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not there. I then arose, and having men- he and his family were at the place of tioned the circumstance to some of my their destination. This spectral appear family, caused a memorandum to be made ance therefore at Ludgate-lill, between at what I had seen. In the course of the eight and nine o'clock of the morning on brenoon a person arrived who had gone the 30th of January, was no indication on dund with the vessel to the Downs, from his death, nor would it have been had he whence he had been put ashore the morn- died about that time, although the co. ing before, and saw the ship in full sail. incidence of the apparition and his deHe was the bearer of the letter I had ex cease would have been remarkable. The pected from the individual aboard, whose case at Carlow only differs from the case appearance I had witnessed only a few at Ludgate-hill by the decease of the hours previous to its being put into my lady having been coeval with her spectral hands; it of course relieved no apprehen- appearance to the gentleman who was sion that might have been excited by the depressed by her illness. The face which recent spectre.

the writer saw looking at him from a “ That the dead are seen no more," closet in the dead of night was no likesaid Imlac, “I will not undertake to ness of any one he knew, and he saw maintain against the concurrent and un each spectre when his faculties had been varied testimony of all ages and of all na- forced beyond their healthful bearing. tions. There is no people, rude or learn- Under these circumstances, his eyesight ed, among whom apparitions of the dead was not to be trusted, and he refuses to are not related and believed. This opi- admit it, although the spectres were so nion, which, perhaps, prevails as far as extraordinary, and appeared under such human nature is diffused, could become circumstances that probably they will universal only by its truth; those, that never be forgotten. never heard of one another, would never have agreed in a tale which nothing

but Coupled with the incidents just related, experience can make credible. That the death of the king of Naples in Jait is doubted by single cavillers can nuary 1825, which was first announced very little weaken the general evidence, in the“ News” Sunday paper on the 16th and some who deny it with their tongues of the month, recalls the recollection of confess it by their fears."

a singular_circumstance in the bay of No man is privileged to impugn the Naples. The fact and the facts preceding knowledge of existences which others it are related by Dr. Southey in his “ Life have derived from their experience; but of Nelson." . Having spoken of Nelson's he who sees, without assenting to reali- attachment to lady Hamilton, and his ties, audaciously rejects positive proof to weariness of the world, Dr. Southey prohimself, where presumptive testimony ceeds thus :would be satisfactory to most : he daringly “Well had it been for Nelson if he falsifies what he knows to be indubita had made no other sacrifices to this unbly true, and secret convictions belie the happy attachment than his peace of shameless hardihood of pretended incre- mind; but it led to the only blot upon dulity. These, it is presumed, would be his public character. While he sailed the sentiments of the great author of from Palermo, with the intention of colRasselas, upon the expression of dis- lecting his whole force, and keeping off belief in him who had witnessed spectral Maretimo, either to receive reinforceappearances; and yet the writer of these ments there, if the French were bound pages, with a personal knowledge upon upwards, or to hasten to Minorca, if that the subject, declines to admit that know- should be their destination, capt. Foote, ledge as good evidence. He would say in the Seahorse, with the Neapolitan untruly were he to affirm, that when he frigates and some small vessels under his saw the corpse-like form, and for some command, was left to act with a land time afterwards, he had no misgivings as force consisting of a few regular troops, to the safety of his friend. It was not of four different nations, and with the until a lapse of six months that the armed rabble which cardinal Ruffo called vessel was reported to have touched at a the Christian army. His directions were certain port in good condition, and this to cooperate to the utmost of his power was followed by a letter from the indivi- with royalists, at whose head Ruffo had dual himself, wherein he affirmed his been placed, and he had no other instrucgood health; he subsequently wrote, that tions whatever. Ruffo advancing with

