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Mallebranche, his notion concerning
thought and duration, ii. 416; visited
by Addison, v. 332.
Mallia Scantilla, her bust at Florence
falsely inscribed Julia Severi, i. 496.
Malmesbury, Addison elected for, v. 425.
Mammon, in Paradise Lost, a finely drawn
character, iii. 208; his speech in the
second book, 213.
Man, a sociable animal, ii. 249; made for
immortality, 444; aggravates the cala-
mities of life, iii. 18; the merriest spe-
cies of the creation, 146; his dependence
on his Creator, 444; distinguished from
all other creatures by the faculty of
laughter, iv. 13; considered as the mid-
dle link in the chain of being, 53; a
creature designed for two states of be-
ing, 120; three reasons why he should
not be proud, 276.
Management of a husband, doctrines of
the Widow Club on, iv. 98.
Manchester, Earl of, v. 334; arrives in
Venice, 365; affront offered him there,
369, 371; letters to, 362-364, 371.
Manchester, Countess of, lines to, v. 228.
Mandeville, Sir John, some of his re-
mains, ii. 194.
Manilius, his allusion to Libra, the reign-
ing constellation of Rome, i. 297; his
description of Africa, 320.
Mankind, divided into the merry and the
serious, iv. 151; the two classes have an
aversion to each other, ib.
Manley, Mrs., her "Memoirs of Europe,"
Manner, greatness of, in architecture, iii.
408; illustrated from Mons. Freart,
Manners of town and country contrasted,
Manners, in Epic poetry, signify the fable
and the characters, iii. 181.
Manni, Nicolo, v. 438, 467.
Man's, Jenny, reflections there on the
French king's death, iii 380, 381.
Mantua-maker, proposes herself as a lion-
ess, iv. 228, 229.
Maple, Will., genealogy of his illegitimate
children, iii. 74.
Marble, various sorts, too hard for the in-
struments now in use, i. 476.
Marcia, daughter of Cato, i. 183, 184, 211,
Marcus Aurelius, equestrian statue of,
copied on ancient medals, i. 266; ex-
planation of three of his coins, 314, 316;
a medal of, 447; his equestrian statue
described on coin, 475; an excellent
bust of him at Florence, 497; levity of
his wife Faustina, ii. 486; his letter,
now lost, a testimony of a miracle per-
formed by the prayers of the Christians,
Marcus, son of Cato, i. 172, 201, 206.
Marcus Tullius, inscribed on a public
monument, with the figure of a vetch
instead of Cicero, ii. 347.
Mardyke, spacious canal made by the
French, in evasion of the Treaty of
Utrecht, v. 454; commissioners to in-
spect the demolition, 462; letter to, with
instructions, 465, 472; difficulties in the
way of demolition, 475; its progress, 499.
Mare, its nature transfused into the souls
of some women, iii. 87.
Marecchia, river, its mouth the spot where
St. Anthony preached to the fish, i. 379.
Mariamne and Herod, story of, iii. 28, 29.
Mariners transformed into dolphins, i. 131.
Marino, St., its town and republic describ-
ed, i. 403; account of its founder, ib.;
his statue, 404; short history of the re-
public, ib.; its form of government, 405.
Mark Antony summons Herod to Egypt
for his barbarity, iii. 28.
Marks worn by the Pretender's adherents
on his birth-day, v. 90.
Marlborough, the Duke of, poem of the
Campaign in honour of him, i. 42; his
arrival at the Moselle, 43; progress of
his arms, 44; his alliance with Prince
Eugene, ib.; besieges Schellenberg, 45;
his victory at Blenheim, 49; returns to
the Netherlands, 53; received in London
with acclamation, v. 352; sets out for
Holland, 359; remains at Margate, 360;
godfather to Lord Sunderland's son, 365;
prevents the junction of the Dukes of
Vendome and Berwick, 372; surrender
of Bethune, 396.
Marlborough, Duchess of, opera of Rosa-
mond inscribed to her, i. 55; invites
Lady Peterborough to dine with her, v.
