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that in the effort to determine whether or Of the four suggestions, the first second not our nomination was the free and un- and fourth are so inadequate as to need no biased choice of the Republican party we separate discussion: the third, which alone must not be candidates, is simply to try may demand attention, has the fatal defect the question at issue. We have no de- of not including the withdrawal of that sire to discuss the question in any of its “slated" ticket which was made up many namerous bearings. We have placed our- months ago, and long in advance of the selves unreservedly in the hands of the Harrisburg Convention, to represent and Republicans of Pennsylvania. We have to maintain the very evils of control and pledged ourselves to act concurrently with abuses of method to which we stand opyour committee, and are bound by its ac- posed. This proposition, like the others, cion. We therefore respectfully suggest that supposing it to have been sincerely put we have no power or authority to act in- forward, clearly shows that you miscondependently of the committee, or make any ceive the cause of the Independent Repubdeclaration at variance with the proposi- lican movement, as well as its aims and tions submitted in accordance with its ac- purposes. You assume that we desire to tion. There ought to be and can be no measure the respective numbers of those such thing as personal antagonism in this who support the Harrisburg ticket and contest. We socially and emphatically those who find their principles expressed disclaim even the remotest approach to a by the Philadelphia Convention. This is feeling of this kind toward any person. a complete and fatal misapprehension. We We fraternize with and are ready to sup- are organized to promote certain reforms, port any citizen who loves the cause of and not to abandon them in pursuit of pure Republicanism, and with this decla- votes. Our object is the overthrow of the ration we submit the whole subject to your "boss system " and of the “spoils system." deliberate judgment and wise considera In behalf of this we are willing and tion.

anxious to join hands with you whenever JAMES A. BEAVER.

it is assured that the union will be honestly WILLIAM HENRY RAWLE,

and earnestly for that purpose. But we MARRIOTT BROSIUS.

cannot make alliances or agree to comW. T. DAVIES.

promises that in their face threaten the John M. GREER.

very object of the movement in which we At the meeting of the Independent State the support of many or few of a majority

have engaged. Whether your ticket has Committee, July 27th, the propositions of the Regular Committee were unanimously

or a minority of the Republican voters, rejected, and a committee appointed to

does not affect in the smallest degree the draft a reply, which was done in the fol- duty of every citizen to record himself lowing terms:

against the abuses which it represents.

Had the gentlemen who compose it been Thomas V. Cooper, Esq., Chairman Repub- willing to withdraw themselves from the lican State Committee.

field, as they were invited to join in doing, Dear Sir: I am instructed to advise you for the common good, by the Independent that the Independent Republican State Republican candidates, this act would Committee have considered the four sug- have encouraged the hope that a new congestions contained in the minutes of the vention, freely chosen by the people, and proceedings of your committee, forwarded unembarrassed by claims of existing canto me by you on the 12th instant. didates, might have brought forth the

I am directed to say that this committee needed guarantee of party emancipation find that none of the four are methods and public reform. fitted to obtain a harmonious and honora This service, however, they have deble unity of the Republican voters of clined to render their party; they not only Pennsylvania. All of them are inadequate claim and receive your repeated assurances to that end, for the reason that thoy afford of support, but they permit themselves to no guarantee that, being accepted, the be put forward to secure the use of the Inprinciples upon which the Independent dependent Republican votes at the same Republicans have taken their stand would time that they represent the "bossism,”. be treated with respect or put into action. the “spoils" methods, and the “machine" All of them contain the probability that management which we are determined no an attempt to unite the Republicans of the longer to tolerate. The manner in which State by their means would either result their candidacy was decreed, the means in reviving and strengthening the political employed to give it convention formality, dictatorship which we condemn or would the obligations which they incur by it, the permanently distract the Republican body, political methods with which it identifies and insure the future and continued them, and the political and personal plans triumph of our common opponent, the for which their official influence would be Democratic party.

required, all ioin to make it the most im.

