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NAPOLEON E BONAPARTE, malters to interdict them; and Bonaparte again retired to his garden, where he resumed his ordinary occupation.--The winter having obliged him to abandon his retreat, he invented another kind of sport, modelled upon the modern art of war. Entrenchments, forts, bastions, and redoubts, all of snow, were raised, under his direction, in the great court of the school, and executed with an intelligence and precision worthy of exciting public curiosity, particularly that of military men, who came a great distance to observe this extraordinary genius.

When these works were finished, Bonaparte undertook the eharge of directing the attack and defence; placing himself at one time at the head of the besiegers, and at another, a: that of the besieged. Snow-balls were their only arms : and Bonaparte, ever fruitful in expedients, every day invented some new maneuvres. This exercise continued till March fun had destroyed his works, when our hero returned to his old retreat.

Baron L****r and he had been at the military academy at Brienne together, had left it at the same time to go to Paris, and were in habits of clofe intimacy while they continued there.

“ Bonaparte,” says the Baron, “ always shewed the most lively interest in the success of the Corsican patriots wherr in arms: he eagerly listened to every intelligence from his country: Paoli, who was his godfather, was his idol; he never mentioned him, or his native foil, without enthusiasm. Some of the French officers, who had been in Corfica, would frequently repair to the Ecole Militaire, and, discoursing of the war, give the most exaggerated accounts of their fuccess against the Corficans: Bonaparte never interrupted them, but as soon as they had finished their oftentatious stories, would ask some pertinent questions which foon led to a detection, and, on proving their falsity,


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he would eagerly exclaim— For shame -for shame;-How can you dare, for a momentary gratification of vanity, thus to calumniate a whole nation? You say there were six hun, dred of you only in the engagement: I know you were fix thousand: and that you were opposed only by a few wretched peasants! He would then open his journals and maps, and he generally ended his declamation with saying to his friend -« Come, L****r, let us leave these cowards.” At this time he attempted a poem, the subject of which was, the Liberty of Corfca. He imagined, that, while slumbering in one of its numerous caverns, the genius of his country appeared to him in a dream, and, putting a poniard in his hand, called on him for vengeance. This was the opening of the poem, and whenever he added any thing to it, he would fend for his friend, and enthusiastically repeat the lines he had just written.

“ He and his friend the Baron were together, previous to their receiving the facrament: the ceremony was performed at the military academy by the archbishop. When be came to Bonaparte, he asked him, like the rest, his christian pame: Bonaparte told him, with an air of ingenuity and confidence, that formed a singular contrast to the timidity and diffidence of his comrades. The name of Napoleone being rather uncommon, escaped, the archbishop, who desired him to repeat it; which Bonaparte did, with fome degree of impatience. The affisting minister remarked to the prelate: Napoleone! I do not know that faint.' _" I believe it,” replied Bonaparte," the saint is a Core SICAN !!!

In the year 1785, Bonaparte quitted the military school of Brienne for that of Paris--a distinction only awarded to those who had peculiarly distinguished themselves by their talents and application. It being his intention to enter into the service, he accordingly gave himself wholly up to



the study of the mathematics, with indefatigable zeal; and at the expiration of two years, he entered as a cadet officer in the second royal regiment of artillery in France.

During his continuance in this regiment, he underwent divers corrections in use among military men; but they proved of no avail with our hero, who began to entertain exalted ideas of himself. He only found pleasure in ftudy; went out seldom, and was always alone. Being almost wholly occupied on historical and political subjects, he neglected the duties of his profession. Although naturally reserved, when the conversation was to his mind, and the company suited his principles, particularly if they spoke of Corsica, then he would join, and become animated with the theme; he would speak with energy, and general attention always prevailed. Every one remarked in him a great degree of penetration ; a knowledge fuperior to his years; and above all, an extreme obstinacy in upholding his opinions.

