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ber of able workmen became so great, that the heads among them thought it necessary for the better regulating their members, and keeping this valuable business from spreading abroad, to petition Oliver Cromwell, to constitute them a Body Corporate, which however, for what reason I cannot tell, they did not obtain at that time.
King Charles II. after the restoration, granted them at last a charter, by which their jurisdiction extended to ten miles round London. . In process of time, when the trade spread farther into the country, they also, in proportion, stretched their authority, and established commissioners in the several principal towns in the county where this trade was exercised; they there held courts, at which they obliged the country framework knitters, to bind and make free, &c. whereby they (for many years) drew great sums of money, till some person of more spirit than others in Nottingham, brouglat their authority in question, and a trial ensuing, the company was cast, since that time the stocking-manufactory has continued entirely open in the country.
Nor did these large sums do the company any service as a body, for as they got the money illegally, so they spent it as lavishly, and instead of growing rich, the company became very poor; and many of their heads having got a taste of high-living, and neglecting their business, also dwindled to nothing.
Vide Deering's Hift. of Nottingham.
Remarkable ROCKY SUBSTANCES, which, it is prelended, have
fallen in the Earth. It is alerted, that certain rocky and metallic fubstances have fallen from the air upon the earth, at different periods, and in different places. We shall relate the principal tefimonies on which this opinion is founded.
REMARKABLE ROCKY SUBSTANCES. 369 And first, in a letter written from Benares, in the East İndies, by Mr. John Williams, and addressed to the Prefident of the Royal Society of London, it is related, that on the 19th of December, 1798, towards eight o'clock in the evening, the weather being perfectly calm, the inhabitants of Benares, and the circumjacent places, perceived a meteor of a dazzling brightness, and which refembled a large ball of fire. It was accompanied with a great noise like that of thunder. A great number of stones fell soon after on the ground, near the village of Krakut, to the north-east of the river Goanity, about eleven miles distant from Benares. Authentic documents in reference to this fact were taken on the spot, by order of the magiftrate; they perfectly accord. Several specimens of these stones have been sent to Europe; they have been described and analysed by Messrs. Bournon and Howard. Here fol-. lows the result of their chemical labours. .. The stones are covered, through the whole extent of their surface, by a very thin crust, of a dark black, strewed with little asperities, which produce, when touched, an impression like that of a skin when-lightly shagreened.
The interior is of a grey colour, of a coarse texture, pretty much resembling free-stone. We can easily distinguish in it iron in the metallic state. The analysis gives likewise filex, magnesia, oxyde of iron, and oxyde of nickel.
The second example is taken from a letter, dated at Sienna, in Italy, by Sir William Hamilton. It announces, that on the 12th of July, 1794, in the height of a very violent storm, there fell at Sienna, ftones of different magnitude. Their fall took place about eighteen hours after a fierce eruption of Mount Vesuvius, diftant 250 miles. This letter was accompanied with a specimen of one of those stones. It exhibited the fame, exterior characters as VOL. I. No. 8.
those of Benares, and the analysis traced in it the same substances, although in proportions fomewhat different.
The third example is that of a fimilar fall, which took place in Yorkshire. On the 13th of December, 1795, a stone weighing 56lbs. fell with a great number of explofions, like discharges of artillery. The stone, when taken from the earth, was hot and smoking. It presented the fame exterior and interior characters as the two preceding.
A fourth example is that of a stone which fell in Bohemia, on the 3d of July, 1753. It yielded the same results. - Its specific weight was 4281b.
We shall confine ourselves to these facts, because they are announced in such a manner as to acquire much probability. “We have seen,” says the reporter,“ specimens of these stones; they all present the characters included in the preceding description.”
We could find, in the writings of the antients, a great number of recitals, which perfeetly agree well with the foregoing, but, without going so far back, we shall quote a remarkable passage found in some observations of Freret, on the Prodigies reported by the Antients.
“ The famous Gaflendi, u hofe accuracy and knowledge are both well known, relates, that on the 27th of November, 1617, the sky being very clear, he saw fall, about ten o'clock in the morning, on Mount Vaisien, between the towns of Guillaume, and Peluc, in Provence, an infiamed stone, which appeared about four feet in diameter. It was bordered with a luminous circle of different colours, pretty much like the rainbow. Its fall was accompanied with a noife like that of many cannons firing at once. This stone weighed fifty-nine pounds; it was of a dark and metallic colour, and extremely hard."
This description of Gassendi is perfectly conformable to that of Mr. Howard, and gives a great probability to the fact we are examining,
CURIOSITIES AT BARAHCOON.
But what confirms it in a still stronger manner, is, that all these stones, composed of the same principles, include nickel, a subftance which is rarely found on the surface of the earth; and likewise iron in the metallic state, which is never seen in the products of volcanoes.
We cannot, therefore, attribute the fall of these stones to volcanic eruptions, and we have seen that there also exist moral proofs which are repugnant to this mode of explication,
An Account of the BURNING Well at BARAHCOON.
[From the Oriental Magazine, printed at Calcutta ] My
curiosity being excited by the various reports of this prodigy, I was determined to see it, and accordingly set out in company with two gentlemen. We proceeded as far as Jaffrabad, in our palanquins; but it being the rainy season, and the creeks so full of water, we were obliged to relinquish that mode of conveyance, and were under the necessity of applying to the natives to get us elephants, which they did. We were now preparing to mount them, when their keepers presented us with some plantains, and informed us, that by offering them to the elephants, we should secure their friendship during our journey, and make them careful of us through the woods. Following their advice, we presented the fruit, which was very gratefully accepted, and a grand salaam (the Eastern mode of falutation) given us by the elephants, with their trunks, on the top of their foreheads. After this falutation they immediately laid down, holding one of their knees as a step for us to mount. After riding eight miles, we approached the Mountain of Barahcoon, and soon afterwards entered a cavity between two hills. We had advanced a little way, when a variety of insects surrounded us, and began to be very troublesome, which the elephants foon observed, and quickly re. lieved: each of them broke a branch of a tree with his trunk, and continually kept fanning us with it, so that the fiies had no opportunity of annoying us. Whenever they had worn off the leaves by fanning us in this manner, they broke another branch. After proceeding four miles farther (through the most disagreeable road ever seen, and had not the fagacious elephants shewed the utmost attention to our situation, we must have been bruised and torn to pieces by the boughs of different trees of an immense fize) we arrived at the place the object of our journey, a little before reaching which, a very romantic scene presented itself to our view. Several waterfalls, from rugged precipices, of a most tremendous height, were interspersed with trees. We approached the top, after ascending a flight of steps amazing high, where the Burning Well was, and were met by several Faukeers, who live in small temples, and attend the frequent sacrifices made there. Before we came to the entrance of one which had a dome over it, we heard a hollow noise like that of thunder; and, on entering it, emitted a shocking fulphureous sinell. On looking down a fight of steps, we saw a quantity of water issuing out of the sides of rocks, and a blue flame covering the whole surface of the water, which every bubble that came from below, increased and made go off with a kind of explosion. The scene was really frightful. One of us went down, being determined to see whether it was not mere priestcraft, occasioned by a sulphureous furnace at the bottom, in order to impose upon the ignorant, and sanctify the superstitious ideas of the Fau. keers. The gentleman who descended, dipt his cane into the water, and to our great surprize, he found the water cold: he then put his hand into a place clear of the flame, but the water was not in the least warm, but excessively çoid. Observing that the stones where the water issued
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