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statue, 108; Europa's rape, 112, story
of Cadmus, 114; transformation of Ac-
tæon into a stag, 119; birth of Bac-
chus, 122; transformation of Tiresias,
124; of Echo, 125; story of Narcissus,
126; of Pentheus, 130; mariners trans-
formed into dolphins, 131; death of
Pentheus, 135; story of Salmacis and
Hermaphroditus, 136; loftiness of his
ideas, and a remark of his commentator,
141; character of Alexander Ross's
notes upon him, ib.; general character
of the Metamorphoses, 145; extrava-
gance of fancy displayed at the end of
the story of Narcissus, 152; employs
everywhere his invention more than
his judgment, 153; his beautiful simili-
tude of extreme hope and fear, 279;
his metaphors to express liberty, 291;
and happiness, 293; his epistle from
Dido to Eneas criticised, ii. 361; his
faults, ib.; his remark on the tongue of
a beautiful female, iii. 145; his precepts
on dress in his Art of Love, 175; his
poetry sometimes trifling and puerile,
187; his account of the deluge inferior
to Milton's, 276; in his Metamorphoses
affects the imagination with what is
strange, 417; his description of the
palace of Fame, 438; recommends
modesty in his Art of Love, iv. 181; his
praise to Corinna, 206; his station on
the floating Parnassus, 222, 223; his
poetry characterized by Strada, 240,
241; his daughter rivalled him in
poetry, 318; a supposed allusion of
his to Virgil, v. 219; his Meta-
morphoses, for what beholden to an-
tiquity, 224; style and subjects of,
Owl, represented on the forelock of an
equestrian statue, ii. 348.
Owls, and other birds of night, their
satire on the sun, ii. 174; two, their
conversation reported to the Sultan
Mahmoud by his vizier, iv. 33.
Ox, a whole one roasted, a dish for the
round table, ii. 106.
Oxford, Addison's Cato acted at, v. 719.
Oxford scholar, his pretensions to a cane
settled, ii. 45; and Cambridge jests, re-
commended to the perusal of a plagiarist
of wit, iv. 101; university, particularly
favoured the Empress Matilda, v. 23;
Queen Elizabeth's reception and speech
there, 24; Addison at, 319-321.
Oxford, Earl of, the Lord High Treasurer
of England, v. 407 : charges of impeach-
ment against, 664, 665, 671; on friendly
terms with all the literates of his day,
697, note; a great admirer of Lucretius,
ib. See Harley.
"Oxford coach," Addison an, v. 675.
Oyster, its formation an argument of
Providence, ii. 462; and the drop of
water, a Persian fable, iii. 306.
Pack, Major, his Essay on the Roman
Elegaic Poets, v. 599.
Packet-boat, story of one wrecked, ii. 154.
Padua, its devotion to St. Anthony, i.
379; church of St. Justina, 384; Lapis
Vituperii in the town-hall, ib.; its uni-
versity and cloth manufacture, 385;
the original of Padua from Virgil, ib.
Pagan deities, their worship mixt with
absurdities, iii. 465.
Pagan monument of two persons ship-
wrecked near Ravenna, i. 399.
Pagan tombs, extravagant fancies on them,
Pagan theology, its fables, how to be used
by modern poets, iv. 44, 45; allusions
to them fashionable at the revival of
letters, 45, note.
Pagan writer, an eminent one, his remark
on atheism, iv. 12.
Pagan writers, contemporaries of Jesus
Christ and his disciples, why they do
not mention any particulars relating to
him, v. 104; especially when related
by the Jews, ib. ; facts in our Saviour's
history attested by some of them, 108;
by others who were converted to Chris-
tianity, 113; their testimonies extended
to all the particulars of our Saviour's
history, 115; multitudes of learned con-
verts, 117; names of several, 118; had
means of informing themselves of the
truth of our Saviour's history; from
the proceedings, 119; the characters,
sufferings, and miracles of those who
published it, 120; from oral testimony,
121, 123; and its agreement with the
written Gospels, 127; from miracles oc-
casionally performed by the primitive
Christians, 129; martyrdom a standing
miracle, 130; had a great share in their
conversion, 132; confirmed in their be-
lief by the completion of our Saviour's
prophecies, ib.; lives of the primitive
Christians another means of their con-
version, 137; Jewish prophecies relat-
ing to our Saviour, an argument for
their belief, 139.
