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from the start, for the simple reason that the Bryant Brothers made every act tell, the feature being Dan's “Essence of Old Virginny,” a nondescript dance by a decrepit old darkey. This and the oldtime plantation melodies given by a fine quartet, formed an entertainment that hit the popular taste. Even George Christy's company and Pell's Serenaders could not compete with them, for the reason that one had a weakness for negro farces, and that the other was too fond of brass instrumentalic music. As soon as Jerry and Dan found that they had struck the right vein, they strengthened their company in every department, and so kept on the topmost wave of popularity. Fred Wilson, the clog dancer, was added to the company Oct. 18, 1858, and Dec. 6, David S. Wambold, the tenor, who had just returned from Europe, appeared, as did James Unsworth, banjoist.
For the season of 1860-61 the principals of the company were Dan, Neil and Jerry Bryant, D. S. Wambold, P. B. Isaacs, James Carroll, T. Norton, G. Charles, J. H. Savori, W. L. Hobbs, N. W. Gould, M. A. Scott, Dan Emmett, Paul Berger, T. J. Pell, Little Tommy, and, later, John W. Adams, Henry Percie and G. S. Fowler. Aynsley Cook, the English baritone, first appeared here April 1, 1861. Jerry Bryant died in this city April 8, 1861, of congestion of the brain. The hall was closed up for the entire week. His last appearance before the public was Tuesday evening April 2. His remains were interred in Calvary Cemetery. Poor Jerry! Who, that with jaded mind and heart covered with the dust of care, ever dropped in upon his smiling presence at Mechanics' Hall, and came away unfreshened?
From Aug. 25, 1862, till July 11, 1863, the company was as follows: Dan and Neil Bryant, Sher. C. Campbell, Rollin Howard, G. W. H. Griffin, Nelse Seymour, W. L. Hobbs, Dan Emmett, T. J. Pell, G. S. Fowler, G. W. Charles, Jas. Morrison, Frank Leslie, J. H. Savori, J. W. Hilton, T. Gettings, Little Mac, and, towards the close of the season, W. W. Newcomb.
The next season began Aug. 10, 1863, and continued until July 9, 1864, with the following company: Dan and Neil Bryant, Nelse Seymour, J. H. Savori, Frank Leslie, J. W. Hilton, Jas. Morrison, G. S. Connor, Dan Emmett, Dave Reed, G. S. Fowler, Rollin Howard, T. Gettings, Joseph Garatagua, W. L. Hobbs, Little Mac, Grier, Mullins, and, for a few nights in January, S. A. Wells. The next season opened Sept. 12, 1864, and closed July 8, 1865. The following were the company: Dan and Neil Bryant, Dave Reed, Nelse Seymour, C. C. Templeton, J. W. Hilton, J. Morrison, J. H. Savori, Dan Emmett, D. C. Winans, B. W. Buchanan, F. Boniface, T. B. Prendergast, W. B. Grier, G. S. Fowler, J. Garatagua, W. L. Hobbs, Master Tommy, A. Ross, and W. Mullens. James Simpson was treasurer, and old “Pop” Doolittle, doorkeeper. In May the company was strengthened by the addition of Frank Moran, and "Micky" Warren.
Their last season began Sept. II, 1865, with the following company: Dan and Neil Bryant, Eph Horn, Nelse Seymour, Dan Emmett, James Morrison, G. S. Fowler, J. S. Cox, N. W. Gould, Dave Reed, Jules Stratton, M. Warren, J. H. Savori, W. R. Grier, Signor Persini, Chas. W. Templeton, F. Boniface, D. C. Winans, R. W. Buchanan, and J. Ross. On Nov. 27 Little Mac made his first appearance in two years, and the following gentlemen joined during the season in the order named: Jan. 1, 1866, Charles Henry and J. Garatagua; Jan. 10, Rollin Howard; Jan. 15, J. W. Raynor, and subsequently Master Ryan, Hogan, and Collins, and Ira Payne. The regular season closed June 2, 1866, with a benefit to Neil Bryant, and this ended the connection of the company with Mechanics' Hall.
Dan Bryant died in this city April 1o, 1875. Neil Bryant died in Brooklyn, N. Y., March 6, 1902.