Marquis, a French one, must yield pre-
cedence to a British freeholder, iv. 397.
Marraton and Yaratilda, a visionary tale,
Marriage, how men's minds and humours
may be changed by it, ii. 8; a counter-
apotheosis, 384; the first offer to be re-
fused, like that of a bishopric, 404;
without consent of parents, unfortunate,
iii. 41; those most happy which are
preceded by a long courtship, 161; im-
portance of a right choice, ib.; qualities
desirable in a companion for life, 169;
rules before and after marriage, ib.;
fruits of a happy one, 170; unequal,
cannot be happy, 307; its pleasures and
advantages, iv. 19; how rendered un-
happy by flattery in courtship, 217.
Marriage-life, caprices and hazards of it,
Marriage-state, its duties reciprocal, ii.
485; female levity fatal to it, 486; in-
stanced in the character of a country
gentleman and his lady, 487; happiness
of Aristus and Aspatia, ib.
Married state, compared to purgatory, iii.
Marrowbones and cleavers, who are such
in conversation, ii. 118.
Mars, the father of Romulus and Remus,
by Ilia the vestal, i. 465; burlesque
story of his amour with Venus, ii. 214;
his outcry when wounded, iii. 241.
Marseilles, said to have been visited by
Mary Magdalene, Lazarus, and Joseph
of Arimathea, i. 359.
Marsyas, the satyr, allusion to his contest
with Apollo, i. 463.
Martha, Mrs., her thirty years' courtship
with Sam. Hopewell, ii. 402.
Martial, ridicules the study of architecture,
i. 268; his attribute of glory, 274; his
allusion to the Cap of Liberty, 291; his
description of the cap of the Parthians,
312; his satirical reflection on Domitian
censured, ib.; celebrates the fertility of
Spain, 326; his allusion to the ancient
history of Ravenna, 398; his epigram
on Mount Vesuvius, 444; his description
of lawyers, ii. 272; his epigram on a
capricious friend, 369, 370; his epigram
on physiognomy, 399 his epigram on
Cato, at the theatre, ini. 451.
Martyrdom, a standing miracle among the
primitive Christians, v. 130; the mar-
tyrs supported by a miraculous
131; their deaths and sufferings induced
the Pagans to embrace Christianity, 132.
"Marvellous," a necessary ingredient in
newspapers, iv. 495.
Mary, (King William's queen,) her death
lamented, i. 9.
Mary Magdalene, her penance in the de-
serts of Marseilles described by Clau-
dian, i. 359.
Mary, queen of Scots, her portrait at In-
spruck, i. 534.
Mary of Medicis built the Luxembourg at
Paris, i. 495.
Masking, the great diversion at Venice on
all high occasions, i. 392.
Masks, custom of exhibiting them on the
stage, whence borrowed, i. 394.
Masquerade, an irregular assembly, ii.
247; deceptions practised at, 248, 249;
the Spectator's intention of visiting one,
Masquerade, poetical, iv. 222; late one at
the ambassador's, 279.
Massianello, consequences of his rebellion
at Naples, i. 429.
Master of a house, ought to be wise and
virtuous, iv. 320.
Masters in painting, why they dislike
drawing people of fashion, ii. 487.
Material world, compared with the world
of life, iv. 40.
Match out of Newgate, a farce now writ-
ing, on General Forster's and Lord
Nithisdale's escape, v. 26.
Mathematical demonstrations, the cathar-
tics of the soul, iv. 25.
Matidia, her bust at Florence, i. 496.
Matilda, the empress, particularly favour-
ed the Oxford University, v. 23.
Matthew, St., mentions the countries
through which the fame of our Saviour
was spread, v. 105.
Matthews, John, an idle fellow, reproved
by Sir Roger at church, ii. 4.
Maud the milk-maid, her marriage to Sir
Walter Bickerstaffe, ii. 8.
Maundrell, his account of the river Adonis,
and idolatrous rites performed there, iii.
Mauro, St., the modern name of the
island of Leucas, iv. 112.
