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out of the right path, cannot be too renew all our feelings of regard for her, strongly impressed on the minds of all and that I shall have the comfort to bear young people.--Alas! you now know it many good accounts of your conduct and from experience. An I say I feel doubly, health. Unless your mind is at ease you from wishing you well.
cannot enjoy health. Be open and true, and whatever can Be assured I shall be happy to find I be done, to make you happy, will. have reason, always, to subscribe myTruth is one of the most necessary Vir- self, tues, and whoever deviates from that, runs from one error into another-not to
I have heard you accused Mrs. Bingley of harshness; that I conceive to be utterly impossible ; but I So wrote one of the daughters of attribute your saying so to a mind in the tion by her affiance to virtue, the creator
England. We hail her a child of the nagreatest affliction, and not knowing what of our moral grandeur, and the preserver
of our national dignity. Private virtue is you were about. I pity you from my the stability of states.
In the princess Amelia's letter there is heart, but you have brought this on your a natural union of powerful sense and exself, and you must now pray to God, for quisite sensibility ; it has an easy, com
mon-place air, but a mind that examines his assistance, to enable you to return to the grounds, and searches into the rea
sons of things, will discover the “root of the right path.
the matter." Comment upon it is ab
stained from, that it may be read and Why should you fear Me? I do not studied. deserve it, and your feeling the force of because hitherto fashion has been crimi
The crime of seduction is fashionable, your own faults can only occasion it; fornal with impunity. The selfish destroyer
of female innocence, can prevail on some I feel I am, and wish to be, a friend to wives and mothers by varnish of manner,
and forcefulness of wealth, to the degrathree young people I have the charge of, dation of sanctioning his entertainments and to make them to gain their own
by their presence. Like the fabled upas
tree of Java, he lives a deadly poison to bread, and assist their families. For you wither and destroy all within his shadow.
Uneasiness from a lash of small cords in I have felt particularly, being an orphan, a feeble hand, he retaliates by a horseand I had never had cause to regret the nished by scourges of flame from vigorous
whip: monstrous sensualists must be pucharge I had. Your poor parents have arms, and be hunted by hue and cry,
till they find sanctuary in some remote been saved a heavy blow. Conceive hiding-place for blood-guiltiness. what their affliction must have been, had
FLORAL DIRECTORY. they lived to know of your conduct. I Common Amaranth. Amaranthus hypotrust my poor Mary may yet live to
chondriacus. Dedicated to St. Cajetan
avocations, found leisure to be present : Sts. Cyriacus, Largus, Smaragdus, and many of the females made their call,
ever, during the afternoon. The contheir Companions, Martyrs, A. D. 303.
course of visitors rendered the house like St. Hormisdas.
a tavern; their noise and tumult being FUNERALS IN CUMBERLAND. little restrained, and their employment To the Editor of the Every-Day Book. being the drinking of wine or spirits with Sir,
the smoking of tobacco; and if only some The variety of funeral-rites and cere- made use of the “ stinking herb," all parmonies, prevalent in different ages and took of the juice of the grape. Instances countries, has been so great as to forbid could be adduced in which moderation any attempt to enumerate them; but it is gave way to excess. consistent with the character and design The conversation turned, often upon of the Every-Day Book, to record the the character of the deceased, at least peculiar customs which have existed in when generally respected ; “ de mortuis different districts of our native land : fornil nisi bonum;" the ordinary topics of although your motto from old Herrick, the day were discussed : perhaps the Irish does not refer to any thing of a serious people were ridiculed for their barbarism kind, yet, in the number of those which you in waking their dead : and each indivipromise the world to “tell of” I perceive dual as inclination prompted him, retired that such matters are sometimes related. to make room for another, thus maintainI proceed, therefore, to detail the circum- ing a pretty rapid succession of arrivals stances which preceded and attended the and departures, with the exception of, interment of the dead in the county of perhaps, one or two who embraced so faCumberland, within the last twenty vourable an opportunity for economical years: they are now discontinued, ex- indulgence. “ Where the carcase is there cept, perhaps, in some of the smaller will the eagles be gathered together.” villages, or amongst the humblest class in I must, however, observe in justice to society. Whether the customs I am about the good taste of my townsmen, that many to describe, have been observed in the of them rather assented to the custom southern parts of England, I know not; than approved it; but an omission to atI shall, therefore, confine myself to what tend a Corse-house, with the occupants of has frequently passed under my own ob- which you were even slightly acquainted, servation in my native town.
