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Innocents, the slaughter of, mentioned
by Macrobius, v. 108.
Innuendo, its secret virtue known to
party-writers, iv. 106.
Inscriptions, on ancient and modern coins
considered, i. 345; over the monu-
ment of the Dukes of Suffolk and Lor-
rain at Pavia, 365; over that of Parker,
an ecclesiastic, 366; over Roman Ca-
tholic confessionals, 370; respecting a
Milanese barber, who had conspired to
poison his fellow-citizens, 372; of a
poor peasant to St. Anthony at Padua,
384; on a picture of Thomas Gouldvell
at Ravenna, 401; on a marble at Terni,
commemorating the fall of Sejanus, 411;
at Florence, illustrating the history of
Appius, 500; near Berne, relating to
one Cussinus, an Englishman, 519.
Inspruck, a town of the Tyrol, described,
Instability of temper in politics, of fatal
consequence, iv. 489.
Instinct, a more unerring guide than
reason, ii. 459; its mysterious nature,
460; instance of, in a hen followed by a
brood of ducks, 461.
Instinct of the ant, iv. 292.
Instila, a part of the Roman dress, i.
Instruction, derived from history, its na-
ture, v. 86.
Integrity, a man of, his conversation the
most agreeable, iv. 80.
Intellectual beings, the disconsolate con-
dition of those who derive no benefit
from a consciousness of God's omnipre-
sence, iv. 113; misery of those who are
conscious of his indignation, 114; hap-
piness of those who feel the secret effects
of his mercy, ib.
Intentions, their influence on actions, iii.
Interest, often excites persecution under
the colour of zeal, iii. 51.
Intrigues, not to be published in the
Spectator, ii. 267.
Invasion of England, by the Prince of
Wales, threatened, v. 393.
Inventory of the rich moveables in Drury
Lane, ii. 4.
Invisible doctor, the memory of, what
may possibly outlive it, iv. 76, note.
Invocation, in Paradise Lost, very proper,
Ionic pillar in the Santa Maria Transte-
vere, its use to Palladio, i. 478.
Iopas, the musician in Dido's banquet,
supposed to be drawn from the life, v.
Ireland, Lords Justices of, letter to, v.
Irenæus, a disciple of Polycarp, the dis-
ciple of St. John, v. 123; his remark on
the agreement of the written with the
traditional gospel, 128.
Irishman, his thought on the loquacity of
a female orator, iii. 145.
Ironside, Nestor, Esq., his exertions to
serve Mr. D'Urfey, iv. 160; his exploits
among the lions, 165; his remark on
his kinsmen and predecessors, 172; his
pleasant excuse for dull and heavy
papers, 174; intends to erect a lion's
head in imitation of those at Venice,
175; of a hardy and robust family, 186;
his genius for projects, 198; censured and
applauded for his paper on tuckers, 204,
205; determines to discountenance the
projects of the Dædalists, 215; describes
the newly-erected lion's head at But-
ton's, 218; of service to the clergy, 224;
censures the ladies for gaming, 232;
how chided by his aunt Martha for his
want of family pride, 262; his letter to
Pope Clement VIII., 271; his self-ex-
amination, 300; his benevolent maxim,
307; secret history of a remarkable part
of his life, 322; his search of the philo-
sopher's stone, and projects of charity,
322, 323; abused by Dennis, v. 724.
Ironside, Mrs. Martha, a family chronicle,
Ironside, Sir Gilbert, how distinguished
at Edgehill fight, iv. 262.
Irresolution, a great cause of unhappiness
in life, iii. 1; our nature strongly in-
clining us to it, 2; exposed by Ho-
Ischia, isle, called by the ancients Inarime,
described, i. 450.
Isis, a deity of the Egyptians, i. 323.
Islands of the blessed described, ii. 503.
Italian opera, a faithful account of it, ii.
269; actors introduced on the English
Italian operas, translations of them bur-
lesqued, iv. 248.
Italian version of the letter to Lord Hali-
fax, i. 28.