Maxim, on what constitutes a good table,
ii. 109; a frugal one, of Sir Andrew
Freeport, 234; in criticism, ridiculous
use made of one, iv. 149, note.
Maxims on morality and faith, iii. 474.
Maximilian I., his monument in the Ca-
puchin convent at Inspruck, i. 534;
considered as the founder of the Aus-
trian greatness, 535.
May Fair, its downfal sunk the price of
many curiosities, ii. 1.
Maynwaring, Arthur, v. 340.
Mazarin, his behaviour to Guillet, who
had reflected on him in a poem, ii. 276.
Medal, to Trajan, for his beneficence to
Ancona, described, i. 407; in honour of
Tiberius by the fourteen cities of Asia,
434; of the port of Ostia examined, 457;
medals and statues illustrate each other,
475; of the younger Brutus at Bolonia
503; medallion of Pescennius Niger at
Parma, 504; one struck by Queen Eli-
zabeth on the defeat of the Armada, iii.
Medalists ridiculed, i. 256.
Medallions, how distinguished from me-
dals, i. 341.
Medals, Ancient, Dialogues on their use-
fulness, i. 253; Pope's verses on the
treatise on Medals, ib.; the subject re-
commended, 257; mode of estimating
them, not by their intrinsic value, but
by their erudition, 258; their uses, ib.;
to history-painters, 259; struck in hon-
our of victory at the Olympic games,
260; the various interesting subjects
they illustrate, 262; their comprehen-
sive brevity, 263; develop the annals of
an emperor's reign, 264; show the pro-
gress of ancient architecture, 265; va-
rious kinds of rust observable on them,
ib.; the most beautiful ancient statues
represented on them, 266; analogy of
their representa ions with those of po-
etry, 271; representation of virtue, 273;
honour, 274; concord, ib.; peace, 275;
fidelity, 277; hope, 278; chastity, 281.
piety, 282; equity, 283; eternity, ib. ;
time, 287; other representations of eter
nity, 288; of victory, 289, 290; liberty,
291; happiness, 293; scales, an emblem
of justice, 297; thunderbolt, a reverse of
Augustus, 297; oaken garland, a re-
verse on many imperial coins, 299; two
cornu-copiæ, to what relating, ib.; two
children's heads, pledges of peace, 301;
two joined hands, emblems of fidelity,
ib.; the giving of the hand expresses
good-will, ib.; an emblem of fruitful-
ness in compliment to the wife of Sep-
timius Severus, 304; on the marriage
of Nero and Octavia, 306; of Commo-
dus, ib.; of the cross in commemora-
tion of Constantine's battle with Max-
entius, 308; on Trajan's victory over
the Daci, 309; on a victory of Lucius
Verus over the Parthians, 311; on the
peace procured to the empire by Vespa-
sian, 313; on the delivery of the com-
monwealth by Trajan, 315; a reverse
of Marcus Aurelius, 317; to the memory
of Augustus, ib.; Roman medals, illus-
trated by the Latin poets, 320; emblem
of Africa, 321; Egypt, 323; Maurita-
nia, 324; Spain, 325; France, 326;
Italy, 327; Achaia, 328; Britannia,
329; Sicily, 331; Judea, ib.; Parthia,
333; Antioch, 334; Smyrna, ib.; Ara-
bia, 335; parallel between ancient and
modern ones, 338; why the ancients
made them of brass or copper, 339;
when they passed as current coin, 341;
medallions how distinguished from me-
dals, ib.; different occasions and sub-
jects of ancient and modern medals con-
sidered, ib.; among the Romans chiefly
struck in compliment to the emperors,
343; raillery never used in them, 344;
their mottoes or inscriptions inquired
into, 345; legends on ancient coins-on
one of Gustavus Adolphus, 346; on
Charles V., 347; on the peace between
England and Holland, ib.; quotations
used as legends, 348; chronogram of
Gustavus Adolphus, ib.; ancients excel
the moderns in consistency of represent-
ation, 349; medallic history of Louis
XIV., 350; instances of legends from
the Scriptures in the medallic history
of the popes, 351; enumeration and
titles of the first series, 353; of the se-
cond, 354; of the third, 355; cheap and
estimable honorary rewards, iv. 166; the
modern manner of bestowing them, less
effectual than that of the Romans, 167;
a project by a friend of the Guardian,
ib.; copy of a paper presented to the
late lord treasurer, 167, 168.