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an

perative public duty not to give them sup- House at Washington are giving active port at this election under any circum- work to the passage of a tariff bill, the restances.

peal of the revenue taxes, and the passage In closing this note, this committee of a two-cent letter postage bill-measures must express its regret, that, having con- anxiously hastened by the Republicans in sidered ít desirable to make overtures to order to anticipate friendly and defeat unthe Independent Republicans, you should friendly attempts on the part of the have so far misapprehended the facts of Democratic House, which comes in with the situation. It is our desire to unite the the first session of the 48th Congress. Republican party on the sure ground of In Pennsylvania, as we close this review principle, in the confidence that we are of the struggle of 1882, the Regular and thus serving it with the highest fidelity, and Independent Republican State Committees preserving for the future service of the --at least the heads thereof-are devising Compionwealth that vitality of Repub- a plan to jointly call a Republican State licanism which has made the party useful Convention to nominate the State ticket in the past, and which alone confers upon to be voted for in November, 1883. The it now the right of continued existence. groundswell was so great that it had no The only method which promises this re- sooner passed, than Republicans of all sult in the approaching election is that shades of opinion, felt the need of har. proposed by the Independent Republican monious action, and the leaders everycandidates in their letter of July 13th, where set themselves to the work of repair. 1882, which was positively rejected by The Republicans in the South differed your committee.

from those of the North in the fact that On behalf of the Independent Repub- their complaints were all directed against lican State Committee of Pennsylvania, a natural political enemy-the BourbonsL. D. MCKEE, Chairman. and wherever there was opportunity they

favored and entered into movements with With this communication ended all Independent and Readjuster Democrats, efforts at conciliation.

with the sole object of revolutionizing

political affairs in the South. Their sucThe election followed, and the Demo- cess in these combinations was only great cratic ticket, headed by Robert E. Pattison in Virginia, but it proved to be promising of Philadelphia, received average in North Carolina, Mississippi, and Louisiplurality of 40,000, and the Independent ana, and may take more definite and Republican ticket received an average generalshape in the great campaign of 1884. vote of about 43,000—showing that while The Democratic party was evidently Independence organized did not do as well surprised at its great victory in 1882, and in a gubernatorial as it had in a previous has not yet formally resolved what it will off-year, it yet had force enough to defeat do with it. The Congress beginning with the Republican State ticket headed by December, 1883, will doubtless give some Cien. James A. Beaver. All of the three indication of the drift of Democratic several State tickets were composed of events. ablo men, and the force of both of the The most notable law passed in the Republican tickets on the hustings excited closing session of the 47th Congress, was great interest and excitement; yet the the Civil Service Reform Bill, introduced Republican vote, owing to the division, by Senator Geo. H. Pendleton of Ohio, was not out by nearly one hundred thou- but prepared under the direction of the sand, and fifty thousand more Republicans Senate "Judiciary Committee. The Rethan Democrats remained at home, many publicans, feeling that there was some of them purposely. In New York, where public demand for the passage of a dissatisfaction had no rallying point, about measure of the kind, eagerly rushed to its two hundred thousand Republicans re- support, at a time when it was apparent mained at home, some because of anger at that the spoils of office might slip from the defeat of Gov. Cornell in the State their hands. From opposite motives the nominating convention-some in protest Democrats, who had previouslyencour. against the National Administrations, aged, now ran away from it, but it passed which was accused of the desire for direct both Houses with almost a solid Repubendorsement where it presented the name lican vote, a few Democrats in each House of Hon Chas. J. Folger, its Secretary of voting with them. President Arthur the Treasury, as the home gubernatorial signed the bill, but at this writing the candidate,-others because of some of the Commission which it creates has not been many reasons set forth in th: bill of appointed, and of course none of the rules complaints which enumerates the causes and constructions under the act have been of the dissatisfaction within the party,

formulated. Its basic principles are fixed At this writing the work of Republican tenure in minor places, competitive exrepair is going on. Both the Senate and aminations, and non-partisan selections.

POLITICAL CHANGES-1883.

