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the laws of the state as may be expedient, in addition to the special powers in this chapter granted, maintaining the peace, good government and welfare of the corporation, and its trade, commerce and manufactories, and to enforce all ordinances by inflicting fines or penalties for breach thereof, not exceeding one hundred ($100.00) dollars for anyone offence, recoverable with costs, and in default of payment to provide for confinement in prison or jail, and at hard labor upon the streets or elsewhere for the benefit of the city or village.

XIII. To regulate and prescribe the powers oMcers duties. and duties and compensation of officers not herein provided for, and to require from all officers and servants elected or appointed, bond and security for the faithful performance of their duty.

XIV. To make contracts with and authorize Gaslights. any person, company, or association, to erect gas works, and give such persons, company, or associations the exclusive privilege of furnishing gas to light the streets, lanes and alleys for any length of time, not exceeding twenty-one years.

XV. To establish,alter and change the channels General of water courses, and to wall them and cover them over, to establish, make and regulate wells, cisterns, windmills, aqueducts, and reservoirs of water and to provide for filling the same. Second: To make contracts with and authorize any person, company, or corporation to erect and maintain a system of Waterworks. waterworks and water supply, and to give such contractors the exclusive privilege for a term not exceeding twenty-five years to lay down in the

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Contract shall let to lowest bidder..

streets and alleys of said city, water mains and sup-
ply pipes, and to furnish water to such city or vil-
lage and the residents thereof, and under such reg-
ulations as to price, supply, rent of water meters,
as the council or board of trustees may from time
to time prescribe by ordinance for the protection of
the city, village, or people. The right to supervise
and control such corporation, as above provided,
shall not be waived or set aside. Third— To pro-
vide for the purchase of steam engines, and for a
supply of water for the purpose of fire protection
and public use, and for the use of the inhabitants
of such cities and villages, by the purchase, erec-
tion, or construction of a system of waterworks,
and by maintaining the same;

Provided, That all contracts for the erection or
construction of any such work, or any part thereof,
shall be let to the lowest responsible bidder there-
for, upon not less than twenty days' public notice
of the terms and conditions upon which the con-
tract is to be let having been given by publication
in a newspaper published in said city or village,
and if no newspaper is published therein, then in
some newspaper published in the county;

Provided, further, That no member of the city ed in coutract. council or board of trustees, nor the mayor, shall

be directly or indirectly interested in such con-
tract, and in all cases the council or board of trus-
tees, as the case may be, shall have the right to re-

ject any and all bids that may not be satisfactory City may issue to them. Such cities or villages may borrow money or issue bonds for the purpose, and levy

,

Officers shall not be interest

bonds.

and collect a general tax in the same manner as other municipal taxes may be levied and collected, for the purchase of steam engines and for the purchase, erection or construction, and maintenance of such waterworks, or to pay for water furnished Water fund. such city or village under contract, to an amount not exceeding seven mills on the dollar in any one year on all the property within such city or village as shown and valued upon the assessment rolls of the assessor of the proper precinct or township, in addition to the sum authorized to be levied under subdivision one of this section, and all taxes raised under this clause shall be retained in a fund known as “water fund;"

Provided, further, That no such money shall be borrowed or bonds issued unless the same shall have been authorized by a vote of the majority of the electors of such city or village to that effect. The bonds shall be bonds of the city, to be called Water bonds “water bonds,” to become due in twenty years from the date of issue, but payable at any time after five years, drawing seven per cent interest per annum, payable annually, and bonds shall not be issued under the provisions hereof to a greater amount than Maximum one hundred thousand ($100,000) dollars. For the purpose of erecting, constructing, locating, maintaining, or supplying such waterworks, any such city or village may go beyond its territorial limits, and may take, hold, and acquire rights, property, and real estate, by purchase or otherwise, and may for this purpose take, hold, and condemn Condemnation any and all necessary property and real estate in

where ,

of property.

Water tax.

the manner provided for taking and condemning of private property for public use, and the jurisdiction of such city or village to prevent any pollution or injury to the stream or source of water for the supply of such waterworks, shall extend fifteen miles beyond its corporate limits, and the council or board of trustees of such towns and villages shall have power to make and enforce all needful rules and regulations in the erection, construction, use, and management of such waterworks, and for the use of the water therefrom, and such cities or villages shall have the right and power to tax, assess, and collect from the inhabitants thereof such tax, rent, or rates, for the use and benefit of water used or supplied to them by such waterworks, as the common council or board of trustees shall deem just or expedient, and all such water rates, taxes, or rents shall be a lien upon the premises or real estate upon or for which the same is used or supplied, and such taxes, rents, or rates shall be paid and collected and such lien enforced in such manner as the common council shall by ordinance direct and provide. The expense of locating, erecting, and constructing reservoirs and hydrants for the purpose of fire protection, and the expense of constructing and laying water main pipes or such parts thereof as may be just and lawful, may be assessed upon and collected from the property and real estate especially benefited thereby, if any, in such manner as may be provided for the making of special assessments for other public improvements in such cities, towns,

commissioner.

and villages. All income received by such cities or villages from such waterworks, from the payment and collecting of water taxes, rents, rates, or assessments, shall be kept in a separate fund, and shall first be applied in the payment of running expenses and interest on bonds or money borrowed and used in the erection and construction of such waterworks, and should there be any surplus it shall be annually created into a sinking fund for the payment of water bonds or for the improvement of the works, as the common council or board of trustees may direct.

As soon as a system of water works shall have Water been established by any city, or village under the provisions of this section, the Mayor of such city or the president, of the board of trustees of such village shall nominate, and by and with the advice and consent of the city council or board of trustees, as the case may be, shall appoint a resident freeholder, who shall be known as the water commissioner of such city, or village and whose term of office, shall be for one fiscal year or until his successor shall be appointed and qualified, and annually, on the first day of May, said water commissioner shall be appointed as aforesaid; but said water commissioner may, at any time, for sufficient Removal,

, cause be removed by a two-thirds vote of said city council or board of trustees; and any vacancy occurring in said office of water commissioner by death, resignation or removal from office as aforesaid, or removal from the city or village, may be filled in the manner hereinbefore provided for the

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