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portioned, handsome, and in stature liké tune; should they, however, think it so, Mrs. Siddons. I speak of London wo “ their schools are more in fault than
Let not the ladies of the metro- they.” Be that as it may, I am merely polis conceive offence, if I maintain that stating a fact. They have declined in some of their mothers, and more among personal elevation, as they have increased their grandmothers, were taller and more in moral elevation. robust than they. That they are other At that time lived the London barrowwise may not be in their eyes a misfor- woman :
Her hair loose curl'd, the rest tuck'd up between
A jaunty openness and winning grace. On her legs were “women's blacks," or, with which she tickled it; the tenderness in dry sunny weather, as at this season, with which she looked into its young, stockings of white cotton, with black up-turned eyes, while the bland Auid high-heeled shoes, and a pair of bright overflowed its laughing mouth; her smo sparkling buckles ; tight lacing distended thering kisses upon its crowing lips after her hips, which were further enlarged by its nurture; and her loud affectionate her flowered cotton or chintz gown being “ God bless it !" when it was carried drawn through the pocket-holes to balloon away, were indescribably beautiful. out behind, and display a quilted glazed As the seasons changed, so her wares petticoat of black or pink stuff, termin- varied. With the “ rolling year,” she ating about four inches above the ancles; rolled round to us its successive fruits ; she wore on her bosom, which was not but cherry-time was the meridian of her so confined as to injure its fullness, a glory. Her clear and confident cry was light gauze or muslin kerchief. This was then listened for, in the distance, with as her full dress, as she rolled through the much anxiety to hear it, as the proclamastreet, and cried :
tion of a herald, in the full authority of “ Round and sound,
office, was awaited in ancient times. Two-pence a pound,
“ What can keep the barrow-woman Cherries ! rare ripe cherries !" so long? - Surely she has not gone “Green and ripe gooseberries ! amber- another way !_Hush! there she is; I
hear her!" These were tokens of her berries ! ripe amber-berries ?” rants ! rare ripe currants !" ending, as
importance in the neighbourhood she she began, with cherries :
circled ; and good housewives and ser
vant girls came to the doors, with basins “ Cherries a ha'penny a stick! and dishes, to await her approach, and Come and pick ! come and pick make their purchases of fruit for their Cherries ! big as plums !
pies and puddings. As she slowly trunWho comes? who comes?"
dled her barrow along the pavement, Each side of ber well-laden barrow was what doating looks were cast' upon its dressed nearly halfway along with a row delicacies by boys with ever-ready appeof sticks having cherries tied on them. tites ! How he who had nothing to lay To assist in retailing her other fruit, out envied him who a halfpenny entitled there lay before her a “full alehouse to a perplexing choice amidst the temptmeasure" of clean pewter, and a pair of ing variety! If currants were fixed on, shining brass scales, with thick turn-over the question' was mooted, “ Which are rims, and leaden weights, for the “ real best-red or white?" If cherries“whiteblack-hearts" that dyed the white cloth hearts, or blacks ?" If gooseberriesthey lay on with purple stains. If she “ red or yellow ?” Sometimes the decision had an infant, she was sometimes met as to the comparative merits of colour with it, at a particular spot, for her to was negatived by a sudden impulsive suckle. She was then a study for a preference for “the other sort,” or “somepainter. Her hearty caresses of her child, thing else;" and not seldom, after these while she hastily sat down on the arm of deliberations, and being “ served,” arose her barrow, and bared her bountiful bo- doubts and regrets, and an application to som to give it nourishment; the frolic be allowed to change “ these" for “them,"
and perhaps the last choice was, in the with “ green codlins ;" then followed end, the least satisfactory. Indecisive “ golden rennets,” “ golden pippins," ness is not peculiar to childhood ; “men and“ ripe nonpareils." These were the are but children of a larger growth,” and
street-fruits, Such “ golden their “conduct of the understanding” is pippins” as were then sold, three and nearly the same.