Italians, the usual furniture of their li-
braries, i. 370, 371; their manners con-
trasted with those of the French, 373;
aversion of the common people to the
French, 374; their extravagant tomb-
stones, 378; the difference between their
poetical and their prose language, 393;
a great help to their modern poetry,
394; a great custom among them of
crowning the Virgin, 401; their writers
florid and wordy, ii. 242; their genius
for music superior to that of the Eng-
glish, 271; their language correspond-
ing with their genius, 499; their opi-
nion of the French, iv. 508.
Italic characters, of great use in adver-
tisements, ii. 167.
Italy, divided into many principalities, as
more natural to its situation, i. 373; its
rivers described by Silius Italicus, 416;
its present desolation, and comparison
with its ancient inhabitants, 419; its
lakes highly improve the face of the
country, 507; long torn by factions, ii.
Jackall, his letter to Mr. Ironside, iv. 229.
James I., encouraged punning, ii. 354;
unfortunately not formed as well for the
camp as the cabinet, v. 68; the Tory
scheme originated in his reign, 96.
James II., address of the Quakers to him,
iv. 394; converts in his reign, mostly
common women, 408; western assizes in
his reign reprobated, v. 19; had many
royal virtues which would have made a
Roman Catholic country happy, 30, 31.
James's (St.) Coffee-house, discussions
there on the French king's death, iii.
Januarius, St., liquefaction of his blood, a
bungling trick, its origin, i. 424.
January, Hesiod's description of that
month, i. 159.
Janus, temple of, from Virgil, i. 311; Vir-
gil's representation of Rage bound up
and chained there, v. 218.
Jaspar, oriental, columns of, at St. Maria
Maggiore, i. 477.
Jealousy, beautifully described by Horace,
i. 461; personified, ii. 79; defined, iii.
21; arises from extraordinary love, 22;
a malignant disease, ib. ; its fatal effects,
23; three classes of men most subject to
it, 24; rages most in warm climates,
25; hints for curing it, 26; rules to live
well with a jealous husband, ib.; coun-
terfeited jealousy, a sovereign antidote,
28; story of Herod and Mariamne, 28,
29; waters of, their qualities, iv. 464;
political, requisite for the preservation
of a government, v. 89.
Jean Pottages, drolls so called, in France,
Jefferys, Mr., his verses to the author of
Cato, i. 168.
Jenny, the Tatler's sister, disposal of her
in marriage proposed, ii. 6; her con-
duct and merit, 8, 9; her husband's
character, ib.; the effects of such a
Jensano described, i. 485.
Jerusalem, the pathetic lamentation of our
Saviour over it, iv. 414; Christian church
how withdrawn from that city during
the siege, v. 125; our Saviour's pro-
phecy of its destruction fulfilled, 135;
attempts to rebuild the temple frus-
trated by a terrible miracle, ib.
Jervas's letter to Pope, and reply, v. 416;
prepares the head of Homer for Pope's
Jests, practical, introduced in comedy, ii.
Jesuit, the Spectator suspected of being
one, ii. 494, 495.
Jesuits, their college at Fribourg, the
finest in Switzerland, i. 517; their par-
ticular compliment to the queen of the
Romans in a comedy designed for her
entertainment, 534; their famous rab-
binical secret, iii. 316; great corrupters
of Christianity and of natural religion,
iv. 418; their abominable principle of
doing evil for the sake of good, iv. 423.
Jew, at Jonathan's, his laughable question
to the Spectator, iv. 84.
Jewish tradition concerning Moses, iii.
Jews, lamenting their captivity, how de-
scribed by the Psalmist, i. 332; their
offer to cleanse the Tiber, and be paid
by what they found, 471; their great
number at Leghorn, 490; cultivated
music as a religious art, iii. 384; their
excellence in poetry, 465; why the Spec-
tator amuses himself with speculations
on that race of people, iv. 13; consider-
ed as numerons now as they were for-
merly in the land of Canaan, 14; their
dispersion and firm adherence to their
religion, ib.; providential reasons for
these particulars, 15; their veneration
of the name of the Deity, 55; remark-
able for an attachment to their country,
413; tried a suspected chastity by the
waters of jealousy, 464; in the time of
our Saviour, ridiculed as credulous by
the heathen world, v. 104; their remark
on our Saviour's miracles, 109; dis-
persed, and never to be re-established
as a nation, 136; their prophecies re-
lating to our Saviour an argument for
the heathens' belief, 138.