Paganizings of a future state, unavoid-
able in the plan of Telemachus, ii. 129.
Page, Mrs. Anne, her fondness for china-
ware, iv. 332.
Pain, the son of Misery, married to Plea-
sure, an allegory, iii. 47, 48.
Painter and tailor, often contribute to the
success of a tragedy more than the poet,
Painters, represented in a picture joining
in a concert of music, ii. 115; great
ones, often employ their pencils on sea-
pieces, iv. 9.
Painting, with what design invented, ii.
51; a less natural kind of representa-
tion than statuary, iii. 411; but more
so than writing, 412.
Pair of breeches, a conceit of the people
respecting the commonwealth coin, ii.
Palace of Fame described, ii. 14.
Palæstrina, described, i. 485; fragments
there of the Temple of Fortune, ib.
Palatine, mountain, supposed to abound
in buried treasures of sculpture, i. 470.
Palladio, his design of the church of St.
Justina at Padua, i. 384; said to have
learnt a rule in architecture from an
ancient Ionic pillar, 478.
Palm-branch, an emblem of victory, i. 289.
Palm-tree, why represented on coins re-
lating to Judea, i. 332.
Palm-trees, plantations of, near St. Remo,
though not to be found in other parts
of Italy, i. 360.
Palmes, Brigadier, v. 360.
Palmistry of the gypsies, ii. 492.
Pam, a greater favourite with a gaming
lady than her husband, iv. 232.
Pamphlet, stirring up compassion for the
rebels, examined, v. 1; the author ar-
gues on supposed facts, 14.
Pamphleteer, takes precedence of single-
sheet writers, iv. 48.
Pamphlets, political, Mr. Addison's "State
of the War," a model for, iv. 363, note.
Pan, a fine head of him in porphyry at
Florence, i. 497.
Pancras church-yard, epitaph in, iv. 66, 67.
Pandæmonium, fine description of, iii.
208; proposed to be represented in fire-
works, iv. 188.
Pandora's box, moral deduced from that
story, iii. 493.
Panegyric on the Princess of Wales, iv.
474; well written, ib. note.
Pantænus, who travelled in the second
century, found St. Matthew's Gospel in
India, v. 127.
Pantaloon, a standing character in Vene-
tian comedy, i. 394.
Pantheon, at Rome, now called the Ro-
tunda, i. 418; its effect on the imagin-
ation, iii. 409.
Paper-manufacture, its benefit to the pub-
lic, iii. 348; its wonders enumerated,
Papers of the Spectator, publisher's ac-
count of the number distributed, ii. 253.
Paphos, prayers from, to Jupiter, iii. 369.
Papirius, the Roman senator, story of
him, v. 20.
Papist king, can never govern a Protest-
ant people, v. 60.
Paradin, Mons., his remark on the head-
dresses of the fourteenth century, ii.
Paradise, how described by Milton, iii.
Paradise Lost, if not an epic, a divine
poem, iii. 176; in what superior to the
poems of Homer and Virgil, 178; great-
ness of its subject, 179; the action con-
sidered, 177, 188; space of time not to
be ascertained, 180; actors, 181; why
universally interesting, 184; senti-
ments, 185; an exceptionable pleasantry
noticed, 189; language, 189, 190; its
event unhappy, 198; fable interwoven
with improbable circumstances, 200;
too many digressions, ib.; frequent al-
lusion to heathen fables, 202; ostenta-
tion of learning, ib.; jingle of words,
ib.; technical terms, 203. First book
Simplicity in opening the poem, 204;
person, character, and speech of Satan
sublimely appropriate, 206; catalogue
of evil spirits, 207; character of Mam-
mon, and description of Pandæmonium,
beautiful, 208; noble similies and allu-
sions, 209. Second book.-Satan's en-
counter with Sin and Death-Moloch's
character, 211; Belial, 212; Mammon,
213; Beelzebub, ib.; rising of the assem-
bly, 215; diversions of the fallen an-
gels, ib.; genealogy of Sin and Death
managed with delicacy, ib.; gates of
Hell-Chaos, 216. Third book.-Failure
of Milton in the speeches of the Divine
persons, 218; the Almighty's survey of
the creation, ib.; the fable a master-
piece in reconciling the marvellous with
the probable, 220; fine conception of
the angel in the sun, and Satan's flight
thither, 222. Fourth book.-Descrip-
tion of Paradise, 224; Satan's meeting
and conference with Zephon and Ga-
briel, 226; the golden scales, 227; Adam
and Eve, 228; their evening worship,
230. Fifth book.-Eve's dream, 231;
morning hymn, 232; Raphael's descent
to Paradise, 234; revolt in Heaven, 235.
