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the evidence adduced before a petty ses ton, near Bury, in Suffolk, where he re sion at Union-hall, on the subject of ceived instruction in reading and writing putting down the fair on the 4th of July, at a common school, and became a “ Far1823, it is said that “ Domesday Book" mer's boy;" which occupation he has speaks of the custom of holding it. I related with simplicity and beauty in a cannot find that this statement rests on poem under that title. He wrote that progood grounds, but something like it seems duction when a journeyman shoemaker : to have obtained as early as 1279, for in under the auspices of the late Mr. Capel that year Gilbert de Clare was summoned Llofft it was ushered into the world; and before John of Ryegate and his fellow Bloomfield, unhappily for himself, subsejustices at Guildford, to show by what quently experienced the insufficient and right he claimed the privilege of holding withering patronage of ostentatious greatthe assize of ale and bread in “his Vili. His first poem was succeeded by of Cam'well."* Mention is made in the “ Rural Tales," ~ Good Tidings, or News following reign of “eme'das in Stoke et from the Farm,” “Wild Flowers," “Banks Pechan." Camberwell fair was held of the Wye,” and “ May-Day with the

opposite the Cock public-house” till Muses.” In his retirement at Shefford, the Green was broken in upon.

he was afflicted with the melancholy conPeckham is said to be only a continu- sequent upon want of object, and died a ation of Camberwell, and not a district victim to hypochondria, with his mind fair, though there is a tradition that king in ruins, leaving his widow and orphans John hunting there killed a stag, and destitute. His few books, poor fellow, was so well pleased with his day's sport, instead of being sent to London, where that he granted the inhabitants a charter they would have produced their full value, for it. It may be inferred from the “right were dissipated by an auctioneer unacmerrie" humour of this monarch at the quainted with their worth, by order of his close of his sport, that it was somewhat creditors, and the family must have perin different style to that of Henry the ished if a good Samaritán had not interFifth : for he, '“ in his beginning thought posed to their temporary relief. Mr. it meere scofferie to pursue anie fallow Joseph Weston published the “Remains deere with hounds or grehounds, but' of Robert Bloomfield,” for their benefit, supposed himselfe always to hare done a and set on foot a subscription, with the sufficient act when he had tired them by hope of securing something to Mrs. his own travell on foot.”+

Bloomfield for the exclusive and permanent LECTOR. advantage of herself and her fatherless

children. It has been inadequately contributed to, and is not yet closed.

1 African Marigold. Tagites erecta. Dedicated to St. Helen.

Thou shouldst not to the grave descend

Unmourned, unhonoured, or unsung ; August 19

Could harp of mine record thy end,
Sts Timothy, Agapius, and Thecla, 4.v. 304, For thee that rude harp should be strung ;

St. Lewis, Bp., A. D. 1297. St. Moch. And plaintive sounds as ever rung
teus, A. D. 535. St. Cumin, Bp. 7th

Should all its simple notes employ,
Cent.

Lamenting unto old and young
CHRONOLOGY.

The Bard wlo sang The FARMER's Boy. 5. On the 19th of August, 1823, Robert Could Eastern Anglia hoast a lyre - Bloomfield died at Shefford, in Bedford

Like that which gave thee modest fame, jeshiré, aged 57. He was born at Honing. How justly might its every wire

Thy minstrei bonours loud proclaim :

And many a stream of humble name, * Placitude Quo Warranto 7 Ed. I. Abuses of And village-green, and common wild, the laws regulating these assizes were in no respect Should witness tears that knew not shame, but ech one suffered to sell and set up what and how

By Nature won for Nature's child. were vended, that the people stood peculiarly open

It is not quaint and local terms

Besprinkled o'er thy rustic lay, shed, 17. 202.) un they be red as cocks, and little Though well kuch diaícct confirms riser than their combes,". Hollingshed i. 228.

Its power uplettered minds to sway 13 11 999 99:15 UT IU Vitalul

FLORAL DIRECTORY.

ON THE DEATH OF BLOOMFIELD.

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uncommon. Few were “anie what looked unto

himself listeth." And such "headie ale and beer

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It is not these that most display

August 22. maisons Thy sweetest charms, thy gentlest thrall,

St. Hippolytus, Bp. 3d Cent.. St. SynWords, phrases, fashions pass away,

phorian, A. D. 178.. St. T'imothy, ar 0. But TRUTH and NATURE live through all.

