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luke of Bourbon having lost sixty francs one else in the world, which so many at palm-play with M. William de Lyon, others are trying to do well, it leaves a and M. Guy de la Trimouille, and not gap in society. It is not likely that any having money enoughto pay them, gave one will now see the gaine of fives played his girdle as a pledge for the remainder. in its perfection for many years to come

A damsel, named Margot, who resided for Cavanagh is dead, and has not left his at Paris in 1424, played at hand-tennis peer behind him. with the palm, and also with the back of It may be said that there are things her hand, better than any man; and of more importance than striking a ball what is most surprising, says St. Foix, at against a wall—there are things indeed that time the game was played with the that make more noise and do as little naked hand, or at least with a double good, such as making war and peace, glove.

making speeches and answering them, Hand-tennis still continues to be played, making verses and blotting them, making though under a different name, and pro- money and throwing it away. But the bably a different modification of the game of fives is what no one despises who game: it is now called fives, which deno- has ever played at it. It is the finest mination, perhaps, it might receive from exercise for the body, and the best relaxahaving five coinpetitors in it, as the suc- tion for the mind. ceeding passage shews : When queen The Roman poet said that “ Care Elizabeth was entertained at Elvetham, mounted behind the horseman, and stuck in Hampshire, by the earl of Hertford, to his skirts.” But this remark would “after dinner about three o'clock, ten of not have applied to the fives-player. He his lordship's servants, all Somersetshire who takes to playing at fives is twice men, in a square greene court before her young. He feels neither the past por fumajesties windowe, did hang up lines, ture" in the instant.” Debts, taxes, squaring out the forme of a tennis court, “ comestic treason, foreign levy, nothing and making a cross line in the middle; can touch him further.” He has no other in this square they, being stripped out of wish, no other thought, from the moment their dublets, played five to five with the game begins, but that of striking the hand-ball at bord and cord as they tearme ball, of placing it, of making it! This Cait, to the great liking of her highness." vanagh was sure to do. Whenever he

touched the ball, there was an end of the

chase. His eye was certain, his hand Fives-playing at Copenhagen-house, is fatal, his presence of mind complete. He recorded in a memoir of Cavanagh, the could do what he pleased, and he always famous fives-player, by Mr. Hazlitt

. It knew exactly what to do. He saw the first appeared in the Examiner of Fe- whole game, and played it; took instant bruary 17, 1819, and is subjoined, with

advantage of his adversary's weakness, the omission of a passage or two, not es and recovered balls, as if by a miracle sentially connected with the subject.

and from sudden thought, that every gave for lost.

He had equal DEATH OF JOHN CAVANAGH.

power and skill, quickness and judg

He could either outwit his anta“ And is old Double dead? See, see, he gonist by finesse, or beat him by main drew a good bow; and dead! he shot a fine strength. Sometimes, when he seemed shoot. John of Gaunt loved him well, and preparing to send the ball with the full betted much money on his head. Dend ! be swing of his arm, he would, by a slight would have clapt in the clout at twelve score, and carried you a forehand shaft a fourteen turn of his wrist, drop it within an inch and fourteen and a half, that it would have of the line. In general, the ball came done a man's heart good to see."

from his hand, as if from a racket, in a Died at his house in Burbage-street, vain to attempt to overtake or stop it.

strait horizontal line; so that it was iz St. Giles's, John Cavanagh, the famous As it was said of a great orator, that he hand fives-player. When a person dies,

never was at a loss for a word, and for the who does any one thing better than any properest word, so Cavanagh always

could tell the degree of force necessary to

be given to a ball, and the precise direc• Strutt's sports, from Mr. Nichol's Progresses of tion in which it should be sent. Ile did Queen Elizabeth, &c.

one

ment.

his work with the greatest ease; never

all the time.
In the twelfth game,

when took more pains than was necessary, and Cavanagh was only four, and the stranger while others were fagging themselves to thirteen, a person came in, and said, death, was as cool and collected as if he “ What are you here, Cavanagh !" The had just entered the court.

words were no sooner pronounced than His style of play was as remarkable as the astonished player let the ball drop his power of execution.

