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that providential care which for ages since owed its rescue from oppression was the guide and guardian of us as a or Popery to the contagious spirit of Protestant people; we are no longer, this emancipated island--at that period as even in Cromwell's days, the ac- our Universities, our Legislature, our knowledged safeguard of the Protes- executive Government in England and tants of Europe. All is changed; our in Ireland, our corporations, and our power is weakened, our prosperity has Court were for a time in the grasp of decayed, and the prospects presented the popish tyrant, and were content to to our contemplation are such as in impose on the people the scornfully the days of old would have aroused rejected thraldom of apostate Rome. the population as one man, to manful But by the providence of God, the exertions to the preservation of their Protestants of Ireland rallied round freedom and their faith. Too long, the banner of their faith, and drove alas ! have we been deluded by the even their proud foreign invaders vain idea that the enlightenment of from the shore. Popery then callthis generation was proof against the ed all its energies, and throwing assaults of Popery. Bitter experience forth its whole force on the stubnow calls on every preacher to warn born and awakened population, broke his people with the solemn mandate itself on the rock they had erected, in6 let him that thinketh he standeth, stead of sweeping every vestige of its take heed lest he fall.” To that warn- strength from the surface of the land ing we add our feeble counsel, and bid it protected. Like the heroic Dutch. every man who pretends to patriotic men, when they conquered the power feelings, to look around on the portent of Spain and expelled the Inquisition, ous signs of the times, and fearlessly the people exclaimed Turks rather to do his duty to his country and him- than Papists.” Thus Popery fell self. We all have now a common prostrate before the determined spirit enemy thundering at the gates, and he of a Christian nation, that knew and is a traitor who refuses to repel the could value its privileges. We ask danger; doubly, then, is that man a our fellow-countrymen why the same foe to the land in which he now enjoys agency should not overcome the same ancestral blessings that his children evil now ? Away with the petty jea. may claim to have handed down un- lousies which prevent men from coimpaired, who gives up a single post operating together, which give the he was bound to guard, or meanly country and its interests a secondary sells his birthright for honours, or place in the hearts of all who bave a places, or from base sectarian ambi. crotchet to prate of, or a paltry prejution.

dice to display. Away with all maudIn concluding our glance at this lin sentimentality about “the religious question, we have only to proceed as have-nothing-to-do with politics,"at the we have proposed, to call for vigorous time when all the means of disseminatand united exertions in the Protestant ing Christianity in the country are cause. We do so from a most deep, assailed through the instrumentality and painful, and conscientious convicof political partisans. We do not tion of the important consequences to ask any to become party men, we ask which resistance or assistance to Po- only for justice and for consistency. pery under present circumstances must To the Dissenters we say—“ You desurely lead. We do so from a knowclare yourselves against endowments, ledge of the necessity of immediate behold Popery endowed both at home efforts, and with a hope that our appeal and in the colonies.” To the Whig will not be entirely in vain. Little who still affects to act on the principles has yet been done by the friends, and wbich distinguished his ancestors and much, very much, by the enemies of placed the family of Brunswick on the the Constitution. There never was a throne, we say, “ Enquire if Governtime before in this country, not even ment is now carried on with the objects during the reign of the last infatuated the Whigs of 1688 professed to have monarch of the Stewart dynasty, when steadily in view." If a man call himevils more terrible threatened the land. self a friend of freedom, we ask him if At that period, memorable in the his. he hopes for that blessing, when the tory of this country which was then iron hoof of the Papacy is crushing marvellously saved, memorable in the the land, and the poisonous falsehoods history of Europe which has often of her superstition are corroding the hearts of the people? No matter what we enjoy are dear, to acquit themselves any one avows himself, Dissenter, of a solemn duty now resting on every Whig, Liberal, or Conservative, one who has the slightest intluence and Churchman or Patriot, we appeal to the smallest power. Everything worth him to deceive himself no longer, to preserving is at stake; policy and believe, ere it be too late, the facts each higher obligation unite to excite which it is impossible to deny, that us to exertion; the means of usefulPopery, the same now as when the ness are possessed by all; the evils of whole western population groaned in delay increase and accumulate; we bondage, is gaining ground by crafty have experience of the past to guide devices and open violence, is coming us, and hopes of the future to excite forth from the dungeons of persecution us, and above all, the noblest cause that and the cells of bigotry, once more to ever yet animated the spirits of freeprostitute Christianity, once more to born men. The choice is between conquer and to enthral. To the sim- the system enthroned in the passions pleton who talks of Popery being of corrupted nature, that has cursed changed, we retort, with the evidence every land on which it has trampled, of Dens's Theology, the assumption of the master-contrivance of priestcraft infallibility, and the recent instances and fraud, which has dignified the in. of violated oaths; and if the Papist solence of pride and monopolised the himself impudently takes up this con- presumption of power, which has paltemptible jargon, we know of no an- liated crime, indulged depravity, and swer but to laugh him to scorn. A restored idolatry, which for centuries very short time will prove who is right, has warred against the temporal and and will show whether our statements eternal happiness of man, and dero. are as fanciful and our fears as absurd gated from the honour of God; and, as some will pretend to believe them. on the other hand, that mild benignant To the verdict Time will give, we re. sway that inculcates piety and profer all who are too ignorant to know motes peace, succouring the afllicted, the truth and too idle at once to seek protecting the oppressed, giving freeit; but this we beg them to remember, dom to the enslaved, that shines on that each increase of danger increases the spirit of human-kind with beams the responsibilities of those who, being reflected from the clear refulgency warned, neglected to avert it; and fur- of heaven. It is the cause for which ther, as dangers and responsibilities martyrs have perished, for which our augment, so also do difficulties, pari purest patriots have courted peril, and passu. We therefore once more ear which now affords to all classes of the nestly call on all who value Protese people the promise of liberty and tantism, on all to whom the blessings knowledge.