Jilt, a subtle one, exhibited as a sphynx,
Jingle of words in Milton's style, iii. 202.
Job, the Book of, allusion to, i. 50, note;
his reflections on the days of his pros-
perity, iii. 37; his exclamation on the
invisible omnipresence of the Deity, iv.
105; his pathetic expostulation, on his
Jockey, the Complete, a book for the pe-
rusal of ladies, ii. 409.
John, King, a story relating to, iv. 190,
John (St.), lived to the end of the first
century, v. 122; the living oracle of the
church during his long life, 125.
Johnson, Mr., an English bookseller at
the Hague, v. 350.
Joint of meat, whole, antipathy of certain
persons to, iv. 64.
Jointed babies, sale of, in the Exchange,
Jonas, his relics in the great church of
Milan, i. 369.
Jonson, Ben, his remark on Chevy Chase,
ii. 374; his reputation at the Silent
Club, iv. 235.
Joseph of Arimathea, an early convert to
Christianity, v. 117; a martyr to it, ib.
Josephus, a story from, ii. 442; his ac-
sunt of the destruction of Jerusalem to
be compared with our Saviour's pro-
phecy, v. 135.
Jotham, his fable of the trees, the oldest
extant, iii, 45.
Journal, of the Court of Honour, extract
from, ii. 191; of a periodical sleeper,
iii. 49; of a sober citizen, 322; other
journals enumerated, 325; Clarinda's,
Journal, Indian, abstract from one, ii.
Journey, Mr. Bickerstaffe's account of one
to the Land's End, ii. 152; his infer-
ences from it, 153.
Journeyman tailor, the hero of a tragedy,
Juan, Don, king of Portugal, v. 356;
Juba, prince of Numidia (in Cato), i. 179,
193, 195, 212, 217, 224; his famous speech
on honour, in Cato, iv. 309; examina-
tion of it, ib. note.
Judaism personified, ii. 208.
Judas Maccabeus, allusion to a dream of
his, iii. 240.
Judea, represented in captivity on the
coins of Vespasian, i. 331.
Judges, law for continuing them in their
posts during their good behaviour, iv.
Judgment, its difference from wit, accord-
ing to Mr. Locke, ii. 357.
Judgment; one human being cannot
judge of another, iii. 165.
Judgments, folly of ascribing them to par-
ticular crimes, iii. 510.
Julia, wife of Septimius Severus, medal in
compliment to, i. 304.
Julia Mæsa, her bust at Florence, i.
Julian the Apostate, acknowledges the
'miracles of our Saviour, v. 109; and
those of St. Peter, ib.; skilled in magic,
112; his attempts to falsify a prediction
of our Saviour, frustrated by a miracle,
Julius Cæsar, colony planted by him in
Switzerland, i. 515; his own historian,
ii. 14; replies to Cicero's praise of Cato,
16; his magnanimity to Catullus, who
lampooned him, 276.
Juno, jealous of Calisto, turns her into a
bear, i. 102; transforms herself into an
old nurse to insnare Semele, 122; her
petition to Jupiter respecting Latium,
to charm Jupiter, borrows the
cestus of Venus, ii. 104; her interview
with Jupiter on Mount Ida, iii. 261.
Juno Sispita or Sospita, an image of her
at Florence, and Tully's description of
her, i. 498.