Sixth book. Sublime description of
Messiah, 242. Seventh book.-The six
days' works of the creation, 244. Eighth
book.-Adam relates to Raphael his
own history, 250; his love for Eve, 254.
Ninth book.-Story of the serpent and
the tree of life, taken from Scripture,
257; Eve's temptation and transgres-
sion, 260. Tenth book.-Greater variety
of persons than in any other, 262;
guardian angels' return to Heaven from
Paradise after the fall, ib.; arrival of
Sin and Death into the works of crea-
tion, 263; Satan's return to Hell, and
transformation, 265; Adam's remorse
and despair, 266; bold personifications
of Milton, 269. Eleventh book.-Pe-
nitence of our first parents on the spot
where their sentence was pronounced,
270; intercession of Messiah, 271;
eclipse of the sun, a noble incident, 272;
Adam and Eve's regrets on hearing
their sentence of expulsion from Para-
dise, 273; Adam's visions, 274; of the
deluge, and its effect on Adam, 277.
Twelfth book.-Sketch of the plagues
of Egypt, 278; Abraham, 279; Messiah
foretold, ib.; noble conclusion of the
poem, 280; a small alteration in it pro-
posed, 281; judicious division of the
poem into twelve books, 281, 282; mo-
ral to be deduced from it, 282; time of
the action, from the fourth book to the
end, ib.; replete with scenes most pro-
per to strike the imagination, 418; Ton-
son's profits from, v. 695.
Paradoxes, the essentials of a Tory's creed,
iv. 452; a most absurd one in politics,
Paragrams, several species of puns so
called, ii. 354.
Parallel passages frequent in Homer and
Milton, iii. 262.
Parallels, of Homer, Virgil, and Ovid, iii.
416; fashionable in Mr. Addison's time,
Paranomasia, a species of pun, ii. 355.
Pardon, promised by the Pretender to
those who will rebel for him, iv. 434;
general pardon of the rebels, its expe-
diency discussed, v. 2.
Pardons, why necessary in a government,
Parentage, change of, in the allegory of
justice, ii. 33.
Parental love in animals, exemplified by
a barbarous experiment, ii. 458, 459;
ceases, when no longer necessary for the
preservation of the species, 459.
Parents, their taking a liking to a particu-
lar profession often occasions their sons
to miscarry, ii. 274; their hardness of
heart towards their children inexcusa-
ble, iii. 42.
Paris, curiosities there, described, iv. 182;
Addison at, v. 322-324.
Parish-politics, discussed in the church-
yard, ii. 446.
Parker, Charles, an ecclesiastic, his monu-
ment to the Dukes of Suffolk and Lor-
rain at Pavia, i. 365; inscription on his
own monument, 366.
Parker, Lord Chancellor, preamble, v. 604;
letter to, ib. note.
Parker, Geo., son of the Lord Chancellor,
and afterwards Earl of Macclesfield,
v. 645, and note.
Parliament, the Pretender's remark on,
iv. 431; a Scotch one to be called by
him, 434; Irish Houses of, grant for
clerks and officers, v. 501; Addison's
arguments on the Triennial elections
of, 614; silent members of, in 1715-16,
Parliamentary privilege, Steele's plea of,
Parma, its famous theatre and gallery de-
scribed, i. 503; the extent of its domi-
nions and condition of its inhabitants,
Parnassus, an artificial floating mountair.
so called, iv. 222; stations of the poets
on it, ib.