311. St. Andrew, Deacon, A. D. 880. These, these have given thy rustic lyró. St. Philibert, Abbot, A. D. 684. Its truest and its tenderest spell;

FC FIT CHRONOLOGY. These amid Britain's tuneful choir

Shall give thy honoured name to dwell : On the 22d of August, 1818, Warren And when Death's shadowy curtain fell Hastings, late governor-general of India, Upon thy toilsome earthly lot,

died; he was born in 1733. His governWith grateful joy thy heart might swell

ment in India, the subject of parliamentTo feel that these reproached thee not.

ary impeachment, which cost the nation How wise, how noble was thy choice above a hundred thousand pounds, and

To be the Bard of simple swains, himself more than sixty thousand, is In all their pleasures to rejoice,

generally admitted to have been conducted And sooth with sympathy their pains ;

with advantage to the interests of the To paint with feelings in thy strains

native powers, and the East India comThe themes their thoughts and tongues pany. "His translation of Horace's celePin discuss,

brated ode, beginning, “ Otium divos And be, though free from classic chains, Our own more chaste Theocritus.

rogat," &c., is admitted to be 'superior to

all others : For this should Suffolk proudly own

Her grateful and her lasting debt; IMITATION OF HORACE, Book xvi., Ode 2 How much more proudly bad she known 7 On the Passage from Bengal to England. That pining care, and keen regret,

For ease the liarassed seaman Thoughts which the fevered spirits fret,

prays, And slow disease, – 'twas thine to bear;-.

When equinoctial tempests raise And, ere thy sun of life was set,

The Cape's surrounding wave;
Had won her Poet's grateful prayer.

When hanging o'er the reef he hears 17
Bernard Barton.

The crackiog mast, ånd sees or fears,

Beneath, his watery grave. "33"!

For ease the slow Mahratta 'spoils
FLORAL DIRECTORY

And hardier Sic erratic toils,
Branched. Herb Timothy, Phleum pan- For ease, which neither gold can buý, :i

: While both their case forego; niculatum.

Nor robes, nor gems, which oft beliem,
Dedicated to St. T'imothy.

The covered heart, bestow;
For neither gold nor gems combined

Can heal the soul, or suffering mind:
August 20.

Lo! where their owner lies;
Sl. Bernard, Abbot, 4. p. 1153.- St. Perched on his couch distemper breathes,

And care, like smoke, in turbid wreathes Oswin, King, 6th Cent.

Round the gay ceiling flies.

He who enjoys, nor covets more,
FLORAL DIRECTORY.

The lands his father held before, Autumnal Dandelion. Apargia Autun Is of true bliss possessed; nalis.

Let but his mind unfettered tread,
Dedicated to St. Bernard.

far as the paths of knowledge lead,

And wise as well as blest.

No fears his peace of mind aonoy,
August 21.

Lest printed lies his fame destroy,

Which laboured years have won;
Sts. Bonosus and Maxmilian, A. D, 363. Nor packed committees break his rest,

St. Jane Frances de Chantal, A.D. 1641. Nor ay’rice sends him forth in quest
St. Richard, Bp. 12th Cent. St. Ber. Of climes beneath the sun.
nard Ptolemy, Founder of the Oliv- Short is our span; then why engage
etans, A. D. 1348.

Jn schemes, for which man's transient age:

Was ne'er by fate designed ?
FLORAL DIRECTORY.

Why slight the gifts of nature's hand?
French Marigoid. Tageles patula. What wanderer froin his native land
Dedicated to St. Jane Francis.

E'er left himself behind ?

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1

ANOTHER LIVING SKELETON.

he will man;" yet,

The restless thought and wayward will, He who would happy live to-day,
And discontent, attend him still,

Must laugh the present ills away,
Nor qurit him while he lives;

Nor think of woes to At sea, care follows in the wind;

Por come they will, or soone;

or late, Ac land, it mounts the pad behind,

Since mixed at best is man's estate, Or with the postboy drives,

By beaven's eternal doom. V In allusion to his own situation, he wrote the following lines in Mickle's, translation of Camoën's “ Lusiad," at the end of the speech of Pacheo :

Yet shrink not, gallant Lusiad, nor repine
That man's eternal destiny is thine ;
Whene'er success the advent'rous chief befriends,
Pell malice on his parting steps attends;
On Britain's candidates for fame await,
As now on thee, the hard decrees of fate;
Thus are ambition's fondest hopes o'erreach'd,