four for a halfpenny, are now worth pence
a piece, and the true golden rennet" Mr. George Cruikshank, whose pencil can only be heard of at great fruiterers. is distinguished by power of decision The decrease in the growth of this dein every character he sketches, and whose lightful apple is one of the “ signs of the close observation of passing manners is times!" unrivalled by any artist of the day, has The finest apples in Covent-garden sketched the barrow-woman for the Every- market come from Kent. Growers in Day Book, from his own recollection of that county, by leaving only a few her, aided somewhat by my own. It is branches upon the tree, produce the most engraved on wood by Mr. Henry White, delicious kinds, of a surprisingly large and placed at the head of this article. size. For these they demand and obtain
very high prices; but instead of London Before barrow-women quite “ went in general being supplied, as it was forout,” the poor things were sadly used. merly, with thë best apples, little else is If they stopped to rest, or pitched their seen except swine-feed, or French, or seat of custom where customers were American apples. The importations of likely to pass, street-keepers, authorized this fruit are very large, and under the by orders unauthorized by law, drove them almost total disappearance of some of off, or beadles overthrew their fruit into the our finest sorts, very thankful we are to road. At last, an act of parliament made get inferior ones of foreign growth. at penal to roll a wheel or keep a stand Really good English apples are scarcely for the sale of any articles upon the within the purchase of persons of modepavement; and barrow-women and fruit- rate means. stalls were put down."
“ Women's Blacks." Fruit Stalls.
This is the name of the common black These daily purveyors to the refresh- worsted stockings, formerly an article of ment of passengers in hot weather are extensive consumption; they are now not wholly extinct ; a few, very few, still little made, because little worn. One of exist by mere sufferance-no more. Upon the greatest wholesale dealers in “women's recollection of their number, and the blacks,” in a manufacturing town, was grateful abundance heaped upon them, I celebrated for the largeness of his stock; could almost exclaim, in the words of his means enabled him to purchase all the old Scotch-woman's epitaph that were offered to him for sale, and it
was his favourite article. He was an old. “ Such desolation in my time has been I have an end of all perfection seen !"
fashioned man, and while the servant
maids were leaving them off, he was unAh! what a goodly sight was Holborn- conscious of the change, because he could hill in
Then there was a not believe it ; he insisted it was imposcomely row of fruit-stalls, skirting the sible that household work could be done edge of the pavement from opposite the in " white cottons.” Offers of quantities steps of St. Andrew's church to the were made to him at reduced prices, corner of Shoe-lane. The fruit stood on which he bought; his immense capital tables covered with white cloths, and became locked up in his favourite “woplaced end to end, in one long line. In men's blacks;" whenever their price in autumn, it was a lovely sight. The the market lowered, he could not make pears and apples were neatly piled in his mind up to be quite low enough; “ ha'p'orths," for there were then no his warehouses were filled with them; pennyworths; a pen'orth" would have when he determined to sell, the demand been more than sufficient for moderate had wholly ceased; he could effect no eating at one time. First, of the pears, sales; and, becoming bankrupt, he litercame the “ripe Kat'er'nes ;” these were ally died of a broken heart—from an exsucceeded by “ fine Windsors,” and cassive and unrequited attachment to “ real bergamys.” Apples “ came in” “ women's blacks."
1816. Richard Brinsley Sheridan, the St. Peter, of Luxemburg, Card. A. D. poet, dramatist, orator, and statesman,
1387. St. Modwena, 9th Cent. St. died. He was the third son of Mr. ThoEdana, of Elphim and Tuam.
mas Sheridan, celebrated as an actor, eminent as a lecturer on elocution, and
entitled to the gratitude of the public for There is a beautiful mention of flowers, his judicious and indefatigable exertions at this season, in some lines from the Italian of Louis Gonzago.
to improve the system of education in this country. His father, the rev. Dr.
Thomas Sheridan, was With an Indian Perfume-box to Maria de divine, the ablest school-master of his
a distinguished Mancini, 1648.
time, and the intimate friend of the dean Oh! the Florence rose is freshe and faire, of St. Patrick. Mr. Thomas Sheridan
And rich the young carnations blowe, died at Margate, on the 14th of August, Wreathing in beauties' ebonne haire, 1788. Mrs. Frances Sheridan, the moOr sighing on her breaste of snowe,
ther of Richard Brinsley, was the author But onlie violette shall twine
of “ Sidney Biddulph,” a novel, which Thy ebonne tresses, ladye mine.
has the merit of combining the purest Oh! dazzling shines the noon-daye sunne, morality with the most powerful interest. So kinglye in his golden carre,
She also wrote “ Nourjahad," an oriental But sweeter 'tis when day is done,
tale, and the comedies of the “ DiscoTo watche the evening's dewye starre, very,” the “ Dupe,” and “A Trip to In silence lighting fielde and grove,
Bath." She died at Blois, in France, the How like mye heart, bow like mye love ! 17th of September, 1766. Then, ladye, lowlye at thy feete
Richard Brinsley Sheridan was born in I lay this gift of memorie,
Dorset-street, Dublin, in the month of All strange and rude, but treasures sweete October, 1751. He was placed, in his Within its gloomy bosome lie.
