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and the graver exquisitely and accurately made. Mr. Cleghorn also made the illustrated Mr. Rutter's “ Description of drawing of the pleasure-bath, as it now Fonthill,” has supplied the drawing from is, for the engraving at the commencewhence the subjoined engraving has been ment of this article.
To the Shepherd and Shepherdess then they go
To tea with their wives, for a constant rule ;
And see, in and out,
The folks walk about,
And gentlemen angling in Peerless Pool. The great earthquake, on the first of down the particulars from the mouth of November, 1755, which destroyed seventy one of the two waiters, who were eyethousand human beings at Lisbon, and witnesses of it. This waiter said, that swallowed up the greatest part of the having been engaged, between ten and city, affected Peerless Pool. Dr. Birch, eleven in the morning, with his fellowthen secretary to the Royal Society, au- waiter, near the wall which enclosed the thenticated the fact, and records it in the ground of the fish-pond, he accidentally “ Philosophical Transactions." It ap- cast his eye on the water, and was surpears, that on reports that the agitation prised to see it greatly moved without the of the waters observed in many parts of least apparent cause, as the air was quite England, Ireland, Scotland, Holland, &c. calm. He called to his companion to on that day, had likewise been noticed take notice of it, who at first neglected, in Peerless Pool, Dr. Birch, being desir- but being urged to attend to so extraorous of as accurate and circumstantial an dinary an appearance, he was equally account as possible of a fact which he struck with the sight of it. Large wave had not beard to have been remarked in rolled slowly to and from the bank nea. any other part of London or its suburbs, them for some time, and at last left the himself went thither, on Saturday, De- bed of the pond dry for several feet, and cember the 6th, 1755, and there took in their reflux overflowed the bank ten or
twelve feet, as they did the opposite one, which was evident from the wetness of
Tree Lupin. Lupinus arboreus the ground about it. This motion having
Dedicated to St. Lupus. continued for five or six minutes, the two waiters stepped to the cold-bath near the fish-pond, to see what passed there; but
July 25. no motion was observed in it by them, or by a gentleman who had been in it, and St. James the Great, Apostle, A. D. 43. was then dressing himself, and who, on St. Christopher. Sts. Thea, and Valenbeing told of the agitation in the fish tina, and Paul, A. D. 308. St. Cucufus, pond, went directly thither with the waia A. D. 304. St. Nissen, Abbot. ters, and was a third witness of it. On
St. James's Day. the ceasing of it, they all three went to the pleasure-bath, between which and the On this day oysters come in; by act fish-pond the cold-bath was situated; they of parliament they are prohibited until found the pleasure-bath then motionless, its arrival. It is a vulgar superstition, but to have been agitated in the same that whoever eats oysters on St. James's manner with the fish-pond, the water day will never want money. The inhaving left plain marks of its having difference to industry which such notions overflown the banks, and risen to the engender in many minds, can be testified bushes on their sides. The motion in the by some of themselves, who falsify the fish-pond had also been observed by some frivolous legend by their present abodes persons in Mr. Kemp's house.
Apples were blessed on this day by
the priest. There is a special form for Philadelphian Lily. Lilium Philadelphi- blessing them in the manual of the church
of Sarum. A greater blessing is conDedicated to St. Praxedes. ferred at Cliff, in Kent, by the rector
there: by an old custom he distributes "at his parsonage-house on St. James's
day, annually, a mutton pye and a loaf St. Mary Magdalen. St. Vandrille, or to as many as choose to demand it, the
Wandregisilus, A. D. 666. St. Joseph, expense of which amounts to about 151. of Palestine, called Count Joseph, about per annum.' A. D. 356.
St. Meneve, Abbot, A. D. 720. St. Dabius or Davius.
Herb Christopher. Actæa Spicata.
Dedicated to St. Christopher
St. Anne, Mother of the Virgin. St. St. Apollinaris, Bp. of Ravenna. St. Li Germanus, Bp. A. D. 448.
borius, Bp. A. D. 397.
FLORAL DIRECTORY. Muskflower. Scabiosa atropurpurea.
Dedicated to St. Apollinaris.
Field Chamomile. Matricaria Chamo
milla. Dedicated to St. Anne.
Solano, A. D. 1610. Sts. Romanus and there was a “ fight,” if so it might be
* Brand, from Hasted's Kent,
disgusting, exhibition of brutality, took pressed about the sufficiency of this last place, at a late hour on Tuesday evening, precaution-merely because a number of at Warwick;d, except that it was even ladies," it was understood, would be still more offensive and cruel than was present; but the ladies in general escaped anticipated, the result was purely that that disgrace, for not a single female which had been predicted in The Times came; and, at all events, the attendant newspaper. ,
bear-wards swore in the most solemn The show was got up in an extensive way—that is to say, using a hundred imenclosure, called the “Old Factory-yard,” precations instead of one--that the secujust in the suburbs of Warwick, on the rity of the whole was past a doubt. To road towards Northampton; and the cage wards afternoon the determination as to in which the fight took place stood in the “prices” seemed a little to abate; and centre of a hollow square, formed on two it was suspected that, in the end, the sides by ranges of empty workshops, the speculator would take whatever prices he windows of which were fitted up with could get. The fact became preity clear, planks on barrels as seats for the specta- too, that no real match, nor any thing tors; and, in the remaining two, by the approaching to one, was pending; bewhole of Mr. Wombwell's wild « collec cause the parties themselves, in their tion," as they have been on show for printed notices, did not settle any cirsome days past, arranged in their respec cumstances satisfactorily, under which the tive dens and travelling carriages. contest could be considered as concluded.