Jupiter, strikes Phaëton from the chariot
of Phoebus with his thunder, i. 96; vio-
lates Calisto, 100; transformed into a
bull, carries away Europa, 113; enjoys
Semele in a storm, 124; his reply to
Juno's petition respecting Latium, 304;
his distribution of blessings and calami-
ties, ii. 101; address of one of the Des-
tinies to him, 102; grants to a country-
man the management of the weather,
281; his proclamation for every mortal
to lay down his griefs and calamities,
iv. 89; and to exchange them, 92; in
compassion, orders each to take his own
again, 94; as described in the Iliad, a
model to Phidias, v. 218.
Jupiter Ammon, answer of his oracle to
the Athenians on the war with the Lace-
dæmonians, iii. 83.
Jupiter Imberbis, his statue, i. 460.
Jupiter Pluvius, how represented on An-
tonine's pillar, i. 478; medal relating
to the same story, 479.
Jura, Mount, i. 509.
Jury of wine-tasters, ii. 105.
Jus trium liberorum, a privilege granted
by the Romans, iii. 74.
Justice, allegorically described in a vision,
ii. 32; most agreeable to the nature of
God, iii. 20; the greatest and most god-
like of virtues, iv. 175; a Persian story
on, 177; to be exercised with more of
clemency than of rigour, v. 16.
Justin Martyr, what cause led to his con-
version, v. 132; quotes Pontius Pilate's
record of our Saviour's death, 106.
Justina, St., her church at Padua one of
the finest in Italy, i 384; her martyr-
dom, painted by Paul Veronese, ib.
Juvenal, his humorous definition of me-
dals, i. 258; his allusion to parsley as
an emblem of victory, 329; his descrip-
tion of the port of Ostia, 457; a passage
in his sixth satire interpreted from a
basso relievo, 463; his remarks on
head-dresses, ii. 420; his account of a
drowsy husband who raised an estate
by snoring, iii. 50; his tenth satire, oc-
casioned by Plato's Dialogue on Prayer,
81; his supposed allusion to a statue of
Hercules lifting up Antæus from the
earth, v. 218.
Keally, Thomas, or Joseph, v. 373, 374;
letter from Steele, 373; letters to, 382,
392, 397, 398.
Kensington gravel-pit, a work of genius
in gardening, iii. 501.
Khacan, mountain in Persia, its healthful
air, iv. 329; site of the favourite palace
of the empire, 331.
King, absolute and limited, considered,
iv. 391; fondness of the English for one
who is valiant, 401; powers vested in
him by the legislature, 459; bound to
execute justice in mercy, v. 5; none can
govern a nation whose religion is oppo-
site to his own, 57, 58.
King, a club of men bearing that sur-
name, ii. 250.
King of clubs, a pun on the Spectator, iv.
King, Dr. William, his answer of Lord
Molesworth, v. 245.
Kings, wicked, how punished after death,
ii. 130; their persons formerly held
sacred in wars and party-contests, iv.
482; Sallust's remark on their change-
able dispositions, 490; English, most
famed for valour and wisdom, v. 68.
› Kirke's lambs, iv. 393.
Kit, its sound how affected by the frost in
Nova Zembla, ii. 198.
Kit-cat club, its origin, ii. 251; the repre-
sentative of the Whigs, the Examiner's
remark on, iv. 371; probably founded by
Tonson, v. 343; notices of, 676-678.
Kitchen-garden described, iii. 500.
Kitching, William, his trial for sedition
postponed, v. 455.
Kneller, Sir Godfrey, verses to, on his
picture of the king, i. 229.
Knife and fork, not to be laid across, ii.
Knight, in Rabelais, who breakfasted on
chimeras, compared to a Tory, iv.
Knights-errant, enemies of lions, iv. 207;
some in the world, who bring virgins
into distress and ruin innocence, 244.
Knotting, an employment proposed for
beaux, iv. 61.
Knowledge, the main sources of it, iii.
298; of one's self, rules for it, 378; next
to virtue, truly raises one man above
another, iv. 211; necessary in a family,
284; unhappy for a family when the
wife has more than the husband, 319;
of the world necessary to learned men,
Knowledge and Action, emblems of, in
the lion at Button's, iv. 218.
