Indiana

30
Oregon

6
Iowa.....
6 20 Pennsylvania 21

39

Before balloting an effort was made to Kansas 3 15 Rhode Island

8 abolish the two-third rule, but this met Kentucky. 20 6 South Carolina 3

14 with such decided disfavor that it was Louisiana...

16 Tennessee........ 17
Maine
2 101 Texas.......

16 withdrawn before the roll of States was Maryland

16 Vermont.......... 8 completed. Massachusetts.. 21 7 Virginia

6 Michigan.......... 12 12 West Virginia.. 9

There were two ballots taken on the Minnesota....

14 Wisconsin..... 5 17 Presidential candidates, and they were The Secretary announced the result of as follows:

First. Second the vote as follows: Total number of Total number of votes..

820 votes cast, 795; yeas, 332; nay3, 463.

Necessary to a choire....

847 Grover Cleveland, of New York ........392

684 The report of the Committee on Perma- Allen G. Thurman, of Ohio........... 88

Thomas F. Bayard, of Delaware...... 168

81% nent Organization was then made; the Samuel J. Randall, of Penn name of W. H. Vilas, of Wisconsin, be- Joseph E. McDonald of Indiana ing presented as President, with a list of Rosweli P. Flower, of New York.....! vice-presidents) one from each state) and George Hoa tly, of 'Ohio....... several secretaries and assistants, and that Samuel J. Tiiden, of New York........ i

Thomas A. Hendricks, of Indiana... 1 45% the secretaries and clerks of the temporary organization be continued under the Mr. Hendricks, of Indiana, who was de. permanent organization.

feated eight years ago on the Tilden ticket,

was nominated for Vice President by acTho Contest over the Platform,

clamation. There was a two-days contest in the Com The Kelly and Butler elements of the mittee on Resolutions over the adoption of Convention, at all of the important stages, the revenue features of the Platform. It manifested their hostility to Cleveland, advocated the collection of revenue for but there was no open bolt, and the Con. public uses exclusively, the italicized word vention completed' its work after sitting being the subject of the controversy. It four days. was retained by a vote of 20 to 18. Το [In the Book of Platform is given the avoid extended debate in the Convention Democratic Platform in full, and its tariff an agreement was made that Gen. Butler plank will be found in comparison with should make a minority report, and that the Republican in the same book.]

78 56

1

THE CAMPAIGN OF 1884.

In what were regarded as the pivotal American League," the “ Land League," States the campaign of 1884, was attended the “ Clan na Gael,” etc., there supporters with the utmost interest and excitement. of Blaine were found, and these were by Blaine, the most brilliant political leader of a singular coincidence most numerous in modern times, was acceptable to all of the the doubtful States of New York, New more active and earnest elements of the Jersey, Connecticut, Ohio and Indiana. Republican party, and the ability with Cleveland's nomination by the Democrats which he had championed the protective had angered the Tammany wing of the system and a

more aggressive foreign party in New York, and not until very policy, attracted very many Irishmen close to the election was a reconciliation who had formerly been Democrats. The effected. Tilden had from the first young and more intelligent leaders of favored Cleveland, and with Daniel Manthis element promptly espoused the ning as his manager in New York, no cause of the Republicans, and their action effort was spared to heal Democratic caused a serious division in the Demo- divisions and to promote them in the cratic ranks. Wherever Irish-Americans Republican ranks. Thus the Indepen. were sufficiently numerous to form so- dent or Civil Service wing of the Repubcieties of their own, such as the “Irish-llican party, which in Boston and New

