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APRIL 1819.



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Vithout a strong spirit of national- do not too generally entertain an une ty no people could build up any thing reasonable impatience of the ascenke a national literature. "Every re- dancy of the genius of England, and, lecting mind, therefore, must be dis- since we must say so, a very unjust posed not to pardon only, but to ap- and illiberal determination to underprove all manifestations of it that be- value certain excellencies to which token a sense of dignity, and challenge they themselves have never yet been an appeal to reason and to truth. The able to attain. pride of intellect, so offensive in an There is little or no erudition in individual, it is delightful to see ex. Scotland, -and yet instead of acknowhibited by a whole people and that ledging and deploring our ignorance, People does well to think loftily of it- and setting ourselves strenuously to the self which has good works to shew,- reformation of our exceedingly defecnor need Nations fear to proclaim their tive system of public education, we faith in their own exaltation. If there turn about on our English neighbours be certain virtues and faculties which with an air of most ludicrous and prohave been, in a more especial manner, voking self-assurance, and laugh at brought into action through the course them for possessing that knowledge of of their history, they are entitled to which we are so disgracefully destiappropriate them as national charac- tute. With us the epithet of Scholar teristics,-nor would that people be is an epithet of contemptmand men worthy of their own ancestral glories, of the very shallowest pretensions who did not boldly avow their pride with but small acuteness and no read in the moral or intellectual powers by ing—are daily heard talking with

levity which those glories were won, and and scorn of the best scholars of Eng« without the continued possession of land. In this way, we have reached which they could serve only to darken to an undisturbed contentment with the melancholy gloom of present de- our ignorance--and having discovered gradation.

that book-learning is suitable to peWe are disposed to think that, up- dants only, we have become, by the on the whole, the national pride of mere force of theorizing, a nation of Scotsmen is manly and enlightened. philosophers. Within the last hundred years Scot- The effects of all this are most laland has produced more men of genius mentable. While every little townthan during all her previous history, every village in England contains its and she who was so long the barbarian accomplished scholars, Scotland is consister of civilized England has shewn tented with her men of common sense, herself but little inferior to her friendly who take the liberty of thinking for rivai either in stateliness or beauty. - themselves. A coarseness- a hardBut we are greatly mistaken, if along ness--and a nakedness of mind uniwith a proper pride in the achieve- versally prevails. Men of rich and ments of our own genius, Scotsmen various lore are nowhere to be found

* The Poetical Remains of the late Dr John Leyden,

with Memoirs of his Life, by the Rey. James Morton, Constable, Edinburgh, 1819.

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