out any plan, but relying upon the ene “Prince Francesco Caraccioli, a youngmy's want of numbers, which prevented er branch of one of the noblest Neapolithem from attempting to act upon the tan families, escaped from one of these offensive, and ready to take advantage of castles before it capitulated. He was at: any accident which might occur, ap- the head of the marine, and was nearly proached Naples. Fort St. Elmo, which seventy years of age, bearing a high Commands the town, was wholly garrison- character both for professional and perwed by the French troops; the castles of sonal merit. He had accompanied the Uovo and Nuovo, which commanded the court to Sicily; but when the revolutionanchorage, were chiefly defended by Nea- ary government, or Parthenopæan repubpolitan revolutionists, the powerful men lic, as it was called, issued an edict, among them having taken shelter there. ordering all absent Neapolitans to return, If these castles were taken, the reduction on pain of confiscation of their property, of Fort St. Elmo would be greatly ex- he solicited and obtained permission of pedited. They were strong places, and the king to return, his estates being very there was reason to apprehend that the great. It is said that the king, when he French fleet might arrive to relieve them. granted him this permission, warned him Ruffo proposed to the garrison to capitu- not to take any part in politics; expresslate, on condition that their persons and ing, at the same time, his own persuasion property should be guaranteed, and that that he should recover his kingdom. But They should, at their own option, either be neither the king, nor he himself, ought sent to Toulon, or remain at Naples, to have imagined that, in such times, a without being molested either in their man of such reputation would be perpersons or families. This capitulation mitted to remain inactive; and it soon was accepted : it was signed by the car. appeared that Caraccioli was again in dinal, and the Russian and Turkish com command of the navy, and serving under manders ; and, lastly, by capt. Foote, as the republic against his late sovereign. commander of the British force. About The sailors reported that he was forced six and thirty hours afterwards Nelson to act thus : and this was believed, till it arrived in the bay, with a force which had was seen that he directed ably the offenjoined him during his cruise, consisting sive operations of the revolutionists, and of seventeen sail of the line, with 1700 did not avail himself of opportunities troops on board, and the prince royal of for escaping when they offered. When Naples in the admiral's ship. A fag of the recovery of Naples was evidently truce was flying on the castles, and on near, he applied to cardinal Ruffo, and board the Seahorse. Nelson made a sig- to the duke of Calvirrano, for protection; nal to annul the treaty; declaring that he expressing his hope, that the few days would grant rebels no other terms than during which he had been forced to obey those of unconditional submission. The the French, would not outweigh forty cardinal objected to this: nor could all years of faithful services :—but, perhaps, the arguments of Nelson, sir W. Hamil. not receiving such assurances as he wishton, and lady Hamilton, who took an ed, and knowing too well the temper of active part in the conference, convince the Sicilian court, he endeavoured to him that a treaty of such a nature, so secrete himself, and a price was set upon lemnly concluded, could honourably be his head. More unfortunately for others set aside. He retired at last, silenced by than for himself, he was brought in alive, Nelson's authority, but not convinced. having been discovered in the disguise of Capt. Foote was sent out of the bay; and a peasant, and carried one inorning on the garrisons taken out of the castles, board lord Nelson's ship, with his hands under pretence of carrying the treaty into tied behind him. effect, were delivered over as rebels to “ Caraccioli was well known to the the vengeance of the Sicilian court.-A British officers, and had been ever highly deplorable transaction ! a stain upon the esteemed by all who knew him. Cape. memory of Nelsou, and the honour of Hardy ordered him immediately to be England! To palliate it would be in unbound, and to be treated with all those vain; to justify it would be wicked: attentions which he felt due to a man there is no alternative, for one who will who, when last on board the Foudroyant, not make himself a participator in guilt, had been received as an admiral and a but to record the disgraceful story with prince. Sir William and lady Hamilton sorrow and with shame,

were in the ship; but Nelson, it is affirm

ed, saw no one, except his own officers, was present at the execution. She had during the tragedy which ensued. His the most devoted attachment to the Nea. own determination was made; and he politan court; and the hatred which she issued an order to the Neapolitan com- felt against those whom she regarded as modore, count Thurn, to assemble a its enemies, made her, at this time, forget court-martial of Neapolitan officers, on what was due to the character of her sex, board the British flag-ship, proceed im- as well as of her country. Here, also, a mediately to try the prisoner, and report faithful historian is called upon to proto him, if the charges were proved, what nounce a severe and unqualified condemnpunishment he ought to suffer. These ation of Nelson's conduct. Had he the proceedings were as rapid as possible; authority of his Sicilian majesty for proCaraccioli was brought on board at nine ceeding as he did? If so, why was not in the forenoon, and the trial began at that authority produced? If not, why ten. It lasted two hours; he averred, in were the proceedings hurried on without his defence, that he acted under compul- it? Why was the trial precipitated, so sion, having been compelled to serve as a that it was impossible for the prisoner, if common soldier, till he consented to take he had been innocent, to provide the witcommand of the fleet. This, the apolo- nesses who might have proved him so ? gists of lord Nelson say, he failed in Why was a second trial refused, when proving. They forget that the possibility the known animosity of the president of of proving it was not allowed him; for the court against the prisoner was conhe was brought to trial within an hour sidered? Why was the execution hastafter he was legally in arrest; and how, ened, so as to preclude ary appeal for in that time, was he to collect his wit- mercy, and render the prerogative of nesses? He was found guilty, and sen mercy useless ?---Doubtless, the British tenced to death; and Nelson gave orders admiral seemed to himself to be acting that the sentence should be carried into under a rigid sense of justice; but, to ali effect that evening, at five o'clock, on

