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and with similar benefits, as well to the 'lent lady in the spring of 1825, occasioned conductor as to the public.

a friend to the Every-Day Book to transOld London-bridge, for which the new mit the following fugitive poem for inone is intended as a more commodious sertion. It is not collected in any of the substitute, was the first that connected works published by Mrs. Barbauld during the Surrey and Middlesex banks. It was her lifetime; this, and the rectitude of built originally of wood, about 800 years spirit in the production itself, may justify ago, and rebuilt of stone in the reign of its being recorded within these pages. king John, 1209, just two years after the chief civic officer assumed the name of

To her honoured Friends mayor.

Until the middle of the last century, it was crowded with houses, which

of the families of made it very inconvenient to the passen

MARTINEAU AND TAYLOR gers. The narrowness and inequality of its arches, have caused it to be compared

These lines are inscribed to" a thick wall, pierced with small uneven holes, through which the water, dammed

By their affectionate up by this clumsy fabric, rushes, or rather

A. L. BARBAULD leaps, with a velocity extremely dangerous to boats and barges.” Of its nineteen arches, none except the centre, which

On the Death was formed by throwing two into one, is more than twenty feet wide. This is but the width of each of the piers of Water

MRS. MARTINEAU. loo-bridge. It is the most crowded thoroughfare in London, and, in this point, in pious anguish pour the tender tear,

Ye who around this venerated bier exceeds Charing-cross, which, according Mourn not !-"Tis Virtue's triumph, Nature's to Dr. Johnson, was overflowed by the

doom, full tide of human existence. It has When honoured Age, slow bending to the been calculated, that there daily pass over tomb, London-bridge 90,000 foot passengers ; Earth’s vain enjoyments past, her transient 800 waggons ; 300 carts and drays; 1,300 coaches; 500 gigs and tax carts; and 800 Tastes the long sabbath of well-earned saddle horses. The importance of this

repose. great point of communication, and the No blossom here, in vernal beauty shed,

No lover lies, warın from the nuptial bed; necessity of rendering it adequate to the purposes of its construction, are proved,

Here rests the full of days,-each task ful

filled, by the numbers to whom it affords a daily

Each wish accomplished, and each passion passage at present, and, still more, by the

stilled. probable increase of the numbers here. You raised her languid head, caught her last after. The present bridge having been breath, for some years considered destitute of the

And cheered with looks of love the couch proper facilities of transition for passen of death. gers as well as for vessels, an Act of Parliament, passed in 1823, for building a Yet mourn !--for sweet the filial sorrows new one, on a scale and plan equal to flow, the other modern improvements of the When fond affection prompts the gush of metropolis. The first pile of the works was driven on the west side of the pre- No bitter drop, 'midst Nature's kind relief, sent bridge, in March, 1824, and the first Sheds gall into the fountain of your grief; coffer-dam having been lately finished, No tears you shed for patient Jove abused, the ceremony of laying the first stone of And counsel scorned, and kind restraints

refused. the new bridge, has been happily and

Not yours the pang the conscious bosom auspiciously completed.*


When late remorse inflicts her fruitless MRS. BARBAULD.


Living you honoured her, you mourn for, The decease of this literary and excel

dead; Her God you worship, and her path you



woe ;

* New Times.

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Your sighs shall aid reflection's serious often admitted, that the first eail of Pemhour,

broke (of the name of Herbert) was a And cherished virtues bless the kindly younger son of Perthyer; and will you shower:

set yourself up above the earls of PemOn the loved theme your lips unblamed broke ?" “ True it is I must give place shall dwell;

to the earl of Pembroke, because he is a Your lives, more eloquent, her worth shall tell.

peer of the realm ; but still, though a -Long may that worth, fair Virtue's herit- peer, he is of the youngest branch of my

family, being descended from the fourth age, from race to race descend, from age to age !

son of Werndee, who was your ancestor, Still purer with transmitted lustre shine and settled at Perthyer, whereas I am The treasured birthright of the spreading descended from the eldest son. Indeed, line!


cousin Jones of Lanarth is of a branch For me, as o'er the frequent grave I bend, of the family elder than you are; and yet And pensive down the vale of years descend; he never disputes my being the head of Coinpanions, Parents, Kindred called to

the family." “ Well, cousin Proger, I mourn,

have nothing more to say : good night to Dropt from my side, or from my bosom torn; you.”—“Stop a moment, Mr, Powell," A boding voice, methinks, in Fancy's ear cried the stranger, “ you see how it Speaks from the tomb, and cries " Thy pours; do let me in at least; I will not friends are here?"

dispute with you about our families."