Kuffstain, a strong frontier place in the
duchy of Bavaria, i. 537.
L., speculations so signed, ascribed to the
lawyer, iii. 103.
Labarum, a Roman military ensign, de-
scribed, i. 309.
Labour, beneficial to health, ii. 449; why
placed by the gods before virtue, iii.
455; a duty incumbent on all the sons
of Adam, iv. 134; a wise ordinance of
Labyrinth of coquettes, in the vision of
human life, ii. 77.
Lacedæmonians, their petition to the gods
preferred to that of the Athenians, iii.
83; a form of prayer used by them, 84;
conquests of Alcibiades over them, iv.
Lacqueys of the learned, critics, comment-
ators, &c., so called, ii. 34.
Lactantius, what led to his conversion,
Lacus Gabinus described, i. 484.
Lady of quality, judged by Rhadaman-
thus, iv. 298.
Lady, a, letter to, from Addison, v. 387.
Ladies, fashion for them to receive visits
in bed, ii. 319; how distinguished as
Whigs and Tories, 389; of the British
fishery, their talents for debate, iii. 143;
a unicorn's head to be erected to re-
ceive their correspondence, iv. 220; re-
quested to cover their bosoms, 224;
likely to refuse, for the sake of opposi-
tion to Popery, 225; censured for gaming,
231; always of great use to the political
party they espouse, 407; why they
should be on the side of the Freeholder,
408; their happiness and liberty envied
by those of foreign nations, 410; several
of distinction, their public spirit roused
by the Freeholder, 427; those of each
party have commenced hostilities, 440;
advice to them, 441; their zeal visible
on their fans, 455; grown violent in
party-disputes, 483; a cartel settled be-
tween them, 483, 484; advice to, on po-
litical subjects, 493; the most amiable
and most important part of the com-
munity, v. 17; ridicule the best cor-
rective of their errors and prejudices,
Lady's library described, ii. 301.
Lady's head-dress, the most variable thing
in nature, ii. 419.
Lago di Como, called by Virgil the Lake
Larius, i. 376; described by Claudian,
Lago di Guarda, or Benacus, described
by Virgil, i. 376.
Lago Maggiore, empties itself by the Tesin,
Lain and laid, distinction of those parti-
ciples, i. 141, note.
Lain, instead of laid, iii. 405, note.
Lake, artificial one, at Babylon, iii. 407.
Lamb, a modern diet, ii. 107.
Lamb and Dolphin, a sign, ii. 285.
Lamentation in poetry, remark of a great
critic respecting, i. 152.
Lampetia, sister of Phaeton, transformed
into a tree, i. 97.
Lampoons, written by people who can't
spell, ii. 266; witty ones, compared to
poisoned darts, 275; the inhuman bar-
barity of the ordinary scribblers of them,
Land-tax, increase of, during the rebel-
lion, represented by the Tories as a
grievance on the subject, iv. 471; justi-
fied, 472; no other tax so proper for
that critical juncture, ib.; none so likely
to cease when no longer necessary, 473:
enabled the king to quell rebellion and
overcome foreign enemies, 474.
Landau surrenders to the allies, i. 53.
Landlady, the Spectator's, her officious-
ness, ii. 256.
Landlord, a jolly one, described, iv. 480.
Landscape, a beautiful one, in a camera
obscura, described, iii. 404.
Language, the English, much adulterated
during the war, iii. 12; of an heroic
poem, its requisites, 190, 191.
Languedoc wine made from water, ii. 94.
Lansdown, Lord, epilogue to his dramatic
poem of the British Enchanters, i. 82.
Laocoon and his two sons, an antique
model at Florence of that famous statue,
i. 499; the statue of, a copy from or a
model to Virgil, v. 218.
Laomedon, a reflection on his falsehood
and tyranny, i. 84.
Lap-dog, called Cupid, dangerously ill,
Lapis Vituperii in the town hall of Padua,
its use, i. 384.
Laplanders, twenty thousand, said to have
come over with King William, iv. 421.