He had no from his hand, and saying, “What! have affectation, no trifling. He did not throw I been breaking my heart all this time to away the game to show off an attitude, beat Cavanagh ?" refused to make anoor try an experiment. He was a fine, ther effort.

* And yet, I give you my sensible, manly player, who did what he word,” said Cavanagh, telling the story could, but that was more than any one with some triumph, “ I played all the else could even affect to do. He was the while with my clenched fisi.” best up-hill player in the world; even He used frequently to play matches at when his adversary was fourteen, he Copenhagen-house for wagers and dinners. would play on the same or better, and The wall against which they play is the as he never flung away the game through same that supports the kitchen-chimney, carelessness and conceit, he never gave and when the wall resounded louder than it up through laziness or want of usual, the cooks exclaimed, “ Those are heart. The only peculiarity of his play the Irishman's balls,” and the joints tremwas that he never volleyed, but let the bled on the spit! balls hop; but if they rose an inch from Goldsmith consoled himself that there the ground, he never missed having them. were places where he too was admired : There was not only no body equal, but and Cavanagh was the admiration of all nobody second to him. It is supposed the fives-courts where he ever played. that he could give any other player Mr. Powell, when he played matches in half the game, or beat them with his the court in St. Martin's-street, used to left hand. His service was tremendous. fill his gallery at half-a-crown a head, He once played Woodward and Mere- with amateurs and admirers of talent in dith together (two of the best players in whatever department it is shown. He England) in the Fives-court, St. Martin's- could not have shown himself in any street, and made seven and twenty aces ground in England, but he would have following by services alone-a thing un been immediately surrounded with inheard of. He another time played Peru, quisitive gazers, trying to find out in what who was considered a first-rate fives- part of his frame his unrivalled skill lay. player, a match of the best out of five He was a young fellow of sense, bugames, and in the three first games, mour, and courage. He once had a quarrel which of course decided the match, Peru with a waterman at Hungerford-stairs, and got only one ace.

they say, “served him out" in great style. Cavanagh was an Irishman by birth, In a word, there are hundreds at this day, and a house-painter by profession. He who cannot mention his name without had once laid aside his working-dress, admiration, as the best fives-player that and walked up, in his smartest clothes, perhaps ever lived (the greatest excellence to the Rosemary Branch to have an after- of which they have any notion) and noon's pleasure. A person accosted him, the noisy shout of the ring happily stood and asked him if he would have a game. him instead of the unheard voice of posSo they agreed to play for half-a-crown a terity. game, and a bottle of cider. The first The only person who seems to have game began-it was seven, eight, ten, excelled as much in another way as Ca. thirteen, fourteen, all. Cavanagh won it. vanagh did in his, was the late John The next was the same. They played on and Davies, the racket-player. It was reeach game was hardly contested. “There," marked of him that he did not seem to said the unconscious fives-player, “ there follow the ball, but the ball seemed to was a stroke that Cavanagh could not follow him. Give him a foot of wall, and take: I never played better in my life, and he was sure to make the ball. The four yet I can't win a-game. I don't know best racket-players of that day were Jack how it is.” However, they played on, Ca- Spines, Jem Harding, Armitage, and vanagh winning every game, and the bye- Church. Davies could give any one of standers drinking the cider and laughing these two hands a time, that is, half the

game, and each of these at their best, After Orchard's tenancy, Copenhagencould give the best player now in London house was kept by one Tooth, who encouthe same odds. Such are the gradations raged brutal sports for the sake of the in all exertions of human skill and art. liquors he sold. On a Sunday morning, He once played four capital players to- the fives-ground was filled by bull-dogs gether, and beat them. He was also a and ruffians, who lounged and drank to first-rate tennis-player, and an excellent intoxication; so many as fifty or sixty fives-player. In the Fleet or King's Bench, bull-dogs have been seen tied up to the he would have stood against Powell, who benches at once, while their masters boozed was reckoned the best open-ground player and made match after match, and went of his time. This last-mentioned player out and fought their dogs before the house, is at present the keeper of the Fives-court, amid the uproar of idlers attracted to the and we might recommend to him for a “ bad eminence” by its infamy. This motto over his door,—“Who enters here, scene lasted throughout every Sunday forgets himself, his country, and his forenoon, and then the mob dispersed, friends.” And the best of it is, that by and the vicinity was annoyed by the yells the calculation of the odds, none of the of the dogs and their drunken masters on three are worth remembering!