other persons,

it was obvious, that he was board the Sicilian frigate La Minerva, by influenced by an infatuated attachmenthanging him at the fore-yard-arm till a baneful passion, which destroyed his sunset; when the body was to be cut domestic happiness, and now, in a second down, and thrown into the sea. Carac- instance, stained ineffaceably his public cioli requested lieutenant Parkinson, un character. der whose custody he was placed, to “ The body was carried out to a conintercede with lord Nelson for a second siderable distance, and sunk in the bay, trial,- for this, among other reasons, that with three double-headed shot, weighing count Thurn, who presided at the court- 250 pounds, tied to its legs. Between martial, was notoriously his personal ene two and three weeks afterward, when the my. Nelson made answer, that the pri- king was on board the Foudroyant, a soner had been fairly tried by the officers Neapolitan fisherman came to the ship, of his own couutry, and he could not and solemnly declared, that Caraccioli interfere : forgetting that, if he felt him- had risen from the bottom of the sea, and self justified in ordering the trial and the was coming, as fast as he could, to Naexecution, no human being could ever ples, swimming half out of the water. have questioned the propriety of his in- Such an account was listened to like a terfering on the side of mercy. Carac- tale of idle credulity. The day being cioli then entreated that he might be shot. fair, Nelson), to please the king, stood out

I am an old man, sir,' said he: 'I to sea; but the ship had not proceeded leave no family to lament me, and there- far before a body was distinctly seen, upfore cannot be supposed to be very anxi- right in the water, and approaching them. ous about prolonging my life; but the It was soon recognised to be, indeed, the disgrace of being hanged is dreadful to corpse of Caraccioli, which had risen, me.

When this was repeated to Nel- and floated, while the great weights atson, he only told the lieutenant, with tached to the legs kept the body in a po much agitation, to go and attend his duty. sition like that of a ring man. A fact As a last hope, Caraccioli asked the lieu so extraordinary astonished the king, and tenant, if he thought an application to perhaps excited some feeling of superstilady Hamilton would be beneficial ? ticus fear, akin to regret. He gave perParkinson went to seek her. She was mission for the body to be taken on shore, not to be seen on this occasion,—but she and receive christian burial.”

The late Dr. Clarke mentions in his

3d. St. Genevieve. “ Travels,” that as he was “one day lean- Persian Fleur-de-lis. Iris Persica. ing out of the cabin window, by the side

4th. St. Titus of an officer who was employed in fishing, Hazel. Corylus avellana. the corpse of a man, newly sewed in a

5th. St. Simeon Stylites. hammock, started half out of the water, Bearsfoot. Helleborus fætidus. and continued its course, with the current,

6th. St. Nilammon. towards the shore. Nothing could be more horrible : its head and shoulders Screw Moss. Tortula rigida. were visible, turning first to one side,

7th. St. Kentigern. then to the other, with a solenn and awful Portugal Laurel. Prunus Lusitanica. movement, as if impressed with some

8th. St. Gudula. dreadful secret of the deep, which, from Yellow Tremella. Tremella deliquesce

scens. its watery grave, it came upwards to re

9th. St. Marciana. veal.” Dr. Ferriar observes, that "in Common Laurel. Prunus Laurocerusus a certain stage of putrefaction, the bodies

10th. St. William. of persons which have been immersed in water, rise to the surface, and in deep

Gorse. Ulex Europæas. water are supported in an erect posture,

11th. St. Theodosius. to the terror of uninstructed spectators. Early Moss. Bryum horæum. Menacing looks and gestures, and even

12th. St. Arcadius. words, are supplied by the affrighted Hygrometic Moss. Funaria hygrometiea. imagination, with infinite facility, and re

13th, St. Veronica. ferred to the horrible apparition." This Yew Tree. Tarus baccata. is perfectly natural; and it is easy to

14th. St. Hilary. imagine the excessive terror of extreme ignorance at such appearances.

Barren Strawberry. Fragaria sterilis.

15th. St. Paul the Hermit.

Ivy. Hedera helix.
January 19.

16th. St. Marcellus.
Sts. Martha, Maris, Audifax, and Common Dead Nettle. Larnium purpu-
Abachum. St. Canutus. St. Henry. St.
Wulstun St. Blaithmaie. St. Lomer.

17th. Si. Anthony.

Garden Anemone. Anemone hortensis. Sts. Martha, Maris, &c. St. Martha was married to St. Maris; Four-toothed Moss. Bryum pellucidum.

18th. St. Prisca. and with their sons, Sts. Audifax and Abachum, were put to death under Aure

19th. St. Martha. lian (A. d. 270.) Butler says, that their White Dead Nettle. Larnium album. relics were found at Rome, in 1590, one thousand three hundred and twenty years afterwards.