was considered a mark of disrespect to No sooner had the passing-belt inti- the memory of the dead, and the feelings mated to the inhabitants that an acquaint- of the survivors. ance or neighbour had departed for that It happened, however, that a gentleman “ bourne whence no traveller returns,” (a stranger to this custom,) settled in the than they began to contemplate a call at town I refer to, and, after a short resithe “ Corse-house,” (for such was the de- dence, a death occurred in his family: he nomination of the house of mourning,) at once resolved to deviate from a pracwithin which preparations were made by tice which he did not approve. The first the domestics to receive all who might visitors to his house observed that no come. To this end all the apartments preparations were made for their recepwere prepared for the reception of visitors tion, and were respectfully told by a serwith the exception of the chamber of vant, that open house would not be kept death: one for the seclusion of the sur on the occasion : the news soon spread, vivors of the family, and the domestic and so did the example; a native of the offices.
town soon followed it, and a custom fell The interval between the death and the into desuetude, which the warmest admiinterment is at present, I believe, ex rers of ancient practices could scarcely tended beyond what was usual at the desire to perpetuate. Originating protime I refer to: it was then two days and bably in the exercise of the social affectwo nights, varying accordingly as the tions, and of that hospitality which was demise took place in the early or latter convenient enough in periods when popart of the day.
pulation was thin and widely scattered, The assembiage at the Corse-house, they degenerated from their original use, was most numerous during the evening; and were “more honoured in the breach at which time many persons, who were than the observance.” Antiquity might, engaged during the day in their several perhaps, plead in their defence. The an
cieat Jews made great use of music in services conclude; and thus concludes their funeral rites, before Christ exerted the “ strange eventful history," related by, his power in the restoration of the ruler's sir,
Yours faithfully, daughter, who was supposed to be dead,
J. Bhe caused to be put forth“ the minstrels and the people making a noise.” Matt. c. 9, v. 23, et seq.
Love lies bleeding. Amaranthus proThe ceremonies, which I am now going
cumbens. to describe, are still in existence; and
Dedicated to St. Hormisdas. evince no symptoms of decay. On the evening preceding the day appointed for the interment, the parish-clerk perambu
August 9. lates the town, carrying a deep and so
St. Romanus. lemn-toned bell, by means of which he
St. Nathy, or David, a. D.
530. St. Fedlemid, or Felimy, Bp. of announces his approach to various places at which he is accustomed to stop, and
Kilmore, 6th Cent. give utterance to his mournful message. Well do I remember the deep interest with which I and my youthful associates Jacobæan Ragweed. Senecio jacobea. listened to the melancholy tones of his Dedicated to St. Romanis. sepulchral voice, whilst toys were disregarded, and trifling for a moment sus
The Willow. pended! As the sounds of the “ Death
According to T. N., a Cambridge corbell” died away, it was proclaimed thus : « All friends and neighbours are desired called the Cambridge oak. Old Fuller
respondent, this tree is, in that county, to attend the funeral of from
calls it street, to Mary's Chapel : the corpse to be have lost their love make their mourning
a sad tree, whereof such who taken up at — o'clock.” What crowds of little urchins feeling a mixed sensa
garlands; and we know that exiles hung tion of fear and curiosity were congrer porters. The twigs hereof are physick to
up their harps upon such doleful supgated! What casements were half-opened drive out the folly of children. This tree whilst mute attention lent her willing ear delighteth in moist places, and is triumto seize upon the name of the departed, phant in the Isle of Ely
, where the roots and the hour of burial ! I have known a party at
strengthen their banks, and top affords game” hushed into silence: and a whist fast, it being a by-word in this county
fuell for their fire. It groweth incredibly party thrown into a sort of reverie, and that the profit by willows will buy the there remain till Mrs. What-d'ye-call-'em asked Mrs. What's-her-namé, if clubs will pay for his saddle
. Let me add, that if
owner a horse before that by other trees were trumps? or chid her partner for
green ashe may burne before a queen, being guilty of a revoke on account of so
withered willows may be allowed to common a thing as the “ Death-bell.”