their return home. There was also a Cavanagh died from the bursting of a common field, east of the house, wherein blood vessel, which prevented him from bulls were baited; this was called the playing for the last two or three years.

bull-field. These excesses, although comThis, he was often heard to say, he mitted at a distance from other habitathought hard upon him. He was fast tions, occasioned so much disturbance, recovering, however, when he was sud- that the magistrates, after repeated warndenly carried off to the regret of all who ings to Tooth, refused him a license in knew him.

1816, and granted it to Mr. Bath, the Jack Cavanagh was a zealous Catholic, present landlord, who abated the nuisance and could not be persuaded to eat meat by refusing to draw beer or afford refreshon a Friday, the day on which he died. ment to any one who had a bull-dog at We have paid this willing tribute to his his heels. The bull-field has since been memory.

possessed and occupied by a great cow

keeping landlord in the neighbourhood, “ Let no rude hand deface it, And his forlorn ' Hic Jacet.'

though by what title he holds it is not known, certainly not by admission to it as waste of the manor. This field is

close to the mud cottage hereafter menFives-play from the year 1780 was a chief diversion at Copenhagen-house, par to Highgate-hill.

tioned in Hagbush-lane, an ancient way ticularly while Mrs. Harrington remained the landlady. She was careless of all customers, except they came in shoals to

Near the spot at which Hagbush-lane drink tea in the gardens and long room

comes out into the Holloway-road to up stairs, or to play at fives, skittles, and Highgate, the great lord Bacon met with Dutch pins, and swill and smoke. The the cause of his death, in a way not house was afterwards kept by a person generally known He was taking an air. named Orchard, during whose time the ing in his coach, on a winter-day, with London Corresponding Society, in 1795, Dr. Witherborne, a Scotchman, physiciar. held meetings in the adjacent fields.* In to James I., and the snow laying on 1812, it was proposed by a company of the ground. It occurred to lord Bacor. projectors to bring sea-water through iron that flesh might be preserved in snow as pipes " from the coast of Essex to Copen- well as in salt; resolving to try the expehagen fields,” and construct baths, which, riment, they alighted from the carriage, according to the proposals, would yield and going into a poor woman's cottage at twelve and a half per cent. op a capital the foot of Highgate-hill, they bought a of 200,000l. ; but the subscription was hen; his lordship helped to stuff the body not filled up, though the names of several with snow, which so chilled him that he eminent physicians sanctioned the under- fell ill, and could not return to his lodge taking, and the project failed.t

ings; he therefore went to the earl of

Arundel's house at Highgate, where a bed * Mr. Nelson's History of Islington.

was warmed for him with a pan of coals;

+ Ibid.

or

but the bed not having been lain in for a reporte unto his Lo: of the
about a year before was damp, and so Cause, that his Lo: might better
increased his disorder that in two consider, whether the demurrer
three days he died.

should stand good, or noe :-Mr.
Tho: Finch bis fee, being one of

- 448 It is not to defame so great a man,

my Lo : favourites, had
the
Mr. Bager his Fee

22s. greatest of modern times, but merely to illustrate his well-known attachment to particular favourites, that a paper is here for the first time printed. It is a bill of stomach may be satisfied together. A

