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The English Com'iesio'' to the Speaker (vol. iv. No. 112),

Berwick. Oct. 8, 1645, p. 18. The Comittee of Nottingham to y" Speaker (toi. iv.

No. 113), Oct. 8.1645, pp. 18, 19. The Comittee of both Kingdoms from Berwick tn the

Comittee of both Kingdoms at Darby House (vol. iv.

No. 114), Oct. 9,1645, pp. 19, 20. The Information of M' Hawden of Tuxford [Printed

Pari. Hilt., vol. xiv. p. 76], Nottingham, Oct. 6, 1645,

pp. 20, 21.

A Mes»age from Oxford [Printed Pari. Mist., vol. xiv.

p. 76], Oct. 9, 1645, p. 21. Order of the Com'ittee of both Kingdoms at Darby

House [Printed Pari. HUl., vol. xiv. p. 74], Oct. 14,

1645, p. 22.

The Lord Digbye to y' Earls of Leven and Calander [Printed. Pari. Hilt., vol. xiv. p. 74], Newark, Oct. 4, 1645. p. 22.

The Earl of Leven to the Chief Com'ander of the forceB now with his Majesty [Printed Pari. Hi>t„ vol. xiv. p. 75], Berwick, Oct. 9, 1645, p. 23. Coll. Morgan to the Speaker (vol. iv. No. 115), Chepstow, Oct. 10, 1645, pp. 23-25. To many of the above is added what I take to be the reference to the volume of State Papers from which they were transcribed, such as vol. iv. No. 101, voL iv. No. 163, vol. iv. No. 106, and so on. In a later band is added to many of the documents, "Printed Pari. But, vol. xiv. p. 78," &o. In the above list an unusual proportion of the documents have been so printed, but on the whole not about a quarter or a third have so appeared. This reference relates to the wellknown Parliamentary or Constitutional Hittory of England from the Earliest Times to the Restoration of King Charles II., of which the second edition, in twenty-four volumes, appeared in 1762. I have compared many of the printed papers with the transcripts in this volume, and as a rule they are the same, a word or two or a name sometimes varying a little.

With regard to the history of this odd volume, I can only supply the following particulars, I purchased it in 1879 from a friend, and it came to him from a dealer in curiosities in Liverpool, who had written in it in pencil, "This MS. formerly belonged to the Rev. Archdeacon Strong, afterwards it came into the possession of Archdeacon Ring, and was sold by his widow to a Dublin bookseller." I ascertained from him that the name of the Dublin bookseller was Mr. Patrick Trayner, Essex Quay, Dublin; but although I wrote twice to Mr. Trayner on the subject, in neither case did I get any reply. The letters were not returned to me, and so must, I presume, have reached their destination. The Archdeacon Strong above referred to was probably the Ven. Charles Strong, Archdeacon of Glendalough, who was living in 1851. If any of your readers can succeed in discovering where the remaining volumes of this most interesting collection of Civil War documents are now preserved, I would either be willing to purchase them at a reasonable price, if they were for sale, or I would let this

vol. xx., now in my possession, be added to them, so as to complete the set if it should happen to be the only one missing, especially if the whole series could be secured, as it certainly ought to be, for some public institution or library.

The following letters, which occur one after the other, and have never, so far as I know, been printed before, will show the interesting character of the documents contained in this volume. If it should be thought that a full list of its content! should be printed, I shall be glad to send it yon:—

[Appointment of Governor of TVinchester Castle.] The Comittee at Basinestoke to the Speaker (vol. iv. No. 1-29). HonWe S',—We Understand by a letterwe have received from S' William Waller, that the house have been pleased to order the Government of Winchester Castle to LieTtenant Coll. Lower a man that is but lately known to our County, whereby we see that the house & Sr William Waller have Not boen rightly Informed in the Desire* & Intentions of the Gentlemen of this County, who have from the first hopes of the Reducing of Winton, setled their thoughts upon Capt" Betteswortb, a Gentleman we So Much Esteem, that we Intend to present him to be Sheriff, k to that End, in regard of the good Service* He hath done us, Some of us were the means of that Command, the house laid upon him for his stay from bis Intended voyage into France: We are desirous to ease our poor Long Oppressed Country of what Charge we May. & to that End we designed the Shrevalty (which in thesi times must be a Charge) the Com'and of the horse, & the Com'and of the Castle to one Man, whom we have agreed withall about it: We desire therefore Since the house have Misunderstood our desires in this Matter, that the? would be pleased to order the Governm' of that Castla to Capt" Betteswortb: We have Written to the Com'ittee of both Kingdoms for a Com'ission for him for our horses, & we have taken order for the Making him Sheriff. We desire you will be pleased to offer this our Sense to the house from us who are Sr