Mede, Mr., his book on the Revelations,
recommended to the ladies, ii. 409.
Medicina Gymnastica, a book, recom-
mending the exercise of riding, ii. 451.
Medicis, account of that family, i. 500; a
branch of it at Naples, 501.
Meditation, religious, strengthens faith,
Medlar, Mrs., a wife, why a member of
the Widow Club, iv. 95.
Medley, The Weekly, v. 266.
Melancholy, its fields, described by Virgil,
ii. 122; incident to merry persons, iii.
356; a dæmon that haunts our island,
Melancholy thoughts arising from the con-
templation of the universe, iv. 103; ex-
tinguished by reflecting on the Divine
Meldingen, a little republic in Switzer-
land, the model of its government and
the business of its councils of state, i.
521; revenue arising from its bridge, ib.
Meleager, his statue, i. 462; probably the
patron of pagan hunters, ib.
Melesinda, shows her temper by her head-
dress, iii. 175.
Melissa, her letter, complaining of her
drone of a husband, iii. 90; her leap
from the promontory of Leucate, 122;
her motive for asking advice in marri-
Memminghen, the French driven from,
after the battle of Blenheim, i. 51.
"Memoirs," of French officers, by what
characterized, iv. 403; of one of the
Preston heroes, ib.
Memory, its relief to the mind, iii. 491.
Men styled in Scripture strangers and
sojourners on earth, iii. 100.
Men of the town great pedants, ii. 432.
Menage, his remarks on Bouts Rimez, ii.
Menippus, the philosopher, fable respect-
ing, iii. 367.
Mencetes, the only instance of pleasantry
in the Æneid, iii. 188.
Men's, as the genitive plural of man, not
allowable, iii. 171, note.
Mentor, a contemporary of Homer, how
celebrated by him, v. 205.
Mercator, a witness called by Count Tariff,
Merchant, an eminent one, his remark on
the diet and dress proper for British
ladies, v. 17.
Merchants most useful members of the
commonwealth, ii. 373.
Merchantmen, fleets of, styled floating
shops, ii. 274.
Mercure Galant, a French work, abound-
ing with Bouts Rimez, ii. 352.
Mercurial, a class of readers so termed,
Mercury, steals the herds of Apollo, i. 108;
transforms Battus to a touchstone for
discovering the theft, ib.; his rod, or
caduceus, described on a medal, 300.
Mercury, a poison for ants, iv. 296.
Mercy, most agreeable to the nature of
man, iii. 20; defined, v. 16.
Meredith, Brigadier, married to Mrs. Paul,
Merit, without modesty, insolent, iii. 118;
dissipates small blemishes in men's cha-
racters, but is obscured by a great one,
Merry-andrew, how employed at a whis-
tling match, iii. 40.
Merry fellows, account of an establish-
ment of them, iii. 441; when a charm
and when a grievance in society, iv. 151.
Merry men, an expression of fellowship
in the feudal times, ii. 377.
Merry-thought, the plucking of one, por-
tentous to a lover, ii. 245.
Mesnager, Mons., his controversy with
Count Rechteren, iii. 503.
Messiah, the true hero of Milton's poem,
iii. 200; his chariot, 233; his commis-
sion to extirpate the rebel angels, 242;
grandeur and majesty of his deeds, 243;
accomplishes the work of creation, 245,
249; his intercession for Adam and Eve,
271; accounts of him by the prophets and
evangelists agree, v. 139. (See Saviour.)
Meta sudans, old medals describing it
rejected as spurious, i. 474.
Metamorphoses of Ovid, their effect on
the imagination, iii. 417.
Metaphor, boldness of, in the Georgics, i.
160; its use in discourse, iii. 428; pre-
cepts for conducting one to advantage,
Metaphors, in epic poetry, their use, iii.