Pray, sir, what is your name, and Summer Evening's Adventure in Wales. where do you come from ?" My name

is so and so; and I come from such a Mr. Proger of Werndee, riding in the

county.” “ A Saxon of course; it would evening from Monmouth, with a friend indeed be very curious, sir, were I to diswho was on a visit to him, heavy rain pute with a 'Saxon about family. No, came on, and they turned their horses a sir, you must suffer for the obstinacy of little out of the road towards Perthyer. your friend, so good night to you both."* “ My cousin Powell,” said Mr. Proger, “ will, I am sure, be ready to give us a night's lodging." At Perthyer all was

June 16. still; the family were abed.

Mr. Proger shouted aloud under his cousin Powell's

Sts. Quirius, or Cyr and Julitta, Martyrs,

A. D. 304. St. John Francis Regis, chamber-window. Mr. Powell soon heard

A. D. 1640. him; and putting his head out, inquired,

Sts. Ferreolus, or Far“ In the name of wonder what means all

geau, and Ferrutius, A. D. 211 or 212. this noise? Who is there?” “ It is only

St. Aurelian, Abp. A. D. 552. your cousin Proger of Werndee, who is come to your hospitable door for shelter

CHRONOLOGY. from the inclemency of the weather; and 1722. John Churchill, the great duke hopes you will be so kind as to give him, of Marlborough, died at Windsor-lodge, and a friend of his, a night's lodging." in a state of idiocy. He was son of sir “ What is it you, cousin Proger ? You, Winston Churchill, an English historian, and your friend shall be instantly ad- and born at Ashe, in Devonshire, 1650 mitted ; but upon one condition, namely, At twelve years of age he became page that you

will admit now, and never bere- io the duke of York, afterwards James II.; after dispute, that I am the head of your at sixteen he entered the guards, and

“ What was that you said ?" re- distinguished himself under Turenne. He plied Mr. Proger.

Why, I

was called the handsome Englishman, if you expect to pass the night in my married Miss Jennings, (the celebrated house, you must admit that I am the head duchess of Marlborough,) obtained disof your family.” “ No, sir, I never will tinguished rank and offices, suppressea admit that-were it to rain swords and the duke of Monmouth's rebellion, and daggers, I would ride through them this served king James with apparent fidelit night to Werndee, sooner than let down in the wane of his fortune, while he faiththe consequence of my family by submit- lessly made court to the prince of ting to such an ignominious condition. Orange. His great military achieveCome up, Bald ! come up!" “ Stop a moment, cousin Proger ; bave you not * Williams's Monrih prip. 19.


say, that



ments, under king William and queen haviour in the former.

Soame Jenynas Anne, were rewarded by munificent pub- favours this doctrine of transmigration, lic graats, and a public funeral in West- “first, from its justice; secondly, from its minster-abbey.

utility; and lastly, from the difficulty we lie under to account for the sufferings of many innocent creatures without it." He

says, “If we look around us, we cannot Moss Privince Rose. Rosa muscoru.

but observe a great and wretched variety Dedicated to St. Julitta.

of this kind; numberless animals subjected by their own natures to many miseries, and by our cruelties to many more, inca

pable of crimes, and consequently incapaTo the Editor of the Every-Day Book.

ble of deserving them, called into being, Dear Sir,

as far as we can discover, only to be miA great deal has been lately attempt serable for the service or diversion of ed, by men of feeling minds, to prevent others less meritorious than themselves, wanton cruelty towards animals; which without any possibility of preventing, de(unhappily even in this enlightened age,) serving, or receiving recompense for their is but too prevalent.

