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thing added to the pleasures of innocence is just so much gained from the attractions of vice. Juvenile delinquency must abound, so long as delinquency alone furnishes exercise for the active faculties of youth. If any one doubts this fact, let him go through some of the lanes, courts, and alleys of this Metropolis ; let him enter any one of the human hives where the lower classes of operatives and labourers reside ; let him watch the children hour after hour, and day after day; let him investigate their little histories, and he will find that the greatest sources of youthful depravity are the want of a home, and the want of innocent recreation. It may seem incongruous to ask grave divines to assist in contriving amusements and diffusing pleasure ; but the first miracle wrought by the great author of Christianity was designed to promote festivity ; and the earliest Christian prelates did not disdain to superintend the pastimes of their flocks. We have hitherto tried nothing but “preachee and floggee" for the suppression of vice, and juvenile delinquency remains as bad as ever. Let us try a different set of experiments, and endeavour to make the world better by rendering it happier ; let us form an association for the suppression of stupidity, and the promotion of innocent enjoyment. Games will beat gaming, music conquer drink. ing, picking steps be more popular than picking pockets; and finally, Robern Owen will be driven from the field by the only antagonist worthy to encounter him, the formidable Joe Miller.

This is not mere theory; the experiment has been tried in Manchester, and its success has surpassed the expectations of those who ventured on the innovation. In the Lyceums, for less than twopence a week, the operative can have the use of a “Temperance news-room ; instruction not merely in the three r’s (reading, writing, and a-rithmetic,) but also in vocal and instrumental music, and in dancing. Conversaziones, or, as they are called, “tea parties," are occasionally given, the price of a ticket is sixpence, but admission is restricted to members of the institution. The entertainment is diversified by gossiping lectures, music of a very high order, and occasionally a dance, in which there is as much of propriety and decorum as could be found in the most fashionable ball-room within the seas of Britain. All are clean and neatly dressed, but none are dressed above their station. The distinction of ranks is the more rigidly observed by its seeming to be utterly forgotten ; there are no airs of condescension on one side, there is no appearance of intrusion on the other; the rich and the poor meet together with a feeling of mutual interest in each other's welfare, and exhibit a proof of the aphorism that enlightened self-interest is genuine philanthropy.

The system is likely to be extended-by providing gymnasiums for youth. It was not enough for philanthropists to remove children from the factory; they should have found some other place where they could be sent with safety. At present it is known that children are sent to work in the coal-mines, until they are of sufficient age for admission into the factory. And this must not be ascribed to any absence of parental fondness, or to a mere desire of getting money. It is a perplexing problem in a large town to keep children out of harm's way.

They cannot be kept in the crowded lodgings which we have attempted to portray, where four or five families are

crowded into a single room. They do not feel the inconvenience at night ; at least one such nest, when examined, revealed but a single cause of complaint, “We families as sleep in the corners, sir, get on very well, but the gemman as has the middle of the room has in. convenienced us by taking a lodger.” When the factory bill de. prived the children of work, it did not give them play, and it consequently left them no alternative but mischief. Efforts have been made in some places to correct this error of blundering humanity; but the evil is general, and so must the remedy be, or it will be wholly ineffectual. Now there happens to be just at this moment a great amount of mock and of genuine philanthropy going astray in the world. We propose, as a test to distinguish the real from the counterfeit, asking each of the professors of humanity how far they are willing to contribute to the amusements of the people ; for they are demonstrably among the essential elements of human happiness. It is not enough to relieve physical want, it is also necessary to satisfy moral craving ; sympathy must be superadded to generosity; you must increase the joys as well as relieve the sorrows. The good Samaritan pours not only oil but wine into the wounds of suffering humanity; the priest and Levite pass by on the other side.

CHARADE.

BY MISS A. FARRER.

GENTLE and fair the maiden is,

And many a lover tries
With flatt'ring looks and honey'd words

To win so sweet a prize.
But still unmoved and calm she hears

Their vows of deep affection,
And courteous though her answer be,

'Tis firm in its rejection.
Each suitor sees the hopes destroy'd

His pride so fondly nurst, And, mortified, they all agree

'The maiden is ** My First."
But there's a blush on that fair cheek

The charge seems to deny;
The tear that's check'd before the world

But falls when none are by.
Sadness that will not be dispelld,

Indifference to please,
When mark'd by an observing eye,

Strong sympioms, maidens, these !
There's love within that heart; but

though A hidden love it be, • My Second" mid the Alpine rocks

Is not more pure than she.

Oh! Fortune, well they judged of thee

Who drew thine image blind,
For still thy shadows darkest fall

Where fate had else been kind.
No stain is on the maiden's choice,

Save one her guardians see,
Unpardonable in their eyes,-

"Tis that of Poverty.
And they forbid the sacrifice

Which she would gladly make,
Of wealth, and worldly splendour, all

For the beloved one's sake.
And so they part, with bitter tears,

But still unchanged they'll keep
The mem'ry of that treasured love
Which soothes them while they

weep.
And yet, young lovers, I will hope

The time may come at last,
When, rich in present happiness,

You'll smile at sorrows past;
For never fairer maiden graced

The dance in courtly hall,
And nobler heart than his ne'er beat

'Mid the brave ranks of " my all."

[graphic]

CHINA.
THE REAL STATE OF THE CASE
FREELY TRANSLATED FROM THE ORIGINAL CHINESE,
AND ILLUSTRATED BY ALFRED CROWQUILL WITH FOUR REAL

CHINA PLATES.