Basingstoke Yr humble Servants

18° Octob. 1645. Tho. Jervoice Fran. Rivett
Rob. Wallop Rich. Moore
Rich. Miiijor Rich. Whitehead
Job. Bulkley John Button.
Nic. Love Edw. Hooper

Alex. Wilson Rich. Norton
John Wolveridge Jo. Kcrape
S' W" Pitt Tho. Creswell.

Lievtenant Coll. Lowre wag put in to the Castle by Some of us then present, only for the Present time, untill tin Gentlemen of the County might all meet together.

[Account of the Services of Major Gifford.] The Committee at Basingstoke to the Speaker (vol. iv. No. 130).

Sr,—We were very willing upon the desire of this Gentleman Major Gifford (who was formerly Major GenJ of your forces in the North, k now Major to Coll. Jephsons Regiment of horse designed for Ireland) to Inform the house of his great care k readiness to serve the Parliament, which he hath Expressed in the Seige of Basing: for besides his constant willingness to do his Duty, he did at the time when they Stormed the house alight with a good Number of that Regiment & others. & led them up himself over the Works, where he received a wound in his head with a butt End of a Musket. We have therefore thought fit to recommend him to the house that they would be pleased for his future Enrouragement in their Service In Ireland to Shew some Marks of tlie r favour towards him, which is all at present tram S*

Your faithfull humble Servants Basingstoke Tho. Jervoice F. Dalbier

20" Oct. 1645. Ro. Wollop W- Wither

W" Jepbson Hich. Moore.

[Description of the Tuking of Tiverton Castle.]

The Com'ittee with Sr Thomas Fairfax at Tiverton to the Speaker (vol. iv. No. 131). S7,—In obedience to your Command we came to the Army at Bannister & Irom thence advanced witii them to Curd the Next Day, \\here they remained some days in Expectation of the Recruits & Money for the Army, & of Money for Major Gen11 Massey's party, we advanc-rd thence to Lunnington, from whence before our advance the Enemy retreated near Exon, till which time they plundered all the Country of Cattle : from Lunnington we advanced to Collamton on Thursday, on which day 3Iajr Gen" Massey s party came before Tiverton Castle & Summoned it, hut received a refusall of Obeying: our Noble Gen11 having notice of it came on Fryday with a Part of his Army hither, the Residue he sent to Bradnidge: Yesterday about 2 of the Clock afternoon some batteries being made, Jc all things being ready for Storming,for which the Soldiers with much chearfulness prepared themselves: The Gen" for the Sparing of blood, with the advice of the Council of war, resolved to Send them a Second Summons, which was Written & Signed, & parties drawn out, who were ready with their scaling ladders to Storm, if a deniall were returned, but at that Instant it pleased God So to direct our Shot, that it cut the Chain of their drawbridge which Instantly fell down, 2£ the Soldiers spirits were Such that they presently, without order given, entred their Works, the Enemies hearts failed, k. we became Suddenly Masters of the Church i: Castle, k their Strong & Regular works in which they confided; We took the Govern' S' Gilbert Telbott, & 204 officers k Soldiers (of which You have here Inclosed a list) 4 great Gunns, 30 barrels of Powder with other arms which cannot be particulariz'd, they ■being dispersed, we lost not a Man in the Storming, nor put any to the Sword, We Saw So Much Resolution in all the Soldiers, that we cannot but make it our Request, that Money may be speeded to them, without which it is much doubted bow tbey will be Supplied, the Country where they Advance, not having in their Quarters wherewith to Supply them; but if money be wanting to Pay in the Market, which is appointed to follow the Army with provisions from our rear the Market will fail. Mnj' <ien° Jla-sey's men have not Money to Shooe Their horses, Goring is retreated to Cbidleigb, what he Intends we know not: our Industrious i. Vigilant Gen" pitying the condition of the Country, who cry for his Assistance, & Intending Nothing More than the Speeding of the Work, a: the Active M»j* Massey resolves this day to Advance in one body towards Goring, who is Strong, & we cannot Divide tlie Army, Unless Lievten' Gen" Cromwell come up with his P.irty, wiih which its hoped they 3Iay divide, J: the More Speedily finish the worke in the West, without which the Whole Army Must follow Goring, or run a great hazard: the Prince, Hopton, Jt Greenvill being en red Devon with 4000 foot, & 1500 horse, as we are Informed, we thought it our Duty to present these to you, & leave it to your further consideration: we remain Sr