One dies imprison'd, and one lives impeach'd. Mr. Seward, who published these lines upon but half a meal a day--that he with a portrait of Mr. Hastings, from a should be constantly attended by a con bust by the late Mr. Banks, observes, stable, to prevent his purchasing any other that his head resembles the head of sustenance, and be allowed no pockets * Aratus, the founder of the Achæan league, money, till the expiration of his engage:in the Ludovísi gardens at Rome. ment—that he should be nightly buried

between a dozen heavy blankets, to pre

I sent his growing lusty, and to reduce him The “Dramatist " of the present day, to the lightness of a gossamer, in order “stop him who can," ever on the alert that the gasping breath of the astonished for novelty, has seized on the "Living, audience might so agitate his frame, that Skeleton.""' Poor Seurat is “as well as he might be tremblingly alive to their can be expected;" but it appears, from a, admiration.” “ Notice” handed about the streets, that i If this narrative be true, the situation he has a rival in a British “ Living of the “ young man of 'extraordinary Skeleton.” This “ Notice," printed by leanness” is to be pitied. The new livW. Glindon, Newport-street, Haymarket, ing skeleton may have acceded to the and signed “Thomas Feelwell, 104, High manager's terms of "half a meal" a day Holborn,” states, that a humane indi: on the truth of the old saying, “half vidual, in justice to his own feelings and a loaf is better than no bread," and those of a sensitive public," considers it it is clearly the manager's interest to keep necessary to.“ expose the resources by him alive as long as he will which the proprietors of the " Coburg if the “poor creature" is Theatre" have produced ! rival to the between a dozen heavy blankets to reduce Pall-Mall object.” One part of his un. him to the lightness of a gossamer,” he dertaking, the “ resources," honest Tho- may outdo the manager's hopes, and mas Feelwell ” leaves untouched, but he "run" out of the world. Seriously, if tells the following curious story :

this be so, it ought not so to be. The “ A young man of extraordinary lean- . “ dozen Heavy blankets to prevent his ness, was, for some days, observed shuf- growing lusty” might have been spared ; Aling about the Waterloo-road, reclining for a man with " half a meal a day” can against the posts and walls, apparently hardly he expected to arrive at that obesity from excessive weakness, and earnestly which destroyed a performer formerly, gazing through the windows of the eating who played the starved apothecary in houses in the neighbourhood, for hours to. Romeo and Juliet till he got fat, and was gether. One of the managers of the only reduced to the wonted « extraorCoburg theatre, accidentally meeting him, dinary leanness” which qualified him for and being struck with his attenuated ap- the character, by being struck off the paypearance, instantly seized him by the bone list. The condition of the poor man of his arm, and, leading him into the should be an object of public inquiry as saloon of the theatre, made proposals that well as public curiosity. he should be produced on the stage as a source of attraction and delight for a

FLORAL DIRECTORY. British audience; at the same time stipu Herb Timothy. Phleum pratense. lating that he should contrive to exist Dedicated to St. Timothy.

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FLORAL DIRECTORY

fa

August 23.

persons professing a religion which says, St. Philip Beniti , A. p. 1285. Sts. Claur that despitefully use you, should perse

Love your enemies, do good to thera dius, Asterius, Neon, Domnina, and Theonilla, A. D. 285. St. Apollinaris difference of opinion. The Quakers and

cute aud slay those whose only offence is Sidonius, Bp. of Clermont, A. D. 482. Moravians seem to be almost the only

St. Theonas, Abp. of Alexandria, Christian sects of any note and character sich, D. 300. St. Eugenius, Bp, in Ireland, whose annals are unstained by the blood A. D. 618. St. Justinian, Hermit, A.D.

of their fellow-creatures, and who have 529,

not resorted to persecution in defence and

promulgation of their particular doctrines. Tanzey. Tanacetum vulgare.

Must we, therefore, not judge a good tree Dedicated to St. Philip Beniti.

from this distinguished good fruit ?'"

It was an ancient custom at Croyland August 24.

Abbey, until the time of Edward IV. to St. Bartholomew, Apostle. The Martyrs give little knives to all comers on St.

of Utica, A. D. 258. St. Ouen, or Bartholomew's day, in allusion to the Audoen, Abp. A. D. 683. St. Irchard, knife wherewith Bartholomew was flead. or Erthad, Bp.