Parody on Cato's Soliloquy, v. 729.
Parr's, Dr., praise of Addison's Latin Dis-
sertation on the Roman Poets, v. 587,
Parrot, Michael, admonished respecting
his advertisements, ii. 168.
Parsimony, a particular favourite of Ava-
rice, ii. 90.
Parsley, emblematical of Achaia, i. 329;
a garland of it, the reward of the victor
at the Nemæan games, ib.
Parson Patch, iv. 224.
Parthenope, the ancient name of Naples,
its origin, i. 430.
Parthia, described on a medal and by the
poets, i. 333.
Parthians, a medal on the victory of Lu-
cius Verus over them, i. 311.
Partialities in the national judicature,
glanced at, iv. 170.
Participle, its use as a substantive, agree
able to the English idiom, ii. 275, note,
how to be used instead of a substantive,
iii. 170, note; two near together have
an ill effect, 204, note; misused as a
substantive, iv. 311, note.
Parties, in a nation, see things in differ-
ent lights, iv. 463; whence originating,
490; may bring destruction on our
country, v. 24; their animosities dis-
turb public entertainments, 25.
Partridge, John, the astronomer, adver-
tisement respecting him, ii. 158; Swift's
jokes upon, in the name of Bickerstaffe,
Party-contests once managed with good-
breeding, iv. 482.
Party-fictions of the Tories exposed, iv.
Party-lying exposed, iv. 25.
Party-patches, account of, ii. 389.
Party-spirit, its evil tendency, ii. 476;
prejudicial to the judgment, ib.; occa-
sionally prevails in all governments,
477; association proposed, to extinguish
it, 478; more prevalent in the country
than in town, 480; injurious to the
cause of virtue, iii. 138.
Party-violence, disclaimed by the Specta-
tor, ii. 230, 231; his endeavours to mi-
tigate it, 267.
Party-writers, how they recommend their
productions, iv. 106.
Paschal, his observation on Cromwell
death, iv. 257.
Pasquin, the statue. dressed in a dirty
shirt, in ridicule of Sextus Quintus, ii.
Passing-bells, who are such in conversa-
tion, ii. 118.
Passionate men unfit for public business,
Passions, exhibit themselves in the coun-
tenance, ii. 398; according to Plato,
survive the body, 405; their various
operations, as more or less swayed by
reason, iii. 96; instanced in the story
of two negroes, 96, 97; the use of them,
156; descriptions most pleasing which
move them, 419; those of hope and fear,
492; affect us more when asleep than
when awake, iv. 2.
Passions of the Fan, a treatise, for the use
of the author's scholars, ii. 430.
Passive obedience and non-resistance,
state of the controversy respecting, iv.
390; the doctrine of Turks and Indians,
391; its assertors have always been the
favourites of weak kings, 392; tends to
make a good king a very bad one, 393;
ruined James II., 394; of all kinds,
disallowed, except from a lover to his
mistress, iv. 426; misrepresented to the
people, 435; its real meaning, ib.
Pastoral hymn from the 23rd Psalm, iii. 446.
Pastorals of Pope and Philips, v. 696.
Patches, worn by the ladies as party-sig-
nals, ii. 389.
Patent fee of £100 per annum, granted to
Addison, v. 640.
Pathetic, not essential to the sublime, iii.
Patience, her office in the Vision of the
Miseries, iv. 94; a commander in the
war of the sexes, 274.
Patin, Mons., his abhorrence of the Eng-
lish, iv. 506.
Patrician, The, No. I., v. 249; No. II.,
280; No. III., 283.
Patriot, how a true one may console him-
self under obloquy or falsehood, iv.
Patriotism, recommended as a moral vir-
tue, iv. 411; a stimulus to great ac-
Patriots of a certain kind, more numerous
in England than in any other country,
Patronage of a prince necessary to learn-
ing, v. 23.
