The Origins of English Words: A Discursive Dictionary of Indo-European Roots
Johns Hopkins University Press, 1984 - 636 страници
There are no direct records of the original Indo-European speech. By comparing the vocabularies of its various descendants, however, it is possible to reconstruct the basic Indo-European roots with considerable confidence. In The Origins of English Words, Shipley catalogues these proposed roots and follows the often devious, always fascinating, process by which some of their offshoots have grown.
Anecdotal, eclectic, and always enthusiastic, The Origins of English Words is a diverting expedition beyond linguistics into literature, history, folklore, anthropology, philosophy, and science.
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Newgate bird : prisoner , especially one exposed to public scorn in a cage outside the jail . “ Must we all march ? ” asks Falstaff , in 1 Henry IV , iii , 3 , and Bardolph answers : “ Yea , two and two , Newgate fashion .
Jupiter Pluvius was Roman king of the gods ( and heaven ) as rain - bringer and wielder of the lightning bolt . Hence pluvial , pluvious . plover , the rain bird . plutonic is used of igneous rock , water , etc. , deep underground .
Varieties of the graceful bird are called mute swan , trumpeter swan , whistling swan , or whooper ; the last term seems most appropriate , for , despite the fable , the most frequent sound the bird utters resembles a croak .