In the course of the morning, the Wheeler, Mr. Martin's agent, who had dogs were shown, for the fee of a shil- come down on Monday, applied to the ling, at a public-house in Warwick, called local authorities to stop the exhibition; the “ Green Dragon.” Eight had been but the mayor, and afterwards, as we unbrought over originally; but, by a mistake derstood, a magistrale of the name of of locking them up together on the pre- Wade, declined interfering, on the ground ceding night, they had fallen out among that, under Mr. Martin's present act, no themselves, and one had been killed en- steps could be taken before the act constitirely; a second escaping only with the tuting “cruelty” had been committed. A loss of an ear, and a portion of one cheek. gentleman a quaker,who resides near WarThe guardian of the beasts being rebuked wick, also went down to the menagerie, for this accident, declared he could not in person, to remonstrate with Mr. Womb have supposed they would have fought well; but, against the hope of letting seats each other-being “all on the same side:” at “three guineas” a-head, of course his six, however, still remained in condition, mediation could have very little chance of as Mrs. Heidelberg expresses it, for the runcounter."
In the mean time, the unfortunate lion The price of admission demanded in lay in a caravan by himself all day, in the first instance for the fight seemed to front of the cage in which he was to be have been founded on very gross miscal- baited, surveying the preparations for his culation. Three guineas were asked for own annoyance with great simplicity and seats at the windows in the first, second, apparent good humour; and not at all and third floors of the unoccupied manu discomfited by the notice of the numerous factory; two guineas for seats on the persons who came to look at him. In fourth floor of this building; one guinea the course of the day, the dogs who were for places at a still more distant point; to fight were brought into the menagerie in and half-a-guinea for standing room in the slips, it being not the least singular feasquare. The appearance of the cage ture of this combat that it was to take when erected was rather fragile, consider- place immediately under the eyes of an ing the furious struggle which was to take immense host of wild beasts of all descripplace within it. It measured fifteen feet tions (not including the human spectators); square, and ten feet high, the floor of it three other lions; a she wolf, with cubs; standing about six feet from the ground. a hyæna; a white bear; a lioness; two The top, as well as the sides, was com- female leopards, with cubs; two zebras, posed merely of iron bars, apparently male and female; a large assortment of slight, and placed at such a distance froin monkeys; and two wild asses; with a each other that the dogs might enter or variety of other interesting foreigners, escape between, but too close for the being arranged within a few yards of the lion to follow. Some doubts were ex- grand stand.
These animals, generally, looked clean generous, that, at his first appearance, it and in good condition ; and were (as is' became very much doubted whether' he the custom with such creatures when con- would attempt to fight at all. While the fined) perpetually in motion; but the multitude shouted, and the dogs were yelldogs disappointed expectation---they were ing in the ground below, he walked up and very little excited by the introduction. down his cage, Wombwell still remaining They were strong, however, and lively; in it, with the most perfect composure, crossed, apparently the majority of them, not at all angered, or even excited; but between the bull and the mastiff breed; looking with apparently great curiosity at one or two showed a touch of the lurcher, his new dwelling and the objects genea point in the descent of fighting dogs rally about him; and there can hardly which is held to give an increased capa- be a question, that, during the whole city of mouth. The average weight of contest, such as it turned out, any one of those which fought was from about five the keepers might have remained close to and thirty to five and forty pounds each; him with entire safety. one had been brought over that weighed Wombwell, however, having quitted more than sixty, but he was on some ac- the cage, the first relay of dogs was laid count or other excluded from the contest. These were a fallow-coloured dog, a.
The cub leopards were “ fine darling brown with white legs, and a third brown little creatures," as an old lady observed altogether-averaging about forty pounds in the morning, fully marked and colour- in weight'a-piece, and described in the ed, and about the size of a two months' printed papers which were distributed, old kitten. The young wolves had a by the names of Captain, Tiger, and haggard, cur-like look; but were so com- Turk. As the dogs were held for a mipletely like sheep-dog puppies, that a nute in slips, upon the inclined plane mother of that race might have suckled which ran from the ground to the stage, them for her own. A story was told of the lion crouched on his belly to receive the lion“ Nero" having already had a them; but with so perfect an absence of trial in the way of “give and take,” with any thing like ferocity, that many persons a bull bitch, who had attacked him, but, were of opinion he was rather disposed at the first onset, been bitten through the to play : at all events, the next moment throat. The bitch was said to have been showed clearly that the idea of fighting, got off by throwing meat to the lion; and or doing mischief to any living creature, if the account were true, the result was never had occurred to him. only such as with a single dog, against At the first rush of the dogs—which such odds, might reasonably have been the lion evidently had not expected, and expected. Up to a late hour of the day, did not at all know how to meet—they the arrival of strangers was far less con- all fixed themselves upon him, but caught siderable than had been anticipated ; and only by the dewlap and the mane. With doubts were entertained, whether, in the a single effort, he shook them off, without end, the owner of the lion would not attempting to return the attack. He then declare off.
