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Delight and surprise, properties essential
to wit, ii. 357.
Deluge, awfully described by Milton, iii.
Democritus, a ridiculous piece of natural
magic taught by him, iv. 33.
Demosthenes, beauties in his orations not
yet discovered by the moderns, v. 222;
Cicero deemed the longest of his ora-
tions the best, ib.
Demurrers, a sect of women so denomi-
nated, ii. 402; cautions to them, 403.
Denham's Cooper's Hill praised, i. 26.
Denham, Sir John, beautiful lines from
his poem on Fletcher's works, iii. 153.
Dennis, Mr., his humorous lines on laugh-
ter, ii. 326; his tragedy, "Liberty As-
serted," v. 381; Steele's and Pope's let-
ters respecting him, 405, 410.
Depth of sense and perspicuity of style,
merits of the Spectator, iii. 478, note.
Derry, Bp. of. See Clogher, Bp. of.
Dervise, story of one, calling
caravansary, iii. 302, 303.
Des Barreaux (Mons.), his penitential
hymn, iv. 37.
Des Maizeaux, Mr., letter to, v. 391.
Description, the most remote kind of re-
presentation, iii. 411; why producing a
different relish in different readers, 414.
Desert, a fashionable one, described, ii.
Deserts, near Marseilles, rendered famous
by the penance of Mary Magdalen, i. 359.
Despotic governments, their way of pun-
ishing malcontents, v. 89.
Despotism, its natural connexion with
barbarity, iii. 298.
Destinies, their present to Jupiter, ii. 101
speech of one of them to him, 112.
Detraction, in females, punished by loss of
speech, ii. 42; many passions and tem-
pers of mind dispose us to it, iii. 159.
Deucalion and Pyrrha, story relating to,
Devil at a masquerade, iv. 279.
Devonshire, Duke of, his dangerous ill-
ness, v. 362.
Devotion, its seasons, ii. 224; the great
advantage of it, 413; a main resource
in afflictions, iii. 6; notions of the most
refined heathens respecting it, 81; dis-
tinguishes men from brutes more than
reason does, 71; to be early inculcated
in children, 70; its errors, when not
moderated by reason, 71; degenerates
into enthusiasm and superstition, 72;
and idolatry, 73; Socrates's model of
devotions, 81; has occasioned the no-
blest buildings in the world, 408; ha-
bitual, its effects, 484; how rendered
unpopular, v. 34; spirit of, in the great-
est conquerors in English history, 80;
public acts of, pleasing to God, 81.
Diæresis, and lengthening of words, fre-
quent in Milton, iii. 193.
Diagoras, an usurer, not suffered to take
the Lover's Leap, iii. 123; the atheist,
story concerning, 510.
Dialogue, a favourite mode of writing
among polite authors, ancient and mo-
dern, i. 273; on Prayer, by Plato, the
substance of it, iii. 81.
Dialogues on Medals, i. 253 (see Medals);
why never published by the author, 337,
Dial-plate of lovers, how to be improved,
Diamond, of greater value whole than
when cut into smaller stones, iv. 504.
Diana, discovers the pregnancy of Calisto,
i. 101; transforms her into a bear,
ib.; for what celebrated by a heathen,
D'Iberville, Mons., French minister in
England, v. 458, 469; extract from a
note of his, 464.
Dictated, improper use of the word, ii.
Dictator, Roman, appointed in times of
danger, iv. 458.
Didius Julianus, his bust at Florence, i.
Dido, her eloquent silence when addressed
by Æneas in the shades, ii. 97; an ad-
mirable character, iii. 182.
Diet, difference of, between the modern
and that of our ancestors, ii. 107;
simple, most agreeable to nature, iii. 65.
Difference of opinions on certain things,
amusing, iii. 503.
Diffidence in public company, to what
attributed, iii. 118.
Dignitaries of the law, who, ii. 273.
Dinner, a fashionable one described, ii
Diodorus Siculus, his account of the ich-
neumon, ii. 479; considers perjury as a
double crime, iv. 418.
