Jesus Christ in History and Scripture: A Poetic and Sectarian Perspective

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Mercer University Press, 1999 - 332 страници
Jesus Christ in History and Scripture highlights two related bases for the current revolution in Jesus studies: (1) a critically-chastened world view that is satisfied with provisional results and (2) a creative (or "poetic") use of the sources of study of Jesus.

The first part of the book shows that "precritical, " "critical, " and "postcritical" epochs and attitudes (all alive today) support different sorts of knowledge concerning Jesus (historical reconstructions; historic memory and appropriations; imaginative, poetic, and artistic creations; and theological formulations) and that the Gospels themselves Support different sorts of knowledge and approaches. The Gospels were composed by Christians who combined historical information and historic memory in imaginative ways to present a Jesus who was relevant to their congregations as he was to the earliest disciples. The creative contribution that readers of the Gospels make in their reconstructions of Jesus is a recapitulation of the creative activities of the earliest evangelists.

The central section of the book provides a philosophical rationale for correlating the historical-critical methods of biblical scholars and the rationalist methods of theologians and for correlating these" modern" Enlightenment modes of knowledge with feeling, lived experience, and praxis. It also traces the attempts to do justice to the historical Jesus with particular attention to the different philosophical and theological presuppositions supporting the different attempts.

A final section discusses the values of non-foundationlist hermeneutical approaches for the broader questions of the use and authority of the Bible. In the end, ecumenical ratherthan divisive approaches are advocated. Different ways of doing church and different ways of discovering and creating truth demand an ecumenical approach.

 

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Съдържание

Who Is Jesus Christ Today?
1
Historical and Historic Knowledge of Jesus
3
The Jesus of History and the Christ of Faith
14
The Imaginative Construal of Jesus
22
Conclusion
26
The Gospels and Historical Sources
27
Sources for a Study of Jesus
28
Source Criticism
43
Conclusion
167
The Precritical Horizon and the Original Quest
171
Reimarus and Lessing
179
Kant Schleiermacher and Strauss
183
The Liberal Quest of New Testament Scholars
188
Liberal Christologies
191
Albert Schweitzer
203
From Bultmann to Crossan and Wright
211

Form Criticism
47
Source and Form Criticism and the Study of Jesus
52
The Gospels and Religious Literature
57
Literary Criticism of the Gospels
76
The Gospels and Literary Conventions and Strategies
78
Redaction and Literary Criticism and Lives of Jesus
84
Philosophical Constraints for Jesus Study
87
Classical and Medieval Views of Reality
88
The Influence of Descartes and Locke
89
The Enlightenment in France
95
The Enlightenment in Great Britain
96
The Enlightenment in Germany
101
The Modern and Postmodern Worlds
111
Postmodernism and Benign Skepticism
117
Hermeneutical Possibilities in Jesus Studies
123
Hermeneutics and Literary Questions of Knowledge and Truth
125
Friedrich Schleiermacher
131
Wilhelm Dilthey
135
Martin Heidegger
140
Rudolf Bultmann and the New Hermeneutic
142
HansGeorg Gadamer
148
Paul Ricoeur
152
The Contemporary Theoretical Context
157
ReaderOriented Literary Approaches
162
The Jesus Books of Dibelius and Bultmann
212
The PostBultmannian Quest and the Contemporary Scene
215
The Jesus Seminar and Dominic Crossan
224
Third Questers and N T Tom Wright
235
The Church and the Critical Study of Jesus
241
The Significance of Literary Criticism for New Testament Hermeneutics Bultmann Revisited
255
Rudolf Bultmanns Theological and Existential Approach to New Testament Hermeneutics
256
Bultmanns Neglect of Literary Resources
259
The New Literary Situation as Evidenced in the Work of Hans Robert JauB and Wolfgang Iser
263
The Question of God
267
Values of Literary Approaches for Hermeneutics
271
A Sheep in Wolfs Clothing Feminist and Sectarian Hermeneutics
273
Entry into the Literary World
274
Postmodern Literary Study from Hermeneutical Perspectives
276
The Radical Reformation and Contemporary Feminists
280
Conclusion
292
How to Read and How Not to Read the Bible
293
Munster and the Anabaptist Vision
294
The Free Direct and Interactive Reading of the Anabaptists
297
Excesses and Churchly Validation
300
Historical Criticism and a Circle of Circles
309
How Must andor How May We Interpret Jesus?
319
Index
323
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