LETTER I.

Why hath a man two eyes ? Truly, that he may see with the one, while the other winks."

How true is the saying that the junks of the Barbarians have no eyes, and therefore, see not. For many years have they been carrying on an illicit trade, and, emboldened by impunity, have fear. lessly spread their sails, and pushed on in their wicked course, throwing overboard the compass of Prudence, and placing their helms in the hands of Indiscretion. The consequence is, they have run upon a shoal, and are likely to founder, and-no mistake! Like many more of my

brothers who suffered by their black iniquity, I was tempted to indulge in secretly smoking the forbidden drug, but the edict of the Brother of the Moon has opened my drooping eyelids, and let in the daylight of truth. Yes! I have in. dignantly cast away my pipe—for there is no longer any opium to supply it!

[graphic]

The eyeless junks of the more blind Barbarians are all seized; and there is, consequently, such a dust raised in Xantung that the glorious rays of the sun himself can hardly penetrate it. They loudly declare that they were led into this awful crime against the wellbeing of the subjects of the Celestial Empire at the instigation, and by the facilities offered to the illegal traffic by the officers in power. Miserable Barbarians ! to endeavour to palliate their own misde. meanours by casting reflections upon the integrity of our officials; who, if they did sometimes wink, was it not occasioned by the somniferous merchandize these barbarians brought into port? Dare they accuse the honest men of taking a bribe? Never! unless, indeed, it were of such a weight that it completely bore down all human opposition. For, as the poet saith, “are not all men's good and evil actions like a pair of scales," wherein a weight being cast by malice, maketh the good rise, and the evil preponderate, and vice versâ ? for what mortal can struggle against the decrees of Fate ? It appears to my simple mind, too, perfectly correct that they should squeeze the Barbarians : nay, morally just that they should levy contributions on them as a fine for their wickedness! Nay, is not evil frequently done that good may come of it? Doth not my beloved LEW-she herself, the most careful of wives, waste cheese in making toasted baits for the mice, that she may thereby destroy the destroyers? And, is not this small sinfulness of waste outweighed by the great good of saving? And yet--would you believe it ?they kick. Now, can anything be a greater proof of folly than for men to kick who have not a leg to stand on ?-ridiculous!

Yuh FUNG.

[graphic][merged small]

“Be composed, though the waves roll upwards to the sky, there is a middle' course ; pursue it, and your bark will glide gently on!"

EVERY virtue under the sun flourishes and ripens in the Celestial Empire. Surely the present bobbery with these white-headed Barbarians

our literati for a new volume of the Kwe-Koo Ke

will serve

Kwan.* What morals will they draw from their iniquitous proceedings in this affair ? Dearest Sung Kin, I have not the power of depicting in words half the interest which envelopes the absorbing subject on which I write. My reed, in truth, is like a delusive moonbeam in my fingers ; and, when I read over what I have written-lo! my tablets seem only to contain the fleshless skeletons of the living figures wherewith my mind is charged. But, though I possess neither the pen nor the imagination of Tsze-Keen,t I have truth, which, like the purest gold, is still valuable, though unfashioned by the hands of the skilful. Know, Sung-Kin, our Father, the Emperor, whose actions are the offspring of good counsel and far-seeing wisdom, has commanded the seizure of the whole of the pernicious drug contained in the vessels of the offending Barbarians; and worth about three millions of tales.

He has, moreover, in his unbounded clemency, spared their lives, upon condition they shall never again offend against his laws,those unchangeable laws, which are inscribed in letters of gold by equity and justice in the great book.

The man Elliott, having no fear in his eyes of the tremendous arm of the Brother of the Sun, instead of humbly striking his forehead in the dust, presumes to murmur at the decree, and basely defends his countrymen. The Commissioner Lin, bearing the bright lantern of the Emperor's power in his hand, manfully wrestles with the rebel. lious spirit, sending forth proclamation upon proclamation, and writing after writing, twice as long as Elliott's, and yet the shallow man will not bear reason ; proving the truth of the saying, that it is as difficult to convince a fool as it is to fill a sieve with water.

This night he has taken himself away, and gone on board a vessel of his country, taking with him many and many, and there he hovers about, uncertain what to do ; like a dog which hath been beaten, and is afraid, and yet, with lingering look and pendent tail, wishes to return to the spot where he hath been fed by the hands of kindness since the day he was pupped! The heart of the savage is in his breast, but he hath no knife ! What ridiculous contention is this ! -a bright ray of the Emperor (which is Lin) against the darkness of this starless night (which is Elliott) !-an imperial gong to an infant's tom-tom ! In the mean time, the trouble of the peaceful and well ordered inhabitants of Xantung is great ; they fear the rashness into which his folly may lead him, and with anxious eyes they follow his movements, well knowing that they shall be compelled to resist any outbreak, and reasonably fearing they may suffer ; for when one bowl striketh another, one or both are likely to be cracked by the collision !

Trade, too, is at a stand still, and the merchants complain in a small voice ; for if the Barbarians should make war instead of tea, they know there is no longer any chance of their making money.

Where is that great King EAST-INDIA-COMPANY, whose words flowed from the fountain of truth, and whose gold and silver were never weighed even by the doubtful, such implicit faith did they place in his honour and integrity! There were no troubles during his reign; but, alas! the Barbarians have deposed him ;-yes, the

* Ancient and Modern Wonderful Tales.
+ 'Tsze. Keën possessed an extraordinary talent for writing themes and essays.

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