Diogenes, his encounter with a young
man going to a feast, iii. 65; a humor-
ous saying of his, on hearing a dull
author read, iv. 133; his severe remark
on one who spoke ill of him, 254.
Dion, attests the taxing of the empire
under Augustus, v. 108.
Dion Cassius, his story of Androcles and
the lion, iv. 267.
Dionysius, his ear, iii. 440.
Dionysius the Areopagite, an early con-
vert to Christianity, v. 117.
Dipped, a cant term, well applied, iv.
Directors of the Bank, cursed by a fox-
hunter, iv. 481.
Disaffection to kingly government un-
justly charged to the Whigs, iv. 503.
Disappointment in love harder to over-
come than any other, iii. 5.
Discharging the fan, directions for, ii. 429.
Discontented temper, from Theophrastus, | Doggett, how cuckolded on the stage, iii.
Discord, Homer's description of, cele-
brated by Longinus, iii. 226.
Discourse, different talents in it, how sha-
dowed out, ii. 115; on ancient and mo-
dern learning, v. 214; proved to be ge-
nuine, ib., note.
Discover, a verb not to be used absolutely,
iv. 500, note.
Discreet man, his character, iii. 110.
Discretion, her office at the Temple of
Virtuous Love, ii. 78; the most useful
quality of the mind, iii. 109; contrasted
with cunning, 110; considered both as
an accomplishment and a virtue, 111;
a distinguishing ornament of women,
Discus, its figure in sculpture, i. 468.
Diseurs de bonne avanture, fortune-tell-
ers, so called by the French, iii. 61.
Disjunctives require a verb in the singular
number. iv. 244, note.
Disputable, used for disputed, iii. 475,
Dispute respecting precedency, how ter-
minated, ii. 19.
Dissensions, national, prevail in private
and in public, v. 24.
Dissent with, propriety of that expression
discussed, iv. 374, note.
Distempers, real and imaginary, among
country people, iv. 258.
Distich, Mr., poet of the short club, threat-
ened, iv. 203.
Distinguish, improper use of the word, i.
Distressed Mother, Sir Roger de Cover-
ley's remarks on seeing that play, iii.
333; Epilogue to, v. 228; adapted from
Racine by Ambrose Phillips, 429.
Diversions, useful and innocent, a method
of employing time, ii. 413.
Divine presence, a sense of it promotes
cheerfulness of temper, ii. 413.
Dixme Royale, extract from, showing the
poverty of France, iv. 360.
Doctor, a standing character in Venetian
comedy, i. 394.
Doctors, the rank of, in the three profes-
sions, a degree above that of 'squires,
Doctors Commons records, the only au-
thentic materials for Grub Street poli-
ticians, v. 29.
Doctrines, unnatural, in politics, iv. 417.
Doddington, Bubb, v. 439; letter to, ib.
Dog, its nature transfused into the souls
of scolds, iii. 87.
Dog and gridiron, a sign, ii. 285.
Dogs, how affected by the poisonous
steams of the grotto del Cani, i. 436; of
Vulcan, account of them, iv. 126, 127;
could distinguish the chaste from the
unchaste, 126; worried a priest, and
were hanged for loss of instinct, 127.
Donatelli, his statue of the great Duke of
Tuscany at Leghorn, i. 490.
Donawert, march of Marlborough's army
to, i. 47.
Doodle, Timothy, his letters on innocent
sports and pastimes, iii. 140.
Doria, the Duke of, his palace, i. 362; his
statue and inscription, ib.
Double, Peter, his charge against Sir Paul
Swash, ii. 222.
Doubt, Nicholas, ii. 18.
Douglas, Earl, his heroic fall at Chevy
Chase, ii. 377.
Dover cliff, described by Shakspeare, in
King Lear, ii. 71.
Dragons of Africa, described by Lucan,
Drake, Dr., denies that Addison was tutor
to Earl of Warwick, v. 366.
Drama, originated in religious worship,
Drapery, an everlasting one, proposed, ii.