20 8bris Your most humble Sorvants xrotn Tiverton J. Bampfield Fran. Buller

1645. Sam. Rolle Anth. NiColL

J. P. Eakwaker, M.A, F.S.A. Pensarn, Abergele, N. Wales.

A Newly Discovered Autograph Of Milton. —Whilst preparing a new catalogue of the books contained in the library of Ely Cathedral, I was mousing among some folio volumes, and on the blank "end paper" of one of them, entitled "Dionis Chrysostnmi Orationes LXXX. Lutetiae, Mdciv. Eit offlcina Typographica Claudii Morelli," I caught sight of the following inscription :—

Pre: 18*.

J Milton.

Being a collector of autographs, and carrying in my memory several of those which are most prized but seldom obtained by amateurs, without hesitation I attributed the handwriting to the poet Milton; and on reference to the Handbook of Autographs, edited by Messrs. Netherclift and Sims (J. Russell Smith, London, 1862), my assurance was made doubly sure. Not content with this, I sent a careful tracing to Mr. Sims, of the British Museum, und he has added his weight of experience in the following words: " I do not doubt that the handwriting, of which you have sent me a tracing, is that of Milton; there is every indication of its being so. The length of time it has been in the library at Ely precludes the probability of its being a forgery."

The volume of Chrysostom, among many others, was presented to the Cathedral library by Bishop Patrick, between 1691 and 1707, and contains his "ex libris." The page on which the autograph appears is no newer than the book itself, and bears not only the press-mark of the Cathedral library catalogue of 1796, but also an earlier one, presumably that of Bishop Patrick's own shelf. The whole autograph corresponds very curiously with that figured in Messrs. Netherclift & Sims's book under M. G, where there appears :— Jo: Milton pre: 2s. Gd. 1631.

I should be very much obliged to any owners of autograph signatures of Milton if they would be at the trouble of sending me a tracing of their treasure. I would gladly make an exchange.

Fred. W. Joy, F.S.A.

Cathedral Library, Ely.

The Coombh Mela Or Fair At Allahabad. —We do not in general look to railway reports for information on folk-lore or religious superstitions, but the Seventy-third Report of the East Indian Railway, just issued, contains some curious facts about Hindu matters of this class. After stating an increase in number of passengers at 837,286, and in receipts therefrom of 95,5041. lis. 2a!., the Report proceeds: '' Of these increases it is estimated that about 536,000 passengers and 89,0O0J. are due to the "Coombh" mela, or fair, held at Allahabad during January and February this year. In connexion with an event from which the undertaking has derived Bo large a traffic, the following extract from a report of the officiating chief auditor may prove of interest:—

"The ordinary Magh Mela takes place every year at Allahabad, and lasts for about a month, i. e., from the middle of January to the middle of February. It is a mela attended principally by UinduB from different parts of the country for the purpose of bathing at Bany Ghat, at the confluence of the Jumna and Ganges rivers, which point is considered by them to be particularly sacred during the period named, and the more so on certain days of this period. Every twelfth year this mela is termed 'Coombh,' signifying one of the signs of the Zodiac, and is attended by fur greater numbers than the ordinary annual mela. The Coombh Mela took place this year, and its being the last of its kind for celebration at Allahabad (because, as is supposed, the sanctity of the river at the confluence will have departed before the next Coombh period arrives), it waB attended to an exceptionally vast extent, the arrival of pilgrims at Allahabad and Nuini having commenced as early as the latter part of December, 1881."

Several terras in this account need explanation, t. g., Coomb, Magh, Mela; and several opinions or beliefs. Is every confluence of two rivers supposed to be sacred, or is it only the confluence of the Jumna and Ganges 1 and, if so, why? Why particularly at this period 1 What is the supposed benefit to be derived from bathing at this spot 1 Why also during the Coombh? For what reason is it supposed that the sanctity of the river will have departed before the next Coombh 1

W. E. Buckley.

Yorkshire Christmas Customs.—Now that the circle of English habit and belief is being broken at every point, it may be well to note even so small a matter as this, that in tho neighbourhood of Harrogate the following customs were observed at Christmas, 1882. Three parties of "Vessel-cup Girls," each with their bambino, came to the house where I was staying. As to "Vessel-cup Girls," sec Brand, and see "N. & Q." fourth and fifth series. At least a dozen parties of "waits," male and female, sang hymns outside the house on several nights. In the house itself we had a yule-log, duly placed on the fire by the head of the family; we had yule-cakes; we had yule-candles, a gigantic pair, one red, one blue, presented by our attached grocer—for yule-candles must be given, and not bought; we had holly, of course; and we had frumtty. But the attached grocer, I believe, remarked sadly that frumety is going out, and. that few now ask for cree'd wheat to make it with. And, alas! the women of the household failed to find a " lucky-bird."