LETTER FROM TOMKINS—BAGMAN versus PEDLAR.

TO CHRISTOPHER NORTH, ESQ.

Dear AND RESPECTED SIR, The kind interest which on many losophical poem ; and if the great geoccasions you displayed in my welfare nius of that gentleman had not confer. and pursuits, had but ill prepared me red on you a factitious, but, as I confor the severe blow which my private fidently anticipate, a short-lived fame, and professional feelings have lately to be now speedily converted into a received at your hands. I cannot bring less honourable but more enduring myself to enter, even under this provo- notoriety. I long ago asked Mr cation, on a direct controversy with Jeffrey to allow me to put an extinone whom I have long regarded as a guisher on your pretensions ; but he friend and a father; but I appeal to your would not trust me to do it, and unsense of justice to insert in the pages dertook to crush you himself. The of Maga the following expostulation, poor dear man accordingly did his addressed to another party concerned, petit possible in that way, and for a which has long lain by me, nearly in time I almost thought the thing was its present shape, but which can now accomplished, at least on the northno longer be withheld from bursting side of the Sark; but it had not been into publicity, at once to convince put on a riglit footing. The snake yourself of the shameful partiality was scotched but not killed, and you which you have shown for the follower and your poet again reared your heads of a different line of commercial busi. aloft like Skiudaw himself, as if noness, and to overwhelin with confusion thing had been the matter. Bitterly the presumptuous and pitiful competi. did I deplore the provoking popularity tor who has seduced you into so ground. that seemed gradually pressing upon less a preference. Referring you to you, and often did I resolve to deal your late observations on Mr Words. you a blow that should dispense with worth's Excursion, and your attempted the necessity of its own repetition. vindication of that gentleman's choice You might, however, have been spaof a hero, I remain, dear sir, ever red from this fate for some further inyours with much respect (after all that terval, if the late ill-advised eulogium has passed),

of our friend Mr North had not made Isaac TOMKINS. the cup of my resentment flow over in Commercial Room, Hen and Chickens, an irrepressible cascade. Christopher, Birmingham, 15th September, 1838. it is plain to me, is in his dotage. He

seems now either to be without guile On hand at present an unusually or gall in his crazy composition, or to excellent assortment of patent regis- exert them in the wrong places and on ter3 ; also self-adjusting pokers, fire- the wrong persons, and to be totally shovels, and warming-pans. The small. unable to tell the difference between est orders attended to with the same drivel or dulness and sense or subli. punctuality as the largest.

mity.