flew from side to side of the cage, endeaAt a quarter past seven, however, in vouring to get away; but in the next mothe evening, from about four to five hun ment the assailants were upon him again, dred persons of different descriptions and the brown dog, Turk, seized him by being assembled, preparations were made the nose, while the two others fastened at for commencing
the same time on the fleshy part of his The Combat.
lips and under-jaw. The lion then roared The dens which contained the animals dreadfully, but evidently only from the on show were covered in with shutters; pain he suffered—not at all from anger. the lion's travelling caravan was drawn As the dogs hung to his throat and head, close to the fighting cage, so that a door he pawed them off by sheer strength; and could be opened from one into the other; in doing this, and in rolling upon them, and the keeper, Wombwell, then going did them considerable mischief; but it into the travelling caravan, in which amounts to a most curious fact, that he another man had already been staying never once bit, or attempted to bite, with the lion for some time, the animal during the whole contest, or seemed to followed him into the cage as tamely as a have any desire to retaliate any of the Newfoundland dog. The whole demean- punishment which was inflicted upon our of the beast, indeed, was so quiet and him. When he was first “ pinned," for
instance, (to use the phraseology of the his paw; and presently a pan of fresh bear-garden,) the dogs hung to him for water being brought, he lasped out of it more than a minute, and were drawn, for some moments, while a second keeper holding to his nose and lips, several times patted and caressed him through the iron round the ring. After a short time, roar- grate. The second combat presented only ing tremendously, he tore them off with a repetition of the barbarities committed his claws, mauling two a good deal in in the first, except that it completely the operation, but still not attempting settled the doubt-if any existed—as tor afterwards to act on the offensive. After sum of money being depending. In throw, about five minutes' fighting, the fallow- ing water upon the lion, a good deal had coloured dog was taken away, lame, and been thrown upon the stage. This made apparently much distressed, and the re the floor of course extremely slippery; and maining two continued the combat alone, so far it was a very absurd blunder to the lion still working only with his paws, commit. But the second set of dogs let as though seeking to rid himself of a tor: in being heavier than the first, and the ture, the nature of which he did not well lion more exhausted, he was unable understand. In two or three minutes to keep his footing on the wet boards, more, the second dog, Tiger, being dread- and fell in endeavouring to shake fully maimed, crawled out of the gcae; them off, bleeding freely from the nose and the brown dog, Turk, which was the and head, and evidently in a fair way to lightest of the three, but of admirable be seriously injured. The dogs, all three, courage, went on fighting by himself. A seized him on going in, and he endea: most extraordinary scene then ensued : voured to get rid of them in the same way the dog, left entirely alone with an animal as before, using his paws, and not thinking of twenty times its weight, continued the of fighting, but not with the same success. battle with unabated fury, and, though He fell now, and showed symptoms, of bleeding all over from the effect of the weakness, upon which the dogs were lion's claws, seized and pinned him by taken away. This termination, however, the nose at least half a dozen times ; did not please the crowd, who cried out when at length, releasing himself with a loudly that the dogs were not beaten. desperate effort, the lion flung his whole Some confusion then followed ; after weight upon the dog, and held him lying which the dogs were again put in, and between his fore paws for more than a again seized the lion, who by this time, minute, during which time he could have as well as bleeding freely from the head, bitten his head off a hundred times over, appeared to have got a hurt in one of his but did not make the slightest effort to fore feet. At length the danger of mishurt bim. Poor Turk was then taken chief becoming pressing, and the two away by the dog-keepers, grievously man. divisions of the second combat having gled but still alive, and seized the lion, for lasted about five minutes, Mr. Wombwell at least the twentieth time, the very same announced that he gave up on the part of moment that he was released from under the lion; and the exhibition was declared him.
to be at an end. It would be tiresome to go at length into the detail of the “second fight," as it was called, which followed this ; the undertaking being to the assembly—for the The first struggle between the lion and notion of “ match now began to be too his assailants lasted about eleven minutes, obvions a humbug to be talked about, and the last something less than five; but that there should be two onsets, at twenty the affair altogether wanted even the saminutes' interval, by three dogs at each vage interest which generally belongs to a time. When the last dog of the first set, common bull or bear bait. For, from the Turk, was removed, poor Nero's temper beginning of the matter to the end, the was just as good as before the affair began. lion was merely a sufferer-he never The keeper, Wombwell, went into the struck a blow. The only picturesque cage instantly, and alone, carrying a pan point which could present itself in such a of water, with which he first sluiced the contest would have been, the seeing an apimal, and then offered him some to animal like the lion in a high state of fury drink. After a few minutes the lion laid and excitation ; but before the battle be down, rubbing the parts of his head which gan, we felt assured that no such event had been torn (as a cat would do) with would take place; because the animal in