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II. Whether with Reason, or with Instinct bleft, Know, all enjoy that power which suits them beft; 85 To bliss alike by that direction tend, And find the means proportion'd to their end. Say, where full Instinct is th’ unerring guide, What Pope or Council can they need beside ? Reason, however able, cool at best, Cares 'not for service, or but serves when preft, Stays till we call, and then not often near But honest Instinct comes a volunteer, Sure never to o'ershoot, but just to hit; While still too wide or short is human Wit; Sure by quick Nature happiness to gain, Which heavier Reason labours at in vain. This too serves always, Reason never long : One must go right, the other may go wrong. See then the acting and comparing powers

95 One in their nature, which are two in ours ! And Reason raise o'er Instinet as you can, In this 'tis God directs, in that 'tis Man.

Who taught the nations of the field and wood To fhun their poison, and to chuse their food ? Prescient, the tides or tempests to withstand, Build on the wave, or arch beneath the land?


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After ver. 84. in the MS.

While Man, with opening views of various ways
Confounded, by the aid of knowledge strays :
Too weak to chuse, yet chusing fill in haste,
One moment gives the pleasure and distalte.


Who made the spider parallels design,
Sure as De Moivre, without rule or line ?
Who bid the stork, Columbus-like, explore

Heavens not his own, and worlds unknown beforė;
Who calls the council, states the certain day,
Who forms the phalanx, and who points the way?

III. God, in the nature of each' being, founds Its proper bliss, and sets its proper bounds : But as he fram'd a Whole, the Whole to bless, On mutual Wants, built mutual Happiness : So from the first, eternal ORDER ran, And creature link'd to creature, man to man. Whate’er of life all-quickening æther keeps, 115 Or breathes through air, or shoots beneath the deeps, Or pours profuse on earth, one nature feeds The vital flame, and swells the genial seeds. Not man alone, but all that roam the wood, Or wing the sky, or roll along the flood,

izo Each loves itself, but not itself alone, Each sex defires alike, till two are one. Nor ends the pleasure with the fiercé embrace ; They love themselves, a third time, in their race. Thus beast and bird their common charge attend, 129 The mothers nurse it, and the fires defend ; The young dismiss'd to wander earth or air, There stops the Instinct, and there ends the care; The link diffolves, each seeks a fresh embrace, Another love succeeds, another race.

130 A longer care Man's helpless kind demands ; That longer care contracts more lasting bands :


Reflection, Reason, still the ties improve,
At once cytend the interest, and the love :
With choice we fix, with sympathy we burn; 135
Each Virtue in each Passion takes its turn;
And still new needs, new helps, new habits rise,
That graft benevolence on charities.
Still as one brood, and as another rose,
Thile natural love maintain'd, habitual those : 140
The latt, Scarce ripen'd into perfect Man,
Saw helpless him from whom their life began :
Memory and forecast just returns engage,
That pointed back to youth, this on to age 3
While pleasure, gratitude, and hope, combin'd,

145 Still spread the interest, and preserve the kind.

IV. Nor think, in NATURE'S STATE they blindly trod; The State of Nature was the reign of God : Self-love and Social at her birth began, Union the bond of all things, and of Man. 150 Pride then was not ; nor Arts, that Pride to aid ; Man walk'd with beast, joint tenant of the shade; The fame his table, and the same his bed ; No murder cloath'd him, and no murder fed. In the same temple, the resounding wood,

155 All vocal beings hymn'd their equal God: The thrine with gore unftain'd, with gold undress’d, Unbribd, unbloody, stood the blameless priest : Ileaven's Attribute was Universal Care, And man's prerogative, to rule, but spare.

360 Ah ! how unlike the man of times to come! Of half that live the butcher and the tomb;



Who, foe to Nature, hears the general groan,
Murders their species, and betrays his own.
But just disease to luxury succeeds,

165 And every

death its own avenger breeds; The Fury-passions from that blood began, And turn’d on Man, a fiercer savage, Man.

See him from Nature rising slow to Art! Το instinct then was reason's part;

170 Thus then to Man the voice of Nature fpake “ Go, from the Creatures thy instructions take: “ Learn from the birds what food the thickets yield; “ Learn from the beasts the physic of the field; Thy arts of building from the bee receive;

175 « Learn of the mole to plow, the worm to weave; “ Learn of the little Nautilus to fail, “ Spread the thin oar, and catch the driving gale. « Here too all forms of social union find, « And hence let Reason, late, instruct Mankind : 180 “ Here fubterranean works and cities fee; « There towns aërial on the waving tree. “ Learn each small People's genius, policies, “ The Ant's republic, and the realm of Bees; “ How those in common all their wealth bestow, “ And Anarchy without confusion know; “ And these for ever, though a Monarch reign, “ Their separate cells and properties maintain. “ Mark what unvary'd laws preserve each state, “ Laws wise as Nature, and as fix'd as Fate.

190 « In vain thy Reason finer webs shall draw, “ Entangle Justice in her net of Law,

" And



And right, too rigid, harden into wrong ; “ Still for the frong too weak, the weak too strong, « Yet go! and thus o'er all the creatures sway,

195 “ Thus let the wiser make the rest obey : " And for those Arts mere Instinct could afford, “ Be crown'd as. Monarchs, or as Gods ador'd.”

V. Great Nature spoke; observant Man obey'd; Cities were built, Societies were made : Here rose one little state; another near Grew by like means, and join'd, through love or fear. Did here the trees with ruddier burdens bend, And there the streams in purer rills descend ? What War could ravish, Commerce could bestow; 205 And he return'd a friend, who came a foe. Converse and Love mankind might ftrongly draw, When Love was Liberty, and Nature Law.

Thus VARIATIONS. Ver. 197. in the first Editions,

Who for those Arts they learn'd of brutes before,

As Kings fhall crown them, or as Gods adore. Ver. 201. Here rofe one little state, &c.} In the MS.

thus, The neighbours leagu'd to guard their common spot; And Love was Nature's dictate ; Murder, not. For want alone each animal contends; Tigers with Tigers, that remov'd are friends. Plain Nature's wants the common mother crown'd, She pour'd her acorns, herbs, and streams around. No I reasure then for rapine to invade, What need to fight for fun-fhine or for shade? And half the cause of contest was remov'd, When beauty could be kind to all who lov'd.

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