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Vespasian, medal of the peace be procured | Virga somnifera, a term applied to the
the empire, i. 313, coins of his, repre- Caduceus, i, 300.
senting the captivity of Judea, 331; a Virgil, essay on his Georgics, 1. 154 ; supe-
fine bust of him at Florence, 497.
rior to Hesiod, ib. ; agreeable mode of
Vessel, old Roman, described, i. 294 ; in conveying his precepts, 156 ; digression
distress, an emblem of the Roman com- on the battle of Pharsalia, 157 ; repre-
sents fidelity under the figure of an old
Vestal, employed by the Everlasting Club woman, 277 ; his description of military
to keep in the fire, ii. 380.
fury shut up in the temple of Janus,
Vestal, the, attributed to Addison, v. 536. 310; describes the figure of Augustus
Vestal virgin, a statue of one at Florence, upon Æneas's shield, 319; traces the
decisive of a controversy among the anti- origin of Padua to Antenor, 385; less
quaries, whether their hair grew after exact than Homer in his catalogues
the tonsure, i. 497.
of places, 416; composed a great part
Vestis trabeata, of the Romans, disputes of his Æneids at Naples, 427; his
of the learned concerning, i. 261.
tomb where situated, 431 ; his allu-
Vesuvio, Mount, described, i. 438 ; its sion to the islands of Ischia and Pro.
rivers of lava, 439; its crater, 440 ; in- cita, 451 ; his fine description of Æneas
creases in bulk at every eruption, ib. ; passing the coast of Monte Circeio, 454 ;
much different from Martial's account ancient MS. copy of his works at Flo-
of it, 444.
rence, which disputes its antiquity with
Vicar of Bray, his use of the church ther- that of the Vatican, 501; how intro-
mometer, ii. 162.
duced into the temple of Fame, ii. 15;
Vice, its own tormentor, iii. 456; if not homage paid to him in a Roman theatre,
reclaimed, may be prevented by satire, 85; his description of a future state,
120; his allegories in the Æneid drawn
Vices, none so incurable as those which from the Platonic philosophy, 122 ; his
men are apt to glory in, iv. 110; of talent for satire, 178, note; with what
ill consequence in the head of a family, view he planned his epic poem, 375;
his authority in support of the cri.
Vicious characters, set up as scare-crows, tique on Chevy Chase, 384-388 ; be.
longing to the second class of great
Vicious men, subject to jealousy, iii. 34. geniuses, 506 í falls short of Homer in
Victory, the attendant of virtue, i. 274; the characters of his poem, iii. 181;
described on a medal, 289; represented excels in the propriety of his sentiments,
by medalists and poets with wings, ib. ; 186; inferior to Homer in the sublime,
ornamented with palm and laurel, ib. ; 187; indebted to Homer for sublimity,
statue of, finely described by Prudentius, 244; his Fable considered with rela-
290 ; on a coin of Constantine, 291; re- tion to the real history of Æneas, 246;
presented writing on a shield, 333. his epithets generally mark out what is
Victories of the British considered as a re- agreeable, 417; has written a whole
ward for their national charity, iv. 194. book on the subject of planting, iv. 137 ;
Vienna, siege of, raised, curious inscrip- his retired station on the floating Par.
tion respecting, i. 345; a story relating nassus, 223; his poetry characterized
to it, iv. 242.
by Strada, 243; represents a regard to
Vigils of the card-table, wear out a fine posterity as an incentive to glory, 264 ;
face, iv. 233.
his fine compliment to Augustus, 265 ;
Villa imperiale, a palace near Genoa, de- his excuse for severe measures in a
scribed, i. 362.
sovereign, v. 77; the characters and
Villages, drunk dry by the rebels, iv. 405. manners of his poem but faintly drawn
Villars, Marshal, v. 662, 663.