Paul, Mrs, married to Brigadier Mere-
dith, v. 357.
Paul, St., describes our absence from,
and presence with, the Lord, iv. 35; his
account of being caught up into the
third heaven, 131; his affection for his
countrymen, 414; he and Barnabas
persecuted by women, v. 21.
Paul the hermit, v. 123.
Paul Veronese, his painting of the mar-
tyrdom of St. George, i. 378; of the mar-
tyrdom of St. Justina, 384.
Paul's, St., the fox-hunter's visit there,
Pausanias, his account of Trophonius's
cave, iv. 152.
Pause, in music, its fine effect, ii. 97.
Pausilypo, the grotto of, described, i. 431;
the beautiful prospect of its mount,
Pavia, once a metropolis, now a poor town,
i. 365; monuments at the Ticinum of
the ancients, i. 366.
Pax Gulielmi auspiciis Europæ reddita,
Poema, i. 233.
Payment of Addison's salaries, official
entries of, v. 643.
Peace, described on a medal, i. 275; the
olive branch an appropriate token, 276;
figure of, on a medal of Vespasian, 313;
general, a caution to poets on its cele-
bration, iv. 46; a couple of letters, the
fruits of it, 181, 183; none can be made
without an entire disunion of the French
and Spanish monarchies, 340, 345, 347;
a time of, is always a time of prodigies,
495; furnishes few materials for his-
Pedantry, learning without common sense,
ii. 134; in learning, like hypocrisy in
Pedants, an insupportable kind of them
noticed, ii. 134; described by Boileau,
135; their combination to extol
another's labours, 149; their various
classes, 432; who so to be reputed, ib.;
the book-pedant the most insupport-
able, 433; apt to extol one another, ib. ;
how they often make buffoons of them-
selves, v. 219.
Pedro II., Don, king of Portugal, his
death, v. 355.
Peer, an English one, his pleasant story
of a French duellist, ii. 424.
Peerage Bill, proposed by Lord Sunder-
land, v. 236; the subject of a controversy
between Addison and Steele in the Ple-
beian and Old Whig, ib.; opposed by
Sir R. Walpole, ib.; pamphlets occa-
sioned by, 248, 306.
Peers, on increasing the number of, v.
262; on turning the sixteen Scottish
elective ones into twenty-five hereditary
Pegasus, how represented on the floating
Parnassus, iv. 222.
Pelion, Homer's epithet on, iii. 239.
Pelta, the buckler of the Amazons, i.
Pembroke, Countess dowager of, epitaph
on her, iii. 328.
Penance of Mary Magdalene, tradition
respecting, i. 359.
Pendentisque Dei, in Juvenal, explained,
Penitents, female, forbidden to appear at
confession without tuckers, iv 225.
Pension, retiring, v. 641. See Salaries.
Pension List, Tom Onslow's motion for
considering the, v. 646.
Pentheus, story of, i. 130; his death, 135.
Peplus, part of the Roman dress, i. 261.
Pepper, a production of Arabia, mention-
ed by Persius, i. 336.
Perfection, distinguished into essentia.
and comparative, ii. 381; the soul's ad-
vancement to, a proof of its immortality,
444, and note; spiritual, many kinds of it
besides those of the human soul, iv. 53.
Pericardium of a coquette's heart, mark-
ed with millions of scars, iii. 293; some
account of the lady, 295; the heart of a
salamandrine quality, ib.
Pericles, his address to the females in a
funeral oration, ii. 392.
Periodical writers, a most offensive spe-
cies of scribblers, iv. 133.
Peripatetic Philosophy, v. 608, 609, 611.
Peripatetics, an obvious difference be-
tween them and the Christians in the
propagation of their tenets, v. 133, note.
Periwig, of King William's reign, still in
fashion in the country, ii. 489; turned
grey by the fear of the wearer, iv. 66.
Perjury, different degree of guilt in, iv.
417; always reckoned among the great-
est crimes, ib.; punished by the Scy-
thians and Egyptians with death, 418;
in oaths of allegiance, an aggravated
crime, 419; every approach towards it
to be avoided, 420; the guilt of it how
incurred, ib.; the gate of, in the High-
lander's vision, 496.