A. J. M.

Curious Christiax Names.—In making some researches among the bindings of the Merchant Taylors' Company for the purpose of illustrating the registers of the school, I came across the following! remarkable Christian names: "Ueio

lutio Sixmith (stc), Alius Bryanti Sixsmith (ric), nuperde Warrington in com. Lancastrian, mercerii," &c. (apprenticed Dec. 5, 1682). "Eentishvbatthai Wood, Alius Antonii Wood, niiper de Sawtry Ferry in com. Derb', clerici, def.," &c. (apprenticed August 2, 1683). A good many names of note occur in the same volume of bindings, e. g., Ferrand of Little Gidding, Wake of Piddington (son of Sir William), Gawdy of West Harling, Turvill of Claybrook, Tankard (Tancred) of Brampton, Lytcott, Dillingham (son of the Master of Clare Hall), &c. Charles J. Robinson.

West Hackney Rectory, Stoke Newiugton, N.

The Jews In England.—In the Athenmim for Nov. 4, 1882, Dr. Neubauer has given a transliteration and translation of a Hebrew deed relating to a house in Colchester. The translation is by himself, but the transliteration was made by William Bedwcll, and is written on the fly-leaf of Sebastian Munster's Dictionarium Chaldaiewn, Basilite, 1627, which is preserved, with Bedwell's MS. notes, in the Bodleian Library (Laud. 172). This is doubtless the deed which is referred to by Bedwell in the Arabian Tmdgman, of which an extract was given by me in "N. & Q." a few months ago (6lh S. vi. 106). Dr. Neubauer remarks that the original is probably lost, if it is not amongst the deeds called shelars in the Record Office, and he adds that it contains the first mention of Jews having resided in Colchester. This statement is, however, shown to be incorrect by Mr. S. L. Lee in the following number of the Athenozum (Nov. 11, 1882). It is proved from various documents that the Jewish community was of considerable standing in that town in the thirteenth century. W. F. Prideaus.

Jaipur, Rajputana.

Bell.—A piece of modern etymology deserves a place in "N. & Q." In the new edition of the Encyclopedia Britannica the article "Bell" begins, "Bell, from pelvis, a basin or footpan." This remarkable statement was not in the last edition, and, therefore, is new information contributed by the gentleman who has furbished up the old article. It is the old story—any chance shot does for an etymology of an English word. How one would like to see the author of this guess set to work to prove his case! 0. W. TANeoeK.

A Gipst Wedding.—The following seems worth adding to the various pieces of gipsy history and romance which have appeared from time to time in the pages of " N. & Q.":—

"An interesting ceremony was performed last week in Bunbury parish church, Cheshire, at the marriage of William Lee and Ada Boswell, two gipsies residing at Haughton. The bride was attended by one bridesmaid, while the bridegroom was accompanied by his brother. The bride was attired, according to gipsy custom, in •■ dark green dress with white lace, apron, and cap, and she alio wore a wreath of gold leaves. The bridesmaid was alto conspicuous throughout the ceremony; she was dretsed is a peacock blue Velveteen dress, with white cap adorned with pink chrysanthemums. The service was performed by the Rev. William Lowe, vicar. Afterwards, by the invitation of Mr. and Mrs. Garnett, of Haughton Hall, who accompanied the parties to the service, the bride and bridegroom, together with a number of gipsy friends and companions, returned to Haughton Hall, where breakfast was Berved in a gipsy tent on the lawn. Toasts were proposed in the Romany dialect, and the health of the giver of the feast was enthusiastically drunk."—Family Churchman, Dec. 27, 1882.

Edward H. Marshall, M.A.