Dream, of Glaphyra, from Josephus, ii.
442; on the dissection of a beau's head
and a coquette's heart, iii. 290.
Dreams of the author, concerning his mis-
tress, ii. 70; of the band of lovers, 76,
&c.; of the Temple of Virtue, 88; of
Honour and Vanity, 88, 89; of Avarice,
90; of Jupiter and the Destinies, 101;
of the Alps, 138; give some idea of the
great excellence of the human soul, iv.
1; are an instance of the natural per-
fection of the mental faculties, ib.; pas-
sions affect the mind most when we are
asleep, 2; the soul's power of divining
in dreams, 3; the art of divining, uni-
versally amusing, 23; the Moorfields
interpreter, 23, 24; dreams, according
to old women, go by contraries, 197,
198; of a Spaniard, exhibiting death as
a Proteus, 257; of the tribunal of Rha-
Dreams and Visions of Addison, have
more than all the grace and invention
of Plato's, 196, note.
Dream-tree, described, ii. 120.
Dress, female, the product of a hundred
climates, ii. 372; in the country, old
Drinking, a rule prescribed for it, iii. 66.
Droll, an ingenious one, his method of
living, ii. 36; a name given to Socrates,
Drolls, admired by the common people of
all countries, ii. 326.
Drummer, or the Haunted House, a come-
dy, v. 141; Sir Richard Steele's dedi-
catory epistle to Mr. Congreve, 142;
Preface, 156; why it made no figure on
the stage, 152; Prologue, 157; Epilogue,
Drums, who may be so termed in con-
versation, ii. 115; a club of them,
Drunkenness, a wonder why men glory
in it, iv. 110; its fatal effects on the
Drury Lane, sale of palaces, gardens, &c.,
at, ii. 3; its districts resound with "the
danger of the church," v. 20.
Dry, Will., a man of method, iii. 499.
Dryden, Mr., a panegyric on his transla-
tions from the Latin poets, i. 1; cha-
racterized as a poet, 26; an opinion of
his, respecting Milton, refuted, ii. 63;
gained less by all his works than Dr.
Case by a single distich, 180; his suc-
cessful introduction of rant in tragedy,
310; his translation of the pleadings of
Avarice and Luxury from Persius, 332,
333; ridicules false wit in his Mac Fleck-
no, 345; his definition of wit more appli-
cable to good writing, 360; his criticism
on Ovid's epistle from Dido to Eneas,
361; delighted in old ballads, 398; his
satirical remark on the fair sex, 486;
his highly finished description of a mu-
table character, iii. 3; his translation of
the speech of Pythagoras from Ovid, 89;
said to have copied a fragment from
Sappho in his love-poems, 115; in his
translation sometimes misrepresents
Virgil, 188; his celebrated lines on cri-
ticism, 196; considers Satan as Milton's
hero, 200; his dramatic writings cri-
ticised, iv. 208; his translation of Vir-
gil's fine compliment to Augustus, 265;
in imitating Shakspeare's style, said he
excelled himself, 272, 273; quotes an
anticlimax, 381; his translation of Vir-
gil praised, v. 48; acknowledges the
assistance of Mr. Addison in his trans-
lation of Virgil 148; his Absalom and
Achitophel, 216; notices respecting,
Dublin University, elect the Prince of
Wales chancellor, v. 21.
Duelling, ridiculed, ii. 25; practised with
figures on a wall, ib.; amusingly treat-
ed, v. 328.
Duellist, how punished in the Court of
Honour, ii. 224.
Duellists, a club of them formed in the
reign of Charles II., ii. 251; qualifica-
tions for it, ib.
Duels, mode of preventing, ii. 424.
Duennas, in Spain, their office, iv. 409.
Dulness, the god of, his temple, ii. 363;
filled with an host of Anagrams, Acros-
tics, Chronograms, 363, 364; Magazine
of Rebuses, 364.
Dulwich Hospital, erected and endowed
by Mr. Allen, a player, ii 3.