In the “ Flora Domestica " there is a beautiful quotation from Cowley, in proof

that the emperor Dioclesian preferred his The monks, or the observers of monkish garden to a throne : rules, have compiled a Catalogue of Flow

Methinks I see great Dioclesian walk ers for each day in the year, and dedi. In the Salonian garden's noble shade, cated each flower to a particular saint, on Which by his own imperial hands was made , account of its flowering about the time of I see bim smile, methinks, as he does talk the saint's festival. Such appropriations with the ambassadors, who come in vain are a Floral Directory throughout the T'' entice him to a throne again. year, and will be inserted under the suc “IfI, my friends," said he, “ should to you

show ceeding days. Those which belong to this and the eighteen preceding days in All the delights which in these gardens grow,

'Tis likelier far that you with me should stay, January are in the following list :

Than 'tis that you should carry me away;

And trust me not, my friends, if, every day, JANUARY

I walk not here with more delight, 1st. St. Faine. New Year's Day.

Than ever, after the most happy fight, Laurustine. Viburnum Tinas.

In triumph to the capitol I rode, 2d. St. Macarius.

To thank the gods, and to be thonght myself Groundsel. Senecio vulgaris

donost a god."




To the author of the “ Flora Domes- flowers courting the look by their varied tica,” and to the reader who may not have loveliness, and the smell by their delicacy; seen a volume so acceptable to the culti- large juicy apples bowing down the almost vator of flowers, it would be injustice to tendril-shootswherefrom they miraculously extract from its pages without remarking spring; plants of giant growth with mulits usefulness, and elegance of composi- tiform shrubs beyond, and holly-hocks tion. Lamenting that “plants often meet towering like painted pinnacles from hidwith an untimely death from the agno- den shrines : rance of their nurses,” the amiable

Can imagination boast, author “ resolved to obtain and to com

'Mid all its gay creation, charms like these ? municate such information as should be requisite for the rearing and preserving a

Dr. Forster, the scientific author of a portable garden in pots ;—and hencefor- treatise on “ Atmospheric Phenomena," ward the death of any plant, owing to the and other valuable works, has included carelessness or ignorance of its nurse,

numerous useful observations on the weashall be brought in at the best as plant- ther in his recently published“ Perennial slaughter."

Calendar,” a volume replete with instruc

tion and entertainment. He observes, The cultivation of plants commences

in the latter work, that after certain atmowith our infancy. If 'estranged from it spheric appearances on this day in the by the pursuits of active life, yet, during year 1809, “ a hard and freezing shower a few years' retirement from the great

of hail and sleet came with considerable hum" of a noisy world, we naturally

violence from the east, and glazed every recur to a garden as to an old and cheer- thing on which it fell with ice; it inful friend whom we had forgotten or

crusted the walls, encased the trees and neglected, and verify the saying, “ once the garments of people, and even the a man, and twice a child." There is not plumage of birds, so that many rooks

one of woman born" without a sense of and other fowls were found lying on the pleasure when he sees buds bursting into ground, stiff with an encasenient of ice. leaf; earth yielding green shoots from Such weather,” Dr. Forster observes, germs in its warm bosom; white fruit “ has been aptly described by Philips as blossoms, tinted with rose-blushes, stand- occurring oftentimes during a northem ing out in clumps from slender branches; winter :

Ere yet the clouds let fall the treasured snow,
Or winds begun through hazy skies to blow,
At evening a keen eastern breeze arose,
And the descending rain unsullied froze.
Soon as the silent shades of night withdrew,
The ruddy morn disclosed at once to view
The face of Nature in a rich disguise,
And brightened every object to my eyes ;
For every shrub, and every blade of grass,
And every pointed thorn, seemed wrought in glass,
In pearls and rubies rich the hawthorns show,
While through the ice the crimson berries glow,
The thick-sprung reeds the watery marshes yield
Seem polished lances in a hostile field.
The stag in limpid currents, with surprise,
Sees crystal branches on his forehead rise.
The spreading oak, the beech, and tow'ring pine,
Glaz'd over, in the freezing ether shine.
The frighted birds the rattling branches sbun,
That wave and glitter in the distant sun.
When, if a sudden gust of wind arise,
The brittle forest into atoms flies;
The cracking wood beneath the tempest bends,
And in a spangled shower the prospect ends.

Philips, Lett. from Copenhagm. « It may be observed, that in both the the storm. There is something very reabove descriptions of similar phenomena, markably unwholesome in east winds, the east wind is recorded as bringing up and a change to that quarter often dis

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