unhappy lot, if their whole existence is The lower class of persons, to whom the coinprehended in the narrow and wretchcare of the horse is intrusted, frequently circle of their present life." He then possess less sense than those noble ani- proceeds to observe, that “the theory mals, which groan under their tyranny; here inculcated, removes all these difficul. we constantly find ignorant farriers, who ties, and reconciles all these seemingly think that a cure can only be effected, by unjust dispensations, with the strictest most violent and painful remedies. It is justice. Ii informs us, that their sufferto these brutal men, that the lameness of ings may by no means be understood, but so many horses may be attributed; for, as the just punishments of their former not understanding the beautiful and sin- behaviour, in a state, where by means of gular construction of the interior of a their vices, they may have escaped them. horse's foot, by cutting away the hoof It teaches us, that the pursued and perthey contract the foot, and gradually pre- secuted fox, was once probably some vent the elasticity so necessary: thus by crafty and rapacious minister, who had repeated shoeing, the foot is cramped, as purchased by his ill acquired wealth, that much so, as a man's who would attempt safety, which he cannot now procure by to walk in a shoe considerably too tight his flight; that the bull, baited with all for him. Lameness ensues, and these the cruelties that human ingenuity, or farriers pronounce the seat of lameness buman malevolence can invent, was once any where but where actually exists; some relentless tyrant, who had inflicted then comes firing and blistering, and all the tortures which he endures; that every possible torture, and the poor ani- the poor bird, blinded, imprisoned, and mal lamed for life, long before his time, at last starved to death in a cage, may is consigned to the lowest drudgery, and have been some unforgiving creditor; and subsequently to the dogs.

the widowed turtle, pining away life for The inhuman rate at which horses are the loss of her mate, some fashionable driven in stage coaches, conduces greatly wife, rejoicing at the death of her huja to mortality; this consumption of animal band, which her own ill-usage had occalife is, in some instances, one in three sioned. Never can the delicious repast annually.

of roasted lobsters excite my appetite, Soame Jenyns, whose works are well whilst the ideas of the tortures in which known, and who was himself a man of the those innocent creatures have expired, finest feelings, in a paper On Cruelty to present themselves to my imagination. Animals, adverts to the disciples of Py- But when I consider that they must have thagoras, who held that the souls of men, once probably been Spaniards at Mexico, and all other animals, existed in a state or Dutchmen at Amboyna, I fall too, of perpetual transmigration, and that with a good stomach and a good conwhen by death they were dislodged from science. Never can I repose myself with one corporeal habitation, they were im- satisfaction in a post chaise, whilst I look mediately reinstated in another, happier upon the starved, foundered, accelerated, or more miserable, according to their be- and excoriated animals which draw it, as



mere horses, condemned to such unmerited torments for my convenience, but I

To the Editor of the Every-Day Book. reflect, they must have undoubtedly existed in the fathers of the holy inquisi

Sir, tion. I very well know that these senti The perusal of your remarks on the seaments will be treated as ludicrous by

son and the winds, in the Every-Day many of my readers, but they are in them- Book, page 707, reminded me of some selves just and serious, and carry with lines I wrote at Ramsgate. If you know them the strongest probability of their Wellington-crescent, where they were truth. So strong is it, that I cannot but composed, you know a very pretty place. hope it will have some good effect on the for either summer or winter residence. conduct of those polite people, who are

I am, Sir, &c. too sagacious, learned, and courageous to

June 6, 1825.

JS. be kept in awe by the threats of hell and damnation ; and I exhort every fine lady to consider, how wretched will be her condition, if after twenty or thirty years A summer sun in brightness glows ; spent at cards, in elegant rooms, kept But, ah! the blighting east wind blows, warm by good fires and soft carpets, she

And weighs the spirit down should at last be obliged to change places All smiling is th' enlivening ray, with one of her coach horses ; and every That tips with silvery tinge the spray, fine gentleman to reflect, how much more

O'er ocean's bosom thrown ! wretched would be his, if after wasting Yet, all inviting though it seems, his estate, his health, and his life in ex. should again revive in the situation of For I am one who hate and dread travagance, indolence, and luxury, he And tempts one forth to court its beams,

I tremblingly retire : one of his creditors."

That eastern blast, and oft have fled Besides Jenyns's suppositions, allow me

Its pestilences dire ! to notice the crimping of fish, the skinning of eels alive, the whipping of pigs to death, But the young shoots that round me rise to make them tender, the boiling of live And make me old, -(though still unwise) crabs, having first put them in cold water

Feel no such fear as I to make them lively; together with the Brimful of joy they venture forth preference given to hunted hares, on ac

Wind blowing west, south, east, or north,

If cloudless be the sky! count of their delicacy of muscles, softened by worry and exertion. These are but They tripping lightly o'er the path, too common instances of a barbarous To them yet free from grief or scath, taste.

Press on--and onward still, At this season of enjoyment and leisure, With brow unwrinkled yet by care, when we derive pleasure from contem- With spirit buoyant as the air plating the beautiful forms and appear

„They breathe at freedom's will. ances of nature, and are grateful for annual abundancé, let us reflect on the cri- Where shipwreck'd seamen oft deplore minal heedlessness wherewith we allow The loss of all their scanty store, our appetites and pleasures to be indulg- In quest of shells, or various weed,

They rove at ebb of tide ed, by needless sufferings in the ani- That, from the bed of ocean freed, mals we subdue to our wants and whims.

