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UNTERSUCHUNGEN UND TEXTE
AUS DER DEUTSCHEN UND ENGLISCHEN PHILOLOGIE,
herausgegeben von Alois Brandi, Gustav Roethe und Erich Schmidt.

THOMSON'S SEASONS

CRITICAL EDITION

Being a reproduction of the original texts, with all the various

readings of the later editions, historically arranged

BY

OTTO ZIPPEL

PH. D.

BERLIN
MAYER & MÜLLER

1908.

Vorliegendes Werk bildet die Ergänzung zu der 1907 erschienenen Berliner Inauguraldissertation des Herausgebers: Entstehungs- und Entwicklungsgeschichte von Thomsons "Winter'. Nebst historisch - kritischer Ausgabe der Seasons'. (Teil 1: Abhandlung.)

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1

55

183

.

Spring .

Title-page of first ed. (1728) p. 1 Dedication (1728) p. 3 – Advertisement (1728) p. 5 Contents (1729) p. 5

Argument (1730) p. 7 Text of Spring A (1728) with the variants of the later editions p. 8 – Proposals for

Printing by Subscription The Four Seasons etc. p. 54 Summer

Title-page of first ed. (1727) p. 55 - Dedication (1727) p. 57 Argument (1730) p. 59 Parallel texts of Summer A (1727) with the variants of B (1730), and

of Summer C (1744) with the variants of D (1744) p. 60 Autumn

Title-page of first ed. (1730) p. 183 Argument (1730) p. 185 Text of Autumn (1730) with the

variants of the later editions, p. 186 Winter

Title-page of first ed. (1726, March) p. 235 – Dedication (1726, March) p. 237 Preface to second ed. with three commendatory poems on Thomson (1726, June) p. 229 Argument (1730) p. 247 Text of Winter A (1726, March) with the variants of B (1726, June) p. 248 Parallel texts of Winter C (1730, 4to) with the variants of D (1730, 8vo), and of Winter E

(1744) with the variants of F (1746) p. 264 A Hymn

Text A (1730) with the variants of text B (1744)

235

334

Addenda and Corrigenda

339

192029

INTRODUCTION

A variorum edition of The Seasons, a task often promised but never fulfilled, would be a boon to students. of English literature.

EDMUND Gosse.

The present edition of Thomson's "Seasons is the first to reproduce the original texts of the Seasons together with all the various readings of the later editions. Efforts to ac. complish such a work had been made long ago, e. g. by Wordsworth, Dyce, Bell, Peter Cunningham, and others, but as the enormous mass of alterations grafted upon the first texts by the author in later years checked any attempt of appending all the variants to a single text, the task was invariably abandoned. Indeed, if the somewhat unusual difficulties were to be surmounted, an apparatus not commonly employed in ordinary editions was required. In order to enable the student to obtain a clear idea of the development of the texts and of the innovations peculiar to each revision, it has been thought advisable to reprint the first texts in full and to add the alterations of the various later publications under separate historically arranged headings (B, C, D etc.), instead of throwing the whole matter into one continuous footnote and leaving to the reader the trouble of putting together for himself the variations belonging to the respective texts. According to the scheme adopted in the present edition

authorised, it might be claimed, by Thomson's own way of emendating his “Seasons", viz. of always executing his corrections on the last text without ever referring to an earlier one the various readings occurring in the later editions are quoted only once, in reference to text where they first appear. It is, therefore, understood that those variants which were not replaced by

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