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York cities, and in the cities of Connecti- the Democratic majority in West Vir-
cut, confessed attachment to free trade, ginia.
was easily rallied under the Democratic From this time forward the battle on
banner. ' In convention in New York the part of the Republicans was hopeful;
city this element denounced Blaine on on the part of the Democrats desperate
what it pronounced a paramount moral but not despairing. Senator Barnum, the
issue, and for a time such brilliant orators Chairman of the Democratic National
as Rev. Henry Ward Beecher, George W. Committee, was a skilled and trained pol-
Curtis and Carl Schurz, rang the itician, and he sedulously cultivated In-
changes " upon the moral questions pre- dependent and Prohibition defection in
sented by the canvass. They were halted New York, Connecticut, New Jersey, Wis-
by scandals about Cleveland, and the consin and Indiana. Whether the scan-
Maria Halpin story, almost too indecent dals growing out of the result be true or
for historical reference, became a promi- false, every political observer could see
nent feature of the campaign with the that the elements named were under at
acquiescence, if not under the direction least the partial direction of the Demo-
of the Republican managers. Many of cratic National Committee, for their sup-
our best thinkers deplored the shape thus port was inconsiderable in States where
given to the canvass, but the responsi- they were not needed in crippling the
bility for it is clearly traceable to the chances of the Republicans. The Republi-
plan of campaign instituted by the Inde- can National Committee, headed by ÄIr. B.
pendents, or "Mugwumps," as they were F. Jones, of Pennsylvania, an earnest and
called "Mugwump" implying a small able, but an untrained leader, did not
leader.

seek to check these plain efforts at defecOnly Ohio, West Virginia and Iowa tion. This Committee thought, and at remained as October States, and in the the time seemed to be justified in the beheight of the canvass all eyes were turned lief that the defection of Irish-Americans upon Ohio. In all of the Western States in the same States would more than both of the great parties had been dis- counterbalance all of the Independent tracted by prohibitory and high license and Prohibitory defection. The Republiissues, and Ohio, -because of temperance cans were likewise aided by General Butagitations, which still remained as dis- ler, who ran as the Greenback or "Peoturbing elements-had drifted into the ple's ” candidate, as he called himself. It Democratic column. If it were again would have done it easily, but for an accilost to the Republicans, their national dent, possibly a trick, on the Thursday campaign would practically have ended preceding the November election. Mř. then and there, so far as reasonable hopes Blaine was at the Fifth Avenue Hotel in could be entertained for the election of New York, and among the many delegaBlaine. This fact led to an extraordinary tions which visited him was one of three effort to influence favorable action there, hundred ministers who wished to show and both Blaine and Logan made tours their confidence in his moral and intelof the State, and speeches at the more lectual fitness for the Chief Magistracy. important points. Mr. Blaine first went The oldest of the ministers present was to New York city, thence through New Mr. Burchard, and he was assigned to Jersey, speaking at night at all import- deliver the address. In closing it he reant points on the Pennsylvania Railroad, ferred to what he thought ought to be a and was the following day received by common opposition to “ Rum, Romanism the Union League of Philadelphia. In and Rebellion,"—an alliteration which the evening he reviewed a procession of not only awakened the wrath of the 20,000 uniformed men. He then returned Democracy, but which quickly estranged to New York, not yet having uttered a many of the Irish-American supporters partisan sentence, but in passing west- of Blaine and Logan. Mr. Blaine on the ward through its towns, he occasionally two following days tried to counteraet the referred to their progress under the sys- effects of an imprudence for which he tem of protection. "Reaching Ohio, he was in no way responsible, but the aliita spoke more and more plainly of the eration was instantly and everywhere emisues of the canvass as his journey pro-ployed to revive religious issues and ceeded, and wherever he went his hatreds, and to such an extent that circu. speeches commanded national comment lars were distributed at the doors of and attention. His plain object was, for Catholic churches, implying that Blaine the time at least, to smother local issues himself had used the offensive words. A by the graver national ones, and he did more unexpected blow was never known this with an ability which has never been in our political history; it was quite as matched in the history of American sudden and more damaging than the oratory: The result was a victory for the Morey forgery at the close of the Garfield Republicans in October; they carried campaign. It determined the result

