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Stoning Jews in Lent.-A Custom. From the sabbath before Palm-Sunday, were repa red with the stones of their to the last hour of the Tuesday after dwellings, which his barons had pillaged Easter, “ the Christians were accustomed and destroyed. Until the reign of Henry to stone and beat the Jews,"* and all II., a spot of ground near Red-crossJews who desired to exempt themselves street, in London,was the only place in all from the infliction of this cruelty, com- England wherein they were allowed to muted for a payment in money. It was bury their dead. likewise ordained in one of the Catholic In 1262, after the citizens of London services, during Lent, that all orders of broke into their houses, plundered their men should be prayed for except the property, and murdered seven hundred Jews.t These usages were instituted of them in cold blood, King Henry III. and justified by a dreadful perversion of gave their ruined synagogue in Lothbury scripture, when rite and ceremony tri- to the friars called the fathers of the umphed over truth and mercy. Huma- sackcloth. The church of St. Olave in nity was dead, for superstition Molochized the Old Jewry was another of their synathe heart.

gogues till they were dispossessed of it: From the dispersion of the Jews they were the sufferings they endured to be have lived peaceably in all nations to- recounted we should shudder. Our old wards all, and in all nations been perse- English ancestors would have laughed cuted, imprisoned, tortured, and put to any one to derision who urged in a Jew's death, or massacred by mobs. In Eng- behalf

, that he had “eyes,” or “hands," land, kings conspired with their subjects to organs, dimensions, senses, affections, oppress them.

To say nothing of the passions;" or that he was “fed with the well-known persecutions they endured same food, hurt with the same weapons, under king John, the walls of London subject to the same diseases, healed by

the same means, warmed and cooled by the same winter and summer as a Christ.

Mr. Fosbr.ke's Brit Mon.

+ Ibid.

ian is." They would have deemed a man century have not elasped since hatred to mad had one been found with a desire the Jews was a national feeling. In 1753, to prove that

a bill was brought into the House of

Lords for naturalizing the Jews, and the poor Jew, In corporal sufferance feels a pang as great relieving them from persecuting dis

abilities. As when a Christian dies.

It passed there on the ground

that it would operate to the public To say nothing of their more obvious sufferings for many centuries, the tide of sons professing the Jewish religion to re

advantage, by encouraging wealthy perpublic opinion raged against the Jews

move hither from foreign parts to the vehemently and incessantly. They were addressed with sneers and contumely; credit of the kingdom.' The corporatior:

increase of the capital, commerce, and the finger of vulgar scorn was pointed at of London in common council assembled, them; they were hunted through the petitioned against it on the ground that streets in open day, and when protected it would dishonour the christian religion, from the extremity of violence, it was endanger the constitution, and prejudice with tones and looks denoting that only the interest and trade of the kingdom in a little lower hate sanctuaried their per- general, and London in particular. A sons. In conversation and in books they body of London merchants and traders were a by-word, and a jest.

also petitioned against it. Certain popu..

lar orators predicted that if the bill passA work printed in 1628, for popular ed, the Jews would multiply so fast, beentertainment, entitled “A Miscellany of come so rich, and get so much power, Seriousness with Merriment, consisting of that their persons would be revered, their Witty Questions, Riddles, Jests,” &c. tells customs be imitated, and Judaism bethis story as a good joke. A sea captain come the fashionable religion; they furon a voyage, with thirty passengers, being ther alleged that the bill flew in the face of overtaken by a violent tempest, found it prophecy, which declared that the Jews necessary to throw half of them overboard, should be scattered without a country or in order to lighten the vessel. Fifteen fixed habitation till their conversion, and of the passengers were Christians, and that in short it was the duty of Christians the other fifteen were Jews, but in this to be unchristian. But the bill passed exigency they unanimously agreed in the the commons after violent debates, and captain's opinion, and that he should received the royal sanction. The națion place the whole thirty in a circle, and was instantly in a ferment of horror and throw every ninth man over till only execration; and on the first day of the fifteen were left. To save the Christians, next session of parliament, ministers were the captain placed his thirty passengers constrained to bring in a bill to repeal, in this order, viz.: four Christians, five the act of naturalization, and to the foul Jews; two Christians, one Jew; three dishonour of the people of England at Christians, one Jew; one Christian, two

that period, the bill was repealed. From Jews; two Christians, three Jews; one

that hour to the present, the Jews have Christian, two Jews; two Christians, one been subjected to their old pains, penal-, Jew. He began to number from the first ties, disqualifications, and privations. The of the four Christians thus :

enlightenment of this age has dispelled CCCC. JJJJJ. CC. J. CCC.J. C. JJ. much of the darkness of the last." Yet