N. W. Gould died in this city May 23, 1881. Charley White was the next manager. He began June 26, 1866, with the following company: Johnny Thompson, Harry Derling, Sig. Vayo, George Winship, George Warren, M. Campbell, J. Myers, Master Warren, C. E. Collins, the Clinetop Sisters, Millie Young, Millie Flora, Viro Farrand, Lizzie Whelby, Lena Forrest, Mlle. Josephine, Julia Melville, Ella Morley, Chas. White, Blanche Stanley, Bob Hart, Frank Kerns, “Wash” Norton, Nelse Seymour, George R. Edeson, Lew Myers, Fanny Forrest, and a ballet. Dave Braham was musical director. During the season the following appeared. Josh Hart, Frank and W. H. Ashton M. Cardella, Herr Christian Holm, George Warren, George Winship, Ben Goldsmith, C. E. Collins, Signor Chiriski, Dick Ralph, Silas Baldwin, Morrissey, Little, Signor Faranta, Master Stevie, Annetta Galetti, Helene Smith, Carrie Austin, Laura Le Claire, Eva Brent, Emma Fowler. Mr. White gave a vaudeville entertainment. His season closed April 30, 1867, when he retired from the management. The following is a copy of the last performance under Charley White's management:
LAST NIGHT OF THIS GLORIOUS HOUSE OF MOMUS.
CHARLEY WHITE'S GREAT COMBINATION TROUPE
in a glorious bill embodied in the following programme for this event : Overture David Braham | Dance
. Lizzie Shaw The Black Actors
Song and Dance. Broadway Boys
The ballet by Mons. Grossi, entitled
THE COQUETTE. Characters by Millie Flora, Helene Smith, Florence Wells, Laura Le Claire (afterwards Mrs. Josh Hart, now Mrs. Will Sands), Viro Farrand, Jennie Lorraine, Lizzie Shaw, Millie Young and Georgie Natalie.
Charley White's Comicality :
THE STUPID SERVANT.
Broadway Boys Dance Millie Flora Overture
Orchestra Song and Dance .
STREETS OF NEW YORK, with Charley White, Geo. Winship, Frank Kerns, Dick Ralph, Geo. Warren, and
H. Jones in the characters.
This house was opened June 3, 1867, by Robert W. Butler, as “Butler's American Theatre,” with the following music hall company: Mons. La Thorne, stage manager; M. Grossi, ballet-master; Thos. Simpson, musical director; Zuccoli Sisters, Eloise Clyde, Hughey Dougherty, S. S. Purdy, John Queen, Charles Pettengill, H. Stanley, Dick Sands, Robert Edeson, C. E. Collins, C. Gardiner, Mr. and Mrs. Sam Ryan, Master Barney, Ada Tesman, J. C. Stewart. July 2 appeared Helene Smith and Carrie Austin; July 9, George R. Édeson; July 15, Fanny Forrest, Bob Hart, and Frank Kerns; July 23, Nelse Seymour; July 30, Wash Norton; Aug. 27, Sig. Henrico; Sept. 3, Laura Le Claire and Josh Hart; Sept. 24, Fanny Forrest, Frank, William, and George Ashton; Oct. 8, Annetta Galetti and Mons. Cardella; Oct. 22, Harry Burchard, Geo. Warner, Geo. Edeson, and Geo. Winship; Nov. 5, Eva Brent; Dec. 5, Ben Goldsmith; Dec. 10, Billy Allen; Dec. 17, Sig. Chiriski and E. S. Collins. Early on the morning of April 8, 1868, fire was discovered in the building, which soon extended into the auditorium and destroyed the house, as well as slightly damaging the Apprentices' Library adjoining.
THE OLD BROADWAY THEATRE
HE original projector of the “Old Broadway Theatre” was
operations, the Bowery Theatre, then under his management, was destroyed by fire, involving him in a loss of $100,000. Col. Alvah Mann then commenced the erection of it, and, after spending $14,000, was obliged to call in the aid of Mr. Raymond in order to complete the building. The lot upon which this theatre was built was on the east side of Broadway between Pearl and Anthony (now Worth) Streets, at what are now known as 326 and 328 Broadway. It would accommodate 4,500 persons, having seats for 4,000. There was an immense pit to which only men and boys were admitted. The price of admission was twenty-five cents and the seats were plain benches without backs, and on crowded nights the jam used to be terrific. The first and second galleries were called the dress and family circles. Three rows of benches were set apart in the latter for the accommodation of colored persons. It was ove of the best arranged places of amusement in the city, and was modelled after the Haymarket Theatre, London, Eng. When he first opened here Ethelbert A. Marshall, the manager, was partial to English actors, but it was not long before many American actors were found among his corps dramatique. Here Edwin Forrest and W. C. Macready won their greatest laurels. Although Macready was regarded by the general public as the greatest actor of his day, his vanity and egotism, and his supercilious treatment of his subordinates, made him unpopular in his own profession. Sometimes he rendered himself ridiculous on the stage by assuming characters unsuited to his years, He would persist in playing Claude Melnotte because he had been the original representative of that part. The opening of the "Old Broadway took place Sept. 27, 1847.