Welsh Folk-lore: The' Sin-eater.—The following curious scrap of folk-lore occurs in the Rev. Paxton Hood's book on Christmas Evans, the Preacher of Wild Wales (London, Hodder & Stonghton, 1881):—

"The superstition of the Sin-Eater is said to linger even now in the secluded vale of Cwm-Aman, in Caermarihenshire. The meaning of this most singular institution of superstition was, that when a person died, the friends sent for the Sin-Eater of the district, who, on his arrival, placed a plate of salt and bread on the breast of the deceased person; he then uttered an incantation over the bread, after which he proceeded to eat it—thereby eating the sins of the dead person: this done, he received a fee of two-and-sixpence—which, we suppose, was much more than many a preacher received for a long and painful service. Having received this, he vanished as swiftly as possible, all the friends and relatives of the departed aiding his exit with blows and kicks, and other indications of their faith in the service he hid rendered. A hundred years since, and through the ages beyond that time, we suppose this curious superstition was everywhere prevalent."

Cf. "Old Yorkshire Customs," "N. & Q. ■ 6* S. vi. 146, 273. Frederick E. Sawyer.


Illustration or 1 Cor. Iv. 4.—The use of by ="against" in the Authorized Version is curiously illustrated by a testimonial, anno 1644, given from Queens' College, Cambridge, as quoted in the St. John's Admission Kegisters, p. 68,1. 20: "Hee hath libertie to place himselfe in what college hee shall please, for I know nothing by him that should hinder it."

P. J. F. Gantillon.

Thk Name Gambetta.—The Times of Jan. 2, 1883, says this "name signifies, in the dialect of Genoa, a liquid measure of two quarts' capacity," and that it was probably a nickname conferred npon some ancestor of the late M. Gambetta.

Frederick E. Sawyer.


Surrey Mummers.—This evening, Jan. 1, 1883, a party of mummers performed outside my bouse in a remote part of Surrey,—half a dozen grown men, all wearing grotesque masks, strange htls, smocks or other guise over their clothes,

all singing, " God rest ye, merry gentlemen," most mournfully, to the music of an old accordion. I did not comprehend those vagrom men, but gave them a coin—as who should say, "We may never see the likes of you again!" A. J. M.

Loan Of Briqos's " History Of Melbourne." —I want to consult, for a special purpose, The History of Melbourne, Derbyshire, by J. J. Briggs, second edition, 1852, but there is no copy of the book in any library to which I have access. I have ventured, however, to believe that some reader of " N. & Q." who possesses this book will have sufficient sympathy with a paralyzed invalid, imprisoned in his room and debarred from the use of public libraries, to lend me his copy for a few days. I need scarcely add that it shall be carefully returned with many thanks.

Edmond Chester Waters.

57, The Grove, Hammersmith, W.


We mast request correspondents desiring information on family matters of only private interest, to affix their names and addresses to their queries, in order that the answers may be addressed to them direct.

The Johnson Lines In Goldsmith's Poems. —In a forthcoming new edition of the works of Goldsmith I have the following note concerning the lines said to have been contributed to the Traveller and Deserted Village by Dr. Johnson :— These statements (of Johnson's authorship of the lines in question) rest solely upon the authority of BoswelFs Johnson, where, vol. ii. p. 309 (Bohn's ten-volume edition), Boswell says that "he [Johnson] marked" the nine lines of the Traveller, and "added, 'These aro all of which I can be sure'"; and again, "Dr. Johnson at the same time favoured me by marking the lines which he furnished to Goldsmith's Deserted Village, which are only the last four." All the editions of both poems up to the time that Boswell wrote, which, of course, was subsequent to the death of both Goldsmith and Johnson, are without any indication of this alleged contribution of lines by Johnson; and, what is, perhaps, more remarkable, even after Boswell had by the above statements claimed these lines for Johnson, Bishop Percy, the friend, literary executor, and biographer of Goldsmith, in his edition of the poet's works first published in 1801, makes no mention of any such contribution by Johnson. To this I may add that it need not be assumed that Boswell has stated anything more than what he believed to be true; still less need it be assumed that Johnson stated anything which was not true; but I think as the case stands it may be at least admitted that Boswell may have made some mistake. The ascription of the good things of the time in both verse and prose to Dr. Johnson was, as is well known, quite a common occurrence. Miss Reynolds, for instance, states in reference to this same poem, the Traveller ("Recollections," published in the Johnsmiiana at the end of Bonn's edition of Boswell's Life), that " Dr. Johnson told her that he had written" the ten lines descriptive of the Englishman, commencing, "Stern o'er each bosom." Nobody, I suppose, believes this; and yet no doubt the lady was, generally speaking, as worthy of belief as Boswell. The explanation, of course, is that she was mistaken. Again, Johneon himself relates that Chamier went away with the belief that he (Johnson) had written the first Jine of the Traveller, because he in conversation interpreted Goldsmith's meaning as to the word slow seemingly better than Goldsmith did himself (vide Boswell's Johnson, vol. ii. p. 85). I should be glad if any further light could be thrown upon this matter; but, so far, it seems to me the abovestated facts point to at least a doubt as to whether the nine lines in the Traveller and four lines in the Deserted Village usually marked as Johnson's were really written by him. J. W. M. G.