seventh year, under the tuition of Mr. Trifles, Marie ! may telle the tale,
Samuel Whyte, of Dublin, the friend of When wisdom, witte, and courage faile. their father. He was placed at Harrow
Pulci. school, after the christmas of 1762. His
literary advancement at this seminary ap.
pears to have been at first retarded ; and Double Yellow Rose. Rosa Sulphurea.
it was reserved for the late Dr. Parr, who Dedicated to St. Edana.
was at that time one of the sub-preceptors, to discover and call into activity the faculties of young Sheridan's mind. His
memory was found to be uncommonly July 6.
retentive, and his judgment correct; so
that when his mind was quickened by St. Palladius, A. D. 450. St. Julian, An- competition, his genius gradually, ex
chorite, 4th Cent. St. Sexburgh, 7th panded. But to be admired seemed his Cent. St. Goar, a. D. 575. St Mo- only object, and when that end was at. ninna, A. D. 518.
tained, he relaxed in his application, and sunk into his former indolence. His last year at Harrow was spent more in re
flecting on the acquirements he bad Garden Hawks'-eyes. Crepis barbata. made, and the eventful scenes of a busy Dedicated to St. Julian.
life, which were opening to his view, than in enlarging the circle of his classical and
literary attainments. His father deemed July 7.
it unnecessary to send him to the uni
versity; and he was, a short time after St. Pantænus, 3d Cent. St. Willibald, his departure from Harrow, entered as a
Bp. 8th Cent. St. Hedda, A. D. 705. student of the Middle Temple.
taste and learning, and soon gave proofs
that he was inferior to none of his com- and thinking that, as the insult had been panions in wit and argument. At this publicly given, the apology should have age he had recourse to bis literary talents equal notoriety, he caused it to be pubfor pecuniary supplies, and directed his lished in the same paper. Mr. Mathews attention to the drama; but disgusted soon heard of this circumstance, and, with some sketches of comic character irritated at his defeat, as well as the use which he drew, he actually destroyed which his antagonist had made of his them, and in a moment of despair re- apology, repaired to Bath, and called nounced every hope of excellence as a upon Mr. Sheridan for satisfaction. The dramatic writer. His views with respect parties met on Kingsdown. The victory to the cultivation and exertion of his was desperately contested, and, after a genius in literary pursuits, or to the study discharge of pistols, they fought with of the profession to which be had been swords. They were both wounded, and destined by his father, were all lost in a closing with each other fell on the ground, passion that mastered his reason. He at where the fight was continued until they once saw and loved Miss Linley, a lady were separated. They received several no less admirable for the elegant accom cuts and contusions in this arduous strugplishments of her sex and the affecting gle for life and honour, and a part of his simplicity of her conversation, than for opponent's weapon was left in Mr. the charms of her person and the fasci- Sheridan's ear. Miss Linley rewarded nating powers of her voice. She was the Mr. Sheridan for the dangers he had principal performer in the oratorios at braved in her defence, by accompanying Drury-lane theatre. The strains which him on a matrimonial excursion to the she poured forth were the happiest com- continent. The ceremony was again binations of nature and art; but nature performed on their return to England, predominated over art. Her accents were with the consent of her parents; from so melodious and captivating, and their the period of her marriage, Mrs. Sheridan passage to the heart so sudden and irre- never appeared as a public performer. sistable, that “list’ning Envy would have Mr. Sheridan, when encumbered with dropped her snakes, and stern-ey'd Fury's the cares of a family, felt the necessity of self have melted” at the sounds.