At Copenhagen-house, the eye and the fees to counsel, upon an order made in walk to it through the fresh air creates an the court of chancery by lord Bacon, as Keeper of the great seal, during the first appetite, and the sight must be allowed

some time to take in the surrounding vear he held it. From this it appears prospect. A seat for an hour or two at that counsel had been retained to argue the upstairs tea-room windows op a fine a demurrer, on the first day of Mi- day is a luxury. As the clouds interchaelmas term, 1617; and that the hear- cept the sun's rays, and as the winds dising stood over till the following Tuesday, perse or congregate the London atmosbefore which day one of my lordkeeper's favourites" was retained as other hovers over continually varies. Masses

phere, the appearance of the objects it counsel, and," being one of my lord- of building in that direction daily streich keeper's favourites,” had a double fee for out further and further across the fields, his services. The mention of so extra- so that the metropolis may be imagined ordinary a fact in a common bill of

a moving billow coming up the heights costs may perhaps justify its rather outof-the-way introduction in this place the

to drown the country. Behind the house The paper from whence it is here printed, the editor of the Every-Day Book has “ Hedge-row elms, o'er hillocks green," selected from among other old unpublished manuscripts in his possession, connected is exquisitely beautiful, and the fine amwith the affairs of sir Philip Hoby, who phitheatre of wood, from Primrose-hill to was ambassador to the emperor of Ger- Ilighgate-archway and Hornsey, seems many from Henry VIII., and held other built up to meet the skies. A stroll 10offices during that reign.

wards either of these places from Copen

hagen-house, is pleasant beyond imagin(COPY.)

ation. Many residents in London to whom

walking would be eminently serviceable, Termino Micalis, 1617.

(annot “ take a walk” without a motive; To Mr. Bagger of the Iner-Temple

to such is recommended the “ delightful Councellor, the firste day of the lask” of endeavouring to trace IlagbushTearme, for attending at the

lune, Chancery barr, to mayntain or. Crossing the meadow west of Copendemurrer against S. Tho. Hoby, lagen-house, to the north-east corner, by my Lo: Keeper's order, that there is a mud built cottage in the widest daye to attend the Corte, wch. part of Hagbush-lane, as it runs due herd noe motions that daye, but north from the angle formed by its eastern deferd it of until Tusday fol

direction. It stands on the site of one lowing

still more rude, at which until destroyed,

labouring men and humble wayfaiers, Uppon Tusdaye following wee had

attracted by the sequestered and rural yonge Mr. Tho: Finch, and Mr.

beauties of the lane, stopped to recreate Bagger, of our Councell, to at It was just such a scene as Morlan tend there to mayntaine the same would have coveted to sketch, and there demurrer, and the cause be can fore Mr. Fussell with “ an eye for the celled; Upon (which) my Lo:

picturesque,” and with a taste akin 10 Keeper ordered, that he refferred

Morland's, made a drawing of it while the cause to be heard before Sr.

it was standing, and placed it on the Charles Cesér King, one of the wood whereon it is engraven, to adorn docters of thic Chancery, to make

the next page

xxii. s.

[graphic][subsumed][subsumed][merged small]

Why this cottage, sir, not three miles from London, is as secluded as if it were in the

weald of Kent." This cottage stands no longer : its his neighbour for their cattle, they “ warned tory is in the “simple annals of the him off;" he, not choosing to be housepoor.” About seven years ago, an aged less, nor conceiving that their domains aud alınost decayed labouring man, a could be injured by his little enclosure native of Cheshunt, in Hertfordshire, with between the banks of the road, refused to his wife and child, lay out every night accept this notice, and he remained. For upon the road side of Hagbush-lane, under this offence, one of them caused his lawhat of bough and branch they could creep bourers to level the miserable dwelling to for shelter, till “winter's cold” came on, the earth, and the “houseless child of and then he erected this “mud edifice.” want," was compelled by this wanton act He had worked for some great land-hold to apply for his family and himself to be ers and owners in Islington, and still taken into the workhouse. His applicajobbed about. Like them, he was, to this tion was refused, but he received advice extent of building, a speculator ; and to to build again, with information that eke out his insufficient means, he profit- his disturber was not justified in disturbed, in his humble abode, by the sale of ing him. In vain he pleaded incompesmall beer to stragglers and rustic way- tent power to resist; the workhouse was farers. His cottage stood between the shut against bim, and he began to build lands of two richi men; not upon the land another but. He had proceeded so far of either, but partly on the disused road, as to keep of the weather in one direcand partly on the waste of the manor. tion, when wealth again made war upon Deeming him by no means a respectable poverty, and while away from his wife

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