burne before a lady." The old saying, On the following day the clerk proceeds “ She is in her willows” is here illusto the Corse-house, about an hour before
A small table male for her lost mate.
trated; it implies the mourning of a fethe procession is formed. covered with a white napkin, on which are placed wines and spirits, is put at
The Willow (Salix) the door of the house within and around In Sylvan Sketches, to an account of which the people assemble : the clerk the willow, elegant poetical illustrations takes his place by the table, to assist to a are attached, from whence are extracted glass of liquor, any person who may ap- the subjoined agreeable notices. proach it. 'The coffin being brought forth, According to some botanists, there are the clerk takes his place in front of the more than fifty British willows only. The procession, and is usually attended by a sweet, or bay-leaved willow, salix pentarnumber of those who form the choir on dria, is much used in Yorkshire for making Sunday, all being uncovered. A psalm baskets ; its leaves afford a yellow dye. is sung as the cavalcade moves slowly Baskets are also made from the osier, through the streets. The rest of the which belongs to this genus; but of the “ friends and neighbours” follow the willows, the bitter purple willow, salis corpse to the church, where the ordinary purpurea, is the best adapted for the finest
basket-work. The common, or white folk. Mr. Pope was in company when willow, salix alba, takes its specific name the covering was taken off; he observed from the white silken surface of the leaves that the pieces of stick appeared as if on the under side. The bark is used to they had some vegetation; and added, tan leather, and to dye yarn of a cinna- · Perhaps they may produce something mon colour. It is one of the trees to we have not in England.' Under this which the necessitous Kamtschatdales are idea, he planted it in his garden, and it often obliged to recur for their daily produced the willow-tree that has given bread, which they make of the inner bark, birth to so many others.” It is said, that ground into flour. The bark of this wil- the destruction of this tree was caused by low has in some cases been found a good the eager curiosity of the admirers of the substitute for the Peruvian bark. The poet, who, by their numbers, so disturbed grey willow, or sallow, salix cinerea, the quiet and fatigued the patience of the grows from six to twelve feet high. In possessor, with applications to be permany parts of England, children gather mitted to see this precious relic, that to the flowering branches of this tree on put an end to the trouble at once and for Palm Sunday, and call them palms. ever, she gave orders that it should be With the bark, the inhabitants of the felled to the ground. Highlands and the Hebrides tan leather. The weeping willow, in addition to The wood, which is soft, white, and flex- the pensive, drooping appearance of its ible, is made into handles for hatchets, branches, weeps little drops of water, spades, &c. It also furnishes shoemakers which stand like fallen tears upon the with their cutting-boards, and whetting- leaves. It will grow in any but a dry boards to smooth the edges of their knives soil, but most delights, and best thrives, in upon.
the immediate neighbourhood of water. The weeping willow, salic Babylonica, The willow, in poetical language, coma native of the Levant, was not cultivated monly introduces a stream, or a forsaken in this country till 1730. This tree, with lover :its long, slender, pendulous branches, is
“ We pass a gulph, in which the willows one of the most elegant ornaments of dip English scenery. The situation which it
Their pendent boughs, stooping as if to affects, also, on the margins of brooks drink.”
Couper, or rivers, increases its beauty ; like Nar
Chatterton describes cissus, it often seems to bend over the water for the purpose of admiring the “ The willow, shadowing the bubbling reflection:
brook." “ Shadowy trees, that lean
Churchill mentions, among other trees, So elegantly o'er the water's brim." “ The willow weeping o'er the fata) ware,
Where many a lover finds a watery grave; There is a fine weeping willow in a
The cypress, sacred held when lovers garden near the Paddington end of the New Road, and a most magnificent one, Their true love snatched away." also, in a garden on the banks of the Thames, just before Richmond-bridge, on
Besides Shakspeare's beautiful mention the Richmond side of the river. Several of the willow on the death of Ophelia, of the arms of this tree are so large, that and notices of it by various other poets, one of them would in itself form a fine there are several songs in which despairtree. They are propped by a number of ing lovers call upon the willowedree :stout poles; and the tree appears in a “Ah, willow ! willow flourishing condition. If that tree be, as
The willow shall be it is said, no more than ninety-five years
A garland for me, old, the quickness of its growth is indeed
Ah, willow ! willow !" astonishing.
