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out provisions, clad in his mantle and and have converted to your use and behood, like a sad votarist in palmer's Defit. Mindful also of the pious festivals weeds;' and thus, and in these words, which our church prescribes, I have taking leave of the poor flock who lived sought to make these charming objects of round his gothic habitation.— Fellow- Aoral nature, the timepieces of my men, I owe you nothing, and I give you religious calendar, and the mementos of all; you neither paid me tithe nor rent, the hastening, period of my mortality. yet I have bestowed on you food and Tbus I can light the taper to our Virgin clothing in poverty, medicine in sickness, Mother on the blowing of the white snowand spiritual counsel in adversity. That drop, which opens its floweret at the time I might do all these things, I have de- of Candlemas; the lady's smock and the voted my life in the seclusion of those daffodil remind me of the Annunciation ; venerable walls. There I have consulted the blue harebell, of the festival of St. the sacred books of our church for your George; the ranunculus, of the Invention spiritual instruction and the good of your of the Cross; the scarlet lychnis, of St. souls; to clothe you, I have sold the em- John the Baptist's day; the white lily, broidered garment, and have put on the of the Visitation of our Lady; and the habit of mendicity. In the intercalary virgin's bower, of her Assumption ; and moments of my canonical hours of prayer, Michaelmas, Martinmas, Holy Rood, and I have collected together the treasures of Christmas, have all their appropriate moFlora, and gathered from her plants the nitors. I learn the time of day from the useful arts of physic, by which you have shutting of the blossoms of the star of been benefited. Ever mindful of the use- Jerusalem and the dandelion, and the ful object of the labour to which I had hour of the night by the stars." condemned myself, I have brought toge From kind feelings to the benevolence ther into the garden of this priory, the of the Franciscan mendicant's address, lily of the valley and the gentian of which we may suppose ourselves to have the mountain, the nymphæa of the lake, just heard, we illustrate something of his and the cliver of the arid bank; in purpose, by annexing the tose, the tulip, stort, I have collected the pilewort, the and the passion-flower, after an engravth oatwort, the liverwort, and every other ing by a catholic artist, who has impressed vegetable specific which the kind hand of them with devotional monograms, and nature has spread over the globe, and symbols of his faith. which I have desiguated by their qualities,
Margaret.-What sports do you use in the forest !-
To see the sun to bed, and to arise,
When mother Autumn fills their beaks with coru,
of the same day, in a country exposed to St. Marcellus, Pope.
such astonishing, and, at times, almost inSt. Macarius the
cessant floods of rain." elder, of Egypt. St. Honoratus. St.
Behold yon bright, ethereal bow,
With evanescent beauties glow;
The spacious arch streams through the sky, According to Butler, he was so strict Deck'd with each tint of nature's dye, in penance, that the Christians disliked Refracted sunbeams, through the shower, him; he was banished by Maxentius, “ for
A humid radiance from it pour ; his severity against a certain apostate ;"
Whilst colour into colour fades, and died pope in 310.
With blended lights and softening shades. WINTER RAINBOW in Ireland.
ATHENÆUM. In the first of the “ Letters from the Irish Islands," in 1823, the writer address
“ It is a happy effect of extreme mildes to his friend, a description of the rain
ness and moisture of climate, that most of bow on the hills at this season of the year.
our hills (in Ireland) are covered with He
says, “ I could wish (provided I could grass to a considerable height, and afford ensure you one fine day in the course of good pasturage both in summer and winthe week) that you were here, to enjoy, in
The grasses most abundant are the rapid succession, and, with all its wild dogstail, (cynosurus cristatus) several magnificence, the whirlwind, the tempest, fescue, (festuca duriuscula and pratensis,
species of the meadow grass, (poa,) the the ocean's swell, and, as Burns beautifully and particularly the sweet-scented vernal expresses it,
grass, (anthoxanthum odoratum,) which Some gleams of sunshine, 'mid renewing abounds in the dry pastures, and moun
tain sides ; where its withered blossoms, To-day there have been fine bright in- which it is remarkable that the cattle do tervals, and, wbile returning from a hasty not eat, give a yellowish brown tint to the ride, I have been greatly delighted with whole pasture. Our bog lands are overthe appearance of a rainbow, gradually run with the couch, or fiorin grass, (agrosadvancing before the lowering clouds, tis stolonifera,) several other species of sweeping with majestic stride across the the agrostis, and the aira. This is, introubled ocean, then, as it gained the deed, the country for a botanist; and one beach, and seemed almost within my so indefatigable as yourself, would not grasp, vanishing amid the storm, of which hesitate to venture with us across the rushy it had been the lovely, but treacherous, bog, where you would be so well rewarded forerunner. It is, I suppose, a conse- for the labour of springing from one knot quence of our situation, and the close of rusbes to another, by meeting with connection between sea and mountain,that the fringed blossoms of the bog-bean, the rainbows here are so frequent, and so (menyanthes trifoliata,) the yellow asphopeculiarly beautiful.