and little varied, 216 ; his representa-
Ville-neuve, in the canton of Berne, i, 513. tion of rage bound up and chained in
Vine, allusion to, by the Psalmist, i. 305. the temple of Janus, 218; his poems
Viner, Sir Robert, the Lord Mayor of Lon- more relished by his contemporaries
don, v. 692.
than they can be by the moderns, 220,
Vineyards of France, our gardens, ii. 372. 222 ; his style at once sublime and na-
Violated, where a most happily chosen tural, 225; instance of his avoiding low
word, iv. 81, note.
words in his epic poem, 225, 226; in his
Violin and the maid-servant, a story, iv. Georgics, studied description more than
majesty, 226; style and subjects of, 588,
Violins, who are such in conversation, ii. 603
116 ; where to be found, 118.
Virgilianism of Addison, in what consist-
Viper, an experiment with one, at the ing, i. 231.
Grotto del Cani, i. 436.
Virgin, the blessed, her history cut in
Viper and file, the fable of, a lesson to marble in the great church of Milan, i
female malcontents, iv. 494.
Virgin, violated by Neptune; her petition Voltaire's criticism on Cato, v. 722 ; his
to him, ii. 69.
remarks on the relative value of literary
Virginia, revenue on tobacco, quit rents, honours in England and France, 723.
&c., v. 480.
Volumes, the advantage an author re-
Virgin-martyrs, inquiry whether they wore ceives in publishing his works in vo-
hoop-petticoats, iv. 272.
lumes, rather than in single pieces, iii.
Virtu, its ridiculous studies, ii. 155,
Virtue, described on a medal, i, 274; with Vossius, a free-thinker, his head combed
the modern Italians signifies a know- in dactyls and spondees, i. 268 ; remark
ledge of curiosities, ib.; her address to of Charles II. on him, iv. 452.
Hercules, ii. 28; venerable in men and Vowels, omitted in a certain way of writ-
lovely in women, 43; her temple described ing, iv. 100.
in a vision, 88; its exercise, the best Voyage from Naples to Rome described by
employment of time, 412; virtue the Virgil, i. 449.
genuine source of honour, iii. 99; its Vulcan, his temple on Mount Ætna
beauty and loveliness considered, 136, guarded by dogs, who could distinguish
137 ; its charms in the fair sex, 138; the chaste from the unchaste, iv. 126 ;
several kinds of virtue more lovely than he and Venus represented in fire-
others, ib.; cheerfulness and good nature works, 189.
its great ornaments, ib. ; to be esteemed Vulgar thoughts to be avoided in epic
in a foe, ib. ; how to be established in poetry, iii. 188.
the soul, 378; habits of, why necessary Vulgarism, iv. 360, note.
to be acquired in this life, 456 ; pro- Vulturno, river, celebrated for its rapidity
duces its own heaven, 457; its business and noise, i. 422.
is not to extirpate but to regulate the
affections of the mind, iv. 13; the per- Waddle, Lady, buried her second hus-
fection and happiness of the will, 25 ; band in the honeymoon, iv. 96.
the true source of nobility, 260; a ge- Waking thoughts, finely observed to in-
neral in the war of the sexes, 275; a troduce a vision founded on truth, ii.
distinct principle from honour, 310, 72, note.
Wales, Prince of, his patent drawn by
Virtues, represented on medals, i. 273; Addison, v. 420; his difference with the
of females of a domestic turn, ii. 391; king on occasion of the baptism of the
many of them incapable of outward re- young prince, 506; his quarrel with the
presentation, iii. 165; supposed ones, king, 513, et seq.; Addison's French cir-
not to be relied on, 378.
cular on the, 514 ; official report to the
Virtuoso of France, his artificial snow- king on his conduct, 516 ; his three
shower, iv. 187; remark on the plural letters to the king (in French),517, 518;
of Virtuoso, ib., note.
with translations, 519; the king's pro-
Virtuoso's will, ii. 156.
positions and the prince's replies, 519
Virtuosos, an assembly of, iii. 290.
