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A. C. "hereby assure all our Subjects, of what Quality 1689.

“soever, let their Crimes against us be never to

great, that if in Twenty four Days after our Appearance in Perlon in our Kingdom of England

they return to their Obedience, by deserting our “ Enemies and joining with us, we will grant “them our full Pardon, and all paft Miscarriages “shall be forgot ; lo little do we delight in the

Blood or Ruin of our people. But if after this

our Gracious Condescention they shall yet con“cinue to allilt our Enemies and Rebels, we do, “ before God, charge all the Blood which shall be " afterwards shed, upon them and their Adherents,

and we doubt not, bythe Bleiling of God upon our

Arms, to force the most Obitinate to their Duty, " though as we have made appear in reducing our

Rebellious Subjects in this Kingdom, we defire to use no other than Lenity and Mercy.

H

On the 12th of May a Bill was brought into the House of Commons by Chief Justice Nupcut, for Repealing the 117 of Settlement, which, without any opposition, was read three times and sent to the Lords. In the Upper House the Bishop of Meath very learnedly argued against the Bili, alledging, amongst other Objetions, That no Penalty was provided on such as enter'd Estates without Injunctions; nor Considerations for Improvements; nor saving for Remainders; nor time given to Tenants and Possessors to remove their Stock and Corn; nor Provisions for Protestant Widdows, and that it allow'd only Reprizals for Original Purchase Money, which was hard to make out, and was an injury to the second or third Purchaser. But notwithstanding the Validity of these Reasons, back'd by

an Address to King James from Judge Keating, in
The set of behalf of the Purchasers under the act of Set-
Settlement tlement; and notwithstanding his Majesty's An-
Repealid. swer to Keating, That he would not do Evil that Good

might come on't, Yet Chancellor Filton's Arguments
prevaild, and the Bill receiv'd the Royal Aflent,
and past into an Act : Nor indeed could it be ex-
pected otherwise, the Majority of both Houses

confifting

2

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consisting of Roman Catholicks, on whom King A. C.
Fames had his Sole Dependance, and who were the 1689.
Sons and Descendants of those Persons that had for-
feired their Estates for their bloody Rebellion in
1641.

To give still a more fatal Blow, there was an Act. All of Al.
of Atrainder past in Parliament, in order to which (ainder in
every Member of the House of Commons return a Ireland.
the Names of all such Protestant Gentlemen as liv'd
near them, or in the County (or Borough for which
they serv'd. When this Bill was presented to the
King for his Aflent, the Speaker of the House of
Commons told him; That many were attainted in that
Act upon such Evidence as satisfied the House, and the
rest upon Common Fame. In this black Act there were
no fewer attainted than 2 Archbishops, 1 Duke,
17 Earls, 7 Countesses, 28 Viscounts, 2 Viscoun-
testes, 7 Bishops, 18 Barons, 33 Baronets, si Knights,
83 Clergymen, 2182 Esquires and Gentlemen :
and all of them, unheard, declar'd Traytors, and ad-
judg’d to suffer the Pains of Death and Forfeiture. The
famous Proscription at Rome during the last Trium-
virare, came not up, in some respects, to the Hor-
rors of this; for there were Condemn'd in this lit-
tle Kingdom more than double the Number that
were Profcrib'd through the vast extent of the Roman
Empire. And to make this of Ireland yet the more
terrible and unavoidable, the Act it self was con-
ceald, and no Protestant allow'd a Copy of it till
four Months after it was past; whereas in that of
Rome, the Names of the Persons proscrib'd were
affix'd upon all the publick Places of the City the
very Day the Profcription was Decreed, and there-
by opportunity was given to many to preserve them-
selves by a speedy Flight. This Anti-Parliament
(if I may so call it ) after they had made some o-
ther Acts, and amongst the rest one for Liberty of
Conscience, was Prorogued on the the 20th of July,
to the 12th of January ensuing; and so ended this
Seflion, whose Proceedings occasion'd no less Di-
sturbance in the Kingdom of Ireland than the War
it felf.

A.C. It was not thought enough that Tyrconnel had 1689. stop'd the Maintainance of the University of Dublin,

but upon King James's arrival, the Vice-President, Fellows and Scholars were all farther proceeded against and turn'd out ; their Furniture. Library and Communion-Plate feiz'd, and every thing that belong'd to the College, and to the private Fel. lows and Scholars taken away. All this was done notwithstanding that when they waited upon King James at his first coming to Dublin, he was pleas'd

to promise them ; That he would preserve them in their Wel

Liberties and Properties, and rather augment than diwood's

minish their Privileges and Immunities, that had been Memoirs, pag. 235. granted them by his Predecesors. In the House they

