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PREFACE.

At a period when British ships of war have penetrated for the first time the Cimmerian Bosphorus, and the names of Crimean rivers and Tartar villages are become sad household words in so many an English home—when our fleets and armies are it is hoped gradually drawing their net around the Tauric peninsula, and the statesmen of the West are meditating the new destiny which it may be in their power to fix upon the Crimea, a veteran who could refer from his own recollection to the time when the Czarina issued the fiat which united the peninsula to her empire, would excite a momentary interest in any assembly. The memory of Sylvanus Urban goes back much further than this. Without consulting any other history than the notes which he has jotted down from month to month of the events which were passing around him, he can recall the period when the Muscovite was a stranger in the Chersonese. He can tell his readers of the rumours which reached St. James's of General Munich's first assault upon the Ottoman in that quarter; when the senators of Lilliput, by which name he was constrained in his youthful days to travestie the Parliament of Great Britain, heard with indifference of Kaffa and of Kertsch as of Tartar cities taken or evacuated by the armies of the elder Catherine. Even in the reign of George the Second some little interest was felt in England as to the events of a foreign war on those remote and unknown shores, and the purchasers of the Gentleman's Magazine for the year 1739 were enabled to follow the movements of the Turkish and Bussian armies by an "Exact Map of the Crim," in which the great-grandfathers of our present readers might learn the position of the river of " Almassu," and the harbour of " Baloglow," and little anticipate the sensations which those unregarded names in a somewhat altered form would one day excite in every English breast.

In those days the Gentleman's Magazine had not so many able and vigorous assistants in its task of amusing and instructing the public as it now has. Many a country mansion and more retired parsonage drew from its pages all that they knew of passing events, as well as of the science and the literature of the day.

Politics as well as history had a part in the labours of our earlier years, and in the days of William Pitt the younger, Sylvanus Urban used to make his yearly boast of the staunch loyalty of his principles, and of his unwearicd efforts in the support of our constitution in church and state:

Mersatus adhuc civilibus undis,
Virtutis veræ custos rigidusque satelles.

We are content in our older days to leave it to others to follow with graphic illustrations the marches of armies, and to relate with copious fidelity the debates of senates. The institutions of our country need not our defence, and we have no arms for the service of party. We have long devoted our strength and directed the labours of our contributors to the field of historical and antiquarian literature. In the course of our long service we may boast of having preserved some fragments of history which would otherwise have been lost, and of having rescued some monuments which the hand of Time would else have obliterated.

It is needless to describe the nature of our present work. We desire, without launching into a wider field, to continue to employ ourselves usefully in that which we have chosen. We shall continue our brief chronicle of passing events: by our obituary we aim at preserving the accurate details not only of public but of private and family history; and our pages will always be gratefully open to letters of correspondents who have any valuable observations to communicate, or any curious information to be preserved. In our own portion of the work our readers may be assured that our endeavours will not be relaxed to make our periodical the adequate representative of the antiquarian science and historical literature of the country.

SYLVANUS URBAN. June 30, 1855.

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CONTENTS.

PAGE

MINOR CORRESPONDENCE.-The Highlanders in Northamptonshire - Arms required of

various Bishops - Seal of the Hundred of Flaxwell --- The fish-hook mark in china -

Corrections to Obituary

2

Lord Mahon's History of England

3

Schools and School Inspectors....

13

The Tricolor on the Atlas..

18

The River Fleet: by J. G. Waller

24

The Antiquary in his Cups

33

The Court of Exchequer in Ireland (with a Fac-simile of an ancient Drawing

from the Red Book of that Court)

37

CORRESPONDENCE OF SYLVANUS URBAN.-Worcestershire Manuscripts-Vacarius' Epi-

tome of the Roman Law--The Holy Loaf-The Chapel of Mary Magdalen and St. Arinill at

Tothill— The Emperors and the Kings of the East..

55

NOTES OF THE MONTH.--Anniversary of the Royal Society-Divisions in the British Arche-

ological Association ----Proposed alterations at Hailcybury College--Site of the Wellington

College-Owens College at Manchester-Sir F, G, Ouseley's Oratorio of St. Polycarp--Loss

of Dr. Barth and Mr. Henry Warrington-Mr. Hugh Miller-Testimony to Dr. Diamond-

Works of Napoleon III. and of Lady Morgan, and Southey's Correspondence- Sales of the

Libraries of Mr. J. C. King and Lord Cockburn-Mr. Pickering's Collection of Manu-

scripts--Statue of Wordsworth-Sale of Baron de Mecklenbourg's Pictures--Destruction

of Mr. Naylor's Pictures-Illustrations of the War-Medal of St. George's Hall, Liverpool

--M. Mariette's Discoveries at Memphis-Temple of Juno near Argos--Tomb of Pope

Alexander 1.-Scientific and Archæological Congresses in France

49

HISTORICAL AND MISCELLANEOUS REVIEWS.–The Official Handbook of Church and

State, 52; Dod's Parliamentary Companion for 1855—The Rose and Ring, by M. A. Titmarsh

-The Discontented Children, by Mary and Elizabeth Kirby--The Blue Ribbons, by A. M.

Drury-The Seven Poor Travellers--Playing at Settlers, by Mrs. R. Lee, 53; The Old

Chelsea Bun House, by the author of " Mary Powell"-The Vicar of Wakefield, illustrated

by Absolon-The Christian Annotator-Odessa and its Inhabitants, 54; The Geography of

Strabo, translated, 55 ; Calderwood's Philosophy of the Infinite-The Annotated Paragraph

Bible--Business and Pleasure ---Irish Stories --Bigg's Night and the Soul

56

ANTIQUARIAN RESEARCHES.-Society of Antiquaries, 57; Numismatic Society, 60; Arche-

ological Institute, 61; British Archæological Association, 64; Society of Antiquaries of

Newcastle, 65 ; Brickwork in Gothic Architecture

67

HISTORICAL CHRONICLE.--Foreign News, 69; Domestic Occurrences

71

Promotions and Preferments, 72; Births, 75 ; Marriages......

75

OBITUARY ; with Memoirs of Lord Viscount Lorton ; Lord Viscount Chewton; Lord Dudley

Stuart, M.P.; Sir Michael Hicks-Beach, Bart.; Sir Wm. Cumming-Gordon, Bart. ; Lieut.-

Gen. the Hon. Sir George Cathcart, K.C.B.; Lieut.-Colonel the Hon. F. G. Hood; Lieut.-

General Ewart, C.B.; Major-Gen. Middleton ; Brigadier-General Tylden ; Brigadier-Ge-

neral Goldie ; Brigadier-General Fox-Strangways; Colonel Synge ; Colonel Jolliffe, R.M.;

Lieut.-Colonel C. C. Alexander : Lieut.-Colonel James Hunter Blair ; Captain Nolan;

Colonel Cpton; Henry Stuart, Esq., M.P.; Charles Geach, Esq., M.P.; James Hall, Esq.,

F.G.S.; Thomas Marsland, Esq.; J. G. Lockhart, Esq.; Miss Ferrier ; Charles Kemble,

Esq.; The Cardinal Mai; Professor Edward Forbes, F.R.S.; Rev. A. B. Evans, D.D.

Fred. Knight Hunt, Esq.; Thomas Mackenzie, Esq.; Mr. Peter Buchan.....

..78-103

DEATHS, arranged in Chronological Order

103

Registrar-General's Returns of Mortality in the Metropolis--Markets, 111; Meteorological

Diary-Daily Price of Stocks.......

112

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