CC. JJJ. C. JJ. CC. J. the errors of public opinion then respectBy this device, the captain preserved all ing the Jews, remain to be rectified now the Christians, and deeped all the Jews. by the solemn expression of a better

public opinion. Formerly, if one of the

“ ancient people” had said in the implor-, Selden says, “Talk what you will of the ing language of the slave, “ Am í not a Jews, that they are cursed, they thrive man, and a brother ?” he might have been wherever they come: they are able to answered, "No, you are not a man, but oblige the prince of their country by a Jew." It is not the business of the lending him money; none of them beg; Jews to petition for justice, but it is the they keep together; and for their being duty of Christians to be just. hated, my life for yours, Christians hate one another as much.” This was true, In the “ General Evening Post” of but it is also true that three quarters of a June 21, 1777, a paragraph states, that

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" the following circumstance is not more their illiberal and cruel treatment in
ridiculous than true;" and it proceeds to former times; and it was no less gratify-
relate, that some years before, at Stam- ing to observe, that the Jews themselves
ford, in the province of Connecticut, are becoming partakers of the spirit of
America, it was determined to build a the present times, by providing for the
church ; but “ though the church was education of the poor, which, till within
much wanted, as many people in that a very few years past, had been too much
neightwurhood were at a loss for a place of neglected; another pleasing feature in the
public worship, yet the work stood still a meeting was, that it was not an assem-
considerable time for want of nails (for it blage of Jews only, but attended by people
was a wooden building ;) at last, a Jew of other denominations, both as visitors
merchant made them a present of a cask, and subscribers. Samuel Joseph, Esq.
amounting to four hundred weight, and the president, was in the chair. Some
thus enabled the church to proceed." loyal and patriotic toasts were given, ap-
Such an act might make some Christians propriate addresses were delivered by
exclaim, “ Almost thou persuadest me to different gentlemen, and the more serious
be a Jew rather than remain a Jew-op- business, of receiving and announcing new
pressor under the name of a Christian." subscriptions, was much enlivened by a
It is not, however, on private, but on open good band of vocal and instrumental
grounds and high principle, that justice music. Among the subscriptions referred
should spontaneously be rendered to the to, one was of a peculiarly generous na-
Jews. The Jew and the Christian, the ture. An unknown hand had forwarded
Catholic and the Protestant, the Episco- to the treasurer on the two last meetings
palian and the Dissenter, the Calvinist a sum of 2001. This year he received in-
and the Arminian, the Baptist and the structions to clothe all the children at the
Unitarian, all persons, of all denomina- expense of the same generous donor. The
tions, are willed and empowered by their procession of the children round the hall,
common document to acts of justice and was an agreeable scene at this important
mercy, and they now meet as brethren in meeting. A poetical address in the He-
social life to perform them; but the un brew language was delivered by one of
sued claim of their elder brother, the Jew, the boys, and an English translation of it
is acknowledged no where, save in the by one of the girls, each with propriety
conscience of every“ just man made per- of accent, and much feeling.”
fect.”

A record testifying the liberal disposi

tion and humane attention of the Jews to To extend the benefits of Education to the welfare of their offspring, is not out the children of the humbler classes of of place in a work which notices the proJews, is one of the first objects with their gress of manners; and it is especially opulent and enlightened brethren. The grateful to him who places it on this page, “Examiner" Sunday newspaper of the 4th that he has an opportunity of evincing his of February, 1825, cooperates in their respect for generous and noble virtues, in benevolent views by an article of inform- a people whose residence in all parts of ation particularly interesting :

the world has advantaged every state, and “ On Friday last, the Jews held their to whose enterprise and wealth, as merar:niversary, at the London Tavern, chants and bankers, every government in Bishopsgate-street, to celebrate their plan Europe has been indebted. Their sacred for the education of 600 boys and 300 writings and their literature have been girls, instituted April 20, 1818, in Bell- adopted by all civilized communities, lane, Spitalfields. It was gratifying to while they themselves have been fugitives contrast the consideration in which the every where, without security any whero. Jews are now held in this country with They are

-a people scatter'd wide indeed,
Yet from the mingling world distinctly kept :
Ages ago, the Roman standard stood
Upon their ruins, yet have ages swept.
O'er Rome herself, like an o'erwhelming flood,
Since down Jerus’lem's streets she pour'd her children's blood,
And still the nation lives!