Of an amazing del, (narthecium ossi fragum,) the pale bog breadth, and with colours vivid beyond violet, (viola palustris) both species of the description, I know not whether most to pinguicula, and of the beautiful drosera, admire this aerial phenomenon, when, the English Ay-trap, spreading its devy suspended in the western sky, one end of leaves glistening in the sun. I could also the bow sinks behind the island of Boffin, point out to you, almost hid in the moist while, at the distance of several leagues, recesses of some dripping rock, the pretty the other rests upon the misty hills of miniature fern, (trichomanes TunbridgenEnnis Turc; or when, at a later hour of the sis,) which you may remember showing me day, it has appeared stretched across the for the first time at Tunbridge Wells: the ample sides of Mülbrea, penetrating far osmunda lunaria and regalis are also to be into the deep blue waters that flow at found, with other ferns, mosses, and liits base. With feelings of grateful recol- chens, which it is far beyond my botanical lection too, we may hail the repeated visits skill to distinguish.—The man of science, of this heavenly messenger, occasionally, to whatever branch of natural history his as often as five or six times in the course attention is directed, will indeed' find
never-failing sources of gratification, in When this has gone all round, the conexploring paths, hitherto almost untrod- ductor repeats the first speech, and adds den, in our wild country. Scarcely a the following: county in England is without its peculiar * In the first corner stands a superb alaterFlora, almost every hill and every valley
nus, have been subject to repeated, scientific Whose shade, in the dog-days, won't let the examination; while the productions of sun burn us.' nature, so bountifully accorded to poor • This couplet having been sent round Ireland, are either unknown or disre as before, he then adds the following: garded."
* In the second corner grows
A bush which bears a yellow rose :
Would I might my love disclose!' From the many games of forfeits that “This passes round in like manner: are played in parlours during in-door “In the third corner Jane show'd me much weather, one is presented to the perusal London pride ; of youthful readers from “Winter Even- Let your mouth to your next neighbour's ing Pastimes.”
ear be applied, Aunty's Garden.
And quick to his keeping a secret confide.” “The company being all seated in a “ At this period of the game every one circle, the person who is to conduct the must tell his right-hand neighbour some game proposes to the party to repeat, in turns, the speech he is about to make ;
In the fourth round, after repeating the and it is agreed that those who commit whole of the former, he concludes thus : any mistake, or substitute one word for In the fourth corner doth appear another, shall pay a forfeit.
Of amaranthis a crowd; then commences by saying, distinctly, Each secret whisper'd in the ear I am just come from my aunt Debo
Must now be told aloud.' rah's garden. Bless me! what a fine “ Those who are unacquainted with this garden is my aunt's garden! In my game occasionally feel not a little embaraunt's garden there are four corners.' rassed at this conclusion, as the secrets The one seated to the player's right is to revealed by their neighbour may be such repeat this, word for word : if his memory as they would not like to be published to fails he pays a forfeit, and gives up his the whole party. Those who are aware turn to his next right-hand neighbour, not of this finessé take care to make their being permitted to correct his mistake. secrets witty, comic, or complimentary.”
Moves not like Spring with gradual step, nor grows
From bud to beauty, but with all his snows
Before him, nor unto his time belong
The suns of summer, nor the charms of song,
Starts into sudden life with scarce a sound,
And with a tender footstep prints the ground,
Literary Pocket Book, 1820.
St. Anthony, Patriarch of Monks.