522. See Prince.
Virtuous Love, its temple in the Vision of Wales, Princess of, verses to, with the
Human Life, ii. 77.
tragedy of Cato, i. 227; order for firing
Virtuous men, venerated in every stage of guns on occasion of her delivery, v.
society, iv. 502.
495; her delivery, 497 ; execution of
Vision of the Hill of Fame, ii. 11; of criminals respited on the event, 500 ;
Justice visiting the earth, 32; relating notified to the court of France, 504.
to animated nature, 72; of human life, Walking with God, meaning of that
75, &c.; continued, 88; of blessings phrase in Scripture, iii. 94.
and calamities, 101; of liberty, 139; Walks, public, of Berne, their immense
of the history of mankind in Paradise height, i. 518.
Lost, why objectionable, iii. 278; of Waller, characterized, i. 25; his compli.
the golden scales, 477 ; of the Moun- ment to Vandyke, ii. 248; his success
tain of Miseries, iv. 90, 93, &c.; of a in a certain way of writing, iv. 45, note,
window in a lady's bosom, 196, 197. See Wallingford, borough of, v. 645.
Wallis, Dr., De Adjectivis, referred to,
l'isions of painters, ii. 394 ; of Mirzah, on the use of the pronoun his, iv. 173,
Visit of the Spectator and Will. Honey- Wallop, J., one of the lords of the treasury,
comb to a travelled lady, ii. 319.
v. 640; afterwards Viscount Lyming.
Vitruvius, his opinion on architecture, i. ton and Earl of Portsmouth, ib., note.
268 ; would have the front of his palace Walpole, Mr., (afterwards Sir Robert.)
toward the setting sun, i. 427.
his remarks on the forth-coming ren
port of the secret committee, 648, 650 ;
his observations on the mutiny act, 650 ;
his motion for the Speaker's warrant to
apprehend various political personages,
652; reads the report of the secret com-
mittee, and names the persons accused,
653 ; his speeches in favour of the secret
committee's report, 659, 660, 662 ; his
charges of impeachment against Boling-
broke, 662, 663; and against the Earl of
Oxford, 670; a member of the Kit-cat
Club, 676, 677.
Walpole, Horace, son of Sir Robert, his
opinion of the importance of the Kit-cat
Club, v. 677, note.
Walpole, Horatio, brother of Sir Robert,
his opinions of the secret committee's
report, v. 659.
Walsh, a member of the Kit-cat Club, v.
Walsingham, said to have had many spies
in his service, iv. 123; the most eminent
among them one Lion, a barber, ib.;
his treatment of them, ib.
Waltheof, Earl, why put to death by Wil-
liam the Conqueror, v. 10.
War, its horrors portrayed to Adam in a
vision, iii. 275, the present state of, iv.
340; a model for political pamphlets,
363, note; the late one, why an instance
of the mutable temper of the English,
Warburton, Bishop, his translation of Ad-
dison's Battle of the Cranes and Pyg-
mies, v. 563.
Ward, an obedient one, her letter to the
Guardian, iv, 236.
Ward, the lawyer, his opinion of the secret
committee's report, v. 656.
Wardrobe of old Roman vestments, pro-
posed, i. 261.
Warfare between a parson and a 'squire,
Warriors, two made into one, iv. 242.
Wars, the late, made us so greedy of
news, iii. 461.
Warwick, Charlotte, Countess of, laid out
Mr. Addison in four years, iv. 98, note;
verses to her on her marriage, by Mr.
Welsted, v. 155; marries Addison, v.
366, 434; verses thereon by Tickell,
434; Addison's first acquaintance with
her, 701, 743; terms of their marriage,
743; the honeymoon, 744; death and
character of her daughter, 750, 751 ;
family notices of, 750.
Warwick, Edward Richard, Earl of, v.
Watchman, his salutation to Mr. Bicker.
staffe, ii. 56.
Water converted into various sorts of
wines, ii. 94.
Water-deities represented on medals, i.
Waters of jealousy, their qualities accord-
ing to Moses and the Rabbins, iv. 464.