In the fall of 1883 nearly all of the States where the Republican State ticket received swept by the tidal wave of 1882 showed about 20,000 majority, after the reunion of that it had either partially or completely the Regular and Independent factions. receded, and for the first time since the In Pennsylvania the efforts at reconcilia. close of the Hayes administration (always tion made in the Continental Conference, excepting the remarkable Garfield-Han- and in subsequent conventions, gave fruit cock campaign), the Republican party ex. in 1883, and at this writing in July, 1884 hibited plain signs of returning unity and there is no mark of division throughout the strength. Henry Ward Beecher has wittily entire State, if we except such as must insaid that “ following the war the nation evitably follow the plain acceptance of needed a poultice, and got it in the Hayes Free Trade and Protective issues. Very administration." 'The poultice for a time few of the Republicans of Pennsylvania only drew the sores into plainer view, and favor Free Trade, and only in the ranks of healing potions were required for the con- this few could any division be traced after tests immediately following. The divisions the close of the elections of 1883. of 1882 were as much the result of the non Ohio was an exception to the Republican action of the Hayes administration, as of work of reconciliation. Division still conthe misunderstandings and feuds which tinued, and Judge Hoadly, a leading later on found bitter manifestation between and very talented Democrat, was elected the Stalwarts and Half Breeds of New Governor by about 15,000 majority, after a York.

contest which involved the expenditure of The Independents took no organized form large sums of money. In the Convention except in New York and Pennsylvania, and which nominated Hoadly, Senator Penyet the underlying causes of division for the dleton was practically overthrown because time swept from their Republican moorings of his attachment to the Civil Service law not only the States named, but also Massa- which takes his name, and later on he was chusetts, Connecticut, Ohio, Indiana, defeated for U. S. Senator by Mr. Payne, Michigan, Kansas, Colorado and Califor- the McLean and Bookwalter factions nia.

uniting for his overthrow, which was acThe year 1882 seemed the culmination complished Jespite the efforts of Thurman, of every form of Republican division, and Ward and other leaders of the older ele then everything in the States named gave ments of the party. Both the Hoadly and place to faction. Very wisely the Repub- Payne battles were won under the banners lican leaders determined to repair the mis- of the “Young Democracy." chief, as far as possible, in the otherwise Any compilation of the returns of 1883 uneventful year of 1883. Their efforts must be measurably imperfect, for in only were in most instances successful, especially a few of the States were important and de in Massachusetts where Robinson over- cisive battles waged. Such as they were, threw Gen. Butler's State administration however, are given in the table on the next by 20,000 majority; in Pennsylvania, page:

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Sente Elootions of 1882 and 1883, compared with the Presidential Election of 1880.

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4,079

120

1,545

combined.
Regular and Independent Republican vote is combined. * Vote of the two Democratic candid atos is
pote was taken. In Georgia, Congressmen-at-Large was taken. The vote for Chief Judge. The
others the principal State officer was taken, where State officers were not elected, the Congressional
Lieutenant-Governor was taken, ag being, from special causes, a fairer test of party strength. In the
corbined on Judge.' + American, 707;

scattering, 989. Scattering, 106. & in these states the vote on State officers chosen, excluding Secretary of State. In Nebraska, Democratic and Anti-Monopoly vote

• In Connecticut, the vote for Sheriff is taken. In New York, the average vote on four of the five

Alabama
Arkansas
California
Colorado.
*Connectiout
Delaware
Florida
Georgia
Illinois
Indiana
TOW&
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine..
Maryland
Maseachusettts
Michigan
Minnesota.
Mississippi
Missouri.
Nebraska.
Nevada.
New Hampshire
New Jersey
New York,
North Carolina.
Ohio. .
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island.
South Carolina.
Tennessee.
Texas.
Vermont
Virginia
West Virginia
Wisconsin.

56,221
42,436
80,348
27,450
67,071
14,133
23,654
54,086
318,137
232,164
183,927
121,549
106,3016
38,637
74,039
78,515
165,205
185,341
93,93
34,854
153,567
64,979

8.732
44,852
120,555
655,144
115,874
375,048

20,619
444,704
18,195
58,111
107,677
57,893
45,567
84,020
46,243
144,400

91.185 4,642
60,775
80,426 3,392
24,647

1,435
64,416 868
15,275
27,964
102,470

969
277,321 26,358
225,522 12,986
105,845 32,701

19,801 19,851
149,068 11,499
65,067 439
65,171 4,408
93,706 818
111,960 4,548
131,597 34,895
63,315 3,267
75,750 5,797
200.699 35,135
28,523 3,960