Many of these knives of various sizes St. Bartholomew the Apostle. have been found in the ruins of the abbey, *** Mr.Audley says, “There is no scriptural and the river. A coat borne by the account of his birth, labour, or death. It religious fraternity of the abbey, quarters is commonly said, he preached in the three of them, with three whips of St. Indies, and was flayed alive by order of Guthlac, a scourge celebrated for the Astyages, brother to Palemon, king of virtue of its Aagellations. These are Armenia. I have heard this day called engraved by Mr. Gough in his history of - black Bartholomew. The reason, I sup- Croyland Abbey, from drawings in the pose, for this appellation is, on account of minute books of the Spalding Society, in the two thousand ministers who were

whose drawers, he says, one was preejected on this day, by the Act of Unifor- served, and these form a device in a town mity, in 1662. As it respects France, piece called the “ Poore's: Halfepeny of there is a shocking propriety in the Croyland, 1670.” epithet, for the horrid Massacre of the

St. Ouen. Protestants commenced on this day, in the reign of Charles IX. In Paris taire II. and his successor Dagobert I. of

He was in great credit with king Cloonly, ten thousand were butchered in a fortnight, and ninety thousand in the France, who made him keeper of his seal provinces, making, together, one hundred of Rouen, in 'Normandy. Butler refers

and chancellor, and he became archbishop thousand. This, at least, is the calculation of Perefixe, tutor to Louis XIV. and to a long history of miracles performed archbishop of Paris : others reduce the by the intercession and relics of St.

Ouen. The shrine of this saint, at Rouen, number much lower.' The “ Perennial Calendar" quotes, that

had a privilege which was very enviable; “ In that savage scene, the massacre of of one criminal condemned to death in

it could once in a year procure the pardon St. Bartholomew, planned with all the the prisons of that city: the criminal coolness of deliberation, five hundred touched it, and pardon was immediate. gentlemen, protestants, and ten thousand

In all civilized countries justice has been persons of inferior rank were massacred in one night at Paris alone, and great life could not be spared, the pain of the

tempered with mercy; and, where the dumbers in the provinces. The Roman pontiff, on hearing of it, expressed great mingled with myrrh was known amongst

punishment has been mitigated. Wine Joy, announcing that the cardinals should the Jews for this purpose, and was offered return thanks to the Almighty for so

to the Saviour of mankind by the very signal an advantage obtained for the holy see, and that a jubilee should be observed persons who hurried him on to his painful all over Christendom.” Dr. Forster adds, of Italy a condemned criminal iš visited

and ignominious death. In many cities that " nothing like this scene occurred till the bloody and terrible times of the French by the first nobility the night before his Revolution. It is shocking to reflect that in meat and in drink that he can desire;

execution, and supplied with every dainty * Companion to the Almanac.

and some years ago, in the parish of St.

PRINTERS.

Giles in the Fields, wine mixed with see them in some carpenters' workshops spices was presented to the poor con- with oiled paper. The way-goose, howdemned wretches in that part of their ever, is still maintained, and these feasts progress from Newgate to Tyburn.* of London printing-houses are usually

held at some tavern in the environs. FLORAL DIRECTORY.

In “ The Doome warning all men to Sunflower Helianthus Annuus. the Judgment, by Stephen Batman,1581," Dedicated to St. Bartholomew. a black letter quarto volume, it is set

down among "he straunge prodigies hapAugust 25.

ned in the worlde, with divers figures of St. Lewis, king of France, A. D. 1270, revelations tending to mannes stayed

St. Gregory, Administrator of the dio- conversion' towardes God," whereof the cess of Utrecht, A. D. 776. St. Ebba. work is composed, that in 1450, “The in English, St. Tabbs, A. D. 683. noble science of printing was aboute thys

time founde in Germany at Magunce, (a An exact old writert says of printers at famous citie in Germanie called Ments,) this season of the year, that “It is cus- by Cuthembergers, a knight, or rather tomary for all journeymen to inake every John Faustus, as sayeth doctor Cooper, year, new paper windows about Bartholo- in his Chronicle; one Conradus, an 'Al mew-tide, at which time the master prin- maine broughte it into Rome, William ter makes them a feast called a way- Caxton of London, mercer, broughte it goose, to which is invited the corrector, into England, about 1471 ; in Henrie the founder, smith, ink-maker, &c. who all sixth, the seaven and thirtith of his raign, open their purses and give to the work in Westminster was the first printing.” men to spend in the tavern or ale-house John Guttemberg, sen, is affirmed to have after the feast. From which time they produced the first printed book, in 1442, begin to work by candle light."

although John Guttemberg, jun. is the Paper windows are no more: a well commoniy reputed inventor of the art. John regulated printing-office is as well glazed Faust, or Fust, was its promoter, and Peand as light as a dwelling-house. It is ter Schoeffer its improver. It started to curious however to note, that it appears perfection almost with its invention ; yet, the windows of an office were formerly pa- although the labours of the old printer pered ; probably in the same way that we have never been outrivalled, their presses

have ; for the information and amuse• European Magazine, 1798.

ment of some readers, a sketch is subjoined t Randle Holme, 1688.

of one from a wood-cut in Batman's book.

Ancient Printing-office. Alaata 99 99 7701190

Tomo

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