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dared to say,
peared with a light in the dark, and said, enemy of souls, who seizes on those who
We are come, Anthony, to lend thee our are accountable to him, but cannot reach light,', I prayed, shutting my eyes, because those who are not persuadable by him.” 1 disdained to behold their light, and His biographer declares that the devils presently their light was put out. After fled at his word, as fast as from a whip. this they came and hissed and danced, It
appears from lady Morgan, that at but as I prayed, and lay along singing, the confectioners' in Rome, on twelfththey presently began to wail and weep as day, “ saints melt in the mouth, and though they were spent. Once there the temptations of St. Anthony are easily came a devil very tall in appearance, that digested.”
What wouldst thou have Alban Butler says that there is an exme bestow upon thee?' but I spat upon tant sermon of St. Anthony's wherein he him and endeavoured to beat him, and, extols the efficacy of the sign of the cross great as he was, he disappeared with the for chasing the devil, and lays down rules rest of the devils. Once one of them for the discernment of spirits. There is knocked at the door of my cell, and when reason to believe that he could not read ; I opened it I saw a tall figure; and when St. Austin thinks that he did not know I asked him, “Who art thou? he answered, the alphabet. He wore his habit to his 'I am satan ; Why do the monks blame dying day, neither washing the dirt off and curse me? I have no longer a place his body, nor so much as his feet, unless or a city, and now the desert is filled with they were wet by chance when he waded monks ; let them not curse one to no through water on a journey. The jesuit purpose.' I said to him, “Thou art a liar,' Ribadeneira affirms, that " all the world &c. and he disappeared.” A deal more relented and bemoaned his death, for than this he is related to have said by his afterwards there fell no rain from heaven biographer, who affirms that Anthony, for three years." “ having been prevailed upon to go into The Engraving of Sr. ANTHONY cona vessel and pray with the monks, he, and flicting with the Devil, in the present he only, perceived a wretched and terri- sheet, is after Salvator Rosa. ble stink; the company said there was some salt hish in the vessel, but he perceived another kind of scent, and while Saints' bodies appear, from the Romish he was speaking, a young man that had writers, to have waited undecomposed in a devil, and who had entered before them their graves till their odour of sanctity and hid himself, cried out, and the devil rendered it necessary that their remains was rebuked by St Anthony and came should be sought out; and their bodies out of him, and then they all knew that were sure to be found, after a few centuit was the devil that stunk.”-“Wonder- ries of burial, as fresh as if they had been ful as these things are, there are stranger interred a few weeks. Hence it is, that things yet; for once, as he was going to though two centuries elapsed before Anpray, he was in a rapture, and (which is a thony's was looked for, yet his grave was paradox) as soon as he stood up, he saw not only discovered, but his body was himself without himself, as it were in the in the customary preservation. It was air, and some bitter and terrible beings brought to Europe through a miracle. standing by him in the air too, but the One Joceline, who had neglected a pilangels, his guardians, withstood them." grimage to Jerusalem, was, therefore, “ lie had also another particular favour, sorely wounded in battle, and carried for for as he was sitting on the mount in a dead into a chapel dedicated to St. Anpraying posture, and perhaps gravelled thony. When he began to revive, a mulwith some doubt relating to himself, in titude of devils appeared to drag him to the night-time, one called to him, and hell and one devil cast a halter about his said, 'Anthony, arise, go forth and look ;' neck to strangle him, wherefore St. Anso he went out and saw a certain terrible, thony appeared; the devils flew from him deformed personage standing, and reach- of course, and he commanded Joceline to ing to the clouds, and winged creatures, perform his pilgrimage, and to convey his and him stretching out his hands; and body from the east; whereupon Joceline sone of them he saw were stopped by obeyed, and carried it to France. When him, and others were flying beyond him; Patrick wrote, thesaint's beard was shown whereupon the tall one gnashed his teeth, at Cologne, with a part of his hand, and and Anthony perceived that it was the another piece of him was shown at Tour
PREACHING TO FISHES.