Without further preface I proceed To Me Murdocu MacglasIAN, to consider upon what grounds the

Travelling-Merchant, &c., author of the Excursion could adopt At the sign of the Highland Bagpipe, you as the prominent figure in that Carlisle.

very able composition. The subject (To lie till called for.) leads at once to a question, often askMURDOCH,

ed but seldom answered, viz., Who are It would have been quite as well if you? I shall afterwards, in order, pro. the zeal of some of your friends in ceed to consider another question, not your behalf had been tempered with a so often asked, viz., Who am I? and sprinkling of discretion. You might shall finally draw a comparison belong enough for me have enjoyed the tween our respective positions, which, reputation of a douce and decent man, if I do not egregiously err, will for if in an evil hour your self-conceited ever lay you, Murdoch Macglashan, suimportunity had not overpersu:ded pine in the dust of your own insignifi. Mr Wordsworth to make you the cancy, and elevate me, Isaac Tomkins, principal character, forsooth, of a phi. to a pedestal of popularity more lofty and conspicuous than any one of us now to be made), you are classed with all, whether in the hard or in the soft tinkers, the very rubbish and refuse of line, bas hitherto been able to attain. mankind. By 5 and 6 Edward VI.,

Firstly, then, of the first point, Who c. 21, it is provided, “ that no tinker, are you? I was unwilling, Murdoch, pedlar, or petty chapman shall wander to smite you with a sense of degrada. about from the town where he dwelltion in the eyes of Macpherson and eth, or exercise the trade of tinker, but his daughter, who keep the Highland such as shall be licensed by two JusBagpipe, and I therefore addressed tices of the Peace or more, under their this letter to you, under the description hands and seals, upon pain of fourteen of Travelling Merchant. Therein I days' imprisonment.” adopted, out of delicacy, the phraseo. No doubt this sta' ite was repealed logy of your friend Mr Wordsworth, by your countryman, James I., who who speaks of you as 'a vagrant mer. thought it might bear rather hard chant, bent beneath his load!' Your upon some of his original subjects; title to the appellation of vagrant I but it shows the status that your bream not prepared to contest; on the thren held in those days, to which contrary, I shall be able to fortify you might have been inclined to look your possession of it by some stri. back as to the age of chivalry in your king proofs. But that you are a mer. honourable vocation. chant I wholly deny. A merchant, Mr Again, by 9 and 10 Will. III. c. 7, Macglashan, is what you neither are a duty of L.4 per annum was imposed nor can in the least degree understand. on the licenses of every pedlar, haw. The term implies an extent of credit, ker, petty chapman, and other trading capital, intelligence, and energy, to person or persons, going from town which you never could prefer the least to town, or to other men's houses; pretensions. I am aware that, bor. and any such person not having or rowing the degraded use of the French not producing a license when demandword marchand, your countrymen ed, shall forfeit L.5, and for non-paydignify with the name of merchant ment thereof shall suffer as a common the most pitiful shopkeeper in the VAGRANT, and be committed to the most paltry clachan. But an Eng House of Correction. lish merchant scorns to limit his ex- By a subsequent act of Geo. III., ertions to so narrow a field. His the duties on licenses of hawkers and views and transactions embrace the pedlars are placed under the manageglobe itself. He sees, with a pene- ment of the Commissioners of Hacktrating eye, the whole complexity of ney Coaches ; and it is farther there. coinmercial relations in every quarter by provided, that every person to and corner of the world ; is ready to whom any such license shall be grant. supply the wants, and carry off the ed, and who shall trade under colour superfluities of all nations ; preserves thereof, shall cause to be written in or restores, like the winds of heaven, large capitals upon every pack, box, an universal equilibrium in the ele- bag, trunk, &c. in which he shall carry ments of life and happiness, and by his goods, the words “ LICENSED his knowledge of exchanges can at HAWKER." any time waft a remittance from In- I have some reason to believe, though dus to the Pole, with infinite benefit I would peril no part of my argument to others and a handsome per centage on this point, that for some years you to himself. These are sublime achieve travelled in the North of England ments that you never could aspire to without a license, and that this irreor even dream of. You are no mer- gularity first brought you in contact chant, Murdoch, and you know it. with Mr Wordsworth, in consequence You are, or you were, a hawker or of his connexion with the revenue. pedlar, a packman, or petty chapman. It was very good-natured in him to In what estimation, public and private, deal so handsomely with so doubtful the species of traffic involved in these an acquaintance. terms, is, and ought to be held, will S uch is the eminent and honourable presently appear.