Dumb bell, why a favourite exercise with
the Spectator, ii. 451.
Dumblain, successes of the rebels at, how
characterized, iv. 423.
Dumb's Alley, in Holborn, the place of
meeting of the silent club, iv. 234.
Dunbar, David, letters from Addison, v.
430, 431; statement respecting, 432.
Dunciad, quotation from, i. 214, note.
Dunkirk, the motto of a medal on that
town censured, i. 351; demolition of,
when proposed, iv. 389; provision of the
Treaty of Utrecht for its demolition, v.
454; commissioners to inspect the de-
molition, 462, 655.
Duplicates, in the formation of the body,
a demonstration of an All-wise Con-
triver, iv. 73.
Duration, the idea of it, how entertained
by Mr. Locke, ii. 415; different beings
may obtain different notions of the same
parts of duration, 416; of happiness
and misery, a question on it by one of
the schoolmen, iv. 121.
Durazzo Palace in Genoa, the best furnish-
ed, i. 362.
D'Urfey, his tales in verse, in a lady's
library, ii. 302; Mr. Addison's part in
the Guardian undertaken to serve him,
iv. 159, note; reduced to difficulties in
his old age, 160; his play of the Plot-
ting Sisters acted for his benefit, ib.; a
great favourite with Charles II., 161;
the delight of polite companies, ib.;
his character, ib., 162.
Dutch, their taste in sepulchral works su-
perior to ours, ii. 284; their favourite
sign of the Gaper, ii. 326; our genuine
friends and allies, v. 97.
Dutch minister of state, a gipsy in his
youth, ii. 492.
Dutch settlement in Nova Zembla, a thaw
of words there, ii. 197.
Dutch virtues, those of King William so
styled by the Tories, iv. 422.
Dutchman, who broke his leg, was thank-
ful it was not his neck, iv. 119.
Duty, not custom, in certain cases, the
rule of action, iv. 123.
Duties, of the marriage state reciprocal, ii.
485; export and import, regulated by
the late treaty of commerce, v. 51, 56.
Dyer's Letter, a source of amusement to
Sir Roger, ii. 481; read by foxhunters
for its style, v. 480.
Dying for the fair sex, how punished, ii.
"Dying for love," a metaphor, illustrated,
Each, ungrammatically used, iii. 184, note.
Earth, its sacred theory, by Dr. Burnett,
a Latin poem on, i. 251; how repre-
sented on medals, 307; the souls of
sluggish women composed of, iii. 87;
before it was cursed, represented as an
altar breathing incense, 258; its changes
after the fall, 264; why covered with
Earthquake and darkness at the death of
our Saviour, recorded by Phlegon the
Trallian, v. 109.
Earthquakes, where frequent in times of
peace, iv. 495.
East India Company, New, formed, v. 353;
united with the Old, ib.
East Indies, widows burn themselves
there, iv. 408.
Easy, Charles, recommends certain papers
of the Spectator as a cure for hypo-
chondriac melancholy, iv. 75.
Echion, one of the surviving offspring of
the dragon slain by Cadmus, i. 118.
Echo, a famous one, in Woodstock Park,
allusion to, i. 57; transformation of, 125;
reason of an omission in the story, 126,
Rote; an artificial one, near Milan, 373;
conceit of making it give rational an-
swers, ii. 348; ridiculed in Hudibras, 349.
Edict, against ogling, ii. 221; of the Spec-
tator, against an absurd practice in
poetry, iv. 46; a supposed one of the
Pretender, for raising the value of cur-
rent coin, 467.
Editions of the Classics, their faults, iii.
Editors, modern, their senseless affecta-
tion of Terence's and Plautus's phrases,
Education, a liberal one, expensive, and
deserves more encouragement, ii. 37;
its benefits exemplified in the story of
Eudoxus and Leontine, 469; necessity
of a good one, and its effects on the
mind, iii, 95, 96.
Edward the Confessor, Sir Roger de Cover-
ley's remarks on, iii. 331.