Their anxious search abide. While we endeavour to inculcate kindness in our children towards one another, Proud and elated with their prize, let us teach them kindness to the mean (All eagerness with sparkling eyes, est of created beings. I know that the

The treasures home are brought Every-Day Book widely circulates in fami- To me, who plunged in gloom the while, lies; the humane sentiments that pervade At home have watch'd the sea bird's guile :it, must therefore have considerable in

Or, in a sea of thought, fluence, and for this reason I select it as a channel for conveying a humane sug- Fit food for an immortal mind,

Have sent my spirit forth to find gestion.

Else of itself the prey!
I am, dear Sir,

And in th' abstraction of that mood.
, Full oft I've realized the good,
J. B.

We boast not every day.

Sometimes tho', with a courage bold, almanacs on this day, but he stands in As ever faced the arctic's cold,

the Romish calendar, on the 22d of the I pace the Colonnade;*

month. And then am soon compelled to beat,

St. Alban was born at Verulam, in And seek a cowardly retreat,

Hertfordshire, in the third century, and Within the parlour's shade!

went to Rome, where he served seven Sometimes the place, t warm shelter'd close, years as a soldier under Dioclesian. He Where Sharwood's decorated house, afterwards returned to England, became

From roof to step all flowers, a Christian, and suffered martyrdom in Shines forth as Flora's temple, where 303, during the dreadful persecution Doninion falls to sea and air ;

raised by Dioclesian. Several miracles Napoleonic powers !

are said by Bede to have been wrought at There, snugly shelter'd from the blast,

his martyrdom.* My eyes right pensively I cast

The fame of Alban, recorded as it was Where famed sir Williams's bark by Bede, made a deep impression on the Lies moor'd, awaiting the time when minds of the superstitious. “The EcclesiThat Noah of citizens again

astical History” of that author, was pubShall verture on such ark !

lished in 731, and in the year 795, Offa, But, ah ! still round the corner creeps,

king of the Mercians, built a monastery That treach'rous wind ! and still it sweeps

to the honour of Alban, on the place Too clean the path I tread :

where he had suffered, then called by the Arm'd as with numerous needle points, Anglo-Saxons, Holmhurst, but since, in Its painful searchings pierce my joints, honour of the martyr, named St. Alban's,

And then capsize my head ! The town built near the abbey still retains So home again full trot I speed,

the latter appellation; and the abbeyAs, after wound, the warrior's steed;

church is even yet in existence, having, at And sit me down, and sigh

the suppression of the monasteries by O'er the hard-hearted fate of those

Henry the Eighth, been purchased by a rich Who feel like me these east-wind woes clothier of the name of Stump, for 4001., That brain and marrow try!

and converted by him into a parochial

church, for the use of the inhabitants. In the Again upon the sea I look,

year 1257, some workmen repairing this Of nature that exhaustless book

ancient church, found the remains of some With endless wonder fraught :How oft upon that sea I've gazed,

sheets of lead, containing relics, with a Whose world of waters has amazed

thick plate of lead over them, upon which Man-social or untaught.

was cut the following inscription :And, spite of all that some may say,

“ In hoc Mausoleo inventum est It is the place from day to day,

Venerabile corpus SANCTI ALBANI, Proto
Whereon the soul can dwell! Martyris Anglorum.+
My soul enkindles at the sight
Of such accumulated might;
And loves such grandeur well !

J. S. Monkey Flower. Mimulus luteus.

Dedicated to St. Nicandeo.


June 17.

June 18. Sts. Nicandeo and Marcian, about A. D.

St. Botulph, Abbot, A.D. 655. Sts. Marcus and Marcellianus, A. D. 286. St. Avitus, or Avy, A.D. 530. St. Mo St. Marina, 8th. Cent. St. Elizabeth lingus, or Dairchilla, Bp. A. D. 697. of Sconage, Abbess, A.D. 1165. St. St. Prior, Hermit, 4th Cent.

Amand, Bp. of Bourdeaux.

CURONOLOGY. St. Alban. This saint, the proto-martyr of Britain, terminated the personal power of Napo

1815. The battle of Waterloo, which is in the church of England calendar and lean, was fought on this day.

Wellington-crcocent. + Albion-place.

Audley. Brady's (lavis.

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