Method, its advantage in writing, iii. 497;
in conversation, 498.
Methoughts, the expression corrected, ii.
Methuen, Paul, v. 351; about to be ap-
pointed ambassador, 353, 355; his treaty,
354; his character, ib.
Mevania furnished all Italy with herds
for sacrifices, i. 410.
Mexico, expresses sent to the emperor in
paintings, iii 412.
Mezentius, trophy of, from Virgil, i. 313.
Mezeray and other French authors in-
veigh against the manners of our coun-
try, iv. 506.
Micconi, his collection of shells at Genoa,
Michael, his sword, iii. 240; employed to
expel Adam and Eve from Paradise, 272.
Michael Angelo, a maimed statue at
Rome, called his school, iii. 115.
Microscopes, discoveries made by their
help. ii. 71.
Middle condition, most favourable to the
gaining of wisdom, iii. 480.
Midnight mask, an irregular assembly,
ii. 247; its rules contrived for the ad-
vancement of cuckoldom, 248.
Milan, its great church described, i. 367;
very rich in relics, 369; number of its
convents and churches, ib.; its citadel,
372; its territory like a vast garden,
373; manners of its people, ib.; de-
scription of it by Ausonius, 375; castle
of, inscription on a bullet shown there,
which shot the Mareschal de Crequi, iv.
Military fury, chained in the temple of
Janus, i. 311.
Military eloquence, a specimen of, iii.
Military pedants, described, ii. 433.
Milk-score of three years standing con-
tracted by the Pretender, v. 32.
Milord Anglois, always represented fat,
on the French stage, iv. 506.
Milton, his poetry celebrated, i. 24; his
style imitated in a translation from
Virgil, 38; probably applied a passage
on the story of Narcissus to Eve, 151;
censured and excused for punning, 152;
his fine description of female virtue, ii.
43; turn of words in his poetry, 63;
his beautiful simile of a walk in the
country, 158; his description of the
communion of men and spirits in Para-
dise, 259; his description of the cre-
ation of Eve, 404; placed in the second
class of great geniuses, 506; his descrip-
tion of the colloquial amusements of
the damned, iii. 128; his poetical figure
of laughter, 148; considered the first of
our English poets, 173; introduces into
his fable every variety of character of
which it is capable, 182; his characters
mostly his own invention, 186; his chief
talent, sublimity, 187; his errors in
syntax, and use of vulgar expressions,
190; boldness of his metaphors, 192;
his use of foreign idioms, ib.; intro-
duces several words of his own coining,
193; said to have copied Homer rather
than Virgil, 194; his expedients to cure
the imperfection of his fable, 199; where-
in his majesty forsakes himn, 217, 218:
excels other poets in his battle of the
angels, 238; indebted to the Jewish
writers for his account of the creation,
244; employs in this description the
whole energy of our tongue, 247; force
of imagination in Adam's story to Ra-
phael, 250; his frequent instances of pro-
sopopoeia, 269; improves upon Ovid's ac-
count of the deluge, 276; his judgment
in concluding his poem, 279; his de-
scription of the delights of spring, 371;
his great power over the imagination,
418; a scene from, affording a plan for
a fire-work, iv. 188; his description of
Eve's hospitality to the angel, 263; a
speech from, describing the power of
beauty over reason, v. 19; his poem
interesting to all mankind, 222.
Mimicry, the offspring of false humour,
ii. 299 why it affords delight, iii. 412.
Mincio, river, celebrated, i. 30; described
by Virgil and Claudian, 376, 377.
Mind, how supplied with materials for
thinking, iii. 491.
Minds of wise men and fools, little differ
ence between them, iii. 108.
Minerva, a statue of, beside Sannazarius's
tomb, i. 426; a candidate for the guard-
ianship of Athens; elected, v. 22; alle-
viates the curse of Neptune, the other
Minister, of Morocco, bastinadoed to death
by the emperor, iv. 437; of state in this
country, the condition of, to whom
suited, v. 74; impossible for one to
gratify all the demands of his friends
for places, 76; subject to many peculiar
hazards and difficulties, ib.; additional
burdens and vexations arising from the
Ministry, changes in the English, v. 394.
