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ments, how tried.

SEC. 13. No person elected to the legislature shall receive any civil appointment within this state, from the governor and senate during the term for which he has been elected. And all appointments, and all votes given for any such member for any such office or appointment, shall be void. Nor shall any member of the legislature, or any state officer, be interested, either directly or indirectly, in any contract with the state, county, or city, authorized by any law passed during the term for which he shall have been elected, or within one year after the expiration thereof.

SEC. 14. The senate and house of representa-Impreana tives, in joint convention, shall have the sole power of impeachment, but a majority of the members elect must concur therein. Upon the entertainment of a resolution to impeach by either house, the other house shall at once be notified thereof, and the two houses shall meet in joint convention for the purpose of acting upon such resolution within three days of such notification. A notice of an impeachment of any officer other than a justice of the supreme court, shall be forth with served upon the chief justice by the secretary of the senate, who shall thereupon call a session of the supreme court to meet at the capital within ten days after such notice to try the impeachment. A notice of an impeachment of a justice of the supreme court shall be served by the secretary of the senate upon the judge of the judicial district within which the capital is located, and he thereupon shall notify all the judges of the district court in

the state to meet with him within thirty days at the capital, to sit as a court to try such impeachment, which court shall organize by electing one of its number to preside. No person shall be convicted without the concurrence of two-thirds of the members of the court of impeachment, but judgment in cases of impeachment shall not extend further than removal from office and disqualification to hold and enjoy any office of honor, profit, trust in this state, but the party impeached, whether convicted or acquitted, shall nevertheless be liable to prosecution and punishment according to law. No officer shall exercise his official duties after he shall have been impeached and notified thereof, until he shall have been acquitted. (3 Neb., 464.)

SEC. 15. The legislature shall not pass local or special laws in any of the following cases, that is

Prohibited special legislation.

to say:

For granting divorces.
Changing the names of persons or places.

Laying out, opening, altering, and working roads or highways.

Vacating roads, town plats, streets, alleys, and public grounds.

Locating or changing county seats.
Regulating county and township offices.
Regulating the practice of courts of justice.

Regulating the jurisdiction and duties of justices of the peace, police magistrates, and constables.

Providing for changes of venue in civil and criminal cases.

Incorporating cities, towns, and villages, or changing or amending the charter of any town, city, or village.

Providing for the election of officers in townships, incorporated towns or cities.

Summoning or empaneling grand or petit juries.

Providing for the bonding of cities, towns, precincts, school districts, or other municipalities.

Providing for the management of public schools.
Regulating the interest on money.

The opening and conducting of any election, or designating the place of voting.

The sale or mortgage of real estate belonging to minors or others under disability.

The protection of game or fish.
Chartering or licensing ferries or toll bridges.
Remitting fines, penalties, or forfeitures.

Creating, increasing, and decreasing fees, percentages, or allowances of public officers during the term for which said officers are elected or appointed.

Changing the law of descent.

Granting to any corporation, association, or individual, the right to lay down railroad tracks, or amending existing charters for such purpose.

Granting to any corporation, association, or individual, any special or exclusive privileges, immunity, or franchise whatever. In all other cases where a general law can be made applicable, no special law shall be enacted. (4 Neb., 412; 5 Neb., 127; 8 Neb., 179, 518; 12 Neb., 94.)

Sec. 16. The legislature shall never grant any nations.

Extra compen

Salt springs.

Donations of land.

Ippropriations for expenses of government.

extra compensation to any public officer, agent, servant, or contractor, after the services shall have been rendered, or the contract entered into. Nor shall the compensation of any public officer be increased or diminished during his term of office.

SEC. 17. The legislature shall never alienate the salt springs belonging to the state.

SEC. 18. Lands under the control of the state shall never be donated to railroad companies, private corporations, or individuals.

Sec. 19. Each legislature shall make appropriations for the expenses of the government until the expiration of the first fiscal quarter after the adjournment of the next regular session, and all appropriations shall end with such fiscal quarter. And whenever it is deemed necessary to make further appropriations for deficiencies, the same shall require a two-thirds vote of all the members elected to each house, and shall not exceed the amount of revenue authorized by law to be raised in such time. Bills making appropriations for the pay of members and officers of the legislature, and for the salaries of the officers of the government, shall contain no provision on any other subject. (5 Neb., 566; 14 Neb., 444.)

SEC. 20. All offices created by this constitution shall become vacant by the death of the incumbent, by removal from the state, resignation, conviction of a felony, impeachment, or becoming of unsound mind. And the legislature shall provide by general law for the filling of such vacancy when no provision is made for that purpose in this constitution.

Vacancies in office.

Lotteries pro

drawn from

money shall

Sec. 21. The legislature shall not authorize any hibited games of chance, lottery, or gift enterprise under auy pretense, or for any purpose whatever.

Sec. 22. No allowance shall be made for the Money, how incidental expenses of any state officer except the ti casury. same be made by general appropriation and upon an account specifying each item. No be drawn from the treasury except in pursuance of a specific appropriation made by law, and on the presentation of a warrant issued by the auditor thereon, and no money shall be diverted from any appropriation made for any purpose, or taken from any fund whatever, either by joint or separate resolution. The auditor shall within sixty days after the adjournment of each session of the legislation, prepare and publish a full statement of all

moneys expended at such session, specifying the amount of each item, and to whom and for what paid. (4 Neb., 216; 5 Neb., 566; 6 Neb., 17, 517; 9 Neb., 469; 12 Neb., 408; 14 Neb., 443; 15 Neb., 458, 609.)

Sec. 23. No member of the legislature shall be Members not liable in any civil or criminal action whatever for words spoken in debate.

Sec. 24. No act shall take effect until three cal- Acts shall take endar months after the adjournment of the session at which it passed, unless in case of emergency (to be expressed in the preamble or body of the act) the legislature shall, by a vote of two-thirds of all the members elected to each house otherwise direct. All laws shall be published in book form within sixty days after the adjournment of each session,

debate.

effect, when.

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