The company consisted of Fanny Wallack, Rose Telbin, Miss Winstanley, Miss Carman, Mrs. Hield, Helen Matthews, Henry Wallack, John Lester (Wallack), Thomas Lynne, J. M. Dawson, Thomas Vache, Henry Hunt, C. W. Hunt, Mesdames Watts, Bernard, Sargeant, and Chapman, the Misses Gordon, Fitzjames, George Vandenhoff, G. Chapman, H. Bernard, J. Everard, Dennison, William Fredericks, E. Shaw, J. Bernard, J. Kingsley, J. Walters, Thompson, Allen, and Mlles. St. Clair and Celeste. Alvah Mann, proprietor; G. H. Barrett acting and stage manager; W. E. Anderton, prompter; J. M. Trimble, architect; J. R. Smith and G. Heister, scenic artists; Andrew J. Allen, costumer; Samuel Wallis, properties; Mr. Galbraith, stage carpenter and machinist. The initial performance was “The School for Scandal,” given with this cast:
The first performance of “The School for Scandal” on any stage occurred on May 8, 1777, at the Drury Lane Theatre, London, Eng. The cast was: Sir Peter Teazle . Mr. King Crabtree
Mr. Parsons Sir Oliver Surface Mr. Yates Rowley
Mr. Aickin Sir Harry Bumper Mr. Gawdry Moses
Mr. Baddley Sir Benjamin Backbite . Mr. Dodd Lady Teazle
Mrs. Abingdon Joseph Surface Mr. Palmer Lady Sneerwell
Miss Sherry Charles Surface Mr. Smith Mrs. Candour
Miss Pope Careless Mr. Farren Maria
Miss P. Hopkins Snake
Mr. Packer On the next evening “Love's Sacrifice" was given, with Mr. Vandenhoff as Matthew Elmore, and Fanny Wallack as Margaret. In the same week was played “The Lady of Lyons," with Geo. Vandenhoff as Claude, G. Barrett, Col. Dumas, and Fanny Wallack as Pauline. Afterwards John Lester (Wallack) took the part of the Viscount de Ligny in the one-act comedy of “The Captain of the Watch."
Professor Risley and his children took a benefit Oct. 12 when "Used Up" was acted, with this cast: Chas Coldstream J. Lester | John Truebrace
Vache Adonis Leach H. Hunt Vennel
Dennison Tom Saville
Kingsley Lady Clutterbuck Miss Gordon Wurzell . . Everard Mary Wurzell
Mrs. Watts This was followed by a series of acts by Professor Risley and sons, after which the farce “Who Do They. Take Me For?" was acted for the first time. The comedietta “Ladies, Beware!" was the afterpiece. The Asiatic ballet “L'Almee, or une Oriental Vision," in two acts, was given for the first time in America, Oct. 21.
Mons. H. Monplaisir and Mme. Adele Monplaisir were the Nadhir and Haidee. This ballet and “The Inconstant” were played Oct. 30, with G. Vandenhoff as Mirabel, Vache as Old Mirabel, Lester as Duratete, and Rose Telbin as Oriana. Nov. 1, for the first time in America, the ballet "La Jeune Dalmate, Ou, Le Retour au Village” was seen, introducing Mons. and Mme. Monplaisir. “Money" was acted Nov. 4, with Fredericks as Lord Glossmore, Henry Wallack as Sir John Vesey, John Lester as Sir Frederick, E. Shaw as Stout, G. Vandenhoff as Evelyn, Mrs. Winstanley as Lady Franklin, Fanny Wallack as Clara; Nov. 5, 6, “Inconstant;” Nov. 9, first time of the new farce “Caught in a Trap,” Lester as Marquis, Dawson as De Merville, Hadaway as Goguenond, and Rose Telbin as the Countess; also the musical drama, “The Ladder of Love," Helen Matthews as Suzanne.
Nov. 15, "Faint Heart Never Won Fair Lady," with Mrs. Sargeant as Charles II., Fanny Wallack as Duchess De Torrenueva, and Mrs. Hields as Donna Leona. "La Jeune Dalmate" was given for the last time