Edward III., had heirs male in two direct
descents, iv. 476; greatly encouraged
trade, v. 49; his prayers and thanks-
givings before and after the battle of
Eginhart, secretary to Charles the Great,
a story concerning him, iii. 43.
Egotism, generally proceeds from vanity,
iv. 98; many great men guilty of it, 98,
99; a figure not to be found among the
ancient rhetoricians, 99; remarkable in
authors of memoirs, and in modern pre-
faces, 100; allowable in works of hu-
mour, ib.; egotists in conversation, ib.
Egypt, medallic representation of. i. 323;
a short sketch of its plagues in Paradise
Lost, iii. 278; its pyramids, 408.
Egyptians punished perjury with death,
Elephant, an emblem of Africa, i. 321; a
reverse of Cæsar, ii. 347.
Elephantis, the, noticed by Martial, i. 448.
Elinor, Queen, a character in the opera of
Rosamond, i. 57; poisons Rosamond, 72.
Eliogabalus, his bust in alabaster at Flo-
rence, i. 496.
Elisha, his pathetic reply to Hasael, iv.
Elisions, used by Milton, after what ex-
ample, iii. 194, note.
Elizabeth (Queen), a saying ascribed to
her, iii. 102; her medal on the defeat of
the Armada, 305; account of a retired
statesman in her days, iv. 152; remark-
able for steadiness and consistency, 490;
her speech at the University of Oxford,
v.24; greatly encouraged trade, 49; made
a Whig by the Freeholder, 96, note.
Elizabeth, Princess of Bohemia, praised
for her knowledge of philosophy, iv. 507.
Ellipsis, frequent and natural in all lan-
guages, iv. 58, note; instances of, in
the Spectator, 77, note, 84, note.
Elliptical forms of speech, how to be ex-
plained, according to Mr. Locke, iv. 144,
note; frequent in English, 264, note.
Elliptical expression, v. 39, note; a proper
one, 80, note.
Eloquence, a goddess attendant on Liber-
ty, ii. 140; an art most proper for the
female sex, iii. 143.
Elpenor, described to have broken his
neck in a debauch of wine, a warning
to drunkards, ii. 111.
Elysium, described by Virgil, ii. 123; its
joys described in Telemachus, ii. 131.
Elzevir classics in wood, ii. 302.
Elzevir, the printer, more famous than
any pensioner of Holland, iii. 349.
Emblematical descriptions in various po-
ets, iii. 424.
Eminent men most exposed to censure
and flattery, ii. 425.
Eminent persons, accounts of their death,
instructive, iii. 301.
Emma (Queen), allusion to her trial by
ordeal, iii. 68.
Emperor, The, opposed to the admission
of the King of Prussia to the Triple
Alliance, v. 469.
Empires, great, ought to be cantoned out
into petty principalities, i. 505.
Employments, how changed into diver-
sions, iii, 454.
Enceladus, buried under Ætna, i. 38.
Encouragement, in love affairs, a nice
point to define, iv. 170.
Eneid, third, translation of a story from,
Enemy, rule respecting our behaviour to-
England, how enriched by commerce, ii.
English, courted by the Pope to settle at
Civita Vecchia, i. 492; pictures of the
English rebels at Fribourg, 517; al-
lowed by foreigners to be naturally
modest, iii. 385; prevailing taste for
epigram and conceit in writing, 393;
their thirst after news, 461; bashful in
all that regards religion, 471; why they
ought especially to love their country,
iv. 415; easily duped by designing and
self-interested Tories, 422; said by fo-
reigners to be given to change, 488;
how considered by the French, 506; un-
accountably disposed to borrow fashions
from them, 508.
English language loves ellipses, iv. 264,
English lyrics, finely imitated, iv. 248.
English nation, the securest in the world,
in a multitude of counsellors, iv. 85;
a wiser nation than the French, but not
so happy, 183; inconstancy of the cli-
mate, 185; wittier than the French, but
not so merry, 192; compared to Trin-
culo's kingdom of viceroys, 390; form of
government, how to be considered, ib.