Mr. Bull's Museum.

February 24. applied to Mr. Mars, of Barnet, for a St. Matthias, the Apostle. Sts. Monta- him a noté acceding to his terms, he

vault there, but Mr. Jefferson sending nus, Lucius, Flavian, Julian, Victori- opened it before Mr. Salmon and Dr. cus, Primolus, Rhenus, and Donatian, Booth, and after he had read it, showed A. D. 259. St. Lethard, or Luidhard, it them, with this exclamation—“There, Bp. A. D. 566. B. Robert of Arbrissel, see what these fellows will do!” The A. D. 1116.

St. Pretextatus, or Prix, day before he died he played at whist Abp. A. D. 549. St. Ethelbert, King. with Dr. Rumball, Dr. Booth, and his St. Ethelbert.

son, in bed : in the course of the evening He was king of Kent, and, according he said, “ The game is almost up." He to Butler, the first christian king. It afterwards informed his son, he had lent was under him that St. Augustine found a person some money that morning, and favour when he landed in England with desired him to see it repaid. To some his monks, and is said to have introduced friends he observed, that he should not Christianity to the English people; an be long with them, and desiring them to assertion wholly unfounded, inasmuch as

leave the roona he called back his son, it had been diffused hither centuries be- for the purpose of saying to him, “ I fore. Augustine established nothing but gave William money for coals this mornmonasteries and monkery, and papaling; deducting the turnpike, mind he domination.

gives you eleven and eightpence in Bertha, the queen of Ethelbert, was a change when he comes home. Your convert, and her spiritual director offici- mother always dines at three o'clock, get ated, before Augustine's arrival, in the your dinner with her, I shall be gone little church of St. Martin, situated just before that time and don't make any without Canterbury on the road to Mar- stir about me.” He died at half-past gate; the present edifice is venerable for two. This account is from the manuits site and its rude simplicity.

script papers of the late Mr. John Almon, Ethelbert's power is said to have ex in possession of the editor. tended to the Humber, and hence he is often styled king of the English. He

Regarding the season, there is an old was subdued to the views of the

papacy

proverb worthy noticing : by Augustine. Ethelbert founded Can- February fill dike, be it black or be it white : terbury cathedral, and built without the But if it be white, it's the better to like. walls of the city, the abbey and church of

Old Proverb. St. Peter and St. Paul, the ruins of which are denominated at this day St.

FLORAL DIRECTORY, Augustine's monastery and Ethelbert's

Great Fern. Osmunda regalis. lower. The foundation of the cathedral of Rochester, St. Paul's at London, and

Dedicated to St. Elhelbert. other ecclesiastical structures, is ascribed to him. He died in 616. Sometimes he is called St. Albert, and churches are

February 25. dedicated to him under that name. St. Tarasius, A. D. 806. St. Victorinus,

A. D. 284. St. Walburg, Abbess. St.
CHRONOLOGY.

Cæsarius, A.D. 369.
On the 24th of February, 1809, diea
Mr. Jennings, of Galley-lane, near Barnet,

St. Walburg Herts. A few days previous to his de This saint, daughter of Richard, king cease he called on Mr. Wm. Salmon, of the West Saxons, also a saint, became his carpenter, at Shenley-hill, to go with a nun at Winburn in Dorsetshire, from him and fix upon a spot for his vault. whence, twenty-seven years after she On the Sunday before his death he went had taken the veil, she went to Germany, on horseback to Shenley-hill, and stopped and became abbess of a nunnery at at the White Horse to have a glass of Heidenheim in Suabia, where her brother warm wine, with the same intention of governed an abbey of monks, which at going to Ridge; and afterwards, seeing his death, in 760, she also governed, and the rev. Mr. Jefferson, endeavoured to died in 779. His relics were distributed buy the ground, but differed with him in the principal cities of the Low for two guineas. On the Monday, he Countries, and the cathedral of Cauter

says “ the

THE SEASON

crocuses.