Doscaster Cross.—Who is the present owner of the painting in oils of Doncaster Cross, from which, in 1752, Vertue effected his copper-plate engraving for the Society of Antiquaries, published

'in tile Velusta Monumcnta the following year?

^-The subjoined particulars may serve, in some quarter or another, to aid the quest. Originally in the collection of coins, paintings, and other curiosities of Lord Fairfax, and later of his son Sir Thomas, the whole passed by purchase to Aldermann Thoresby, of Leeds, father of the historian of that town. The lettering of Vertue attached to the cross states that the painting was then in the hands of Dr. Richard Rawlinson, F.S.A., who also possessed "a fragment in MS. which had also belonged to the alderman," and which describes the cross and the damage inflicted on it by the Earl of Manchester's army in 1644;

'but it would seem that the painting was made anteriorly to this defacement, caused by removal of the four corner crosses at the top, and which were, in 1678, replaced by "four dials, ball and fane." The figures at the base of the cross in the engraving have no existence in the painting. Dr. Rawlinson, the latest known possessor of this painting, was for some time secretary and librarian to the Society of Antiquaries; and all that I have been able to glean relative to the disposition of his treasures is that his books went to the Bodleian, and that nothing is now known of the destination of his pictures and prints. Doncaster, in proportion to its size, was probably richer in crosses than any other British town; but that in question was the cross, par excellence—a unique, quatrefoliate column, rising eighteen feet above the base of

one octagonal and five circular steps. About onethird up this eighteen feet ran the original inscription, in Norman characters, " + Jckst :Est :LacRvice :Ote : D : Tilliaki : Alms : Dev : Ih: Face : Merci : Am." Ab Thoresby points ont, "Tilliaki " is a mistake of the artist, and should be"TiLLi :a :ki": "This is the cross of Otede Tilli, to whose soul God show mercy." Ote de Tilli was Seneschallus of the Conisborough estates of the De Warrens. In 1793, by order of the corporation, this valuable and historical cross was taken down by a local architect, who was to "rebuild the same at Hob Cross Hill," a slight eminence to the southward. Unfortunately there was too little antiquarian taste to check the propensity of builders to think they can improve on everything of olden time, and the architect, whilst using the old materials, built the cross on his mm lines, and the Norman cross and inscription were lost together, to the eternal disgrace of the town. Hence the value attaching to the original painting of the original erection. H. Ecroyd Smith.

Cottington Familt.—Whose son was Sir Francis Cottington, "nephew and heir" to Francis, Lord Cottington, of Hanworth? The pedigree in Hoare's Wilts affiliates him thus :—

1. James Francis, Lord

2. Edward Cottington

3. Maurice

Sir Francis

It is evident that his parentage is here merely derived from the Administration, in which he is described as "nephew." The version in Burke's Extinct Peerage is quite incorrect, viz., that, on Lord Cottington's death, " the barony of Cottington became extinct, and his estates passed to his nephew, Charles Cottington, Esq., who had his lordship's remains brought over to England, and interred in Westminster Abbey, where he erected a stately monument" (p. 139). This error is traceable to the monumental inscription, by which Col. Chester himself would stem to have been misled, for he speaks of " the monument erected by Lord Cottington's nephew and heir" (WestminsUr Abbey Ergisters, p. 194). Charles Cottington, who erected the monument, does, indeed, so describe himself, vide the inscription, which states that Lord Cottington—

"dyed at Volladolid in Spain on y« 19'h of June Anno Domini 1652, a:t. Buse 74, whence his body was brought and here interred by Churlea Cottington Esquire his nepktw and lieire anno 1679."

But the true relationship was as follows. Lord Cottington's heir at his death was his nephew, Sir Francis Cottington, of Funthill, Wilts, Knt., who was buried there May 10,1665, and was succeeded by his son, Francis Cottington, of Fonthill, Esq.,

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