BLESSING OF BEASTS.
nay; two of his relics were at Antwerp; a church dedicated to him at Rome was
Lady Morgan describes a picture in famous for his sackcloth, and part of his the Borghese palace at Rome, representpalm coat; the other part of it was exhi- ing St. Anthony preaching to the fishes: bited at Vienna, and the rest of his body “ The salmon look at the preacher with was so multiplied about, that there were an edified face, and a cod, with his uplimb-bones enough for the remains of half a turned eyes, seems anxiously seeking for dozen uncanonized persons. The Romish the new light. The saint's sermon is to church has not made saints of late years. be had in many of the shops at Rome.
St. Anthony addresses the fish, ' Dearly
beloved fish ;' and the legend adds, that On St. Anthony's day, the beasts at
at the conclusion of the discourse, the Rome are blessed, and sprinkled with
fish bowed to him with profound humility, holy water. Dr. Forster, in his “: Perennial Calendar,” remarks, that the early The saint then gave the fish his blessing,
and a grave and religious countenance. Catholics regarded no beasts, birds, or fish, who scudded away to make new converas hateful.” He says, that“ St. Anthony sions,—the missionaries of the main. was particularly solicitous about animals, to which a whimsical picture by Salvator painted in curious old frescos, with the
“ The church of St. Anthony at Rome is Rosa represents him preaching ;" and he suggests, that “ from his practices, he is drawn blessing the devil, disguised
temptations of the saint. In one picture perhaps, arose the custom of blessings in a cowl; probably at that time passed on animals still practised at Rome; he regarded all God's creatures as worthy
When the devil was sick, of protection"-except heretics, the doctor and the devil a monk would be;' might have added; unless, indeed, which “ the next picture shows, that seems to have been the case, Anthony re • When the devil was well, garded them as “ creatures” of the devil, the devil a monk was he;' between whom, and this saint, we have “ for St. Anthony, having laid down in his seen that the Rev. Alban Butler takes coffin to meditate the more securely, a especial care we should not be ignorant parcel of malicious little imps are peeping, of the miraculous conflicts just related. with all sorts of whimsical and terrific
Lady Morgan says, that the annual be- faces, over its edges, and parodying Honediction of the beasts at Rome, in a garth's enraged musician. One abomichurch there dedicated to St. Anthony, nable wretch blows a post-horn close to lasts for some days : “ for not only every the saint's ear, and seems as much deRoman froin the pope to the peasant, who lighted with his own music as a boy with has a horse, a mule, or an ass, sends his a Jew's-harp, or a solo-player with his cattle to be blessed at St. Anthony's shrine, first ad libitum.” but all the English go with their job horses St. Anthony's sermon to the fish is and favourite dogs; and for the small given in some of our angling books. If offering of a couple of paoli, get them this saint was not the preacher to the fish, sprinkled, sanctified, and placed under but St. Anthony of Padua, the latter has the protection of this saint. Coach after lost the credit of his miraculous exhortcoach draws up, strings of mules mix with ation, from the stupendous reputation of carts and barouches, horses kick, mules his namesake and predecessor. Not to are restive, and dogs snarl, while the offi- risk the displeasure of him of Padua, by ciating priest comes forward from his the possibility of mistake, without an atlittle chapel, dips a brush into a vase of tempt to propitiate him if it be a mistake, holy water, sprinkles and prays over the let it be recorded here, that St. Anthony beasts, pockets the fee, and retires."
of Padua's protection of a Portuguese Dr. Conyers Middleton says, that when regiment, which enlisted him into its ranks he was at Rome, he had his own horses seven hundred years after his death, problest for eighteen-pence, as well to satisfy cured him the honour of being promoted his curiosity, as to humour his coachman, to the rank of captain, by the king of who was persuaded that some mischance Portugal, as will appear by reference to would befall them in the year, if they had his military certificate set forth at large not the benefit of the benediction.
in “ Ancient Mysteries described.”