Wax-work representation of the religions
in Great Britain, ii, 205.
Ways and Means of the emperor of Mo-
rocco, iv. 438.
Wealth, its unequal distribution among
mankind, ii. 31; the virtues and vices
it produces, iii. 480; and power, signify
the same thing in the present constitu-
tion of the world, iv. 346.
Weather, its extremes, how to be borne,
Weather-glass, filled from the liquor found
in a coquette's heart, iii. 293; Addison's
Latin poem of the, translated by Sewell,
Welshman, indicted in the Court of Ho-
nour for breaking the peace, ii. 203.
Welshman's owl, compared to the mem-
bers of the Silent Club, iv. 233.
Welsted, Mr., his verses to the Countess of
Warwick on her marriage, v. 155.
West Indies, piracies in the seas of the,
Westminster Abbey, contemplations in,
Westphalian treaty guaranteed by the
king of Sweden, iv. 358.
Whale carries about him a world of in-
habitants, ii. 172.
Wharton, Duke of, anecdote of him and
Addison, v. 578.
Wharton, Thomas, Earl of, afterwards
Marquis, Lord-Lieutenant of Ireland, v.
363, 374; invited by Duchess of Marl-
borough to dine, 365; his conduct in the
Lord-Lieutenancy, 377; his title, 385;
his resignation, 396, 397; threatened
with impeachment, 398; his character
by Mackey and Swift, 394; Addison the
principal Secretary to, 634, 678, 739,
745; a member of the Kit-cat Club, 676;
letters to, 393, 394, 396.
Wharton, Philip, Duke of, the patron of
the borough of Malmesbury, v. 644 ; his
practical joke with Addison, 738.
What, used for that of which, allowably,
iv. 346, note.
What, which, and that, dexterously ap-
plied in a sentence, iii. 400, note.
Wheel-barrow, Sir Giles, his visit to the
Tatler, ii. 18.
Which, why used for who in the Lord's
prayer, iv. 307, note.
Whig-Examiner, the, v. 309; design of
that work, iv. 370.
Whig-jockeys, ii. 480.
Whig patches worn by the ladies, ii. 389.
Whig principles, Irish notions of, v. 739.
Whig scheme with regard to foreigners, Widow and six children, to be introduced
in a forth-coming tragedy, ii. 316.
Whiggism, described by Steele, v. 240. Widow Club, account of one, iv.95; mem-
Whigs, accused of monopolizing riches bers, 95, 96 ; rules-politics--doctrines
and sense, iv, 371; the finest women of on management of husbands, 97, 98.
Great Britain of that party, 426; supe- Widow-lady, complained of, for theatrical
rior to the Tories in principle, 468; ex- psalm-singing, iii. 80.
horted to reverence religion, 502 ; how Widow-woman, the Spectator's hostess,
to remove unjust accusations, 503; good- described, ii. 256, 257.
ness of their principles proved by their Widower, his unhappy state, ii. 61.
actions, 504 ; deficient in unanimity, ib.; Widows, the great game of fortune.
their favourite character in the play of hunters, iii. 320; why naturally friends
Sir Courtly Nice, v. 25; their scheme, to the constitution, iv. 427.
why preferable to that of the Tories, 96; Wife, grief of a husband for the loss of
with regard to foreigners, 97 ; and to the
one, ii. 82.
king and people, 98; all friends to the “Wife of Bath,” lines in that ballad on
constitution in church and state con- female loquacity, iii. 145.
sidered under this denomination, ib. ; Wig, pictures of, containing the old
demonstration of the, on the acting of Testament, ii. 345; a long one, the elo-
Addison's Cato, 717.
quence of the bar, iii. 386.
Whims and humourists, a letter concern- Wigs, ridiculed, ii. 331 ; full-bottomed,
ing, iii. 350, 351.
the fashion of wearing, v. 704.
Whip of the horses of the sun, repre- Wild boar, a famous piece of sculpture at
sented on a medal, i. 319.