, and Ohio by about 15,000, and greatly reduced I was the most prominent of half a dozen

that in the effort to determine whether or Of the four suggestions, the first, second not our nomination was the free and un- and fourth are so inadequate as to need no biased choice of the Republican party we separate discussion: the third, which alone must not be candidates, is simply to try may demand attention, has the fatal defect the question at issue. We have no de- of not including the withdrawal of that sire to discuss the question in any of its “slated” ticket which was made up many numerous bearings. We have placed our months ago, and long in advance of the selves unreservedly in the hands of the Harrisburg Convention, to represent and Republicans of l'ennsylvania. We have to maintain the very evilo of control and pledged ourselves to act concurrently with abuses of method to which we stand opyour committee, and are bound by its ac- posed. This proposition, like the others, tion. We therefore respectfully suggest that supposing it to have been sincerely put we have no power or authority to act in- forward, clearly shows that you miscondependently of the committee, or make any ceive the cause of the Independent Repubdeclaration at variance with the proposi- lican movement, as well as its aims and tions submitted in accordance with its ac- purposes. You assume that we desire to tion. There ought to be and can be no measure the respective numbers of those such thing as personal antagonism in this who support the Harrisburg ticket and contest. We socially and emphatically those who find their principles expressed disclaim even the remotest approach to a by the Philadelphia Convention. Thi feeling of this kind toward any person. a complete and fatal misapprehension. We We fraternize with and are ready to sup- are organized to promote certain reforms, port any citizen who loves the cause of and not to abandon them in pursuit of pure Republicanism, and with this decla- votes. Our object is the overthrow of the ration we submit the whole subject to your "boss system " and of the “spoils system." deliberate judgment and wise considera In behalf of this we are willing and tion.

anxious to join hands with you whenever JAMES A. BEAVER.

it is assured that the union will be honestly WILLIAM HENRY RAWLE,

and earnestly for that purpose. But we MARRIOTT BROSIUS.

cannot make alliances or agree to comW. T. DAVIES.

promises that in their face threaten the JOHN M. GREER.

very object of the movement in which we

have engaged. Whether your ticket has Committee, July 27th, the propositions of the support of many or few, of a majority the Regular Committee were unanimously

or a minority of the Republican voters, rejected, and a committee appointed to

does not affect in the smallest degree the draft a reply, which was done in the fol- duty of every citizen to record himself

against the abuses which it represents. lowing terms:

Had the gentlemen who compose it been Thomas V. Cooper, Esq., Chairman Repub- willing to withdraw themselves from the lican State Committee.

field, as they were invited to join in doing, Dear Sir: I am instructed to advise you for the common good, by the Independent that the Independent Republican State Republican candidates, this act would Committee have considered the four sug- have encouraged the hope that a new con; gestions contained in the minutes of the vention, freely chosen by the people, and proceedings of your committee, forwarded unembarrassed by claims of existing canto me by you on the 12th instant.

didates, might have brought forth the I am directed to say that this committee needed' guarantee of party emancipation find that none of the four are methods and public reform. fitted to obtain a harmonious and honora

This service, however, they have deble unity of the Republican voters of clined to render their party; they not only Pennsylvania. All of them are inadequate claim and receive your repeated assurances to that end, for the reason that they afford of support, but they permit themselves to no guarantee that, being accepted, the be put forward to secure the use of the Inprinciples upon which the Independent dependent Republican votes at the same Republicans have taken their stand would time that they represent the "bessism,”. be treated with respect or put into action. the “spoils” methods, and the “machine" All of them contain the probability that management which we are determined no an attempt to unite the Republicans of the longer to tolerate. The manner in which State by their means would either result their candidacy was decreed, the means in reviving and strengthening the political employed to give it convention formality, dictatorship which we condemn or would the obligations which they incur by it, the permanently distract the Republican body, political methods with which it identifies and insure the future and continued them, and the political and personal plans triumph of our common opponent, the for which their official influence would be Democratic party.

required, all join to make it the most im.