Lapsus Linguæ, a cause of expulsion
from the Silent Club, iv. 236.
Lares, compared by a German to a jug-
bottle, i. 466.
Larissa, a virgin of Thessaly, takes the
Lover's Leap, iii. 122.
Larva, a head-covering worn by the Ro-
man actors, described, i. 466.
Last words of authors, iii. 447; of Mr.
Latimer, his behaviour in the conference
of Papists and Protestants, iii. 483.
Latin, English words derived from, ii.
Latin critics, their manner of writing,
where to be found beautifully described,
Latin lines, very beautiful, certainly Mr.
Addison's, and why, iii. 399, note.
Latin poems of Mr. Addison, i. 232, v. 546
Latin prose composition, Addison's, v. 587
Latin sentences, of use in sermons for a
country auditory, iii. 103.
Latinisms frequent in Milton's style, iii.
Latter spring, in old women, ii. 403.
Laud (Archbishop) fined the Company of
Stationers for an erratum in their edi-
tion of the Bible, iv. 126.
Lauderdale, Lord, a passage from his
translation of Virgil's 4th Eclogue, i.
Laugh, only one in the whole Æneid, iii.
Laughing, a metaphor applied to trees
and fields, common to all languages, iii.
Laughter, defined by Mr. Hobbs, ii. 325;
the provocations to it, 326; its effects on
the mind and body, iii. 146; an attri-
bute of Venus, 148; personified by Mil-
ton, ib.; the property of reason, its ex-
cess that of folly, iv. 151.
Laurel, an ornament of victory, i. 289.
Laurence, St., the chapel of, at Florence,
not completed, i. 500; library of manu-
scripts belonging to it, 501.
Lausanne, on the lake of Geneva, de-
scribed, i 514; a peculiar privilege be-
longing to one street in this town, ib.
Lavinia, a complainer, ii. 99.
Law, the body of, divided into two classes
of men, ii. 272.
Law of nature, how recovered from errors
and corruptions by Christianity, v. 88.
Laws, good, how they become a dead let-
ter, iv. 400.
Lawsuit, in Morocco, terminated by the
ruin of plaintiff and defendant, iv. 438.
Lawyers, their great numbers and con-
stant employment among the Neapoli-
tans, i. 428; the peaceable and litigious
described, ii. 272, 273.
Lay Monastery, The, established by
Hughes and Sir Richard Blackmore, v.
Laymen, a general caution to them, ii. 60.
Lazar-house, described by Milton, iii. 274.
Le Brun, studied the figures on old coins,
i. 259; paintings of, at Versailles de-
scribed, iv. 183.
Le Clerc, Jean, v. 374; letter to Addison,
Le Conte, Mons., his account of the con-
ferring of titles in China, iv. 166.
Leaf, a single one, inhabited like the
woods and forests, ii. 73.
League, divided France into factions, ii.
Lean men, a club of, ii. 250.
Lear, tragedy of, half its beauty lost by
reforming it, ii. 309.
Learned bodies ought to cultivate the
favour of the great and powerful, v. 23.
Learned men, multitudes of them who
came over to Christianity, v. 117; what
the first motive to their conversion, 118;
names of several, ib.
Learned world, points of precedence in,
Learning, well husbanded, ii. 36; with-
out common sense, is pedantry, 134;
its effects on sensible men and fools,
433; without discretion, is pedantry, iii.
109; universal, necessary to a critic,
196; men of, would transact public
business with greater honesty than
other men, 488; in some respects more
adapted to the female world than to the
male, iv. 283; often pernicious without
knowledge of the world, v. 22; mytho-
logical story relating to that point, ib.;
Ancient and Modern, a Discourse on,
Lecture, a word used in ridicule of the
pedantic style, ii. 214, note.
Leda and her swan, statue of, i. 472.
Lee, the tragic poet, his merits and de-
fects, ii. 306, 307; specimen of rant in
his tragedy of Edipus, 310; his Al-
cander, in Edipus, a Cartesian, iv. 207.