Florence, i. 497.
Whiskers of a Turkish bassa to be sold, Wildfire, Widow, her suite of lovers, iv. 96.
Wilkins, Bishop, confident of success in
Whispering-place of Dionysius the tyrant, the art of fiying, iv. 213.
Will of Addison, v. 515.
Whispers, a news-letter of, proposed, iii. Will. Honeycomb of the Spectator designed
for Major Cleland, v. 741.
Whistling-match, account of, iii. 40. William, King, extract from his last
Whiston, William, v. 681; expelled from speech to parliament on war with
Cambridge for heterodoxy, ib. ; satiri- France, iv. 343 ; the Conqueror, his
cal lines on, ib. ; his character of severe punishment of a conspiracy, v. 10.
Steele, 714 ; his fruitless attempts to see William, Duke of Gloucester, v. 554.
Addison in his last illness, 745.
William III., King, a poem to his Ma-
Whiston and Ditton's letter to Mr. Iron- jesty, i. 4; efforts of a party to render
side on the longitude, iv. 200, 201. him unpopular, iv. 421 ; his promotion
White, Moll, a reputed witch, ii. 453 ; her of great men to high stations, 422 ; how
death followed by a storm, iii. 285. he treated the conspirators in the assas-
White, Thomas, an alchymist, his letter sination plot, v. 10; Lord Somers bis
to Mr. Ironside, whom he had deluded, intimate counsellor, 41; furthered the
Protestant interest in Europe, 97; in-
White witch, the Spectator taken for one, auguration of, 546 ; Addison's Latin
verses on liis return from Ireland after
Whitelock, Sir W., his opinion on the Se- the battle of the Boyne, 547 ; concludes
cret Committee's report, v. 657.
a peace against his own judgment and
Whittington and his Cat, an opera designed views, 619; his grants to Addison, 636,
from the story of, ii. 242.
note, 675 and note.
Whitworth, Lord Charles, sent Ambassa- Will's, frequented by the Spectator, ii.
dor Extraordinary to Russia, v. 371; 230.
his political course, 470; his letter to Wills, General, reduced the rebels at
Lord Sunderland, 469.
Preston, iv. 407.
Who, misuse of that relative pronoun no- Wimble, Will., his letter to Sir Roger de
ticed, v. 527, note.
Coverley, ii. 437; his character, 438 ; his
Who, which, and that, rules for applying case that of many younger brothers,
those relatives, 307, note.
439; his rural politeness, 456 ; accom-
Whole Duty of Man, converted into .a panies Sir Roger and the Spectator to
parish libel, iv. 109, 110; the error cor- the assizes, 465; suspects the Spectator
rected, and the book proved to be writ- to be a fanatic, 481 ; and fears he has
ten against all the sinners in England, killed a man, 494.
Winchelsea, Charles, Earl of, v. 338; leto
Widow, the perverse, her cruelty to Sir ters to, ib.
Roger drives him to fox-hunting, ii. Winchester, bishopric of, not disposed of
for a time, and why, v. 352.
Windham, Lieut.-Gen., v. 360.
Windmill, Andrew, Esq., ii. 18.
Wine, French, proposed in House of Com-
mons to be admitted, v. 365.
Wine, a present to Mr. Bickerstaffe, ii.
105; heightens indifference into love,
love into jealousy, and jealousy into
madness, iv. 111.
Wine-brewers, a fraternity, ii. 92; tried
before Mr. Bickerstaffe, 93; his request
to them, 95.
Wingate, Mr., v. 288; his Arithmetic re.
commended to all young wives, ii. 410.
Wings, a pair of, a Greek poem of twelve
verses, ii. 344.
Winifred Leer, her action against Richard
Sly for ogling, ii, 220.
Winter-piece, of sweetmeats, represented
in a fashionable dessert, ii. 109.
Wisdom, a passage concerning, from the
Proverbs, ii. 474; described by an apo-
cryphal writer, iii. 111; and virtue, not
inconsistent with politeness and good
humour, v. 65.