Chatterton has one, of which the burMartyn relates an interesting anecdote,
then runswhich he gives on the authority of the St. James's Chronicle, for August, 1801 :
“ Mie lore ys dedde, “ The famous and admired weeping
Gon to hys deathe-bedde,
Al under the wyllowe tree." willow planted by Pope, which has lately been felled to the ground, came from In the “ Two Noble Kinsmen," said to Spain, enclosing a present for lady Suf- have been written by Shakspeare and
Fletcher, a young girl, who loses her wit lows; nay, the smallest tree known, withwith hopeless love for Palamon
out any exception. The herbaceous
willow, salix herbacea, is seldom higher Nothing but "Willow! willow! willow!"
than three inches, sometimes not more
than two; and yet it is in every respect and between Ever was · Palamon, fair Palamon !'"
a tree, notwithstanding the name herba
ceous, which, as it has been observed, is Herrick thus addresses the willow-tree: inappropriate. Dr. Clarke says, in his “ Thou art to all lost love the best,
“ Travels in Norway,” “ We soon recogThe only true plant found ;
nised some of our old Lapland acquaintWherewith young men and maids distrest, ances, such as Betula nana, with its And left of love, are crowned.
minute leaves, like silver pennies; moun“ When once the lover's rose is dead,
tain-birch; and the dwarf alpine species Or laid aside forlorn,
of willow : of which half a dozen trees, Then willow garlands 'bout the head,
with all their branches, leaves, flowers, Bedewed with tears, are worn.
and roots, might be compressed within two .“ When with neglect, the lover's bane,
of the pages of a lady's pocket-book, withPoor maids rewarded be
out coming into contact with each other, For their love lost, their only gain
After our return to England, specimens Is but a wreath from thee.
of the salix herbacea were given to our
friends, which, when framed and glazed, “ And underneath thy cooling shade,
had the appearance of miniature draw. When weary of the light,
ings. The author, in collecting them for The love-spent youth and love-sick maid
his herbiary, has frequently compressed Come to weep out the night."
twenty of these trees between two of the This poet has some lines addressed to pages of a duodecimo volume.” Yet in a willow garland also :
the great northern forests, Dr. Clarke.
found a species of willow “ that would “A willow garland thou didst send Perfumed, last day, to me;
make a splendid ornament in our English Which did but only this portend,
shrubberies, owing to its quick growth, I was forsook by thee.
and beautiful appearance. It had much
more the appearance of an orange than “ Since it is so, I'll tell thee what;
of a willow-tree, its large luxuriant leaves To-morrow thou shalt sec
being of the most vivid green colour, Me wear the willow, after that
splendidly shining. We believed it to be To die upon the tree.
a variety of salix amygdalina, but it may “ As beasts unto the altars go
be a distinct species : it principally flouWith garlands dressed, so I
rishes in Westro Bothnia, and we never Will with my willow-wreath also
saw it elsewhere." Come forth, and sweetly die.”
So much, and more than is here quoted, The willow seems, from the oldest respecting the willow, has been gathered times, to have been dedicated to grief; by the fair authoress of Sylvan Sketches
. under them the children of Israel lamented
In conclusion, be it observed, that the their captivity :-“ By the rivers of Baby- common willow is in common language lon, there we sat down, yea, we wept that name it is mentioned by Chaucer :
sometimes called the sallow, and under when we remembered Zion: we hanged our harps upon the willows in the midst “ Whoso buildeth his hous all of salowes, thereof." *
And pricketh his blind hors over the
falowes, The wicker-baskets made by our fore
And suffreth his wife for to seche halfathers are the subject of an epigram by lowes, Martial :
He is worthy to be honged on the gal. “ From Britain's painted sons I came,
Chaucet. And basket is my barbarous name; Yet now I am so modish grown, That Rome would claim me for her own.'
August 10. It is worthy to be recollected, that
St Deusdedit. some of the smallest trees known are wil- St. Lawrence, A. D. 258.
St. Blaan, Bp. of kinngaradha, A. D * The Psalms.