bury. The catalogue of relics in the the “ Truth Teller" dilates most pleaelectoral palace of Hanover, published santly in his fourth letter concerning there in 1713, mentions some of them flowers and their names. He there in a rich shrine. Butler calls them pilgrimages and the travelling of the

rich particles.” Part of her jawbone, mendicant friars, which began to be comat Antwerp, was visited and kissed by mon towards the close of the twelfth centhe archduke Albert and Isabella in 1615. tury, spread this knowledge of plants and An oily liquor flowed from her tomb, of medical nostrums far and wide. and was a sovereign remedy, till the Though many of these 'vegetable specifics chemists and apothecaries somehow or have been of late years erased from our other got their simples and substances Pharmacopæias, yet their utility has been into superior reputation. Strange to say, asserted by some very able writers on these victors over relics have never been physic, and the author of these observacanonized, yet their names would not tions has himself often witnessed their sound badly in the calendar: for instance, efficacy in cases where regular practice St. William Allen, of Plough-court; St. had been unavailing. Mr. Abernethy Anderson, of Fleet-street; St. Cribb, of has alluded to the surprising efficacy of High Holborn; St. Hardy, of Walworth; these popular vegetable diet drinks, in St. Fidler, of Peckham; St. Perfect, of his book on the Digestic Organs.' And Hammersmith ; &c.

it is a fact, curiously corroborating their utility, that similar medicines are used by

the North American Indians, whose sagaIt is observed by Dr. Forster in the city has found out, and known from time “ Perennial Calendar," that about this immemorial, the use of such various herbs season the purple spring crocus, crocus

as medicines, which the kind, hospitable vernus, now blows, and is the latest of our

woods provide ; and by means of which “ It continues through March Mr. Whitlaw is now making many exlike the rest of the genus, and it varies cellent cures of diseases.” He then prowith purple, with whitish, and with light the monks, as flowering about

the time of

ceeds to mention certain plants noted by blue flowers. The flowers appear the leaves are grown to their full length. certain religious festivals : “ The snowThe vernal and autumnal crocus have DROP, Galanthus nivalis, whose pure

white such an affinity, that the best botanists and pendant flowers are the first harbinonly make them varieties of the same

gers of spring, is noted down in some genus. Yet the vernal crocus expands

calendars as being an emblem of the its flowers by the beginning of March at purification of the spotless virgin, as it farthest, often in very rigorous weather,

blows about Candlemas, and was and cannot be retarded but by some vio- known by the name of snowdrop till lence offered; while the autumnal-crocus, lately, being formerly called Fair MAID or saffron, alike defies the influence of

OF FEBRUARY, in honour of our lady. the spring and summer, and will not

Sir James Edward Smith, and other blow till most plants begin to fade and modern botanists, make this plant a run to seed.

native of England, but I can trace most

of the wild specimens to some neighbourOn the Seasons of Flowering, by White. ing garden, or old dilapidated monastery ; Say, what impels, amid surrounding snow,

and I am persuaded it was introduced Congealed, the Crocus' famy bud to glow ? into England by the monks subsequent Say, wbat retards, amid the Summer's blaze, to the conquest, and probably since the The autumnal bulb, till pale, declining days ? time of Chaucer, who does not notice it, The God of Seasons, whose pervading power though he mentions the daisy, and various Controls tne sun, or sheds the fleecy shower : less striking flowers. The LADYSMOCK, He bids each flower his quickening word obey; Cardamine pratensis, is a word corrupted Or to each lingering bloom enjoins delay.

of our lady's smock,' a name by which We may now begin to expect a succes this plant (as well as that of Chemise de sion of spring flowers; something new

nôtre Dame) is still known in parts of will be opening every day through the Europe: it first flowers about Lady Tide, rest of the season.'

or the festival of the Annunciation, and hence its name. Cross Flower, Poly

gala Vulgaris, which begins to tower A writer under the signature Crito in about the Invention of the Cross, May 3,

not

FLOWERS

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