immediate exertion to provide for the Her father, Mr. Linley, the late inge.. pressing calls inseparable from a domestic nious composer, was not at first pro- establishment, which, if not splendid, was pitious to Mr. Sheridan's passion, and he marked with all the appearance of genbad many rivals to overcome in his at- teel life. tempts to gain the lady's affections. His On finishing his play of the “ Rivals," perseverance, however, increased with the he presented it to the manager of Coventdifficulties that presented themselves, and garden theatre, and it was represented on his courage and resolution were displayed the 17th of January, 1775. In consein vindicating Miss Linley's reputation quence of some slight disapprobation, it from a calumnious report, which had was laid aside for a time, after the first been basely thrown out against it. night's performance. Mr. Sheridan having
Mr. Mathews, a gentleman then well made some judicious alterations, both in known in the fashionable circles at Bath, the progress of the plot and in the lanhad caused a paragraph to be inserted in guage, it was shortly after brought fora public paper at that place, and had set ward again, and received in the most out for London. He was closely pursued favourable manner. His next production by Mr. Sheridan. They met and fought was the farce of “St. Patrick's Day, or a duel with swords at a tavern in Hen- The Scheming Lieutenant." This was rietta-street, Covent-garden, the house at followed by the comic opera of the the north-west corner, opposite Bedford “ Duenna," a composition in every recourt. Mr. Sheridan's second on the oc- spect superior to the general class of casion was his brother, Charles Francis, English operas then in fashion. It sura late secretary at war in Ireland. Great passed even the “ Beggar's Opera” in courage and skill were displayed on both attraction and popularity, and was persides ; but Mr. Sheridan having succeeded formed seventy-five nights during the in disarming his adversary, compelled season, while Gay's singular production him to sign a formal retraction of the ran only sixty-five. paragraph which had been published. Mr. Garrick having resolved to retire The conqueror instantly returned to Bath; from the management of Drury-lane
theatre, his share of the patent was sold to of first lord of the treasury, completely Mr. Sheridan, who, in 1776, paid 30,000l. defeated the views of himself and friends, for it. He immediately brought out the and the ever-memorable coalition having “ Trip to Scarborough,” altered from been formed between Mr. Fox and lord Vanburgh's comedy of the “Relapse.” North, Mr. Sheridan was It was performed on the 24th of Febru- called upon to commence literary hostiliary, 1777. His next production was the ties against the new administration. The comedy of the “ School for Scandal,” periodical work of the “ Jesuit which raised his fame to undisputed pre- appeared, and several very distinguished eminence over contemporary dramatic members of the party contributed to that writers, and conferred, in the opinion of production. foreign literati, a lustre on the British At length the coalition having gained comedy which it did not previously pos- a decisive victory over the new adminissess. It was first performed on the 8th tration, formed by the Shelburne party, of May, 1777.
Mr. Sheridan was once more brought into Early in the following season, he pro- place, in April, 1783, as secretary of the duced the musical piece of “ The Camp.” treasury. Under Mr. Pitt, an entire His “ Critic," written upon the model o. change took place in men and measures, the duke of Buckingham's “ Rehearsal," and on the trial of an ex officio informacame out on the 30th of October, 1787. tion against the “ Jesuit," Mr. Wilkie,
On the death of Mr. Garrick, in 1779, who had the courage to conceal the Mr. Sheridan wrote the monody to the names of the gentlemen by whom he had memory of Mr. Garrick, recited at Drury- been employed, was sentenced to an imlane theatre by Mrs. Yates.
prisonment of twelve months. Notwithstanding the profits which he Mr. Sheridan's speech in defence of derived from his pieces, and the share he Mr. Fox's celebrated East-India Bill was had in the theatre, which was very con so masterly, as to induce the public siderable, as he had obtained Mr. Lacy's opinion to select him from the second interest in the patent, a property equally class of parliamentary speakers. He was valuable with that of Mr. Garrick, viewed as a formidable opponent by Mr. and of course worth, on the lowest Pitt, and looked up to with admiration, calculation, 30,0001., his , pecuniary as a principal leader of the opposition. embarrassments had considerably in He was rapidly approaching to percreased. His domestic establishment was fection as an orator, when the impeachnot only very expensive, but conducted ment of Mr. Hastings supplied him with without any kind of economy.
The an opportunity of displaying powers persuasions of Mr. Fox, whose friendship which were then unrivalled. He was he had carefully cultivated, operated, one of the managers of the prosecution, with a firm conviction of his own abili- and his speech delivered in the house of ties, in determining him to obtain a seat commons, in April, 1787, on the eighth in the house of commons, and a general article as stated in the order laid down by election taking place in 1780, Mr. Sheri- Mr. Burke, relative to “ money corruptly dan was returned for Stafford; and though and illegally taken," was allowed to equal he contented himself at the commence- the most argumentative and impassioned ment of the session with giving a silent orations that had ever been addressed to vote against the minister, he was inde- the judgment and feelings of the British fatigable without doors in seconding the parliament. He fixed the uninterrupted views of the whigs under Mr. Fox, attention of the house for upwards of against the measures of the ministry. five hours, confirmed the minds of those He had a considerable share in the “Eng- who wavered, and produced co-operation lishman," a paper opposed to the ad- from a quarter which it was supposed ministration of lord North; and when would have been hostile to any further the Rockingham party came into power, proceeding. In the long examination of in 1782, his exertions were rewarded Mr. Middleton, he gave decided proofs with the appointment of under secretary of a strong and discriminating mind; to Mr. Fox, then secretary of state for but when, in June, 1788, he summed up the foreign department.
the evidence on the charge, respecting The death of the marquis of Rocking- the confinement and imprisonment of the ham, and the unexpected elevation of the princesses of Oude, and the seizure of earl of Shelburne to the important office their treasures, his superiority over his