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perative public duty not to give them sup- | House at Washington are giving active port at this election under any circum- work to the passage of a tariff bill, the restances.

peal of the revenue taxes, and the passage In closing this note, this committee of a two-cent letter postage bill-measures must express its regret, that, having con- anxiously hastened by the Republicans in eidered it desirable to make overtures to order to anticipate friendly and defeat unthe Independent Republicans, you should friendly attempts on the part of the have so far misapprehended the facts of Democratic House, which comes in with the situation. It is our desire to unite the the first session of the 48th Congress. Republican party on the sure ground of In Pennsylvania, as we close this review principle

, in the confidence that we are of the struggle of 1882, the Regular and thus serving it with the highest fidelity, and Independent Republican State Committees preserving for the future service of the -at least the heads thereof-are devising Commonwealth that vitality of Repub- a plan to jointly call a Republican State licanism which has made the party useful Convention to nominate the State ticket in the past, and which alone confers upon to be voted for in November, 1883. The it now the right of continued existence. groundswell was so great that it had no The only method which promises this re- sooner passed, than Republicans of all sult in the approaching election is that shades of opinion, felt the need of harproposed by the Independent Republican monious action, and the leaders everycandidates in their letter of July 13th, where set themselves to the work of repair. 1882, which was positively rejected by The Republicans in the South differed your committee.

from those of the North in the fact that On behalf of the Independent Repub- their complaints were all directed against lican State Committee of Pennsylvania, a natural political enemy—the Bourbons1. D. McKEE, Chairman. and wherever there was opportunity they

favored and entered into movements with With this communication ended all Independent and Readjuster Democrats, efforts at conciliation.

with the sole object of revolutionizing

political affairs in the South. Their sucThe election followed, and the Demo- cess in these combinations was only great cratic ticket, headed by Robert E. Pattison in Virginia, but it proved to be promising of Philadelphia, received average in North Carolina, Mississippi, and Louisiplurality of 40,000, and the Independent ana, and may take more definite and Republican ticket' received an average generalshape in thegreatcampaign of 1884. vote of about 43,000-showing that while The Deinocratic party was evidently Independence organized did not do as well surprised at its great victory in 1882, and in a gubernatorial as it had in a previous has not yet formally resolved what it will off-year

, it yet had force enough to defeat do with it. The Congress beginning with the Republican State ticket headed by December, 1883, will doubtless give some Gen. James A. Beaver. All of the three indication of the drift of Democratic sereral State tickets were composed of events. ble men, and the force of both of the The most notable law passed in the Republican tickets on the hustings excited closing session of the 47th Congress, was great interest and excitement; yet the the Civil Service Reform Bill, introduced Republican vote, owing to the division, by Senator Geo. H. Pendleton of Ohio, was not out by nearly one hundred thou- but prepared under the direction of the sand, and fifty thousand more Republicans Senate Judiciary Committee. The Rethan Democrats remained at home, many publicans, feeling that there was of thom purposely. In New York, where public demand for the passage of a dissatisfaction had no rallying point, about measure of the kind, eagerly rushed to its two hundred thousand Republicans re- support, at a time when it was apparent mained at home, some because of anger at that the spoils of office might slip from the defeat of Gov. Cornell in the State their hands. From opposite motives the vominating convention-some in protest Democrats, who had previously encouragainst the National Administrations, aged, now ran away from it, but it passed which was accused of the desire for direct both' Houses with almost a solid Repubendorsement where it presented the name lican vote, a few Democrats in each House of Hon Chas. J. Folger, its Secretary of voting with them. President Arthur the Treasury, as the home gubernatorial signed the bill, but at this writing the candidate, mothers because of some of the Commission which it creates has not been many reasons set forth in th. bill of appointed, and of course none of the rules complaints which enumerates the causes and constructions under the act have been of the dissatisfaction within the party,

formulated. Its basic principles are fixed At this writing the work of Republican tenure in minor places, competitive exrepair is going on. Both the Senate and aminations, and non-partisan selections,