English poets, account of, i. 22.
English tongue, naturally grave and so-
norous, ii. 416, note; speculations on,
496; want of vowels in it, 497; abbre-
viations frequent, 498; shows the na-
tural temper of the English, ib.; adul-
terated by the importation of foreign
words, iii. 12; French phrases intro-
duced, 13; a letter filled with them, 14;
improved by Hebraisms, 383.
Englishman of five noses, a gentleman so
called, and why, ii. 217.
Englishmen, different nations of which
they are composed, ii. 10; a caution to
Englishmen in general, 59.
Enigma of the tree with black and white
leaves, iv. 403.
Enigmatical style in party-writing exem-
plified, iv. 106, 107.
Enmity, its good fruits, iii. 377.
Enormities, little ones, which preachers
dare not meddle with, iv. 223.
Ens Rationis, often exhibited on sign-
posts, ii. 285.
Entertainments, public, abused by party
rage, v. 25, 27.
Enthusiasm, the offspring of mistaken
devotion, iii. 72; tinctured with mad-
Envy, personification of, i.110; personified,
ii. 13; described as a painter, 394; the
abhorrence of it denotes a great mind,
iii. 152; monuments raised by it, glori-
ous to a man's memory, 343.
Envy and cavil, the fruits of laziness and
ignorance, iv. 149.
Eon, Chevalier, his arrival in England, v.
Epaminondas, his remark on posthumous
reputation, iii. 339.
Epic Poem, its three qualifications, iii.
177-179; requisites of the language,
190; the actors, not the author, to en-
gross the discourse, 200.
Epictetus, compares the world to a thea-
tre, iii. 100; his rule for considering the
reproaches of an enemy, 342, 343; his
precept on condolence with a friend,
373; his advice on evil speaking, iv.
255; his saying on earthenware, 333.
Epicureans, an obvious difference between
them and the Christians in the propa
gation of their tenets, v. 133, note.
Epicurus delighted in a garden, iv. 137.
Epigram, on a capricious friend, ii. 369,
370; on the Spectator, by Mr. Tate,
Epilogue, to the British Enchanters, i.
82; to Cato, by Dr. Garth, 226; to the
Drummer, spoken by Mrs. Oldfield, v.
Episode, its use in epic poetry, iii. 178,
Epitaph, Italian, on a valetudinarian, ii.
281; of a charitable man, iii. 36; on the
Countess Dowager of Pembroke, 328;
in Pancras church-yard, iv. 66, 67.
Epitaphs, Italian, often more extravagant
than those of other countries, i. 378; on
Ariosto at Ferrara, 398; on Ludlow,
and Andrew Broughton, 514; the ex-
travagance of some and modesty of
others, ii. 283.
Equipages, the splendour of them in
France, ii. 262; a great temptation to
the female sex, 263.
Equity described on a medal, i. 283.
Erasistratus, his mode of discovering the
passion of Antiochus for Stratonice, iii.
Erasmus, a saying of his, ii. 348, 349; his
quotation of a speech of Socrates, iii.
45; inclined to invoke that philosopher
as a saint, ib.; his remark on the Uni-
versities in his time, 131; his compari-
son of Sir Thomas More to Democritus,
Eridanus, river, described, i. 31.
Erratum, a remarkable one, in an edition
of the Bible, iv. 125.
Error, not to be advanced by perspicuity,
Errors and prepossessions difficult to be
avoided, ii. 452.
Erus the Armenian, Plato's vision of, for
what remarkable, iii. 90.
Escargatoire, a breeding place for snails,
Essay on Virgil's Georgics, i. 154; when
written, ib., note.
Essays, the Spectator's mode of writing
them, iii. 497.
Essay writing, its requisites, ii. 473.
Essex, Lord, succeeds the Earl of Abing-
don, v. 359.
Estrades, the Marshal d', his book of
Treaties and Negotiations recommended
to the ladies, ii. 409.
Et cetera, an aposiopesis much used by
some learned authors, ii. 99.