The memoirs of St. Anthony make a St. Anthony, Patriarch of Mouks. Sts. distinguished figure in the lives of the
Speusippus, Eleusippus, and Melensip- saints by Alban Butler, who states the pus. Sts. Sulpicius I. and II., Abps. particulars to have been extracted from of Bourges. St. Milgithe. St. Nen is The Life of St. Anthony," compiled by nius, or Nennidhius.
the great St. Athanasius;
a work," says
Butler, “ much commended by St. Gre thoughts, that by bemudding and disgory Nazianzen, St. Jerom, St. Austin," ordering his intellects he might make &c. This statement by Butler, whose St. Anthony let go his design.” In his biographical labours are estimated by ca- first conflict with the devil he was victholics as of the highest order, and the ex- torious, although satan appeared to him traordinary temptations which render the in an alluring shape. Next he came in life of St. Anthony eminently remarkable, the form of a black boy, and was again require at least so much notice of him, as defeated. After that Anthony got into a may enable the general reader to deter- tomb and shut down the top, but the devil mine upon the qualities attributed to him, found him out, and, with a great company and the reputation his name has attained of other devils, so beat and bruised him, in consequence.
that in the morning he was discovered by According to Butler, St. Anthony was the person who brought his bread, lying born in 251, at Coma near Heraclea in like a dead man on the ground; whereEgypt, and in that neighbourhood com- upon he took him up and carried him to menced the life of a hermit: he was con- the town church, where many of his tinually assailed by the devil. His only friends sat by him until midnight. Antood was bread with a little salt, he drank thony then coming to himself and seeing nothing but water, never ate before sun- all asleep, caused the person who brought set, sometimes only once in two or four him thither to carry him back privately, days, and lay on a rush mat or on the and again got into the tomb, shutting bare floor. For further solitude he left down the tomb-top as before. Upon this, Coma, and hid himself in an old sepul- the devils being very much exasperated, chre, till, in 285, he withdrew into the de- one night, made a noise so dreadful, serts of the mountains, from whence, in that the walls shook. They trans305, he descended and founded his first formed themselves into the shapes of monastery. His under garment was sack- all sorts of beasts, lions, bears, leopards, cloth, with a white sheepskin coat and bulls, serpents, asps, scorpions and wolves; girdle. Butler says that he “was taught every one of which moved and acted to apply himself to manual labour by an agreeably to the creatures which they reangel,who appeared, platting mats of palm- presented ; the lion roaring and seeming tree leaves, then rising to pray, and after to make towards him, the bull to butt, the some time sitting down again to work; serpent to creep, and the wolf to run at and who at length said to him, “Do this, him, and so in short all the rest; so that and thou shalt be saved.' The life, at- Anthony was tortured and mangled by tributed by Butler to St. Athanasius, in- them so grievously that his bodily pain forms us that our saint continued in some was greater than before." But, as it were degree to pray whilst he was at work; laughingly, he taunted them, and the dethat he detested the Arians; that he would vils gnashed their teeth. This continued not speak to a heretic unless to exhort him till the roof of his cell opened, a beam of to the true faith; and that he drove all light shot down, the devils became speechsuch from his mountain, calling them ve- less, Anthony's pain ceased, and the roof nomous serpents. He was very anxious closed again. At one time the devil laid that after his decease he should not be the semblance of a large piece of plate in embalmed, and being one hundred and his way, but Anthony, perceiving the devil five years old, died in 356, having be- in the dish, chid it, and the plate disapqueathed one of his sheepskins, with the peared. At another time he saw a quancoat in which he lay, to St. Athanasius.” tity of real gold on the ground, and to So far Butler.
show the devil “ that he did not value St. Athanasius, or rather the life of S:, money, he leaped over it as a man in a Anthony before alluded to, which, not- fright over a fire.” Having secluded himwithstanding Butler's authorities, may be self in an empty castle, some of his acdoubted as the product of Athanasius; quaintance came often to see him, but in but, however that may be, that memoir of vain; he would not let them enter, and St. Anthony is very particular in its ac- they remained whole days and nights count of St. Anthony's warfare with the listening to a tumultuous rout of devils infernal powers. It says that hostilities bawling and wailing within. He lived in commenced when the saint first deter- that state for twenty years, never seeing or mined on hermitizing ; "in short, the de- being seen by any one, till his friends vil raised a great deal of dust in his broke open the door, and “the speeta
tors were in amazement to see his body others he related the practices of the dethat had been so belaboured hy devils, vils, and how they appeared. He sail in the same shape in which it was before that, “to scare us, they will represent his retirement." By way of a caution to themselves so tall as to touch the ceiling,
and proportionably broad; they often pre- ment, as vanquished. Once, when they tend to sing psalms and cite the scrip. canie threatening and surrounding me tures, and sometimes while we are read- like soldiers, accoutred and horsed, and ing they echo what we read; sometimes again when they filled the place with they stamp, sometimes they laugh, and wild beasts and creeping things, I sung sometimes they hiss : but when one re- Psalm xix. 8., and they were presently gards them not, then they weep and la- routed. Another time, when they ap