ST. ANTHONY'S FIRE.
lars of the different grammar-schools ashl. Anthony's fire is an inflammatory sembled in the churchyard of St. Bartho disease which, in the eleventh century, lomew, Smithfield, and then St. Anthony's raged violently in various parts. Accord scholars commonly were the best, and caring to the legend, the intercession of St. ried the prizes ; and that when the boys of Anthony was prayed for, when it mira- St. Paul's school met with those of St. culously ceased ; and therefore, from that Anthony's, “ they would call them St. time, the complaint has been called St. Anthony's pigs, and they again would Anthony's fire.
call the others pigeons of Paul's; because
many pigeons were bred in Paul's church, ST. ANTHONY's pig.
and St. Anthony was always figured witb Bishop Patrick, from the Salisbury a pig following him." missal and other Romish service-books, The seal of St. Anthony's Hospital in cites the supplications to St. Anthony for London was about the size of a halfrelief from this disease. Catholic writers
crown; it represented the saint preaching affirm it to have been cured by the saint's to a numerous congregation, with his pig relics dipped in wine, which proved a beneath him. The Rev. Mr. Orton, rector present remedy. “ Neither,” says Pa- of Raseby in Leicestershire, was supposed trick, who quotes the Romish writers, to have been its possessor by the late Mr.S. “ did this benefit by the intercession of Ayscough, who adds (in the Gent. Mag.) St. Anthony accrue only to men, but to that the hospital of St. Anthony had a grant cattle also; and from hence we are told of all the stray pigs which were not the custom arose of picturing this saint owned. He presumes that, from thence, with a hog at his feet, because, the same originated the emblem of the saint's pig. author (Aymerus) says, on this animal In this he seems to have been mistaken
; God wrought miracles by his servant.' it clearly did not originate in England : Patrick goes on to say, that in honour of Patrick's solution of it is more probable, St. Anthony's power of curing pigs,“ they and very likely to be correct. used in several places to tie a bell about St. Anthony is always represented by the neck of a pig, and maintain it at the the old painters with a pig by his side. common charge of the parish," from
He is so accompanied in the wood-cut whence came our English proverb of to his life in the Golden Legend. There “ Tuntony pig,” or t'Antony, an abridge- are many prints of him, by early masters, ment of the Anthony pig.
in this way. Rubens painted a fine pic“I remember," says Stow, “ that the ture of the Death of St. Anthony, with officers charged with the oversight of the his pig, or rather a large bacon hog, lying markets in this city did divers times take under the saint's bed: there is a good from the market people, pigs starved, or engraving from this picture by Clouwet. otherwise unwholesome for man's sustenance; these they did slit in the car. One of the proctors for St. Anthony's In the British Museum there is a MS. (Hospital) tied a bell about the neck, (of with a remarkable anecdote that would one of them,) and let it feed on the dung- form an appendix to St. Anthony's day. hills : no man would hurt or take it The names of the parties are forgotten; up; but if any gave to them bread, or but the particulars, recollected from acciother feeding, such they (the pigs) would dental perusal, are these : know, watch for, and daily follow, whining A tailor was met out of doors by a pertill they had somewhat given them: where- son who requested to be measured for a upon was raised a proverb, · Such an one suit of clothes, to be ready on that spot will follow such an one, and whine as it by that day week; and the stranger gave were (like) an Anthony pig.'