In the year 1789, Bonaparte retired from the regiment into Corsica, and closely applied himself to the study of tactics. Nothing particularly interesting occurred till the revolution, when we find him, in the year 1793, as a Lieutenant of Artillery in the Conventional forces before Toulon. This was the epoch for this astonishing man to begin his career of glory. His genius, bold and enterprifing, suggested to him a plan, to all appearance impracticable, but which, by his courage and perseverance, proved eminently successful. In consequence, therefore, of the service he rendered at the taking of this city, Barras, who was at that time one of the representatives of the people, and superintending the siege, procured him the rank of General of the Artillery. The tyranny of Robespierre, however, compelled himn to remain in obscurity, until the fall of that monster ; when Barras became one of the five Dia :: VOL. I. No. 2.



he was employed in preparing and ripening the plan of revolution which he was to effect on that day, conjointly with some of the members of the Directory, the Council of Ancients, and those who wished for a termination to fo many political concussions.

On the 9th, the Council of Ancients, by eight o'clock in the morning, issued a decree, by which the legislarive body was transferred to St. Cloud, charged general Bonaparte with its execution, and placed their guards and all the troops of the seventeenth divifion under his orders. The decree was notified to him at his house in Rue des Victoires, where he was surrounded by a numerous staff. He immediately set off for the Tuilleries, and there read the decree of the council. When he had finished it, he addressed the council as follows:

« Citizen-Representatives, the republic was perishing; you were acquainted with it, and your decree must ensure its safety. Woe be to them who wish to trouble and confufe it! I will take care to secure them, and Generals Le febvre and Berthier, with all my companions in arms, will lend me their assistance. Let them not revert to the past for examples to retard your progress: there is nothing in history to equal the end of the eighteenth century. Your wisdom has issued the decree; our arms shall put it in execution. We will have a republic founded on the right bafis, on civil liberty, and national representation : we will have it, I swear !-I swear it in my own name, and that of my fellow-soldiers ! -In what state did I leave France? - In what state have I found it? I left you peace, and I find war! I left you conquests, and the enemy are passing your frontiers ! I left your arsenals well supplied, and you are without arms: your cannon have been sold; robbery has been reduced to system; and the resources of the state are drained; recourse has been had to vexatious means, repugnant alike to justice and good sense: the soldier has been




left without defence. Where are those heroes, the hun. dred thousand comrades whom I left covered with laurels? --what is become of them? Alas, they are no more !"

At eleven o'clock the gates of the Tuilleries were fhut: Bonaparte reviewed the troops about the palace, which at a distance resembled the appearance of a camp.

On the news of the unexpected fitting of the Council of Ancients, the Directory called an extraordinary meeting. Three out of the five, Barras; Gohier, and Moulin, were at the palace of the Luxembourgh; the other two, Sieyes and Roger Ducos, had gone about nine o'clock to the Commission of Inspectors of the Ancients. The Directory, wishing to be informed of the cause of the tumult, fent for the ministers and military commandant of Paris: they came: the military commandant answered that an irrevocable decree, which had been just issued, invested Bonaparte with the supreme command of all the troops in Paris; that he was now only a fubaltern; and that they must address themselves to Bonaparte for any information they required. The three directors, no longer supported by public force, perceived authority dropping from their hands. The reports which successively reached them, were sufficient testimonies that their reign was inevitably passed.

Bonaparte having attended the Council of Five Hundred, was grossly insulted by several members, who said, he wanted to usurp the power of the government, to become a Cromwell, a Dictator, &c. One member, Arena, attempted to stab him ; but was prevented by a grenadier ; upon which Bonaparte withdrew, and ordered the guards to advance, and compel the refractory members to quit the hall. On the succeeding day, Nov. 10, he presented himself before the Council of Ancients, and stated the insults he had received ; observing also, that a conspiracy was forming, which ought to be checked in its bud; and that firm, resolute, and vigorous measures were necessary to be pure


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