Wisdom of Solomon, passages from that
book, showing the vanity of honour, iii.
Wisdom of the Son of Sirach, an apocry-
phal treatise, recommended, ii. 367.
Wise man, his character, ii. 58.
Wise men of old, often gave counsel to
their kings in fables, iv. 32.
Wit, mixed, disquisition respecting, i.
150; Mr. Locke's account of it, ib. ;
the mischief of it, when accompanied
with vice, ii. 275; when not tempered
with virtue and humanity, 277 ; the
father of humour, 298 ; an accurate
treatise on it, desirable, 342, note; a
speculation on it, ib.; false wit, several
kinds of it, 343; true, represented by
Aristenætus's description of a beautiful
woman, 356; Mr. Locke's reflection on
its difference from judgment, 357; con-
sists in the congruity of ideas, ib. ;
mixed, abounding in Cowley's writings,
358; defined by Dryden, 360 : produced
by opposition as well as resemblance of
ideas, 362 ; allegory on wit, 363 ; aided
by Truth, invades the region of False-
hood, 365 ; his person described, 366 ;
less agreeable in conversation than good
nature, iii. 19; without discretion, is
impertinence, 109; consisting in the
affinity of ideas, 412; false, why some-
times pleasing, ib.
Witch, account of a reputed one, ii. 453.
Witch's prayer, an epigram to be read
either backward or forward, ii. 356.
Witchcraft, considered, ii. 452; country
notions concerning, 453; generally be-
lieved in by our forefathers, iii. 423.
Witches in Macbeth, called charming
creatures, ii. 321.
With, compounded with verbs, has an
Witherington, his heroism at Chevy Chase,
Withers, Maj.-Gen., governor of Sheer-
ness, v. 353,
Wits, the greatest, generally eminent for
their humanity, iii. 20.
Witty and humorous writings, Sir Richard
on, V. 64 ;
their tendency to furnish useful amuse-
ment by exposing vice and folly, 65.
Wives, bad, as numerous as bad husbands,
iv. 16; exhorted to look to the loyalty
of their husbands, 426, 427.
Wizards, their number in Great Britain
inconceivable, iv, 23.
Wolsey, Cardinal, his violent egotism, iv.
99; exceeded by the Examiner, 377.
Woman, plainly dressed in Switzerland,
i. 527; in what articles of dress to be
indulged, ii. 67; a satire on, by Simon-
ides, iii, 86, 87; an animal that delights
in finery, 173; seldom asks advice before
she has bought her wedding clothes, 495.
Woman of quality, her dress, the produce
of an hundred climates, ii. 372.
Woman-haters, how requited, iv. 50.
Womankind, described under the charac-
ter, of animals, iii. 86, 87.
Women, their taste for the showy and
superficial, ii. 263; their usual convers-
ation, ib. ; formed to temper mankind,
340 ; why excluded from the Olympic
games, 391 ; signs of their improvement
under the Spectator's hand, 411; their
pains in all ages to adorn the outside of
the head, 419; why naturally more gay
and joyous than men, 484 ; their levity
no less fatal after marriage than before,
486 ; driven by jealousy of husbands
into crimes, iii. 23; a class of them
called salamanders, 67; danger they
incur by too great familiarities with
a male companion, 68; better quali-
fied for eloquence than men, 143 ; se-
veral causes assigned for this, 144 ;
what the chief object of their thoughts,
430 ; their conjugal affection at the
siege of Hensberg, iv. 16; how disposed
of at a fair in Persia, 28; sold in sacks
by a Tartar general, 29 ; judged at the
tribunal of Rhadamanthus, 298; the most
sensible and virtuous are Whigs, 407;
common ones, always oppose the true
interests of the nation, 408; how treated
under arbitrary governments, ib.; ought
to be equally averse to despotism and
Popery, 409; the finest in Great Britain
are Whigs, 426 ; are to be treated as