If such a him a piece of cloth to make them with. pig grew to be fat, and came to good From certain circumstances, the tailor liking, (as oftentimes they did,) then the suspected his new customer to be the proctor would take him up to the use of devil, and communicated his conjectures the hospital.
to a clergyman, who advised him to exe. Si. Anthony's school in London, now cute the order, but carefully to save every gone to decay, was anciently celebrated piece, even the minutest shred he cut for the proficiency of its pupils. Slow from the cloth, and put the whole into a relates, that, in his youth, he annually saw, wrapper with the clothes; he further on the eve of St. Bartholomew, the scho- promised the tailor to go with him on the
appointed day to the place where they and ladies mob and scramble, and crowd were delivered. When all was ready and and bribe, and fight their way to the best the day arrived, they both went thither, place they can obtain. and the person waiting justified the tai “ At the extremity of the great nave lor's suspicions; for he abused the tailor behind the altar, and mounted upon a because he brought a divine, and imme- tribune designed or ornamented by Midiately vanished in their presence, leav- chael Angelo, stands a sort of throne, ing the clothes and pieces of cloth in the composed of precious materials, and suppossession of the tailor, who could not ported by four gigantic figures. A glory sell the devil's cloth to pay himself for the of seraphim, with groups of angels, sheds making, for fear of the consequences : a brilliant light upon its splendours. This And here ends the history
throne enshrines the real, plain, wormof this wonderful mystery;
eaten, wooden chair, on which St. Peter, from which may be drawn, by way of mo
the prince of the apostles, is said to have ral, that a tailor ought not to take an or- pontificated; more precious than all the der from a stranger without a reference. bronze, gold, and gems, with which it is
hidden, not only from impious, but from
holy eyes, and which once only, in the January 18.
flight of ages, was profaned by mortal in
spection. St. Peter's Chair at Rome. St. Paul and
“ The sacrilegious curiosity of the Thirty-six Companions in Egypt. St. French broke through all obstacles to Prisca. St. Deicolus. St. Ulfrid. their seeing the chair of St. Peter. They
The Feast of St. Peter's chair is kept actually removed its superb casket, and by the Romish church on this day. Lady discovered the relic. Upon its moulderMorgan says that it is one of the very few ing and dusty surface were traced carvfunctions as they are called (funzioni) ce ings, which bore the appearance of lebrated in the cathedral of St. Peter, at letters. The chair was quickly brought Rome. She briefly describes this cele- into a better light, the dust and cobwebs bration, and says something respecting removed, and the inscription (for an inSt. Peter's chair. “The splendidly dress scription it was) faithfully copied. The ed troops that line the nave of the cathe- writing is in Arabic characters, and is dral, the variety and richness of vestments the well-known confession of Mahometan which clothe the various church and lay faith, There is but one God, and Madignitaries, abbots, priests, canons, pre- Fomet is his prophet !' It is supposed lates, cardinals, doctors, dragoons, sena that this chair had been, among the spoils tors, and grenadiers, which march in pro- of the crusaders, offered to the church cession, complete, as they proceed up the at a time when a taste for antiquarian vast space of this wondrous temple, a lore, and the deciphering of inscriptions, spectacle nowhere to be equalled within were not yet in fashion. This story has the pale of European civilisation. In the been since hushed up, the chair replaced, midst of swords and crosiers, of halberds and none but the unhallowed remember and crucifixes, surrounded by banners, the fact, and none but the audacious reand bending under the glittering tiara of peat it. Yet such there are, even at threefold power, appears the aged, feeble, Rome !" and worn-out pope, borne aloft on men's
St. Prisca. shoulders, in a chair of crimson and gold, and environed by slaves, (for such they dar of the church of England this day, as
This saint's festival stands in the calenlook,) who waft, from plumes of ostrich feathers mounted on ivory wands, a cool well as in that of the Romish church. ing gale, to refresh his exhausted frame, Nothing is certainly known of her except too frail for the weight of such honours that she was a Roman, and martyred
about 275. All fall prostrate, as he passes up the church to a small choir and throne, temporarily erected beneath the chair of St. Peter. A solemn service is then per In the London journals of January, formed, hosannas arise, and royal vota- 1824, the following anecdote from a Carrists and diplomatic devotees parade the low paper bears the above title :-"A church, with guards of honour and run- young lady, who died in this town, had ning footmen, while English gentlemen been some time previous to her death
POWERFUL OPTICAL ILLUSION.