Minor, grieves at the shortness of time,
Minor Greek poets, false wit in their pro-
ductions, ii. 344.
Minos, the judge of the dead, ii. 131.
Minutes of the Spectator, read at Lloyd's
Coffee-house, ii. 322.
Miracles, in poetry, how to be reconciled
with credibility, iii. 220; those wrought
by the primitive Christians, their credi-
bility, v. 129.
Mirror of Truth in the hand of Justice, ii.
Mirth, the mother of humour, ii. 299;
contrasted with cheerfulness, iii. 356;
an inexhaustible fund of it in politics,
Mirzah, his vision, ii. 499, 500, &c.
Miseno, Cape, a port made in, by Agrippa
for the Roman fleet, i. 450.
Misenum, its ruins, i. 450.
Miser on his death-bed, ii. 183.
Misery, the Valley of, ii. 500.
Miseries of this life, outbalance its happi-
ness, iii. 4; how to be alleviated, 19;
heightened by reflection on the past and
fear of the future, iv. 22; vision of, 89,
Mishpach, his courtship of Hilpa, iv. 141,
Mistake of Mr. Addison on a passage in
Milton, iii. 217, note.
Mistress, an interested one, exhibited as a
harpy, ii. 40.
Mite, dissection of one, ii. 73.
Mixed communion of men and spirits in
Paradise, as described by Milton, ii.
Mixed wit, in what authors abounding,
Mnesarchus, an eminent philosopher, son
of Pythagoras, iv. 320.
Mobs, can never overturn a good govern-
ment, iv. 499.
Mock-heroic poems, heathen mythological
allusions excusable and even graceful
in, iv. 45.
Mock-patriots, must be despicable in the
eyes of posterity, iv. 399.
Mode; a standing mode of dress recom-
mended, ii. 488.
Modena, its principality described, i. 504;
condition of its inhabitants, 505.
Moderate Man, D'Urfey's last song, prais-
ed, iv. 160.
Moderation, religious, personified, ii. 210;
leads Religion into the hall of Public
Credit, ii. 239; an indispensable rule in
life, iii. 63.
Moderns, exceed the ancients in the arts
of ridicule, iii. 147; in what points the
contemporaries of ancient writers had
the advantage over them, v. 214, 217,
219-223; have no notion of the sound
and harmony of the ancient languages,
223; have the advantage of finding in
works of ancient authors certain beau-
ties which arise from their antiquities,
Modesty, a disadvantage to public per-
sons, iii. 119; an embellishment to
great talents, ib.; an ornament and
guard to virtue, ib.; a defence against
suicide, and a guard of feinale virtue,
120; vicious modesty exposed, 121;
false, distinguished from true, 470; its
evil tendency, 471; essay on, in the
Spectator, called the Britannic Beauti-
fier, iv. 75; an ornament to the maid,
the wife, and the widow, 181; described
as a young officer in the war of the
Modesty-piece, an article of female dress,
Modish, the term discarded from polite
writing, ii. 455, note.
Moisture, decay of, on the globe, how ac-
counted for, iv. 111.
Mole, its formation, a palpable argument
of Providence, ii. 463; degree of sight
given to it, ib.
Molehill, a comparison of, to the earth,
equally a favourite with the religionist
and the free-thinker, iv. 277, note.
Moles, a certain class of readers, why so
Molesworth, Robert, Lord Viscount, his
account of Denmark, v. 245.
Moliere, an agreeable surprise in one of
his plays, ii. 171; used to read all his
comedies to an old woman, 374; his
thoughts on popular ballads alluded to,
Moll White, a reputed witch, account of
her, ii. 453.
Molly and Betty, their history, proving
the value of knowledge to women, iv.
Moloch, his appropriate character, iii. 211;
his rash and furious speech, 212;
wounded, the idea taken from the Iliad,
Moluc, Muly, his magnanimous death,
Momus, why the son of Darkness and
Sleep, iv. 149; many critics of the same