Perrault, ridicules the homely sentiments
of Homer, iii. 188; his ill-judged sneer
at Homer's similitudes, 210.
Perron, says Gretzer, has a deal of wit for
a German, iv. 507.
Perry, Micajah, Lord Mayor of London,
Persecution, religious, personified, ii.
209; in religious matters, immoral, iii.
Persia, the Queen of, her pin-money, iii.
309; account of a fair there, for the sale
of young unmarried women, iv. 28; the
daughters of Eve reckoned there as
goods and chattels, 408.
Persian emperor, his pompous titles, ii.
Persian ambassador, at Paris, his daily
homage to his native soil, iv. 412.
Persian history, a tale from, on detrac-
tion, iv. 463.
Persians, ancient, their opinions on par-
ricide, iii. 60.
Persians, modern, our silk-weavers, ii, 372;
their custom of royal sepulture, iv. 327.
Persius, his description of a wreck, i. 295;
a passage from, in ridicule of the cere-
mony of making a freeman, 292; con-
sidered a better poet than Lucan, 336;
his account of a contest between Luxury
and Avarice, ii. 332; his second satire
occasioned by Plato's Dialogue on
Prayer, iii. 81.
Persons, imaginary, not proper for an
heroic poem, iii. 268.
Perspicuity, a great requisite in epic po-
etry, iii. 190; of a sentence, how hurt
by elliptical forms, iv. 58, note, 134, note,
Pertinax, his bust at Florence, i. 496;
two medals of his, 501.
Pesaro, its marble fountain, i. 406.
Pescennius Niger, a scarce medallion of
him at Parma, i. 504.
Pestilence, awfully personified in Scrip-
ture, iii. 270.
Peterborough, Lord, to be superseded by
Lord Galway, v. 355; mentioned, 446;
his imprudent conversation against the
Emperor, 447; arrested at Bologna, 447,
493; letter to, 446.
Peterborough, Lady, invited to dine with
Duchess of Marlborough, v. 365.
Peter's, St., church at Rome described;
the reason of its double dome; its beau-
tiful architecture, i. 417.
Petition of Simon Trippit, ii. 44; to po-
Petils esprits, a class of readers of poetry,
Petre, Lord, family of, v. 697.
Petronius Arbiter, St. Evremond's judg-
ment of, v. 737; Addison's account of,
738; translation of, ib.
Petticoat, its cause tried, ii. 64; petitions
in its favour answered, 66; hoop, com-
plaint against it, 482; the women's de-
fence of them, ib.; several conjectures
upon it, 482, 483; compared to an Egyp-
tian temple, 484.
Petticoat-politicians, a seminary of them
to be erected in France, iii. 314.
Petticoats, growing shorter every day, iv.
206; Tom Plain's letter on, 220; notice
to the Pope respecting them, 271.
Petty, Sir William, his calculations re-
specting petticoats, ii. 65; his computa-
tion of the number of lovers in Great
Britain, iv. 407.
Phædria, his request to his mistress on
leaving her for three days, iii. 22.
Phædrus, his fable of the Fox and the
Mask, i. 467.
Phaethusa, sister of Phaeton, transformed
into a tree, i. 97.
Phaeton, story of, from Ovid's Metamor-
phoses, i. 87; asks to guide his father's
chariot for a day, 88; sets fire to the
world, 93; struck by thunder, falls into
the Po, 96; notes on the story, 139-
145; his sisters, the poets blamed for
not transforming them into larch-trees
instead of poplars, 505.
Phalaris, his consolation to one who had
lost a good son, iii. 339.
Phaon, the inconstant lover of Sappho, iii
Pharos of Ravenna, its remains, i. 399;
of Caprea, noticed by Statius, 445.
Pharsalia, battle of, a digression in Virgil
relating to, i. 157; of Lucan, a transla-
tion of that poem desirable, as a satire
on the French form of government, v.
Phenomena of nature, imitated by the art
of man, iv. 187.
Phidias, his proposal to cut Mount Athos
into a statue of Alexander, iii. 408; his