attended by a gentleman of the medical eyes on the writing-table, as though it profession. On the evening of her de- chiefly desired to be acquainted with the cease, as this gentleman was sitting in boks and papers that lay upon it. The company with a friend of his, and in the writer shut and rubbed his eyes, and act of taking a glass of punch, he ima- again the eyes of the face were intently gined he saw the lady walking into the upon him; watching it, he grasped the room where himself and his friend were candlestick, strode hastily towards the sitting, and, having but a few hours be- room door, which is about two feet from fore visited her, and found her in a dying the pane, observed the face as hastily state, the shock that his nerves experi- draw back, unlatched the closet door on enced was so great, that the glass which the landing, was in an instant within the held the punch fell from his hands, and closet, and there to his astonishment found he himself dropped on the floor in a faint- nothing. It was impossible that the pering fit. After he had perfectly recovered son could have escaped from the closet, himself, and made inquiry about the lady, before his own foot was at its door, yet he it was ascertained that a few minutes be- examined nearly every room in the house, fore the time the medical gentleman ima- until reflecting that it was folly to seek gined he had seen her in bis friend's for what, he was convinced, had no bodily apartment, she had departed this life.” existence, he returned up stairs and went Perhaps this vision may be illustrated by to bed, pondering on the recollection of others.
the spectre. A SPECTRE. The Editor of the Every-Day Book now To the preceding narative the Editor relates an appearance to himself.
adds an account of a subsequent appariOne winter evening, in 1821, he was tion, which he saw, and for greater ease writing in a back room on an upper floor he writes it in the first person, as follows: of the house No. 45, Ludgate-hill, where In January, 1824, one, whose relationin he now resides. He had been so closely ship commanded my affection, was about engaged in that way and in reading dur- to leave England with his family for a ing several preceding days, that he had distant part of the world. The day or taken every meal alone, and in that room, two preceding his departure I nor did he usually go to bed until two or with him and his wife and children. Our three o'clock in the morning. In the separation was especially painful; my early part of the particular evening al- mind was distressed, and I got little sleep. luded to, his attention had become wea He had sailed from Gravesend about three ried. After a doze he found himself re- days, and a letter that he had promised freshed, and was writing when the chimes to write from the Downs had not arrived. of St. Paul's clock sounded a quarter to On the evening of the 29th I retired late, two : long before that dead hour all the and being quite wearied slept till an unfamily had retired to rest, and the house usually late hour the next morning, withwas silent. A few minutes afterwards out a consciousness of having dreamed, or he moved round his chair towards the being, as I found myself, alone. With fire-place, and opposite to a large pane of my head on the pillow I opened my eyes glass which let the light from the room to an extraordinary appearance. Against into a closet otherwise dark, the door of the wall on the opposite side of the room, which opened upon the landing-place. His and level with my sight, the person, reeye turning upon the glass pane, he was specting whom I had been so anxious, lay amazed by the face of a man anxiously a corpse, extended at full length, as if restwatching him from the closet, with knit ing on a table. A greyish cloth covered inquiring brows. The features were pro- the entire body except the face; the eyes minent and haggard, and, though the look were closed, the countenance was cadawas somewhat ferocious, it indicated in- verous, the mouth elongated from the tense curiosity towards the motions of the falling of the jaws, and the lips were writer, rather than any purpose of imme- purpled. I shut my eyes, rubbed them, diate mischief to him. The face seemed and gently raising my head continued to somewhat to recede with a quick motion gaze on the body, till from weariness of when he first saw it, but gazing on it with the attitude and exhausted spirits. I great earnestness it appeared closer to the dropped on the pillow, and insensibly glass, looking at him for a moment, and sank to sleep, for perhaps a quarter of an then with more eager anxiety bending its hour. On again awaking, the spectre was