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Each beaft, each infect, happy in its own:
Is Heaven unkind to Man, and Man alone?
Be pleas'd with nothing, if not bleft with all?
No powers of body or of foul to share,
But what his nature and his ftate can bear.
T' infpect a mite, not comprehend the heaven?
Or quick effluvia darting through the brain,
If nature thunder'd in his opening ears,
And stunn'd him with the music of the spheres,
VII. Far as Creation's ample range extends,
Of hearing, from the life that fills the flood,
What thin partitions Senfe from Thought divide!
Without this juft gradation, could they be
VIII. See, through this air, this ocean, and this
All matter quick, and bursting into birth.
Above, how high, progreffive life may go !
Ver. 238. Ed. ift.
Ethereal effence, fpirit, fubftance, man.
From thee to Nothing.-On fuperior powers
Were we to prefs, inferior might on ours;
Or in the full Creation leave a void,
Where, one step broken, the great scale's destroy'd:
From Nature's chain whatever link you ftrike,
And, if each fyftem in gradation roll
All this dread Order break--for whom? for thee?
IX. What if the foot, ordain'd the duft to tread,
Or hand, to toil, afpir'd to be the head?
All are but parts of one ftupendous whole, Whose body Nature is, and God the foul; That, chang'd through all, and yet in all the fame; Great in the earth, as in th' æthereal frame;
Warms in the fun, refreshes in the breeze,
Glows in the stars, and bloffoms in the trees,
Lives through all life, extends through all extent;
X. Ceafe then, nor Order Imperfection name :
Secure to be as bleft as thou canst bear:
All Nature is but Art, unknown to thee;
All Chance, Direction, which thou canst not see; 290 All Discord, Harmony not understood :
All partial Evil, univerfal Good.
And, spite of Pride, in erring Reason's spite,
After ver. 282. in the MS.
Reafon, to think of God, when she pretends,
Begins a Cenfor, an Adorer ends.
Of the Nature and State of Man with respect to Himfelf, as an Individual.
Its Neceffity, in directing
I. THE bufinefs of Man not to pry into God, but to study himfelf. His Middle Nature: his Powers and Frailties, ver. 1 to 19. The Limits of his Capacity, ver. 19, &c. II. The two Principles of Man, Self-love and Reason, both necessary, ver. 53, &c. Self-love the stronger, and why, ver. 67, &c. Their end the fame, ver. 81, &c. III. The Paffions, and their ufe, ver. 93 to 130. The Predominant Paffion, and its force, ver. 132 to 160. Men to different purpofes, ver. 165, &c. Its providential Use, in fixing our Principle, and ascertaining our Virtue, ver. 177. IV. Virtue and Vice joined in our mixed Nature; the limits near, yet the things feparate and evident: What is the Office of Reason, ver. 202 to 216. V. How odious Vice in itfelf, and how we deceive ourselves into it, ver. 217. VI. That, however, the Ends of Providence and general Good are answered in our Paffions and Imperfections, ver. 238, &c. How usefully these are diftributed to all Orders of Men, ver. 241. How useful they are to Society, ver. 251. And to Individuals, ver. 263. In every state, and every age of life, ver. 273, &c.