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that in the effort to determine whether or Of the four suggestions, the first, second not our nomination was the free and un- and fourth are so inadequate as to need no biased choice of the Republican party we separate discussion: the third, which alone must not be candidates, is simply to try may demand attention, has the fatal defect the question at issue. We have no de- of not including the withdrawal of that sire to discuss the question in any of its slated” ticket which was made up many numerous bearings. We have placed our- months ago, and long in advance of the selves unreservedly in the hands of the Harrisburg Convention, to represent and Republicans of Pennsylvania. We have to maintain the very evils of control and pledged ourselves to act concurrently with abuses of method to which we stand opyour committee, and are bound by its ac- posed. This proposition, like the others, tion. We therefore respectfully suggest that supposing it to have been sincerely put we have no power or authority to act in- forward, clearly shows that you miscondependently of the committee, or make any ceive the cause of the Independent Repubdeclaration at variance with the proposi- lican movement, as well as its aims and tions submitted in accordance with its ac- purposes. You assume that we desire to tion. There ought to be and can be no measure the respective numbers of those such thing as personal antagonism in this who support the Harrisburg ticket and contest. We socially and emphatically those who find their principles expressed disclaim even the remotest approach to å by the Philadelphia Convention. This is feeling of this kind toward any person. a complete and fatal misapprehension. We We fraternize with and are ready to sup- are organized to promote certain reforms, port any citizen who loves the cause of and not to abandon them in pursuit of pure Republicanism, and with this decla- votes. Our object is the overthrow of the ration we submit the whole subject to your “boss system " and of the “spoils system." d-liberate judgment and wise considera In behalf of this we are willing and tion.

anxious to join hands with you whenever JAMES A. BEAVER.

it is assured that the union will be honestly WILLIAM HENRY RAWLE,

and earnestly for that purpose. But we MARRIOTT BROSIUS.

cannot make alliances or agree to comW. T. DAVIES.

promises that in their face threaten the John M. GREER.

very object of the movement in which we At the meeting of the Independent State the support of many or few, of a majority

have engaged. Whether your ticket has Conimittee, July 27th, the propositions of the Regular Committee were unanimously does not affect in the smallest degree the

or a minority of the Republican voters, rejected, and a committee appointed to draft a reply, which was done in the fol- duty of every citizen to record himself

against the abuses which it represents. lowing terms:

Had the gentlemen who compose it been Thomas V. Cooper, Esq., Chairman Repub- willing to withdraw themselves from the lican State Committee.

field, as they were invited to join in doing, Dear Sir: I am instructed to advise you for the common good, by the Independent that the Independent Republican State Republican candidates, this act would Committee have considered the four sug- have encouraged the hope that a new con, gestions contained in the minutes of the vention, freely chosen by the people, and proceedings of your committee, forwarded unembarrassed by claims of existing canto me by you on the 12th instant.

didates, might have brought forth the I am directed to say that this committee needed' guarantee of party emancipation find that none of the four are methods and public reform. fitted to obtain a harmonious and honora

This service, however, they have deble unity of the Republican voters of clined to render their party; they not only Pennsylvania. All of them are inadequate claim and receive your repeated assurances to that end, for the reason that they afford of support, but they permit themselves to no guarantee that, being accepted, the be put forward to secure the use of the Inprinciples upon which the Independent dependent Republican votes at the same Republicans have taken their stand would time that they represent the "bossism,", be treated with respect or put into action. the“ spoils" methods, and the "machine" All of them contain the probability that management which we are determined 10 an attempt to unite the Republicans of the longer to tolerate. The manner in which State by their means would either result their candidacy was decreed, the means in reviving and strengthening the political employed to give it convention formality, dictatorship which we condemn or would the obligations which they incur by it, the permanently distract the Republican body, political methods with which it identifies and insure the future and continued them, and the political and personal plans triumph of our common opponent, the for which their official influence would be Democratic party.

required, all join to make it the most im.

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