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NAPOLEONE BONAPARTE.

57

These men are bitter enemies to each other, and it has been fupposed to be Bonaparte's policy to keep them so.

In the winter of 1796, Bonaparte was united to Madame Beauharnois, a beautiful French-woman, who had experienced a variety of persecutions during the time of Robefpierre. Her foriner husband had attained the rank of general in the service of the Republic, and had always conducted himself as a friend of liberty. On that memorable day, when Louis XVI. and his family repaired to Paris, M. de Beauharnois fat as president of the National Assembly, and exhibited great dignity of demeanour; notwithstanding this, he fell a victim to the terrorists, who, joining the narrow ideas of fectarists to the ferocious character peculiar to themselves, persecuted all whose opinions were not exactly conformable to their own standard. M. Barras, at length, luckily for her, extended his protection to the widow, who afterwards became the wife of his friend.

Such is the character of this great and wonderful man, whose brilliant conquests have astonished the world; and who, from a state of obscurity, has, by bold and undaunted bravery, and a fertile genius, raised himself, at the age of thirty-three, to one of the most conspicuous and elevated stations on earth!

We shall here subjoin the French People's Declaration of this truly WONDERFUL Man being fully appointed First Consul (in other words King) of the French Republic for Life, together with BONAPARTE's Reply to the fame, as extracted from the Registers of the Conservative Senate of the 2d of August, 1802.

The Conservative Senate, consisting of the number of Members prescribed by the goth article of the constitution, deliberating upon the message of the Consuls of the Republic, of the 29th ult. after having heard the Report of VOL. I. No. 2 I

the

the Special Committee, charged with the verification of the Registers of the Votes given by the French people, seeing the Proces Yerbal prepared by the Special Committee, and which states, that 3,577,259 citizens have given their fuffrages, and that 3,568,885 citizens have voted, that Napoleone Bonaparte thould be appointed First Consul for life; considering that the Senate, established by the Conftitution as the organ of the people, in every thing in which the social compact is interested, ought to manifest in a splendid manner the national gratitude towards the conquering and pacificating hero, and to proclaim solemnly that it is the will of the French people to give to the Government every neceffary ftability and independence, in order to ensure the prosperity and glory of the Republic, decrees as follows:

Article I. The French People do appoint, and the Senate do proclaim, Napoleone Bonaparte First Consul for life.

II. A Statue of Peace, holding in one hand the Laurel of Victory, and in the other the Decree of the Senate, thall attest to posterity the gratitude of the Nation.

III. The Senate shall convey to the First Consul the expression of the confidence, the love, and the admiration of the French People.

(Signed) BARTHELEMY, President,

Vaubois and FARGUES, Secretaries. By the Conservative Senate, the Secretary General,

(Signed) CAUCHY. The First Consul replied as follows:

“ SENATORS, « The life of a Citizen belongs to his country. The people of France wish that the whole of mine should be con

fecrated

NAPOLEON E BON APARTE.

59

secrated to their service, and I obey.--In giving me this new, this permanent pledge of their confidence, they have imposed upon me the duty of maintaining the system of the Laws and Institutions of the Republic.-By my efforts, by your co-operation, Citizen Senators, and that of the Constitutional Authorities, and by the confidence and will of this immense People, the Liberty, Equality, and Prosperity of the People of France will be secured from all the accidents which arise from the uncertainty of futurity. The best people shall, as they deserve, be the most happy, and their happiness shall contribute to that of all Europe. Content with having been called by the order of those from whom every thing emanates, to bring back upon the earth Justice, Order, and Equality, I shall hear my last hour sound without regret, and without any uneasiness about the opinion of future generations. Senators, receive my thanks for this solemn proceeding. The desire of the Senate has expressed the wish of the People of France, and is thereby more strongly connected with whatever remains to be done for the happiness of the People of France. It is very gratifying to me, to be assured of this by the speech of so distinguished a President.”

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A Remarkable Narrative respecting His Majesty's Ship Resis

TANCE, (Captain E. PAKENHAM, Commander) from December, 1797, to the Time of her blowing up in the Straits of Banca, July 24th 1798; and the Wonderful Escape and Deliverance of Four of her Crew, the only Survivors of

that Unaccountable Catastrophe. In consequence of certain intelligence brought from the eastward by Captain Shepherdson, of the Venus, that a part of the crew of an English ship of war (supposed to be his Majesty's ship the Resistance), which had the misfortune

I 2

to

to be blown up in the Straits of Banca fome months before, had been picked up by some pirate prows and carried to Lingan, where the survivors still existed in a state of Navery, Major Taylor, commanding the garrison of Malacca, immediately dispatched a prow to that illand, for the relief of those unfortunate men.

In this prow, suitably appointed with supplies, he sent a sepoy, who, being well acquainted with the Malay tongue, was charged with a letter to the Sultan of Lingan ; entreating that Prince to assist in the most effectual measures for the recovery and releafe of such of the Resistance's ship's company as he might be able to discover in this calamitous situation.

On the 5th of December, 1798, the prow returned to Malacca, bringing with her one seaman, late of the Reliftance's crew, from the declaration of whom the following narrative is taken.

The detail given by this man appears entitled to the greater share of credence, as no deviation from the circumstances related in his story was to be found upon the several interrogatories put to him from time to time afterwards; as it comes very near to the floating report which Captain Shepherdson had of the Malays at Rhio; and as it coincides remarkably in many of its principal points with that which had already come round to Malacca from Pinang, as there related by his three comrades, who had not less providentially arrived in safety at that settlement.

Thomas Scott, seaman, aged 22 years, a native of Wexford in Ireland, relates on examination as follows:

That he formerly belonged to the Chesterfield South Sea Whaler ; from which he remained at Timor Besar for three years in the Dutch employ, till the capture of that place, when he entered on board the Registance.

That she met with a heavy gale of wind on the of last December, which continued for four days unabated;

and

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and in which she proved fo leaky that her chain pumps were kept constantly at work, night and day; so that in order to lighten her they were obliged to heave a number of her upper deck guns overboard.

overboard. She then bore away for the Phillipines, intending, as he believes, afterwards to fail for Malacca. Being in want of wood, water, and provifions, Captain Pakenham tried the expedient of hoifting Spanish colours, as he cruised along shore, till he came to anchor nearly within reach of the guns of Antego. The Deputy Governor of this town, and the captain of a Spanish brig then lying at anchor in the bay, accordingly came off to them; but discovering their mistake when too late, upon endeavouring to escape, were soon brought back and put aboard by a boat from the Resistance. Upon their assurances that they would do their utmost to have the wants of Captain Pakenham amply supplied, he generoụsly suffered them to rerurn, however, the same evening to the Thore. No part of these fair promises being fulfilled, nor the likelihood of it, at five o'clock the next evening, Captain Pakenham sent his third Lieutenant, Mr. Cuthbert, in the cutter, with an armed party, to cut out the Spanish brig; in which attempt they succeeded, though fired upon smartly by the guns of the fort within range of which she had anchored. Scott remembers this event to have happened on Christmas Day.

The Resistance and her prize failed from thence, immediately after, for Balambangan; at which place they arrived in four days. Having wooded and watered here, and gotten a partial supply of rice and live stock, the thip continuing leaky, with blowing weather, Captain Pakenham and the prize fet fail from this place for the Celebes; and arrived in about eighteen days at Limby, near Munadoo, on that island. The same evening that he anchored here he dispatched the brig to Amboyna, to signify his distress for supplies; in consequence of which, the Bombay frigate

was

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