9,613
40,794 528
122,565 2,617
534,511 12,373
124,208 1,126
340,821 6,456

19.948 249
407,428 20,668

20,779 236
112,312 556
128,191 5,917
166,428 27,405

18,316 1,215
128,586

57,391 9,079
114,649 7,986

46,386 100,531
49,352 87,675 10,142
67,175 940),634 1,020

5,772
29,897
40 54,863

59,014

607

1,034 61,749 46,146
10,088 12,063
20,139 24,067 3,533
24,930 81,443 68

23,680
443 254,651 249,067 11,306 11,202

210,234 220,918 13,520
692 149,051 112,180 30,817

164,182 139,093 23,089
298,166 261,547 223,300
258 79,036 110,813 736

89,181 133,615
33,963 49.892
93 72,724 63,852 1,302 335
74,515 80,725
1,833
80,707 92,694

1,881
682 2134,358 116,678 24,033 22,141 160,092 150,228

13,950
942 157,925 149,443 21,572 1,440 122,330 127,376
286 92,802 46,653 3,781

72,404 57,859
30,282

48,169
128,239 198,620 33,407
43,495 28,562 16,991

52,305 47,796
17,362 16.906
180 38,299 36,879 449 338
191 97,860 99,962 6,063 2,004 97,047 103,856

4,153
1,617 2409,422 1482,822 110,527 116,234 429,252 445,817

19,368
111,320 111.763
2,616 297,759 316,874 5,346 | 12,202 347,164

359,793

8,362
21,181 20,069
1,939 359,232 1355,791 123,996 15,196 319,106 302,031

6,602
20 10,066
5,311 120

13,068

10,307
67,458 17,719
43 **91,693 **123,929 | **9,538

41,761 142,087 41,825
36,839 14,466 1,635
100,690 94,184

43,440 46,661
69 94,606 103,630 2,496 13,800
10,305 3,620,844 4,051,035 277,691 76,303 1,998,587 2,040,890 40,629 54,316
130,195

42,303 8,025,976

4,134,458

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POLITICAL CHANGES-1883.

In the fall of 1883 nearly all of the States where the Republican State ticket received swept by the tidal wave of 1882 showed about 20,000 majority, after the reunion of that it had either partially or completely the Regular and Independent factions. receded, and for the first time since the In Pennsylvania the efforts at reconcilia. close of the Hayes administration (always tion made in the Continental Conference, excepting the remarkable Garfield-Han- and in subsequent conventions, gave fruit cock campaign), the Republican party ex. in 1883, and at this writing in July, 1884 hibited plain signs of returning unity and there is no mark of division throughout the strength. Henry Ward Beecher has wittily entire State, if we except such as must in. said that “ following the war the nation evitably follow the plain acceptance of needed a poultice, and got it in the Hayes Free Trade and Protective issues. Very administration.” The poultice for a time few of the Republicans of Pennsylvania only drew the sores into plainer view, and favor Free Trade, and only in the ranks of healing potions were required for the con- this few could any division be traced after tests immediately following. The divisions the close of the electious of 1883. of 1882 were as much the result of the non Ohio was an exception to the Republican action of the Hayes administration, as of work of reconciliation. Division still conthe misunderstandings and feuds which tinued, and Judge Hoadly, a leading later on found bitter manifestation between and very talented Democrat, was elected the Stalwarts and Half Breeds of New Governor by about 15,000 majority, after a York.

contest which involved the expenditure of The Independents took no organized form large sums of money. In the Convention except in New York and Pennsylvania, and which nominated 'Hoadly, Senator Penyet the underlying causes of division for the dleton was practically overthrown because time swept from their Republican moorings of his attachment to the Civil Service law not only the States named, but also Massa- which takes his name, and later on he was chusetts, Connecticut, Ohio, Indiana, defeated for U, S. Senator by Mr. Payne, Michigan, Kansas, Colorado and Califor- the McLean and Bookwalter factions nia.

uniting for his overthrow, which was acThe year 1882 seemed the culmination complished Jespite the efforts of Thurman, of every form of Republican division, and Ward and other leaders of the older ele. then everything in the States named gave ments of the party. Both the Hoadly and place to faction. Very wisely the Repub- Payne battles were won under the banners lican leaders determined to repair the mis- of the “Young Democracy.” chief, as far as possible, in the otherwise Any compilation of the returns of 1883 uneventful year of 1883. Their efforts must be measurably imperfect, for in only were in most instances successful, especially a few of the States were important and dein Massachusetts where Robinson over- cisive battles waged. Such as they were, threw Gen. Butler's State administration however, are given in the table on the next by 20,000 majority; in Pennsylvania, 1 page:

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