station to which you may boast of Observe how your profession has having attained at the acme of your been dealt with by the legislature. In career. Its fitness to form the basis a statute of Edward VI. (I am indebt of a poetical or philosophical characed to a legal friend for the statements ter must at once be apparent; but on

VOL. XLIV. NO, CCLXXVI,

2 K

this subject I reserve my remarks until might pick up on the stalls of Pit. I have completed my revicw of your lochrie, or Moulinearn, the nearest personal history.

towns to your abode, would not make Among the hills of Atholl you were a very handsome library; and Mr born.' Just so: I know the place Wordsworth's assertion that, “ among perfectly - nearly half-way between the hills, you gazed upon that mighty Dalpacardoch and Dalwhinnie, the orb of song, the divine Milton," seems bleakest, barrenest, stoniest, and stil. to border on the incredible. Equally pidest portion of the Perthshire High- startling is the idea that you became lands. Your father, Dugald Macgla an adept in the purer elements of truth shay, was a very decent carle, though involved in lines and numbers--that fond occasionally of the mountain dew. your triangles were the stars of heaven He rented a little croft, which Mr and that you often took delight Wordsworth has correctly described « to measure the altitude of some tall as “an unproductive slip of rugged crag that is the eagle's birthplace.” ground," and must, with his large fa- Had you ever a quadrant or theodo. mily, have been in abject poverty. lite for this last operation ? I doubt Nothing is said in the poem as to your it, and as to your knowledge of figures costume in early life ; but it is certain or numbers, I can only say, that old that, till twelve years old, you had nei- Jack Jones, of Griffiths and Co., who ther hat to your head, shoes to your knew you well, used to tell us, in the feet, nor breeches to your pelvis. In Commercial Room, that you were as this condition you might have sat ignorant of the Italian method of bookfor the picture, drawn in another part keeping as a babe at the breast, and of the Excursion, of that

never could tell for your life whether Ragged offspring with their own blanch- cash should be debtor to sundries, or ed hair,

sundries debtor to cash. I may afterCrowned like the image of fantastic fear; wards say something as to the likeli. Or wearing, we might say, in that white hood of your acquiring the moral, growth

metaphysical, and poetical feelings, An ill-adjusted turban for defence

which are said to have animated you Or fierceness, wreathed around their sun- in your mountain solitudes. My own burnt brows,

belief is, that the only strong emotions By savage nature's unassisted care,

of which you were then susceptible, Naked and coloured like the soil, the feet were those of hunger and thirst, or at On which they stand, as if thereby they least of hunger, which you must often drew

have experienced on the hill-side in Some nourishment, as trees do by their ravenous intensity. Jones used to say roots,

w that he had seen you sometimes when From earth, the common mother of us all." a lad gnawing at a raw turnip on a

You certainly realized one side of cold day with the same relish as if it the Frenchman's observation as to the had been a pine-apple in summer. differences of custom-“ Par example, But my own impression is, that your on lave les mains tous les jours-les acquaintance with turnip husbandry pieds jamais."

was derived from a district of country I suspect strongly, too, that another much more to the southward than feature of Mr Wordsworth's portrait your own. already noticed, might also apply, and Thus reared and accomplished, you that when any travellers passed by commenced that itinerant career, on the Highland road, you were to be the dignity of which I have already seen among other imps, running in commented. Whether from your nayour blue kilt alongside of the chaise, tive hills you wandered far' is matter and whining for a bawbee, the only Eng- of opinion, but I rather believe that lish word you could then pronounce. Kinross and Kendal were to you as

Your attainments in literature must the tropics of Cancer and Capricorn. in boyhood have been somewhat limit. That in your long wanderings among ed, if I may judge from probabilities. the rural villages and farms, you saw Gaelic unquestionably was your mo. a good many persons, and had observ. ther tongue, and would be with ed the history of several families, is undifficulty exchanged for the very sin questionably true. From the national gular lingua franca which your com, faculty of second-sight, or a keen ob. mercial pursuits afterwards compelled servation of suspicious appearances, you to employ. Any books that you you had always a sure anticipation of

"Us all ,

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