. put a Garrifon, and turn'd the Chappel into a Ma. gazine, and the Chambers into Prisons for Protestants. One More a Popill Priest was made Provoft, and one Mackarty, also a Priest, Librarykeeper, and the whole design'd for them and their Fraternity. One Archbishoprick, feveral Bishopricks, and a great many other Dignities and Livings of the Church were delignedly kept Vacant, and the Revenues first paid into the Exchequer, and

afterwards dispos’d of to Titular Bishops and Priests; while in the mean time the Cures lav neglected, fo that it appear'd plainly that the design was to de. stroy the Succession of the Protestant Clergy.men. At length things came to that height, that most of the Churches in and about Dublin were seiz'd upon by the Government, and Lutterell, Governor of

that City issued * out his Order, Commanding all * June 18. Protestants, who were not House-keepers, to depart out 1690. of the said City; and all such as were House-keepers to

deliver up their Arms, both Offensive and Defensive; and likewise forbidding above Five Protestants meeting any where upon pain of Death, or such other Punishment as a Court Martial should tbink fit: The Governor being asked, whether this was design’d to hinder meeting in Churches? He answer'd, this was design’d to prevent their Assembling there, as well as in other places ; and accordingly all the Pretestant Churches were shut up throughout the whole Kingdom.

3

Whilst King James by those despotick Methods A. C. that were suggested to him by his ill Advisers, 1689. ( chiefly by the French Ambassador, who sat Paramount in his Council ) lost daily his Interest a. mongst those who had remain’d true to him, upon a fond suppofal that the sense of his past Misfortunes would have enclin'd him to alter his Conduct; King William by Policy and Forbearance cemented his dif-jointed Government. Nor were his Majesty's Thoughts fo taken up with the Establishment of his Throne, but that at the same time he consulted the general Good of Christendom, and was attentive to the Neceflities of his Allies, who had favour'd his Expedition into England, not for the Security of the Protestant Religion, the chiefest of them being Roman Catholicks, but principally to check the growing Power of France. The Emperor's Envoy, Don Pedro de Ronquillo the Spanish Ambassador, and the Dutch Ministers represented to his Majesty how France had declar'd their Masters her Enemies for being his Friends, and earnestly prest his Majesty to proclaim War against that Crown. Over and above the Reasons of Gratitude, King William was prompted to comply with the Delires of his Confederates by that noble Ardour he ever had to suppress the Exorbitant Power of the French Monarch, but he knew the Humour and Temper of an English Parliament so well, as not to engage in an expensive War without their Consent; and therefore he managed the House of Commons so dextrously, that on the 25th of April they presented him with an Address, wherein They most Aldress of bumbly laid before his Majesty their earnest desire, that the Con his Majesty would be pleased to take into bis most tender mons ad. Confideration, the destructive Methods taken of lare

viling K. Tears by the French King, against the Trade, Quict its declare

William and Interest of this Kingdom, and particularly the pre-war so sent Invasion of Ireland, and supporting his Majesty's gaint Rebellious Subjects there. Not doubting in the least, but France, shat through' bis Majesty's Wisdom, the Alliances al. April 'as. ready made, with such as might hereafter be concluded on this occafion by his Majesty, might be offeełucl to reduce the French King 10 such a Condition, that it might nee

A. C. be in his Power bercafter to violate the peace of Chri1689. stendom, nor prejudice the Trade and Prosperity of

this Kingdom. And to this end they most humbly befought bis Majesty to rest assured upon this their solemn and bearty Promise and Encouragement, 'That when his Ma. jesty frould think fit to enter into a War against the French King, they would give his Majesty Such Aft stance in a Parliamentary way, as might enable biin to

support and go through with the same. His Ma.

To this Addrefs his Majefty Answer'd, “That jefly's Ano" He received it as a Mark of the Confidence they wer. “had in Him, which He took very kindly, and

“ should endeavour by all His Actions to confirm “ them in it. That his own Ambition should ne

ver be an Argument to encline Him to engage in a War that might expose the Nation either to Danger or Expence. But in this present Case he look'd

upon the War so much already declared in effect " by France against England, that it was not so proper

lý an Act of Choice, as an Inevitable Neceility

in their own Defence. That He should only tell " them, That as He had ventured His Life, and “ and all that was dear to Him to rescue this Nation “from what it suffered, He was ready still to do “ the same, in order to the preserving it from all “its Enemies; and as He did not doubt of such "an Afliftance from them as should be suitable to " their Advice to Him, to declare War against a “ Powerful Enemy, so they might rely upon Him, " that no part of that which they should give for

the “ carrying it on with Success, should be diverted by “ Him to any other use.

It became a Prince who ow'd his Greatness chiefly to his being the Support of the Protestant Interest, to cast an Eye of Compassion upon those who had abandon'd their pofleffions and various Callings in

France upon the fcore of Religion ; wherefore his French Majesty issued out a Proclamation, whereby He Proteftants declar'd, That finding in his Subje&ts' a true and just encou ag'd sense of their Deliverance from the Persecution lately to come threatning them for their Religion, and of the Miseries ver, April and Oppressions the French Protestants lay under, such 25. of them as faould seek tbeir Refuge in, and Transport

themselves

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